- Determine the 1-year survival of patients undergoing unrelated umbilical cord blood
transplantation (UCBT) for hematologic malignancies treated with myeloablative
preparative regimen comprising fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and fractionated
- Determine the incidence of transplant-related mortality at 6 months after UCBT.
- Evaluate the pattern of chimerism after double UCBT.
- Determine the incidence of neutrophil engraftment at day 42 after UCBT.
- Determine the incidence of platelet engraftment at 6 months after UCBT.
- Determine the incidence of grade II-IV and grade III-IV acute graft-versus-host disease
(GVHD) at day 100 after UCBT.
- Determine the incidence of chronic GVHD at 1 year after UCBT.
- Determine the disease-free survival at 1 and 2 years after UCBT.
- Determine the incidence of relapse at 1 year after UCBT.
OUTLINE: This is a nonrandomized, open-label, multicenter study.
- Preparative Regimen: Patients receive fludarabine IV over 1 hour on days -8 to -6 and
cyclophosphamide IV on days -7 and -6. Patients also undergo total-body irradiation
twice daily on days -4 to -1.
- Umbilical Cord Blood Transplantation (UCBT): Patients undergo 1 or 2 units of UCBT on
day 0. Patients receive filgrastim (G-CSF) IV once daily beginning on day 1 and
continuing until blood counts recover.
- Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis: Patients receive cyclosporine IV over 2
hours 2 or 3 times daily beginning on day -3 and continuing until day 100 followed by a
taper until day 180. Patients also receive mycophenolate mofetil IV or orally 2 or 3
times a day beginning on day -3 and continuing until day 30 or 7 days after engraftment
in the absence of acute GVHD.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically for at least 5 years.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 150 patients will be accrued for this study.
- Acute myeloid leukemia (AML): high risk CR1 (as evidenced by preceding myelodysplastic
syndrome [MDS], high risk cytogenetics, ≥ 2 cycles to obtain complete remission [CR],
erythroblastic or megakaryocytic leukemia; CR2+. All patients must be in CR as defined
by hematological recovery, AND <5% blasts by light microscopy within the bone marrow
with a cellularity of ≥15%.
- Very high risk pediatric patients with AML. Patients <21 years, however, are eligible
with (M2 marrow) with < or = 25% blasts in marrow after having failed one or more
cycles of chemotherapy. This group of patients will be analyzed separately.
- Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL): high risk CR1 [t(9;22), t (1:19), t(4;11) or other
MLL rearrangements] hypodiploidy, or IKZF1 abnormalities), DNA index < 0.81, > 1 cycle
to obtain CR or presence minimal residual disease (MRD). Patients in CR2+ are
eligible. All patients must be in CR as defined by hematological recovery, AND <5%
blasts by light microscopy within the bone marrow with a cellularity of ≥15%.
- Very high risk pediatric patients with ALL. patients <21 years are also considered
high risk CR1 if they had M2 or M3 marrow at day 42 from the initiation of induction
or M3 marrow at the end of induction. They are eligible once they achieved a complete
- Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) excluding refractory blast crisis. To be eligible
in first chronic phase (CP1) patient must have failed or be intolerant to imatinib
- Plasma Cell leukemia after initial therapy, who achieved at least a partial remission
- Advanced myelofibrosis
- Myelodysplasia (MDS) IPSS Int-2 or High risk (i.e. RAEB, RAEBt) or refractory anemia
with severe pancytopenia or high risk cytogenetics. Blasts must be < 10% by a
representative bone marrow aspirate morphology.
- Chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL), marginal zone
B-cell lymphoma or follicular lymphoma are eligible if there was disease
progression/relapse within 12 of achieving a partial or complete remission. Patients
who had remissions lasting > 12 months, are eligible after at least two prior
therapies. Patients with bulky disease (nodal mass greater than 5 cm) should be
considered for debulking chemotherapy before transplant.
- Lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma, mantle-cell lymphoma, prolymphocytic leukemia are eligible
after initial therapy in CR1+ or PR1+.
- Large cell NHL > CR2/> PR2. Patients in CR2/PR2 with initial short remission (<6
months) are eligible.
- Lymphoblastic lymphoma, Burkitt's lymphoma, and other high-grade NHL after initial
therapy if stage III/IV in CR1/PR1 or after progression if stage I/II < 1 year.
- Multiple myeloma beyond PR2. Patients with chromosome 13 abnormalities, first response
lasting less than 6 months, or β-2 microglobulin > 3 mg/L, may be considered for this
protocol after initial therapy.
- Recipients must have a Karnofsky score (adults) ≥ 80 % or Lansky score ≥ 50%
(pediatrics), and proper organ function.
- Active infection at time of transplantation
- History of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
- Pregnant or breast feeding.
- Chemotherapy refractory large cell and high grade NHL
- If < or = 18 years old, prior myeloablative transplant within the last 6 months. If
>18 years old prior myeloablative allotransplant or autologous transplant
- Extensive prior therapy including > 12 months alkylator therapy or > 6 months
alkylator therapy with extensive radiation.
- Patients who have received Y-90 ibritumomab (Zevalin) or I-131 tostumomab (Bexxar), as
part of their salvage therapy.