Clinical Trials /

Lymphodepletion Plus Adoptive Cell Transfer With or Without Dendritic Cell Immunization in Patients With Metastatic Melanoma

NCT00338377

Description:

Objectives: The primary objective will be to determine whether patients receiving the combination of dendritic cells and high dose IL-2 (Cohort A) have sustained persistence of infused T cells compared to patients treated with T cells and high dose IL-2 alone. Secondary endpoints will include evaluations for tumor response and studies to determine whether dendritic cells enhance the infused T cells in anti-tumor activity and their ability to migrate to the tumor site. In addition, we will evaluate the characteristics of the infused T cells that correspond with effectiveness in vivo. Additionally, secondary objectives will include correlation of clinical parameters with survival (overall survival and progression-free survival) for all cohorts. COHORT C In a separate cohort (Cohort C) the primary endpoint will be the overall response rate of TIL treatment for patients who have not achieved PR or CR or have progressive disease from treatment of the BRAF inhibitor alone. COHORT D The primary objective of Cohort D is to confirm the safety of adoptively transferred, TIL into the CSF. The secondary objective is the evaluation of clinical imaging and CSF response. Correlative objectives will assess if the intrathecally-infused T cells persist in the CSF, assess circulating tumor cells in the CSF, and assess various cytokine and other analyses,as feasible. COHORT E The primary objective of Cohort E is to determine the overall response rate of TIL treatment with cells grown by the TIL 3.0 pre-REP (Turnstile 1) phase of cellular growth.

Related Conditions:
  • Leptomeningeal Melanoma
  • Melanoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Lymphodepletion Plus Adoptive Cell Transfer With or Without Dendritic Cell Immunization in Patients With Metastatic Melanoma
  • Official Title: Lymphodepletion Plus Adoptive Cell Transfer With or Without Dendritic Cell Immunization in Patients With Metastatic Melanoma

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 2004-0069
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2012-01368
  • SECONDARY ID: 5R01CA187076-02
  • NCT ID: NCT00338377

Conditions

  • Melanoma

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
Dendritic Cell ImmunizationGroup B: Chemotherapy + IL-2 plus T-Cells + Vaccine
CyclophosphamideCytoxan, NeosarGroup A: Chemotherapy + IL-2 plus T-cells
FludarabineFludarabine Phosphate, FludaraGroup A: Chemotherapy + IL-2 plus T-cells
T-CellsGroup A: Chemotherapy + IL-2 plus T-cells
Interleukin-2IL-2, ProleukinGroup A: Chemotherapy + IL-2 plus T-cells
MesnaSodium 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate, Mesnum, Mesnex, NSC-113891Group A: Chemotherapy + IL-2 plus T-cells
Intrathecal T-CellsGroup D: Leptomeningeal Disease
Intrathecal Interleukin-2IL-2Group D: Leptomeningeal Disease

Purpose

Objectives: The primary objective will be to determine whether patients receiving the combination of dendritic cells and high dose IL-2 (Cohort A) have sustained persistence of infused T cells compared to patients treated with T cells and high dose IL-2 alone. Secondary endpoints will include evaluations for tumor response and studies to determine whether dendritic cells enhance the infused T cells in anti-tumor activity and their ability to migrate to the tumor site. In addition, we will evaluate the characteristics of the infused T cells that correspond with effectiveness in vivo. Additionally, secondary objectives will include correlation of clinical parameters with survival (overall survival and progression-free survival) for all cohorts. COHORT C In a separate cohort (Cohort C) the primary endpoint will be the overall response rate of TIL treatment for patients who have not achieved PR or CR or have progressive disease from treatment of the BRAF inhibitor alone. COHORT D The primary objective of Cohort D is to confirm the safety of adoptively transferred, TIL into the CSF. The secondary objective is the evaluation of clinical imaging and CSF response. Correlative objectives will assess if the intrathecally-infused T cells persist in the CSF, assess circulating tumor cells in the CSF, and assess various cytokine and other analyses,as feasible. COHORT E The primary objective of Cohort E is to determine the overall response rate of TIL treatment with cells grown by the TIL 3.0 pre-REP (Turnstile 1) phase of cellular growth.

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Group A: Chemotherapy + IL-2 plus T-cellsExperimentalCyclophosphamide 60 mg/kg/d by vein (IV) over 2 hours Days -7 and -6 (with Mesna) and Fludarabine 25 mg/m^2 IV daily Days -5 to -1 before T cell infusion. On Day 0, up to 1.5 x 10^11 T cells IV infusion over 30-60 minutes. Interleukin-2 12-16 hours after T cell infusion at standard dose of 720,000 IU/kg as intravenous bolus over 15 minute period every 8-16 hours for up to 15 doses on Days 1-5 and 22-26. Group A has been closed to new patient entry as of January 14, 2016.
  • Cyclophosphamide
  • Fludarabine
  • T-Cells
  • Interleukin-2
  • Mesna
Group B: Chemotherapy + IL-2 plus T-Cells + VaccineExperimentalChemotherapy and IL-2 plus T-cells and the vaccine of dendritic cells received by vein (IV) about 4 hours after T-cells and again on Day 21 (+/- 7 days). Cyclophosphamide 60 mg/kg/d IV over 2 hours Days -7 and -6 (with Mesna) and Fludarabine 25 mg/m^2 IV daily Days -5 to -1 before T cell infusion. On Day 0, up to 1.5 x 10^11 T cells IV infusion over 30-60 minutes. Interleukin-2 12-16 hours after T cell infusion at standard dose of 720,000 IU/kg as intravenous bolus over 15 minute period every 8-16 hours for up to 15 doses on Days 1-5 and 22-26.
  • Dendritic Cell Immunization
  • Cyclophosphamide
  • Fludarabine
  • T-Cells
  • Interleukin-2
  • Mesna
Group C: Prior Treatment with BRAF InhibitorExperimentalChemotherapy and IL-2 plus T-cells and the vaccine of dendritic cells received by vein (IV) about 4 hours after T-cells and again on Day 21 (+/- 7 days). Cyclophosphamide 60 mg/kg/d IV over 2 hours Days -7 and -6 (with Mesna) and Fludarabine 25 mg/m^2 IV daily Days -5 to -1 before T cell infusion. On Day 0, up to 1.5 x 10^11 T cells IV infusion over 30-60 minutes. Interleukin-2 12-16 hours after T cell infusion at standard dose of 720,000 IU/kg as intravenous bolus over 15 minute period every 8-16 hours for up to 15 doses on Days 1-5 and 22-26.
  • Dendritic Cell Immunization
  • Cyclophosphamide
  • Fludarabine
  • T-Cells
  • Interleukin-2
  • Mesna
Group D: Leptomeningeal DiseaseExperimentalT-cells: 5.0x109 TIL administered on Day 1 and 10x109 TIL on Day 15. IL-2: 1.2 MIU of IL- 2 on Days 2, 4, 9, 11, 16 and 18 as tolerated. After this period, patient receives twice weekly IL-2 that will be gradually changed to weekly IL-2. After 4-6 weeks, patients switched to IL-2.
  • Intrathecal T-Cells
  • Intrathecal Interleukin-2
Group E: Chemotherapy + IL-2 plus T-Cells + VaccineExperimentalChemotherapy and IL-2 plus T-cells and the vaccine of dendritic cells received by vein (IV) about 4 hours after T-cells and again on Day 21 (+/- 7 days). Cyclophosphamide 60 mg/kg/d IV over 2 hours Days -7 and -6 (with Mesna) and Fludarabine 25 mg/m^2 IV daily Days -5 to -1 before T cell infusion. On Day 0, up to 1.5 x 10^11 T cells IV infusion over 30-60 minutes. Interleukin-2 12-16 hours after T cell infusion at standard dose of 720,000 IU/kg as intravenous bolus over 15 minute period every 8-16 hours for up to 15 doses on Days 1-5 and 22-26.
  • Dendritic Cell Immunization
  • Cyclophosphamide
  • Fludarabine
  • T-Cells
  • Interleukin-2
  • Mesna

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          1. Patients must have metastatic melanoma, uveal melanoma or stage III in-transit or
             regional nodal disease. (Turnstile I)

          2. Patients must receive an MRI/CT of the brain or PET/CT within 6 months of consenting.
             If new lesions are present, PI or his designee should make final determination
             regarding enrollment. (Turnstile I)

          3. Age greater than or equal to 12 years. (Turnstile I)

          4. Clinical performance status of ECOG 0-2. (Turnstile I)

          5. Patients previously treated with immunotherapy, targeted therapy, or no therapy will
             be eligible. Patients receiving cytotoxic agents will be evaluated by the PI or his
             designee as to suitable eligibility. (Turnstile I)

          6. Patients must be HLA-A2 for cohort A. (Turnstile II-Chemotherapy/Cell
             Infusion-Inclusion Criteria)

          7. Patients must have adequate TIL available. (Turnstile II)

          8. Patients must have measurable metastatic melanoma. (Turnstile II - Chemotherapy/Cell
             Infusion -Inclusion Criteria).

          9. Patients may have brain lesions which measure </= 1cm each. Lesions that are >1 cm
             that have been treated with SRS and in the opinion of the PI or his designee no longer
             represents active disease will also be allowed. (Turnstile II - Chemotherapy/Cell
             Infusion- Inclusion Criteria).

         10. Patients of both genders must practice birth control for four months after receiving
             the preparative regimen. (Turnstile II - Chemotherapy/Cell Infusion- Inclusion
             Criteria).

         11. Patients must have a documented negative pregnancy test (urine or serum) for women who
             have menstruation in the past 12 months and without sterilization surgery.

         12. Unless surgically sterile by bilateral tubal ligation or vasectomy of partner(s), the
             patient agrees to continue to use a barrier method of contraception throughout the
             study such as: condom, diaphragm, hormonal, IUD, or sponge plus spermicide. Abstinence
             is an acceptable form of birth control. (Turnstile II)

         13. Pregnancy testing will be performed within 7 days prior to treatment. (Turnstile II)

         14. Clinical performance status of ECOG 0 - 2 at the time of chemotherapy infusion.
             (Turnstile II - Chemotherapy/Cell Infusion-Inclusion Criteria).

         15. Absolute neutrophil count greater than or equal to 750/mm3. (Turnstile II -
             Chemotherapy/Cell Infusion- Inclusion Criteria).

         16. Platelet count greater than or equal to 75,000/mm3. (Turnstile II - Chemotherapy/Cell
             Infusion- Inclusion Criteria).

         17. Hemoglobin greater than or equal to 8.0 g/dl. (Turnstile II - Chemotherapy/Cell
             Infusion).

         18. Serum ALT less than three times the upper limit of normal. (Turnstile II -
             Chemotherapy/Cell Infusion- Inclusion Criteria).

         19. Serum creatinine less than or equal to 1.6 mg/dl. (Turnstile II - Chemotherapy/Cell
             Infusion-Inclusion Criteria).

         20. Total bilirubin less than or equal to 2.0 mg/dl, except in patients with Gilbert's
             Syndrome who must have a total bilirubin less than 3.0 mg/dl. (Turnstile II -
             Chemotherapy/Cell Infusion - Inclusion Criteria).

         21. Patients in Cohort A will be randomized to receive either TIL alone or TIL plus
             Dendritic cells.

         22. A stress cardiac test (stress thallium, stress MUGA, dobutamine echocardiogram or
             other stress test that will rule out cardiac ischemia) within 6 months of
             lymphodepletion. (Turnstile II - Chemotherapy/Cell Infusion-Inclusion Criteria).

         23. Pulmonary function tests (FEV1>65% or FVC>65%of predicted) within 6 months of
             lymphodepletion. (Turnstile II - Chemotherapy/Cell Infusion - Inclusion Criteria).

         24. MRI/CT of the brain within 42 days of lymphodepletion. CT scan of chest/abdomen/pelvis
             or PET/CT within 30 days of lymphodepletion. Exception: Patients randomized to receive
             dendritic cells may have an MRI of the brain within 30 days of lymphodepletion.
             (Turnstile II-Chemotherapy/Cell Infusion-Inclusion Criteria)

         25. Patients must be receiving a B-RAF inhibitor and failed to achieve PR or CR or have
             progressive disease in response to B-RAF treatment (Cohort C).

         26. i. Patients with MRI evidence of LMD, with or without evidence of malignant cells in
             CSF ("positive cytology"), or ii. Patients with evidence of malignant cells in the CSF
             (positive cytology), with or without MRI evidence of LMD, or iii. Patients with
             surgically-proven LMD (leptomeningeal involvement on pathology review) +/- MRI or CSF
             evidence by MRI or CSF cytology (Cohort D)

         27. a. Many patients present with concomitant systemic disease outside of the central
             nervous system. Extra-CNS disease status should meet the following criteria: i.
             Patients with concomitant systemic disease under control with current or prior
             systemic treatment, as per primary treating physician ii. Patients without any
             evidence of systemic disease, either receiving systemic treatment or on active
             observation (Cohort D)

         28. c. Previous Therapies i. Patients who are currently being treated with IT IL-2 for LMD
             are eligible. No wash out period is required. ii. Patients who have been previously
             treated with other IT therapies are eligible, as long as there is at least a 2 week
             wash out period iii. Patients who have previously received therapy with systemic TIL
             therapy are eligible.

         29. (contd #28) iv. Patients with VP shunts must have VP shunts with on/off valves and
             must be expected to tolerate VP shunt valve off for more than 6 hours Patients who
             have received CNS irradiation, including whole brain radiation or stereotactic
             radiosurgery, are eligible, if they are at least 1 weeks post CNS-irradiation (Cohort
             D)Patients who are currently being treated with IT IL-2 for LMD are eligible. No wash
             out period is required. (Cohort D)

         30. d. Other Requirements i. Patients must be able to give informed consent ii. Patients
             must have ECOG performance status 0, 1 or 2 and/or KPS > 50 iii. Patients must be able
             to swallow iv. Patients must be able to sit up with or without assistance v. Patients
             must be able to undergo contrast-enhanced MRI. (Cohort D)

        Exclusion Criteria:

          1. Has had prior systemic cancer cytotoxic chemotherapy within the past four weeks at the
             time of the start of the lymphodepletion regimen.

          2. Has had prior B-RAF or MEK targeted therapy within 7 days prior to the start of the
             lymphodepletion regimen (Cohort A and Cohort B).

          3. Is not receiving B-RAF treatment (Cohort C) (Turnstile II - Chemotherapy/Cell Infusion
             Exclusion Criteria)

          4. Achieves PR or CR in response to B-RAF treatment (Cohort C).

          5. Women who are pregnant or nursing will be excluded because of the potentially
             dangerous effects of the preparative chemotherapy on the fetus. (Turnstile II -
             Chemotherapy/Cell Infusion Exclusion Criteria)

          6. Any active systemic infections requiring intravenous antibiotics, coagulation
             disorders or other major medical illnesses of the cardiovascular, respiratory or
             immune system, such as abnormal stress test and/or abnormal PFT. PI or his designee
             shall make the final determination regarding appropriateness of enrollment.(Turnstile
             II - Chemotherapy/Cell Infusion Exclusion Criteria)

          7. Any form of primary or secondary immunodeficiency. Must have recovered immune
             competence after chemotherapy or radiation therapy as evidenced by lymphocyte counts
             (> 500/mm3), WBC (> 3,000/mm3) or absence of opportunistic infections. (Turnstile II -
             Chemotherapy/Cell Infusion Exclusion Criteria)

          8. Require steroid therapy or steroid-containing compounds, or have used systemic
             steroids in the past 30 days, or have used topical or inhalational steroids in the
             past 2 weeks prior to lymphodepletion. Exception: Patients on physiologic dose of
             steroid (Turnstile II - Chemotherapy/Cell Infusion Exclusion Criteria)

          9. Presence of a significant psychiatric disease, which in the opinion of the principal
             investigator or his designee, would prevent adequate informed consent or render
             immunotherapy unsafe or contraindicated. (Turnstile II - Chemotherapy/Cell Infusion
             Exclusion Criteria)

         10. Patients with rapidly advancing systemic disease, especially those without good
             options of systemic treatment for their disease outside the CNS. (Cohort D)

         11. Patients with rapidly advancing parenchymal brain metastases (Cohort D)

         12. Pregnant patients (Cohort D)

         13. Patients with rapid decline in neurological function as documented on exam and/or as
             per clinical judgment of treating physician (Cohort D)
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:12 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Objective Response (OR)
Time Frame:Clinical Evaluation during first 70 Days, CT Scan at 6-8 weeks (+/- 7 days) after cell infusion.
Safety Issue:
Description:Objective response (OR) defined as immune-related Best Overall Response (irBOR). irBOR is best confirmed immune-related response criteria (irRC) overall response over the study as a whole, recorded between the date of first dose until the last tumor assessment before subsequent therapy (except for local palliative radiotherapy for painful bone lesions) for the individual subjects in the study.

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Trial Keywords

  • Melanoma
  • Regional nodal disease
  • Dendritic Cell Immunization
  • Lymphodepletion
  • Adoptive Cell Transfer
  • T Cells
  • Vaccine
  • Cyclosphosphamide
  • Cytoxan
  • Neosar
  • Dendritic Cells
  • Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes
  • TIL Cells
  • MART Peptide
  • Fludarabine
  • Fludarabine Phosphate
  • Fludara
  • Proleukin
  • IL-2
  • Interleukin-2
  • Leptomeningeal disease

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