Clinical Trials /

Trial Using Docetaxel Cytoxan in Breast Cancers With High Recurrence Scores

NCT00832338

Description:

The purpose of this study is to assess if docetaxel and cytoxan can shrink the size of your breast tumor and allow you to preserve your breast or have less extensive surgery on your breast. Additionally, by receiving chemotherapy before surgery, the investigators will be able to determine if your cancer is responsive to chemotherapy.

Related Conditions:
  • Breast Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Terminated

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Trial Using Docetaxel Cytoxan in Breast Cancers With High Recurrence Scores
  • Official Title: Phase II Trial of Pre-Operative Docetaxel-Cytoxan (TC) in Patients With Hormone Receptor-Positive Cancers With Recurrence Scores ≥ 25

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: IRB00012185
  • SECONDARY ID: WCI1505-08
  • NCT ID: NCT00832338

Conditions

  • Breast Neoplasms
  • Breast Cancer
  • Cancer of the Breast

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
Docetaxel with CytoxanDocetaxel, CytoxanDocetaxel with Cytoxan
DexamethasoneDecadronDocetaxel with Cytoxan

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to assess if docetaxel and cytoxan can shrink the size of your breast tumor and allow you to preserve your breast or have less extensive surgery on your breast. Additionally, by receiving chemotherapy before surgery, the investigators will be able to determine if your cancer is responsive to chemotherapy.

Detailed Description

      Previous studies have shown that chemotherapy has the same effect on treating breast cancer
      whether you receive it before or after surgery. Receiving chemotherapy before surgery, rather
      than after surgery, may allow you to have less extensive surgery by shrinking the size of
      your cancer. The purpose of this study is to assess if docetaxel and cytoxan can shrink the
      size of your breast tumor and allow you to preserve your breast or have less extensive
      surgery on your breast. Additionally, by receiving chemotherapy before surgery, we will be
      able to determine if your cancer is responsive to chemotherapy. Prior to entering this study,
      a special test, called the Oncotype DX assay, will be performed on a small amount of your
      cancer from the biopsy you had at the time you were diagnosed with breast cancer, to
      determine the likelihood that your cancer will benefit from and shrink with chemotherapy. You
      will only be eligible to enter this study if the recurrence score determined using the
      Oncotype DX assay is 25 or greater. Patients with hormone receptor-positive breast cancers
      with recurrence scores greater than or equal to 25 have been previously demonstrated to
      obtain a significant benefit from chemotherapy given after surgery.

      In addition, researchers would like to examine proteins present in your blood and proteins
      present in your breast tissue. These additional parts of the study are voluntary and are NOT
      required to participate in this study.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Docetaxel with CytoxanExperimentalPatients will be treated with docetaxel at 75 mg/m² concomitantly with cytoxan 600 mg/m² (TC) IV D1 every 3 weeks for 6 cycles. Due to known toxicity of docetaxel, all patients require dexamethasone 4 mg twice daily (BID) PO for 3 consecutive days starting 12-24 hours prior to each dose of docetaxel to minimize hypersensitivity reactions and fluid retention.
  • Docetaxel with Cytoxan
  • Dexamethasone

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Signed informed consent.

          -  Histologically or cytologically confirmed breast carcinoma.

          -  Early stage breast cancer (T1c-3, clinically node-negative-3 [cN0-3], cM0).

          -  No evidence of disease outside the breast or chest wall, except ipsilateral axillary
             or internal mammary lymph nodes.

          -  Pre-treatment biopsy with the following characteristics:

               -  Hormone receptor-positive cancer as defined as ER and/or progesterone receptor
                  (PR)-positive by standard immunohistochemistry (IHC)

               -  HER2-negative (HER2 ≤ 2 by IHC; if HER2 2+ by IHC must be fluorescence in situ
                  hybridization [FISH] non-amplified)

               -  Recurrence score ≥ 25 using Oncotype DX 21-gene assay

          -  Patients must have measurable disease as defined by palpable lesion with both
             diameters ≥ 1cm measurable with caliper or a positive mammogram or ultrasound with at
             least one dimension ≥ 1cm. Baseline measurements of the indicator lesions must be
             recorded on the Patient Registration Form. To be valid for baseline, the measurements
             must have been made within the 14 days if palpable. If not palpable, a mammogram or
             MRI must be done within 14 days. If palpable, a mammogram or MRI must be done within 2
             months prior to study entry. If clinically indicated, xrays and scans must be done
             within 28 days of study entry.

          -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 to 2.

          -  No prior chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, biologic therapy or radiation therapy for
             breast cancer.

          -  Adequate organ function within 14 days of study entry:

               -  Bone marrow function: absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1500/mm³, Hgb > 8.0 g/dl,
                  and platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm³.

               -  Hepatic function: total bilirubin < upper limit of normal (ULN). Serum glutamic
                  oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT)(AST) or serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase
                  (SGPT)(ALT) and alkaline phosphatase ≤ 1.5 x ULN.

               -  Renal function: calculated creatinine clearance (CrCl) ≥ 30 mL/min using the
                  Cockroft Gault equation.

          -  Patients must be at least 18 years of age.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Pregnant or lactating women are not eligible. Women of childbearing potential must
             have a negative serum pregnancy test completed within 7 days of study entry, and use
             an appropriate form of birth control throughout the trial period.

          -  No medical, psychological or surgical condition which the investigator feels might
             compromise study participation.

          -  No patients with history within the last 5 years of previous or current malignancy at
             other sites with the exception of adequately treated carcinoma in-situ of the cervix
             or basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. Patients with a history of other
             malignancies who remain disease free for greater than five years are eligible.

          -  No evidence of peripheral or sensory neuropathy.

          -  Patients with a history of severe hypersensitivity reaction to docetaxel or other
             drugs formulated with polysorbate 80 are excluded from participation.

          -  No serious, uncontrolled, concurrent infection(s).

          -  No clinically significant cardiac disease (e.g. congestive heart failure, symptomatic
             coronary artery disease and cardiac arrhythmias not well controlled with medication)
             or myocardial infarction within the last 12 months prior to study entry.

          -  No major surgery within 28 days of study entry.

          -  No evidence of central nervous system (CNS) metastases.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Pathologic Response to Pre-operative Docetaxel and Cytoxan (TC)
Time Frame:At time of definitive surgery
Safety Issue:
Description:Patients were assessed for surgery after 6 cycles of TC (18 weeks). Pathologic stage was determined based on size of tumor and degree of lymph node involvement at the time of surgery, whereas clinical stage pre-operatively was determined by clinical assessment and imaging. If pathologic stage was the same as clinical stage, it was called stable; if it was higher, upstaged (worse outcome); if lower, downstaged (better outcome). Pathologic stage was determined by Emory board-certified pathologists.

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Terminated
Lead Sponsor:Emory University

Trial Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Tumors, Breast
  • Cancer of the breast

Last Updated

August 1, 2017