Clinical Trials /

Combination Immunotherapy With Herceptin and the HER2 Vaccine NeuVax

NCT01570036

Description:

The study will be a multi-center, prospective, randomized, single-blinded, placebo-controlled Phase II trial of Herceptin + NeuVax(TM) vaccine (E75 peptide/granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor) (GM-CSF) versus Herceptin + GM-CSF alone. The target study population is node-positive (NP) (or node-negative [NN] if negative for both ER and PR) breast cancer patients with HER2 1+ and 2+ expressing tumors who are disease-free after standard of care therapy. Disease-free subjects after standard of care multi-modality therapy will be screened and HLA-typed. E75 is a CD8-eliciting peptide vaccine that was restricted to HLA-A2+ or HLA-A3+ patients (approximately two-thirds of the US population), and has been extended to HLA-A24+ and HLA-A26+ as well.

Related Conditions:
  • Breast Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Completed

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Combination Immunotherapy With Herceptin and the HER2 Vaccine NeuVax
  • Official Title: Combination Immunotherapy With Herceptin and the HER2 Vaccine E75 in Low and Intermediate HER2-expressing Breast Cancer Patients to Prevent Recurrence

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 368255
  • SECONDARY ID: 1137008 / 20130058
  • NCT ID: NCT01570036

Conditions

  • Breast Cancer

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
HerceptinTrastuzumabHerceptin + NeuVax vaccine
NeuVax vaccineE75 peptide (KIFGSLAFL, HER2/neu, 369-377), GM-CSF (sargramostim)Herceptin + NeuVax vaccine
GM-CSFSargramostimHerceptin + NeuVax vaccine

Purpose

The study will be a multi-center, prospective, randomized, single-blinded, placebo-controlled Phase II trial of Herceptin + NeuVax(TM) vaccine (E75 peptide/granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor) (GM-CSF) versus Herceptin + GM-CSF alone. The target study population is node-positive (NP) (or node-negative [NN] if negative for both ER and PR) breast cancer patients with HER2 1+ and 2+ expressing tumors who are disease-free after standard of care therapy. Disease-free subjects after standard of care multi-modality therapy will be screened and HLA-typed. E75 is a CD8-eliciting peptide vaccine that was restricted to HLA-A2+ or HLA-A3+ patients (approximately two-thirds of the US population), and has been extended to HLA-A24+ and HLA-A26+ as well.

Detailed Description

      In this study, the investigators intend to assess the ability of the combination of Herceptin
      and NeuVax vaccine (HER2 protein E75 peptide administered with the immunoadjuvant GM-CSF)
      given in the adjuvant setting to prevent recurrences in NP (or NN if negative for both
      estrogen (ER) and progesterone (PR) receptors) breast cancer patients with tumors that
      express low (1+) or intermediate (2+) levels of HER2. Enrolled patients will be randomized to
      receive Herceptin and NeuVax vaccine or Herceptin with GM-CSF alone (no NeuVax vaccine). The
      safety of the combination therapy will be documented, specifically to ensure that no additive
      cardiac toxicity results from combination HER2-directed therapy. Efficacy will be documented
      by comparing the DFS and immunological responses between treatment groups.

      The primary efficacy endpoint is to compare DFS at 24 months between treatment groups. The
      primary safety issue is to prove there is no additive cardiac toxicity with combination
      HER2-directed therapy. A secondary endpoint of the trial is to compare DFS at 36 months.
      Immunologic responses to the vaccine will also be documented and correlated to clinical
      benefit.

      The study will be a multi-center, prospective, randomized, single-blinded, placebo-controlled
      Phase II trial of Herceptin + NeuVax vaccine versus Herceptin + GM-CSF alone. The target
      study population is NP (or NN if negative for both ER and PR) breast cancer patients with
      HER2 1+ and 2+ expressing tumors who are disease-free after standard of care therapy.
      Disease-free subjects after standard of care multi-modality therapy will be screened and
      HLA-typed. E75 is a CD8-eliciting peptide vaccine that is restricted to HLA-A2+ or HLA-A3+
      patients (approximately two-thirds of the US population), and has been extended to HLA-A24+
      and HLA-A26+ as well.

      HLA-A2+/A3+/A24+/or A26+ patients who meet all other eligibility criteria will be randomized
      to receive Herceptin + NeuVax vaccine or Herceptin + GM-CSF alone. For both groups, Herceptin
      will be given every three weeks as monotherapy for one year, to be given upon completion of
      standard of care chemotherapy/radiotherapy. The first Herceptin infusion must be given no
      sooner than three weeks and no later than 12 weeks after completion of
      chemotherapy/radiotherapy. Herceptin will be dosed at the recommended initial loading dose of
      8 mg/kg and at recommended maintenance doses of 6 mg/kg q3wk. Herceptin will be administered
      as described in Section 4.3. Patients randomized to the NeuVax vaccine arm will receive
      vaccinations of E75 peptide (1000 mcg) and GM-CSF (250 mcg) administered intradermally every
      three weeks for six total vaccinations, 30-120 minutes after completion of Herceptin
      infusion. The NeuVax vaccine series will begin immediately after completion of the third
      Herceptin infusion. In extenuating circumstances, the first vaccination may be delayed to the
      fourth or fifth Herceptin infusion with prior approval from the Principal Investigator. Those
      patients randomized to the GM-CSF alone arm will receive vaccinations of GM-CSF (250 mcg)
      administered in an identical manner to those receiving NeuVax vaccine. Patients will be
      blinded as to whether they are receiving NeuVax vaccine or GM-CSF alone.

      Upon completion of the vaccination series, booster inoculations (same dose and route) will be
      administered every six months x4 for total combination (Herceptin and vaccine) treatment
      duration of 30 months. The first booster inoculation will occur with the final Herceptin
      infusion, with subsequent boosters timed every six months from the first booster. Booster
      inoculations will occur for patients randomized to receive E75/GM-CSF as well as patients
      randomized to receive GM-CSF alone, and will consist of the same treatment drugs and dosing
      (i.e. E75/GM-CSF patients will be boosted with E75/GM-CSF while GM-CSF alone patients will be
      boosted with GM-CSF alone). Patient blinding will be maintained throughout the study.

      Subjects will be followed for safety issues, immunologic response and clinical recurrence.
      Patients will be monitored 48-72 hours after each inoculation for reaction to the inoculation
      as well as documentation of any adverse effects experienced. Immunologic response will be
      documented with both in vitro phenotypic and functional assays as well as in vivo delayed
      type hypersensitivity (DTH) reactions. All patients will be followed for a total of 36 months
      to document disease-free status.

      The investigators plan to enroll 300 patients (150 in each treatment arm) at a planned
      accrual rate of 12 patients per month (approximately one per study site per month). With
      accrual beginning in April, 2013, enrollment of the last patient would be expected in August
      2017 followed by a three-year follow-up period. The duration of the trial is expected to be
      seven years.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Herceptin + NeuVax vaccineExperimentalPatients randomized to this arm will receive Herceptin every 3 weeks as monotherapy for 1 year; the first Herceptin infusion will be given no sooner than 3 weeks and no later than 12 weeks after completion of standard of care chemotherapy/radiotherapy. Herceptin will be dosed at the recommended initial loading dose of 8 mg/kg and at recommended maintenance doses of 6 mg/kg q3wk. Patients will receive vaccinations of NeuVax vaccine administered intradermally every 3 weeks for 6 total vaccinations, 30-120 minutes after completion of Herceptin infusion. The NeuVax vaccine series will begin immediately after completion of the third Herceptin infusion, but may be delayed to the fourth or fifth Herceptin infusion with prior approval from the PI. Patients will be blinded regarding assigned arm. After completion of primary vaccine series, patients will receive 4 NeuVax vaccine booster inoculations to be administered every 6 months x 4 for total treatment duration of 30 months.
  • Herceptin
  • NeuVax vaccine
  • GM-CSF
Herceptin + GM-CSF onlyActive ComparatorPatients randomized to this arm will receive Herceptin every 3 weeks as monotherapy for 1 year. The first Herceptin infusion will be given no sooner than 3 weeks and no later than 12 weeks after completion of standard of care chemotherapy/radiotherapy. Herceptin will be dosed at the recommended initial loading dose of 8 mg/kg and at recommended maintenance doses of 6 mg/kg q3wk. Patients will receive inoculations of GM-CSF only (250mcg) administered intradermally every 3 weeks for 6 total inoculations, 30-120 minutes after completion of Herceptin infusion. The GM-CSF only inoculation series will begin immediately after completion of the third Herceptin infusion. Patients will be blinded as to whether they are receiving NeuVax vaccine or GM-CSF only. After completion of six-inoculation primary vaccine series, patients will then receive a total of four GM-CSF only booster inoculations to be administered at 12, 18, 24, and 30 months from the date of the first Herceptin infusion.
  • Herceptin
  • GM-CSF

Eligibility Criteria

        Patients will be included in the study based on the following criteria:

          -  Women 18 years or older

          -  Node-positive breast cancer (AJCC N1, N2, or N3)

          -  Node-negative breast cancer if negative for both estrogen (ER) and progesterone (PR)
             receptors and have received chemotherapy as standard of care

          -  Clinically cancer-free (no evidence of disease) after standard of care therapy
             (surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy as directed by NCCN guidelines). Hormonal
             therapy will continue per standard of care. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy is allowed.

          -  Recovery from any toxicity(ies) associated with prior adjuvant therapy.

          -  HER2 expression of 1+ or 2+ by IHC. FISH or Dual-ISH testing must be performed on IHC
             2+ tumors and shown to be non-amplified by FISH (≤2.0) or by Dual-ISH (≤2.0).

          -  HLA-A2, A3, A24, or A26 positive

          -  LVEF >50%, or an LVEF within the normal limits of the institution's specific testing
             (MUGA or Echo)

          -  ECOG 0,1

          -  Signed informed consent

          -  Adequate birth control (abstinence, hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy, bilateral
             tubal ligation, oral contraception, IUD, or use of condoms or diaphragms)

          -  Must start study treatment (receive first Herceptin infusion) 15between 3-12 weeks
             from completion of standard of care therapy.

        4.1.3 Exclusion Criteria

        Patients will be excluded from the study based on the following criteria:

          -  Node-negative breast cancer (AJCC N0 or N0(i+)) unless negative for both estrogen (ER)
             and progesterone (PR) receptors and has received chemotherapy as standard of care

          -  Clinical or radiographic evidence of distant or residual breast cancer

          -  HER2 negative (IHC 0) or HER2 3+ or FISHDual-ISH amplified (FISH >2.0); Dual-ISH >2.0

          -  HLA-A2, A3, A24, A26 negative

          -  History of prior Herceptin therapy

          -  NYHA stage 3 or 4 cardiac disease

          -  LVEF <50%, or less than the normal limits of the institution's specific testing (MUGA
             or Echo)

          -  Immune deficiency disease or HIV, HBV, HCV

          -  Receiving immunosuppressive therapy including chemotherapy, chronic steroids,
             methotrexate, or other known immunosuppressive agents

          -  ECOG ≥2

          -  Tbili >1.8, creatinine>2, hemoglobin<10, platelets<50,000, WBC<2,000

          -  Pregnancy (assessed by urine HCG)

          -  Breast feeding

          -  Any active autoimmune disease requiring treatment, with the exception of vitiligo

          -  Active pulmonary disease requiring medication to include multiple inhalers

          -  Involved in other experimental protocols (except with permission of the other study
             PI)
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:Female
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Disease-free survival (DFS)
Time Frame:Disease-free survival at 24 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Disease-free survival (DFS) for all patients regardless of randomization will be determined by patients' own physicians at the individual study sites during routine follow-up screening. This will occur every three months for the first 24 months after completion of primary therapies and every six months thereafter with clinical exam, and laboratory and radiographic surveillance. The primary objective of the study is disease-free survival (DFS) at 24 months.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Cardiac toxicity
Time Frame:24 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Each patient, regardless of randomization, will undergo cardiac assessment (ejection fraction) at baseline Multiple Gated Acquisition scan (MUGA) preferred, echocardiogram (ECHO) allowed, consistency required) and at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months. Cardiac assessment will continue every six months if a patient experiences a greater than 10% reduction from baseline for the duration of the trial or until resolution.
Measure:Local and systemic toxicities
Time Frame:Duration of vaccine or inoculation series and booster series
Safety Issue:
Description:Standard local and systemic toxicities will be collected and graded per the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 4.03 toxicity scale. For both the regular and booster inoculations, patients will be monitored closely for one hour after inoculation with questioning, serial exams and vital signs every 15 minutes to observe for a hypersensitivity reaction. Patients will also return to the clinic 48-72 hours after each inoculation for questioning regarding systemic toxicity and to examine and measure the local reaction at the inoculation sites.

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:George E. Peoples

Trial Keywords

  • stage I breast cancer
  • stage II breast cancer
  • stage IIIA breast cancer
  • stage IIIB breast cancer
  • stage IIIC breast cancer
  • male breast cancer

Last Updated

January 25, 2018