Clinical Trials /

Efficacy of Oral Azacitidine Plus Best Supportive Care as Maintenance Therapy in Subjects With Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Complete Remission

NCT01757535

Description:

This study will enroll approximately 460 subjects, aged 55 or older, with a diagnosis of de novo AML (Acute Myeloid Leukemia) or AML secondary to prior myelodysplastic disease or chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML), and who have achieved first Complete remission (CR)/ Complete remission with incomplete blood count recovery (CRi) following induction with or without consolidation chemotherapy. The study is amended to include an Extension Phase (EP). The EP allows subjects who are currently receiving oral azacitidine and who are demonstrating clinical benefit as assessed by the Investigator, to continue receive oral azacitidine after unblinding by Sponsor (Celgene Corporation) until the subject meets the criteria for study discontinuation or until oral azacytidine becomes commercially available and reimbursed. In addition, all subjects in the placebo arm and subjects who had been discontinued from the treatment phase (irrespective of randomization arm) and continuing in the Follow-up Phase will be followed for survival in the EP.

Related Conditions:
  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Recruiting Status:

Active, not recruiting

Phase:

Phase 3

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Efficacy of Oral Azacitidine Plus Best Supportive Care as Maintenance Therapy in Subjects With Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Complete Remission
  • Official Title: A Phase 3, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study to Compare Efficacy and Safety of Oral Azacitidine Plus Best-supportive Care Versus Best Supportive Care as Maintenance Therapy in Subjects With Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Complete Remission

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: CC-486-AML-001
  • SECONDARY ID: 2012-003457-28
  • NCT ID: NCT01757535

Conditions

  • Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
300 mg Oral AzacitidineOral Azacitidine
PlaceboPlacebo

Purpose

This study will enroll approximately 460 subjects, aged 55 or older, with a diagnosis of de novo AML (Acute Myeloid Leukemia) or AML secondary to prior myelodysplastic disease or chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML), and who have achieved first Complete remission (CR)/ Complete remission with incomplete blood count recovery (CRi) following induction with or without consolidation chemotherapy. The study is amended to include an Extension Phase (EP). The EP allows subjects who are currently receiving oral azacitidine and who are demonstrating clinical benefit as assessed by the Investigator, to continue receive oral azacitidine after unblinding by Sponsor (Celgene Corporation) until the subject meets the criteria for study discontinuation or until oral azacytidine becomes commercially available and reimbursed. In addition, all subjects in the placebo arm and subjects who had been discontinued from the treatment phase (irrespective of randomization arm) and continuing in the Follow-up Phase will be followed for survival in the EP.

Detailed Description

      This is an international, multicenter, placebo-controlled, Phase 3 study with a double-blind,
      randomized, parallel-group design in subjects with de novo AML or AML secondary to prior
      diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) or chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) aged ≥
      55 years, who are in first CR/CRi following induction therapy with or without consolidation
      chemotherapy. The study consists of 3 phases; the Pre-randomization Phase (Screening Phase),
      the Treatment Phase, and the Follow-up Phase.

      The study is amended to include an Extension Phase (EP). The EP allows subjects who are
      currently receiving oral azacitidine and who are demonstrating clinical benefit as assessed
      by the Investigator, to continue receive oral azacitidine after unblinding by Sponsor
      (Celgene Corporation) until they meet the criteria for study discontinuation or until oral
      azacitidine becomes commercially available and reimbursed. In addition, all subjects in the
      placebo arm and subjects who had been discontinued from the treatment phase (irrespective of
      randomization arm) and continuing in the Follow-up Phase will be followed for survival in the
      EP.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Oral AzacitidineExperimental300mg Oral Azacitidine for the first 14 days of each 28 days treatment cycle
  • 300 mg Oral Azacitidine
PlaceboPlacebo Comparator300 mg Placebo for the first 14 days of each 28 days treatment cycle
  • Placebo

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          1. Male or female subjects ≥ 55 years of age

          2. Newly diagnosed, histologically confirmed de novo AML or AML secondary to prior
             myelodysplastic disease or CMML (Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia)

          3. First Complete remission (CR)/ Complete remission with incomplete blood count recovery
             (CRi) with induction therapy + consolidation therapy within 4 months (+/- 7 days of
             achieving CR or CRi)

          4. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status - 0, 1, 2, 3

        Inclusion Criteria in the Extended Phase of the study:

        At the Investigator's discretion and with approval of the sponsor, subjects meeting all of
        the following eligibility criteria are eligible to enter the extension phase:

          1. All subjects randomized into the oral azacitidine or placebo arm and are continuing in
             either the Treatment Phase or Follow-up Phase of the CC-486-AML-001 study;

               -  Subjects randomized to oral azacitidine treatment arm and continuing in the
                  Treatment Phase demonstrating clinical benefit as assessed by the Investigator
                  are eligible to receive oral azacitidine in the EP;

               -  Subjects randomized into placebo arm of the study will not receive oral
                  azacitidine in the EP, but will be followed for survival in the EP;

               -  Subjects currently in the in the Follow-up Phase will continue to be followed for
                  survival in the EP;

          2. Subjects who have signed the informed consent for the EP of the study;

          3. Subjects who do not meet any of the criteria for study discontinuation

        Exclusion Criteria:

          1. AML with inv(16), t(8;21), t(16;16), t(15;17), or t(9;22) or molecular evidence of
             such translocations

          2. Prior bone marrow or stem cell transplantation

          3. Have achieved CR/CRi following therapy with hypomethylating agents

          4. Diagnosis of malignant disease within the previous 12 months

          5. Proven Central Nervous System (CNS) leukemia
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:55 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Kaplan-Meier (K-M) Estimate for Overall Survival (OS)
Time Frame:Day 1 (randomization) up to data cut off date of 15 July 2019; median follow-up for OS estimated by the reverse K-M method was 41.2 months for all participants.
Safety Issue:
Description:Overall survival was defined as time from randomization to death from any cause; participants surviving at the end of the follow-up period, or who withdraw consent, or who were lost to follow up were censored at the date last known alive.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Kaplan-Meier Estimate of Relapse Free Survival (RFS)
Time Frame:From day 1 (randomization) up to data cut off date of 15 July 2019; approximately 74 months
Safety Issue:
Description:RFS was defined as the time from the date of randomization to the date of documented relapse or death from any cause, whichever occurred first. Participants who were still alive without documented relapse, or who were lost to follow-up or withdrew consent without documented relapse, were censored at the date of their last bone marrow assessment, prior to receiving any other therapy for AML. Documented relapse was defined as the earliest date of the following: ≥ 5% bone marrow blasts (myeloblasts) from Central Pathology report, or appearance of > 0% blasts in the peripheral blood with a later bone marrow confirmation (bone marrow blast [myeloblasts] ≥ 5%) within 100 days, or at least 2 peripheral blasts ≥ 5% within 30 days.
Measure:Kaplan-Meier Estimate of Time to Relapse
Time Frame:Day 1 (randomization) to the date of the data cut off date of 15 July 2019; approximately 74 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Time to relapse was defined as the interval (in months) from the date of randomization to the date of documented relapse. Estimates of relapse rate were based on the cumulative incidence function from a competing risk analysis with death as a competing risk for relapse from complete remission (CR)/ complete remission with incomplete blood count recovery (CRi). Documented relapse was defined as, the earliest date of the following: ≥ 5% bone marrow blasts (myeloblasts) from Central Pathology report, or appearance of > 0% blasts in the peripheral blood with a later bone marrow confirmation (bone marrow blast [myeloblasts] ≥ 5%) within 100 days, or at least 2 peripheral blasts ≥ 5% within 30 days.
Measure:Kaplan-Meier Estimates of Time to Discontinuation From Treatment
Time Frame:From day 1 (randomization) up to data cut off date of 15 July 2019; approximately 74 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Time to discontinuation from treatment was assessed and defined as the interval from the date of randomization to the date of discontinuation from study drug. Participants who were receiving treatment at the time of study closure were censored at the date of last visit. Estimates of relapse rate were based on the cumulative incidence function from a competing risk analysis with death as a competing risk for relapse from CR/ CRi.
Measure:Number of Participants With Treatment Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs)
Time Frame:Day 1 (randomization) to the data cut off date of 15 July 2019; the median treatment duration was 11.6 months (range: 0.5 to 74.3 months) for the oral aza arm and 5.7 months (range: 0.7 to 68.5 months) for the placebo arm.
Safety Issue:
Description:TEAEs include AEs that started between first dose date and 28 days after the last dose of study drug. A serious adverse event (SAE) is: Death Life-threatening event Inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization Persistent or significant disability or incapacity Congenital anomaly or birth defect Other important medical event The severity of AEs were assessed by the investigator according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Version 4.0: Grade 1 (Mild): asymptomatic/mild symptoms; clinical or diagnostic observations only; intervention not indicated. Grade 2 (Moderate): minimal, local or noninvasive intervention indicated; limiting age-appropriate activities of daily living. Grade 3: Severe or medically significant but not immediately life-threatening; hospitalization or prolongation of hospitalization indicated; disabling; limiting self care Grade 4: Life-threatening; urgent intervention indicated. Grade 5: Death due to AE.
Measure:Mean Change in the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT-Fatigue Scale V 4.0) Score From Baseline
Time Frame:Baseline to Cycle 2, Day 1 (C2D1), C3D1, C4D1, C5D1, C6D1, C7D1, C8D1, C9D1C3, C10D1, C11D1, C12D1, C13D1, C14D1, C15D1, C15D1, C16D1, C17D1, C18D1, C19D1, C20D1, C21D1, C22D1, C23D1, C24D1, C25D1 and continued on day 1 at each cycle through C33D1
Safety Issue:
Description:The functional assessment of chronic illness therapy (FACIT-Fatigue Scale V 4.0) is a subscale of the FACIT-F and has been validated in the oncology setting. The FACIT-Fatigue Scale is a short, 13-item, self-administered tool that measures the level of fatigue in an individual during usually daily activities over the past week. The level of fatigue is measured on a 5-point Likert scale (0 = not at all; 4 = very much. The scores range from 0 to 52, with higher scores indicating less fatigue. If there were missing items, but the participant answered at least 50% of the items, then subscores were prorated.
Measure:Mean Change in the European Quality of Life-Five Dimensions-Three Levels (EQ-5D-3L) Score From Baseline
Time Frame:Baseline to Cycle 2, Day 1 (C2D1), C3D1, C4D1, C5D1, C6D1, C7D1, C8D1, C9D1C3, C10D1, C11D1, C12D1, C13D1, C14D1, C15D1, C15D1, C16D1, C17D1, C18D1, C19D1, C20D1, C21D1, C22D1, C23D1, C24D1, C25D1 and continued on day 1 at each cycle through C33D1
Safety Issue:
Description:The EQ-5D-3L is a self-administered questionnaire consisting of 5 questions, pertaining to specific health dimensions (ie, mobility, self-care, pain, usual activities, and anxiety/depression) and a health status scale. Each question has 3 levels of severity, corresponding to no problems, moderate problems and severe problems. Canadian population sample weights were used to derive health utility scores. A higher utility score represents a better health state. A clinically meaningful improvement or worsening was defined as at least 0.08 points of improvement or 0.10 points of worsening from baseline, respectively, for the EQ-5D-3L Health Utility Index. The instrument is scored using the United Kingdom (UK) index ranges from -0.594 to 1, where 0 equates to death and 1 equates to full health; -0.594 is considered 'worse than death'.
Measure:Percentage of Participants Experiencing a Clinically Meaningful Change (Improvement, No Change and Deterioration) in the FACIT-Fatigue Scale From Baseline
Time Frame:Baseline to Cycle 2, Day 1 (C2D1), C3D1, C4D1, C5D1, C6D1, C7D1, C8D1, C9D1C3, C10D1, C11D1, C12D1, C13D1, C14D1, C15D1, C15D1, C16D1, C17D1, C18D1, C19D1, C20D1, C21D1, C22D1, C23D1, C24D1, C25D1 and continued on day 1 at each cycle through C33D1
Safety Issue:
Description:A clinically meaningful improvement or worsening was defined as at least 3 points of improvement or worsening from baseline, respectively, for FACIT-Fatigue. The functional assessment of chronic illness therapy (FACIT-Fatigue Scale V 4.0) is a subscale of the FACIT-F and has been validated in the oncology setting. The FACIT-Fatigue Scale is a short, 13-item, self-administered tool that measures the level of fatigue in an individual during usually daily activities over the past week. The level of fatigue is measured on a 5-point Likert scale (0 = not at all; 4 = very much. The scores range from 0 to 52, with higher scores indicating less fatigue. If there were missing items, but the participant answered at least 50% of the items, then subscores were prorated.
Measure:Percentage of Participants Experiencing a Clinically Meaningful Change (Improvement, No Change and Deterioration) in the EQ-5D-3L Scale From Baseline
Time Frame:Baseline to Cycle 2, Day 1 (C2D1), C3D1, C4D1, C5D1, C6D1, C7D1, C8D1, C9D1C3, C10D1, C11D1, C12D1, C13D1, C14D1, C15D1, C15D1, C16D1, C17D1, C18D1, C19D1, C20D1, C21D1, C22D1, C23D1, C24D1, C25D1 and continued on day 1 at each cycle through C33D1
Safety Issue:
Description:The EQ-5D-3L is a self-administered questionnaire consisting of 5 questions, pertaining to specific health dimensions (ie, mobility, self-care, pain, usual activities, and anxiety/depression) and a health status scale. Each question has 3 levels of severity, corresponding to no problems, moderate problems and severe problems. Canadian population sample weights were used to derive health utility scores. A higher utility score represents a better health state. A clinically meaningful improvement or worsening was defined as at least 0.08 points of improvement or 0.10 points of worsening from baseline, respectively, for the EQ-5D-3L Health Utility Index. The instrument is scored using the United Kingdom (UK) index ranges from -0.594 to 1, where 0 equates to death and 1 equates to full health; -0.594 is considered 'worse than death'.
Measure:Time to Definitive Clinically Meaningful Deterioration for ≥ 2 Consecutive Visits as Measured Using the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT-Fatigue Scale V 4.0)
Time Frame:From day 1 (randomization) up to data cut off date of 15 July 2019; approximately 74 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Clinically meaningful deterioration was defined as at least 3 points of deterioration from baseline for at least 2 consecutive visits for the FACIT--Fatigue. The FACIT-Fatigue Scale V 4.0) is a subscale of the FACIT-F and has been validated in the oncology setting. The FACIT-Fatigue Scale is a short, 13-item, self-administered tool that measures the level of fatigue in an individual during usually daily activities over the past week. The level of fatigue is measured on a 5-point Likert scale (0 = not at all to 4 = very much. The scores that range from 0 to 52, with higher scores indicating less fatigue. If there were missing items, but the participant answered at least 50% of the items, subscores were prorated.
Measure:Time to Definitive Clinically Meaningful Deterioration for ≥ 2 Consecutive Visits as Measured Using the EQ-5D HRQoL Scale
Time Frame:From day 1 (randomization) up to data cut off date of 15 July 2019; approximately 74 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Clinically meaningful deterioration was defined at least 0.10 point of deterioration from baseline for at least 2 consecutive visits for the EQ-5D Health Utility Index. The EQ-5D-3L is a self-administered questionnaire consisting of 5 questions, pertaining to specific health dimensions (ie, mobility, self-care, pain, usual activities, and anxiety/depression) and a health status scale. Each question has 3 levels of severity, corresponding to no problems, moderate problems and severe problems. Canadian population sample weights were used to derive health utility scores. A higher utility score represents a better health state. A clinically meaningful improvement or worsening was defined as at least 0.08 points of improvement or 0.10 points of worsening from baseline, respectively, for the EQ-5D-3L Health Utility Index. The EQ-5D-3L is scored using the UK index ranges from -0.594 to 1, where 0 equates to death and 1 equates to full health; -0.594 is considered 'worse than death'.
Measure:Healthcare Resource Utilization (HRU): Rate of Hospital Events Per Person Year
Time Frame:Day 1 (randomization) to the date of the data cut off date of 15 July 2019; approximately 74 months
Safety Issue:
Description:HRU is defined as any consumption of healthcare resources directly or indirectly related to the treatment of the patient. HRU is a key component to understand treatment costs and budget impact of new treatments from a provider perspective.
Measure:Healthcare Resource Utilization (HRU): Number of Days Hospitalized Per Person-Year
Time Frame:Day 1 (randomization) to the date of the data cut off date of 15 July 2019; approximately 74 months
Safety Issue:
Description:HRU is defined as any consumption of healthcare resources directly or indirectly related to the treatment of the patient. HRU is a key component to understand treatment costs and budget impact of new treatments from a provider perspective.

Details

Phase:Phase 3
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Active, not recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Celgene

Trial Keywords

  • Maintenance therapy
  • AML
  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • oral Azacitidine
  • best supportive care
  • complete remission

Last Updated

November 6, 2020