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Phase 2 Study of Bevacizumab in Children and Young Adults With NF 2 and Progressive Vestibular Schwannomas



To determine the hearing response rate at 24 weeks after treatment with bevacizumab for symptomatic vestibular schwannomas (VS) in children and young adults with Neurofibromatosis Type 2 (NF 2).

Related Conditions:
  • Schwannoma
Recruiting Status:



Phase 2

Trial Eligibility



  • Brief Title: Phase 2 Study of Bevacizumab in Children and Young Adults With NF 2 and Progressive Vestibular Schwannomas
  • Official Title: Open-label, Phase 2 Study of Bevacizumab in Children and Young Adults With Neurofibromatosis 2 and Progressive Vestibular Schwannomas That Are Poor Candidates for Standard Treatment With Surgery or Radiation

Clinical Trial IDs

  • SECONDARY ID: W81XWH-12-1-0155
  • NCT ID: NCT01767792


  • Neurofibromatosis Type 2
  • Progressive Vestibular Schwannomas


BevacizumabrhuMAb, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF), Avastin®Bevacizumab


To determine the hearing response rate at 24 weeks after treatment with bevacizumab for symptomatic vestibular schwannomas (VS) in children and young adults with Neurofibromatosis Type 2 (NF 2).

Detailed Description

      Subjects will be treated with open-label bevacizumab 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks for 24 weeks
      (induction therapy). Clinical response will be assessed by audiology and MRI at weeks 12 and
      24. Subjects with hearing decline at weeks 12 or 24 will be taken off of protocol. At week
      24, patients with a clinical response or stable disease (together comprising "clinical
      benefit") will transition to maintenance therapy with bevacizumab. During the maintenance
      phase, subjects will be treated with open-label bevacizumab 5 mg/kg every 3 weeks for up to
      72 weeks. Subjects will be followed with audiology and MRI scans every 12 weeks. The total
      time of the study will be 96 weeks (24 weeks induction + 72 weeks maintenance).

      Subjects will be allowed to increase their bevacizumab dose to 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks during
      maintenance therapy if they experience hearing decline during maintenance therapy (defined as
      decrease in word recognition score below the 95% critical difference compared with the word
      recognition score at baseline, Appendix A). Subjects will be taken off of study if their word
      recognition score does not remain within the 95% critical difference after receiving
      bevacizumab 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks.

Trial Arms

BevacizumabExperimentalFollow participant for 2 years and assess hearing response rates
  • Bevacizumab

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria - Participants must meet the following criteria on screening examination
        to be eligible to participate in the study:

          -  Patients must have a confirmed diagnosis of neurofibromatosis 2 by fulfilling National
             Institute of Health (NIH) criteria or Manchester criteria, or by detection of a
             causative mutation in the Neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) gene.

          -  Patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least one VS > 1.0 ml (on
             volumetric analysis) that can be accurately measured by contrast-enhanced cranial MRI
             scan with fine cuts through the internal auditory canal (3 mm slices, no skip).

          -  Age 6 years or greater (no upper limit) on day 1 of treatment. Given the potential
             risk of long-term bevacizumab use, children under age 6 are not eligible for
             treatment. No upper limit for adults.

          -  Life expectancy of greater than 1 year.

          -  Karnofsky performance status ≥ 70.

          -  Participants must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below with
             definitions micro liter (mcL), Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), Serum glutamic
             oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT), Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), Serum glutamic
             pyruvic transaminase (SGPT):

          -  Leukocytes > 3,000/mcL

          -  Absolute neutrophil count > 1,500/mcL

          -  Platelets > 100,000/mcL

          -  Total bilirubin within normal institutional limits

          -  AST (SGOT)/ALT (SGPT) < 2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal

          -  Patients must have a creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate
             (GFR) ≥60ml/min/1.73 m2 or a normal serum creatinine based on age described in the
             table below:

          -  Age Maximum Serum Creatinine (mg/dL) 6 to < 10 years 1(Male) 1(Female) 10 to < 13
             years 1.2(Male) 1.2(Female) 13 to < 16 years 1.5(Male) 1.4(Female

             ≥ 16 years 1.7(Male) 1.4(Female)

          -  Subjects must have a target VS with the following qualities:

          -  Not amenable to surgery due to patient refusal, high risk for surgical complications
             (e.g., damage to lower cranial nerve function, tumor size > 3 cm in longest diameter,
             or multilobulated tumor appearance on MRI scan).

          -  Associated with a word recognition score of < 85%

          -  Documented clinical progression defined as EITHER:

          -  Progressive hearing loss (defined as a decline in word recognition score below the 95%
             critical difference interval from baseline score [Appendix A] related to VS (i.e., not
             due to prior interventions such as surgery or radiation)


          -  Progressive tumor growth in the preceding 18 months, defined as ≥ 20% increase in

          -  The effects of bevacizumab on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason
             and because bevacizumab agents are known to be teratogenic, women of child-bearing
             potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method
             of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study
             participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while
             participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.

          -  Ability to understand and the willingness to sign written informed consent and assent

          -  Must have established relationship with primary care physician and provide contact

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Participants who exhibit any of the following conditions at screening will not be
             eligible for admission into the study.

          -  Patients who have had chemotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or
             mitomycin C) prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse
             events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier. Prior radiation treatment
             to the target vestibular schwannoma is allowed if provided 3 years prior to
             participation in the clinical trial. Prior radiation treatment to non-target tumors is

          -  Participants may not be receiving any other study agents.

          -  Patients with nervous system tumors associated with NF2 (e.g., schwannomas,
             meningiomas, ependymomas, or gliomas) will not be excluded from this clinical trial
             unless (in the opinion of the investigator) these tumors are growing and are likely to
             require treatment during the clinical trial.

          -  History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic
             composition to bevacizumab.

          -  Patients with known hypersensitivity of Chinese hamster ovary cell products, other
             recombinant human antibodies, or compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition
             to bevacizumab.

          -  Inability to tolerate periodic MRI scans or gadolinium contrast.

          -  Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to ongoing or active
             infection, unstable angina pectoris, or psychiatric illness/social situations that
             would limit compliance with study requirements.

          -  History of arterial/myocardial disease.

          -  Clinically significant cardiovascular disease, such as:

          -  Inadequately controlled hypertension (HTN) (for adults: Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP)
             > 160 mmHg and/or Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) > 90 mmHg despite antihypertensive
             medication; for children: please refer to Appendix D for age-appropriate values
             indicating ≥ Grade 2)

          -  History of cerebrovascular accident (CVA) within 12 months

          -  Myocardial infarction or unstable angina within 12 months

          -  New York heart association grade II or greater congestive heart failure

          -  Serious and inadequately controlled cardiac arrhythmia

          -  Significant vascular disease (e.g., aortic aneurysm, history of aortic dissection)

          -  Clinically significant peripheral vascular disease

          -  Pregnant women are excluded from this study because bevacizumab is an anti-angiogenic
             agent with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an
             unknown but potential risk of adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment
             of the mother with bevacizumab, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is
             treated with bevacizumab. These potential risks may also apply to other agents used in
             this study.

          -  HIV-positive patients or cancer survivors are eligible for this study if they fulfill
             all other eligibility criteria.

          -  Concurrent use of anti-coagulant drugs (not including prophylactic doses), history of
             coagulopathy, or evidence of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy.

          -  Imaging (CT or MRI) evidence of hemorrhage deemed significant by the treating
             physician (> grade 1). Subjects with history of central nervous system (CNS)
             hemorrhage are not eligible.

          -  Urine protein should be screened by urine analysis for Urine Protein Creatinine (UPC)
             ratio. For UPC ratio > 0.5, 24-hour urine protein should be obtained and the level
             should be <1000 mg for patient enrollment.

          -  Serious or non-healing wound, ulcer or bone fracture.

          -  History of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation or intra-abdominal abscess
             within 6 months prior to day 1.

          -  Invasive procedures defined as follows:

          -  Major surgical procedure, open biopsy or significant traumatic injury within 28 days
             prior to Day 1 therapy

          -  Brain biopsy within 28 days prior to day 1 of therapy (wounds must be fully healed
             from brain biopsies performed more than 28 days prior to day 1 of therapy)

          -  Anticipation of need for major surgical procedures during the course of the study

          -  Core biopsy within 7 days prior to D1 therapy

          -  Prior treatment with bevacizumab.
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:6 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Improvement in Hearing
Time Frame:6 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Number of participants with a statistically significant increase in word recognition score on audiology compared to baseline.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Number of Participants With Adverse Events
Time Frame:6 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Number of participants with adverse events occurring in at least 10% of participants during induction therapy.
Measure:Tolerability of Bevacizumab During Induction (High Dose) Therapy
Time Frame:6 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Number of participants who did not stop treatment due to side effects or by participant/provider choice during induction period.
Measure:Durability of Hearing Response During Maintenance (Low Dose) Therapy
Time Frame:2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Number of participants with hearing improvement during induction therapy who maintained hearing improvement relative to baseline during maintenance therapy as measured by word recognition score.
Measure:Changes in Pure Tone Average (PTA) on Audiology Compared With Baseline, Measured in Decibels (dBHL).
Time Frame:Weeks 25, 49, 73, 98
Safety Issue:
Description:Increase in pure tone average represents worsening of hearing and decrease in pure tone average represents improvement of hearing. Range for for pure tone average (PTA) is 0-110 dBHL (decibels).
Measure:Changes in Distress Related to Tinnitus During Induction (High Dose) Treatment.
Time Frame:6 months (induction phase)
Safety Issue:
Description:Self-reported distress measured using the tinnitus reaction questionnaire (TRQ). TRQ has 26 questions measured on a 5-point Likert scale from 0 (not at all) to 4 (almost all of the time). The total score is the sum of the responses with higher scores indicating more reported distress.
Measure:Durability of Radiographic Response
Time Frame:2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Count of participants who achieved a 20% or more reduction in tumor volume over baseline during induction (high dose) therapy and maintained this decrease during maintenance (low dose) therapy (decline in tumor volume from baseline of 20% or more).


Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Completed
Lead Sponsor:University of Alabama at Birmingham

Trial Keywords

  • Neurofibromatosis Type 2
  • Progressive Vestibular Schwannomas

Last Updated

February 12, 2021