Clinical Trials /

Azacitidine, Cytarabine, and Mitoxantrone Hydrochloride in Treating Patients With High-Risk Acute Myeloid Leukemia

NCT01839240

Description:

This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of azacitidine when given together with cytarabine and mitoxantrone hydrochloride in treating patients with high-risk acute myeloid leukemia. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as azacitidine, cytarabine, and mitoxantrone hydrochloride, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Azacitidine may also help cytarabine and mitoxantrone hydrochloride work better by making the cancer cells more sensitive to the drugs

Related Conditions:
  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Recruiting Status:

Active, not recruiting

Phase:

Phase 1

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Azacitidine, Cytarabine, and Mitoxantrone Hydrochloride in Treating Patients With High-Risk Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • Official Title: Phase I Investigation of the Feasibility of Combining 5-azacytidine With Highdose Cytarabine (HiDAC) and Mitoxantrone Chemotherapy in a Sequential Manner for Remission Induction in High-risk Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML)

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 12-0111
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2012-02028
  • NCT ID: NCT01839240

Conditions

  • Adult Acute Megakaryoblastic Leukemia (M7)
  • Adult Acute Monoblastic Leukemia (M5a)
  • Adult Acute Monocytic Leukemia (M5b)
  • Adult Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia With Maturation (M2)
  • Adult Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia Without Maturation (M1)
  • Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission
  • Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With 11q23 (MLL) Abnormalities
  • Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Del(5q)
  • Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13;q22)
  • Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13;q22)
  • Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21)(q22;q22)
  • Adult Acute Myelomonocytic Leukemia (M4)
  • Adult Erythroleukemia (M6a)
  • Adult Pure Erythroid Leukemia (M6b)
  • Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • Untreated Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
azacitidine5-AC, 5-azacytidine, azacytidine, VidazaTreatment (azacitidine, cytarabine, and mitoxantrone)
cytarabineARA-C, arabinofuranosylcytosine, arabinosylcytosine, Cytosar-U, cytosine arabinosideTreatment (azacitidine, cytarabine, and mitoxantrone)
mitoxantrone hydrochlorideCL 232315, DHAD, DHAQ, NovantroneTreatment (azacitidine, cytarabine, and mitoxantrone)

Purpose

This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of azacitidine when given together with cytarabine and mitoxantrone hydrochloride in treating patients with high-risk acute myeloid leukemia. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as azacitidine, cytarabine, and mitoxantrone hydrochloride, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Azacitidine may also help cytarabine and mitoxantrone hydrochloride work better by making the cancer cells more sensitive to the drugs

Detailed Description

      PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To establish the recommended phase II dose of 5-azacytidine (azacitidine) when combined
      with high-dose cytarabine (HiDAC) and mitoxantrone (mitoxantrone hydrochloride) chemotherapy
      in high-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients.

      SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To determine the complete remission (CR) rate following the use of induction chemotherapy
      regimen of 5-azacytidine followed by high-dose cytarabine (HiDAC) and mitoxantrone
      chemotherapy in high-risk AML patients.

      II. To determine the toxicity of the combination regimen. III. To determine the disease-free
      survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) of the patient population.

      IV. To determine the gene expression levels of topoisomerase II and deoxycytidine kinase in
      leukemia blasts pre-treatment and following therapy with 5-azacytidine.

      V. To collect specimens for banking for use in future research studies with a view to
      elucidating the predictors of response to epigenetic therapies.

      OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of azacitidine.

      INDUCTION: Patients receive azacitidine intravenously (IV) over 10-40 minutes or
      subcutaneously (SC) once daily (QD) on days 1-5, cytarabine IV over 4 hours on days 6 and 10,
      and mitoxantrone hydrochloride IV over 60 minutes on days 6 and 10.

      CONSOLIDATION: Patients receive azacitidine IV over 10-40 minutes or SC QD on days 1-5.
      Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or
      unacceptable toxicity. Patients ineligible for allogeneic stem cell transplantation continue
      on to maintenance.

      MAINTENANCE: Patients receive azacitidine IV over 10-40 minutes or SC QD on days 1-5. Courses
      repeat every 28 days for up to 1 year in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable
      toxicity.

      After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Treatment (azacitidine, cytarabine, and mitoxantrone)ExperimentalINDUCTION: Patients receive azacitidine IV over 10-40 minutes or SC QD on days 1-5, cytarabine IV over 4 hours on days 6 and 10, and mitoxantrone hydrochloride IV over 60 minutes on days 6 and 10. CONSOLIDATION: Patients receive azacitidine IV over 10-40 minutes or SC QD on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients ineligible for allogeneic stem cell transplantation continue on to maintenance. MAINTENANCE: Patients receive azacitidine IV over 10-40 minutes or SC QD on days 1-5. Courses repeat every 28 days for up to 1 year in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • azacitidine
  • cytarabine
  • mitoxantrone hydrochloride

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Patients must have one of the following disease characteristics:

               -  Therapy-related myeloid neoplasm (t-MN) age >= 18 years

                    -  Patients must have received cytotoxic chemotherapy, radiation, or a drug
                       known to affect the properties of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) or cell
                       growth, prior to current diagnosis of therapy-related myeloid neoplasm
                       (t-MN); this broad definition is meant to include any prior therapy with
                       chemicals that affect DNA replication, DNA integrity, or DNA structure, or
                       chemicals that alter cell growth; this includes traditional cytotoxic
                       chemotherapy, newer immunologic agents that have been shown to have
                       cytotoxic activities in addition to immunosuppressive functions, and other
                       chemicals; note that patients with primary AML could be diagnosed with a t-
                       MN if morphology/cytogenetic analysis clearly indicated that the second
                       process is not a relapse of the original disease

               -  AML arising from an antecedent hematological disorder age >= 18 years

               -  De novo AML in patients age >= 60 years

               -  Relapsed and/or refractory AML >= 18 years

          -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2

          -  Female patients of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test
             within 2 weeks prior to enrollment

          -  Male and female patients must use an effective contraceptive method during the study
             and for at least 6 months after study treatment

          -  Patients must be at least 2 weeks from major surgery, radiation therapy, participation
             in other investigational trials and must have recovered from clinically significant
             toxicities of these prior treatments

          -  Ability to understand and willingness to sign the informed consent form

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Concomitant chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or immunotherapy other than as specified
             in this protocol

          -  Diagnosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL)

          -  Use of investigational agents/any anticancer therapy within 2 weeks before study entry
             with the exception of hydroxyurea (note: for patients with hyperleukocytosis [white
             blood cell (WBC) > 20,000/uL], hydroxyurea [and leukapheresis, if clinically
             indicated] will be initiated and these patients will receive 5-azacytidine when the
             WBC count has decreased to =< 20,000/uL; hydroxyurea can be overlapped with
             5-azacytidine in selected cases, after consultation with the study chair; hydroxyurea
             must be discontinued before the initiation of the HiDAC/mitoxantrone chemotherapy)

          -  Prior treatment with 5-azacytidine followed immediately by HiDAC and mitoxantrone as
             proposed in this study (note: prior therapy with 5-azacytidine or decitabine or HiDAC
             or mitoxantrone would be allowed-in patients with relapsed/refractory disease- unless
             the prior therapy was identical to the schema/schedule proposed in this study)

          -  Active second cancer other than specified; active cancer refers to cancer that
             requires systemic chemotherapy or biological therapy within 6 months of the study
             entry; patients who have received only hormonal therapy in the neoadjuvant or adjuvant
             setting in the past 6 months may participate in this study

          -  Have any other severe concurrent disease, or have a history of serious organ
             dysfunction (e.g. uncontrolled or severe cardiovascular disease, diabetes, pulmonary
             disease, infection, psychiatric illness) that may in the judgment of the treating
             physician/ principal investigator place the patient at undue risk to undergo treatment

          -  Pregnant or lactating patients

          -  Any significant concurrent illness that would, in the judgment of the treating
             physician/principal investigator, compromise patient safety or compliance, or study
             participation
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Recommended phase II dose of azacitidine when combined with high-dose cytarabine and mitoxantrone hydrochloride, based on incidence of dose limiting toxicity (DLT) graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria, version 4
Time Frame:56 days
Safety Issue:
Description:DLT defined as any grade 4 or greater non-hematologic toxicity (except transient [less than 48 hours] nausea/vomiting, transient [less than 48 hours] liver function test derangements) or a grade 3 non-hematological toxicity lasting more than 7 days. Persistent bone marrow aplasia (in the absence of bone marrow involvement with disease) lasting more than 56 days would also be regarded as a DLT.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Change in gene expression levels of topoisomerase II and deoxycytidine kinase in leukemic blasts pre-treatment and following therapy with azacitidine will be measured by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)
Time Frame:From baseline to day 56
Safety Issue:
Description:Will be compared using a two-sample t test. If the data do not appear to be normally distributed, a Wilcoxon rank sum test will be used in place of the t-test. Normality will be assessed using graphical techniques, such as normality probability plots.

Details

Phase:Phase 1
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Active, not recruiting
Lead Sponsor:University of Chicago

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