Clinical Trials /

Decitabine and Midostaurin in Treating Older Patients With Newly Diagnosed Acute Myeloid Leukemia

NCT01846624

Description:

This phase 2 study evaluates the sequential combination of decitabine then midostaurin for the treatment of newly-diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in older patients.

Related Conditions:
  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Recruiting Status:

Terminated

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Decitabine and Midostaurin in Treating Older Patients With Newly Diagnosed Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • Official Title: A Phase 2 Study of Decitabine in Combination With Midostaurin (PKC412) for Elderly Patients With Newly Diagnosed FLT3-ITD/TKD Positive Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: IRB-25737
  • SECONDARY ID: HEMAML0022
  • NCT ID: NCT01846624

Conditions

  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) With Multilineage Dysplasia Following Myelodysplastic Syndrome, in Adults
  • AML (Adult) With 11q23 (MLL) Abnormalities
  • AML (Adult) With Del (5q)
  • AML (Adult) With Inv (16) (p13; q22)
  • AML (Adult) With t (16;16) (p13; q22)
  • AML (Adult) With t (8; 21) (q22; q22)
  • Secondary AML (Adult)
  • Untreated AML (Adult)

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
Decitabine5-aza-dCyd, 5AZA, DAC, DacogenDecitabine, then midostaurin
MidostaurinN-benzoyl-staurosporine, PKC412Decitabine, then midostaurin

Purpose

This phase 2 study evaluates the sequential combination of decitabine then midostaurin for the treatment of newly-diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in older patients.

Detailed Description

      Treatment with decitabine, a cytidine analog, then midostaurin, a multi-target protein kinase
      inhibitor (PKI), may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed
      for cell growth.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Decitabine, then midostaurinExperimentalINDUCTION THERAPY Subjects receive decitabine intravenously (IV) over 1 hour on days 1 to 10 and midostaurin orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 11 to 28. Treatment repeats every 28 days until documented bone marrow response is achieved or for up to 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients achieving documented bone marrow response by course 6 continue treatment with induction therapy; patients achieving response after course 6 proceed to post-remission therapy. POST-REMISSION THERAPY Subjects receive decitabine IV over 1 hour on days 1 to 5 and midostaurin PO BID on days 6 to 28. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 12 courses (including induction therapy) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for up to 1 year.
  • Decitabine
  • Midostaurin

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Newly-diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) per the World Health Organization [WHO]
             2008 classification [except t (15; 17)], including:

               -  De novo AML

               -  Secondary AML

               -  Secondary AML arising from previously-diagnosed myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS)
                  treated with deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) methyltransferase inhibitor (DNMTi) (ie,
                  decitabine or azacitidine)

          -  FLT3-ITD mutation confirmed in bone marrow aspirate

          -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤ 2

          -  Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 2.5 x upper
             limit of normal (ULN)

          -  Serum bilirubin ≤ 2.5 ULN

          -  Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 mg/dL and/or creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min

          -  Ejection fraction ≥ 50% by echocardiogram

          -  Unwillingness or inability to receive conventional chemotherapy

          -  Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

          -  Ability to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements

          -  Life expectancy > 2 months

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Receiving concomitant treatment with other anti-neoplastic agents (EXCEPTION:
             hydroxyurea). Prior treatment with DNMTi therapy (ie, decitabine or azacitidine) for
             MDS is allowed

          -  Received anti-neoplastic treatment within 4 weeks prior to enrollment (EXCEPTION:
             hydroxyurea)

          -  Received any surgical procedure, excluding central venous catheter placement or other
             minor procedures (eg, skin biopsy) within 14 days of study day 1

          -  Received any investigational agent within 4 weeks prior to enrollment

          -  Previous or current history of a myeloproliferative disease

          -  Known active central nervous system (CNS) malignancy

          -  Any other known disease (except carcinoma in-situ), concurrent severe and/or
             uncontrolled medical condition which could compromise participation in the study (eg,
             uncontrolled diabetes; cardiovascular disease including congestive heart failure;
             myocardial infarction within 6 months with poorly controlled hypertension; chronic
             renal disease; active uncontrolled infection)

          -  Active opportunistic infection or treatment for opportunistic infection within 4 weeks
             of first day of study drug dosing

          -  Known confirmed diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or active
             viral hepatitis

          -  Known impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may
             significantly alter the absorption of midostaurin

          -  History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic
             composition to midostaurin and/or decitabine

          -  Impaired cardiac function including any of the following:

               -  Screening electrocardiogram (ECG) with a corrected QT interval (QTc) > 450 msec

               -  Bradycardia defined as heart rate (HR) < 50 beats per minute (bpm)

               -  Right bundle branch block + left anterior hemiblock (bifascicular block)

               -  Patients with myocardial infarction or unstable angina < 3 months prior to
                  starting study drug

               -  Congestive heart failure (CHF) New York (NY) Heart Association class 3 or 4

          -  Inability to swallow or absorb drug

          -  Other medical or psychiatric illness or organ dysfunction or laboratory abnormality
             which in the opinion of the investigator would compromise the patient's safety or
             interfere with data interpretation

          -  Unwillingness or inability to comply with the protocol

          -  Pregnant

          -  nursing (lactating)

          -  Women of child-bearing potential, defined as all women physiologically capable of
             becoming pregnant, UNLESS they are using highly effective methods of contraception
             during dosing and for 3 months after midostaurin medication; highly effective
             contraception methods as follows:

               -  Total abstinence, when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of
                  the subject [periodic abstinence (eg, calendar, ovulation, symptothermal,
                  post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of
                  contraception]

               -  Female sterilization (surgical bilateral oophorectomy with or without
                  hysterectomy; or tubal ligation at least six weeks before taking study
                  treatment). In case of oophorectomy alone, reproductive status must be confirmed
                  by follow-up hormone level assessment

               -  Male sterilization, at least 6 months prior to screening (for female subjects on
                  the study, the vasectomized male partner should be the sole partner for that
                  subject)

               -  Combination of any two of the following (a+b or a+c, or b+c):

                    -  Use of oral, injected or implanted hormonal methods of contraception or
                       other forms of hormonal contraception that have comparable efficacy (failure
                       rate < 1%), eg, hormone vaginal ring or transdermal hormone contraception.
                       For oral contraception, women should have been stable on the same pill for a
                       minimum of 3 months before taking study treatment

                    -  Placement of an intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS)

                    -  Barrier methods of contraception: Condom or Occlusive cap (diaphragm or
                       cervical/vault caps) with spermicidal foam/gel/film/cream/vaginal
                       suppository
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:60 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Complete Remission (CR) Rate
Time Frame:Up to 1 year
Safety Issue:
Description:The complete remission (CR) rate, or complete response rate, is reported as the sum and proportion of participants that achieved CR or CR with incomplete blood count recovery (CRi), within 12 months of starting midostaurin treatment. Complete remission (CR): Bone marrow blasts < 5%; absence of blasts with Auer rods; absence of extramedullary disease; absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 1000/μL; platelet count > 100,000/μL; independence of red cell transfusions. CR with incomplete recovery (CRi): All CR criteria except for ANC < 1000/μL or platelet count < 100,000/μL. Partial remission (PR): All hematologic criteria of CR; except decrease of bone marrow blast percentage to 5% to 25%; and decrease of pretreatment bone marrow blast percentage by at least 50%.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Overall Response Rate (ORR)
Time Frame:up to 1 year
Safety Issue:
Description:Overall response rate (ORR) was assessed as the number and proportion of participants who received midostaurin and achieved a partial response (PR), complete response (CR), or complete response with incomplete blood count recovery (CRi). Complete remission (CR): Bone marrow blasts < 5%; absence of blasts with Auer rods; absence of extramedullary disease; absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 1000/μL; platelet count > 100,000/μL; independence of red cell transfusions. CR with incomplete recovery (CRi): All CR criteria except for ANC < 1000/μL or platelet count < 100,000/μL. Partial remission (PR): All hematologic criteria of CR; except decrease of bone marrow blast percentage to 5% to 25%; and decrease of pretreatment bone marrow blast percentage by at least 50%.
Measure:Median Duration of Response (DoR)
Time Frame:Up to 1 year
Safety Issue:
Description:Response was assessed by evaluations conducted every 3 cycles (12 weeks). Once documented as partial response (PR), complete response (CR), or complete response with incomplete blood count recover (CRi), response status was confirmed every 12 weeks. In responding participants, duration of response was assessed from the start of treatment through the last documented response before documented progressive disease or death. The outcome is reported as the median value for duration of response, with full range. CR: Bone marrow blasts < 5%; absence of blasts with Auer rods; absence of extramedullary disease; ANC > 1000/μL; platelet > 100,000/μL; independence of red cell transfusions. CRi: All CR criteria except ANC < 1000/μL or platelet count < 100,000/μL. PR: All hematologic criteria of CR; except decrease of bone marrow blast percentage to 5% to 25%; & decrease of pretreatment bone marrow blast percentage by at least 50%.
Measure:Progression-free Survival (PFS)
Time Frame:Up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Progression-free survival (PFS) is reported as the number and proportion of participants who did not receive hematopoietic cell transplantation, and who did not experience disease progression or death for any reason within 2 years after starting midostaurin treatment. Progressive disease: Bone marrow blasts ≥ 5%; or reappearance of blasts in the blood; or development of extramedullary disease.
Measure:Overall Survival (OS)
Time Frame:Up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Survival is reported as the number and proportion of participants that received midostaurin who remained alive 2 years after starting midostaurin treatment.

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Terminated
Lead Sponsor:David Iberri

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