Clinical Trials /

Dabrafenib in Treating Patients With Solid Tumors and Kidney or Liver Dysfunction

NCT01907802

Description:

This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of dabrafenib in treating patients with solid tumors and kidney or liver dysfunction. Dabrafenib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

Related Conditions:
  • Malignant Solid Tumor
Recruiting Status:

Terminated

Phase:

Phase 1

Trial Eligibility

Document

<span class="go-doc-concept go-doc-intervention">Dabrafenib</span> in Treating Patients With Solid Tumors and Kidney or Liver <span class="go-doc-concept go-doc-keyword">Dysfunction</span>

Title

  • Brief Title: Dabrafenib in Treating Patients With Solid Tumors and Kidney or Liver Dysfunction
  • Official Title: A Phase 1 and Pharmacokinetic Study of Dabrafenib (GSK2118436B) in Patients With BRAFV600X Mutations and Renal or Hepatic Dysfunction
  • Clinical Trial IDs

    NCT ID: NCT01907802

    ORG ID: NCI-2013-01338

    NCI ID: NCI-2013-01338

    Trial Conditions

    Adult Solid Neoplasm

    Hepatic Complication

    Renal Failure

    Trial Interventions

    Drug Synonyms Arms
    Dabrafenib BRAF Inhibitor GSK2118436, GSK-2118436A, GSK2118436, Tafinlar Treatment (dabrafenib)

    Trial Purpose

    This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of dabrafenib in treating patients
    with solid tumors and kidney or liver dysfunction. Dabrafenib may stop the growth of tumor
    cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

    Detailed Description

    PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

    I. To determine the toxicity profile and the maximum tolerated doses (MTDs) of dabrafenib in
    patients with v-raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B1 (BRAF)^V600X mutations and
    renal or hepatic dysfunction.

    SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

    I. To assess for tumor response and various times to clinical event. II. To provide dosing
    recommendations for dabrafenib in patients with varying degrees of hepatic and renal
    dysfunction for possible inclusion in the label.

    TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

    I. To assess the pharmacokinetic and pharmacogenetic profile of dabrafenib and active
    metabolites.

    OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study.

    Patients receive dabrafenib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-28 (once daily [QD] on
    day 1 of course 1). Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or
    unacceptable toxicity.

    After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days.

    Trial Arms

    Name Type Description Interventions
    Treatment (dabrafenib) Experimental Patients receive dabrafenib PO BID on days 1-28 (QD on day 1 of course 1). Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Dabrafenib

    Eligibility Criteria

    Inclusion Criteria:

    - PRE-REGISTRATION ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA

    - Willing to provide tissue as required per protocol for central BRAF^V600X mutation
    testing

    - NOTE: patients with prior BRAF^600X testing that demonstrate a mutation at V600X
    will be allowed to enroll prior to central testing if the assay was performed at
    a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA)-certified laboratory assay;
    this includes THxID, BRAF Detection Kit, Cobas 4800 BRAF600 mutation test and
    other CLIA-certified assays available at participating institutions

    - Patients with unknown BRAF^600X status: histologically confirmed melanoma, papillary
    thyroid, cholangiocarcinoma or testicular cancer that is metastatic or unresectable
    and for which the investigator feels a BRAF^600X targeted agent is a reasonable
    treatment

    - NOTE: patient must be screened by central BRAF testing and must demonstrate a
    V600 mutation prior to start of study agent

    - Note: other tumor types without known BRAF^600X mutations will not be eligible
    for central testing

    - Ability to understand and willingness to sign written informed consent

    - Life expectancy of > 3 months

    - REGISTRATION ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA

    - Patients with known BRAF^V600X mutation: patients must have BRAF^V600X mutated,
    histologically confirmed cancer that is metastatic or unresectable and for which
    curative or standard therapies do not exist or are no longer effective

    - NOTE: colorectal cancers with BRAF mutations ARE NOT allowed

    - NOTE: any mutation at the V600 position that results in a change from V (valine)
    is allowed; this includes E, D, K, R or other mutations not noted here at the
    V600 position

    - Any number of the following prior therapies is allowed:

    - Chemotherapy >= 28 days prior to registration

    - Mitomycin C/nitrosoureas >= 42 days prior to registration

    - Immunotherapy >= 28 days prior to registration

    - Biologic therapy >= 28 days prior to registration

    - Radiation therapy >= 28 days prior to registration

    - Radiation to < 25% of bone marrow

    - Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1 (Karnofsky >=
    70%)

    - Able to swallow and retain oral medication and must not have any clinically
    significant gastrointestinal abnormalities that may alter absorption such as
    malabsorption syndrome or major resection of the stomach or bowels

    - Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.2 x 10^9/L

    - Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL

    - Platelets >= 100 x 10^9/L

    - Albumin >= 2.5 g/dL

    - NOTE: this applies to patient in the normal and renal dysfunction cohorts (N, R3
    and R4); abnormal albumin is allowed for patients in the liver dysfunction
    cohorts

    - Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x
    institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)

    - NOTE: this applies to patient in the normal and renal dysfunction cohorts (N, R3
    and R4); patients with elevated AST and/or ALT may be assigned to liver
    dysfunction cohorts

    - Prothrombin time (PT)/international normalized ratio (INR) and partial thromboplastin
    time (PTT) =< 1.3 x institutional ULN; subjects receiving anticoagulation treatment
    may be allowed to participate with INR established within the therapeutic range prior
    to randomization

    - NOTE: this applies to patient in the normal and renal dysfunction cohorts (N, R3
    and R4); elevated PT/INR is allowed for patients in the liver dysfunction
    cohorts

    - Left ventricular ejection fraction >= institutional lower limit of normal (LLN) by
    echocardiogram (ECHO)

    - Hepatic and renal function meeting the strata below:

    - Group N: Hepatic: normal function (bilirubin =< ULN; AST =< ULN); renal: normal
    function (creatinine clearance [CrCl] >= 60 mL/min as estimated by the Cockcroft
    and Gault equation)

    - Group R3: Hepatic: normal function (bilirubin =< ULN; AST =< ULN); renal: severe
    dysfunction (CrCl >= 15 and < 30 mL/min as estimated by the Cockcroft and Gault
    equation)

    - Group R4: Hepatic: normal function (bilirubin =< ULN; AST =< ULN; renal: renal
    failure (hemodialysis)

    - Group H1: Hepatic: mild dysfunction (bilirubin =< ULN; AST > ULN); renal:
    acceptable function (CrCl >= 60 mL/min as estimated by the Cockcroft and Gault
    equation)

    - Group H2: Hepatic: moderate dysfunction (bilirubin > ULN and =< 3 x ULN; AST >
    ULN); renal: acceptable function (CrCl>= 60 mL/min as estimated by the
    Cockcroft and Gault equation)

    - Group H3: Hepatic: severe dysfunction (bilirubin > 3 x ULN and up to
    investigators discretion; AST > ULN); renal: acceptable function (CrCl >= 60
    mL/min as estimated by the Cockcroft and Gault equation)

    - Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test =< 7 days
    prior to registration

    - Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception
    (barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the
    duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is
    pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform
    her treating physician immediately; men treated or enrolled on this protocol must
    also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of
    study participation, and 1 month after completion of dabrafenib administration

    - Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

    - Willingness to provide blood and tissue samples as required per protocol

    - Patients with a history of clinical benefit from prior RAF inhibitor therapy, as
    judged by the investigator, will be allowed

    Exclusion Criteria:

    - Patients with active biliary obstruction; NOTE: patients for which a shunt has been
    in place for at least 10 days prior to the first dose of dabrafenib are allowed

    - Reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (< 50%) or other evidence of cardiac
    dysfunction as determined by the investigator

    - Use of an investigational anti-cancer drug within 28 days preceding the first dose of
    dabrafenib

    - Patients receiving any medications or substances that are strong inhibitors or
    inducers of cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A (CYP3A) or cytochrome P450 family
    2, subfamily C, polypeptide 8 (CYP2C8) are ineligible

    - For patients on intermediate inducers or inhibitors, attempts should be made to
    switch to an alternative agent or delay enrollment until treatment course with
    concomitant agent completed; if not possible, patient may be enrolled if it is
    felt to be in the patients best interest as decided by the investigator

    - Weak inhibitors of CYP3A or CYP2C8 should be used with caution and attempts made
    to limit their use or find alternative agents, if possible

    - Warfarin use is provisionally allowed

    - Unresolved toxicity of National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for
    Adverse Events, version 4.0 (NCI CTCAE v4.0) grade 2 or higher from previous
    anti-cancer therapy, except alopecia

    - Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients on combination antiretroviral
    therapy are ineligible; Note: patients not on antiretroviral therapies are eligible
    for this study

    - Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active
    infection, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, symptomatic congestive heart failure,
    unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social
    situations that would limit compliance with study requirements

    - Active hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection

    - Presence of malignancy other than the study indication under this trial within 5
    years of study enrollment

    - History or evidence of cardiovascular risks including any of the following:

    - QT interval corrected for heart rate using the Bazett's formula QTcB >= 480 msec

    - History of acute coronary syndromes (including myocardial infarction or unstable
    angina), coronary angioplasty, or stenting within the past 24 weeks prior to
    randomization

    - History or evidence of current class II, III, or IV heart failure as defined by
    the New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classification system

    - Intra-cardiac defibrillators

    - Abnormal cardiac valve morphology (>= grade 2) documented by ECHO; (subjects
    with grade 1 abnormalities [i.e., mild regurgitation/stenosis] can be entered on
    study); subjects with moderate valvular thickening should not be entered on
    study

    - History or evidence of current clinically significant uncontrolled cardiac
    arrhythmias; clarification: subjects with atrial fibrillation controlled for >
    30 days prior to dosing are eligible

    - Treatment refractory hypertension defined as a blood pressure of systolic > 140
    mmHg and/or diastolic > 90 mm Hg which cannot be controlled by anti-
    hypertensive therapy

    - Brain metastases that are symptomatic or untreated or not stable for >= 3 months
    (must be documented by imaging) or requiring corticosteroids; subjects on a stable
    dose of corticosteroids > 1 month or who have been off corticosteroids for at least 2
    weeks can be enrolled with approval of the Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program (CTEP)
    medical monitor; subjects must also be off enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants for > 4
    weeks

    - History of acute coronary syndromes (including unstable angina), coronary
    angioplasty, or stenting within the past 24 weeks; class II, III, or IV heart failure
    as defined by the New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classification system;
    or history of known cardiac arrhythmias unless it has been stably controlled

    - History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic
    composition to dabrafenib or other agents used in this study

    - Pregnant women are excluded from this study; breastfeeding should be discontinued if
    the mother is treated with dabrafenib

    - Any condition or medical problem in addition to the underlying malignancy and organ
    dysfunction which the investigator feels would pose unacceptable risk

    Minimum Eligible Age: 18 Years

    Maximum Eligible Age: N/A

    Eligible Gender: Both

    Primary Outcome Measures

    Incidence of toxicities graded according to NCI CTCAE v4.0

    MTD of dabrafenib, defined as the highest dose level that is estimated to induce a dose-limiting toxicity rate less than 33.3% by the two-way isotonic regression, graded according to NCI CTCAE v4.0

    Secondary Outcome Measures

    Best response, defined as the best objective status recorded from the start of treatment until disease progression/recurrence, measured by modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria

    Incidence of adverse events graded according to NCI CTCAE v4.0

    Time to progression

    Time to treatment failure

    Time until any treatment-related toxicity

    Time until hematologic nadirs (white blood cells, ANC, platelets)

    Time until treatment related grade 3+ toxicity

    Trial Keywords