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A Novel "Pediatric-Inspired" Regimen With Reduced Myelosuppressive Drugs for Adults (Aged 18-60) With Newly Diagnosed Ph Negative Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

NCT01920737

Description:

The purpose of the study is to find out whether the combination of chemotherapy drugs that are routinely used in children with ALL, will be safe and effective in treating adult patients with ALL. The standard treatment for adults with ALL consists of many chemotherapy drugs that are given in different combinations and in several steps. In adult ALL there is no standard which drugs to give and how to combine them. Some leukemias have a chromosome abnormality called Philadelphia chromosome (also called Ph Positive) and some leukemias do not (called Ph Negative). In this study we want to see whether this combination of chemotherapy drugs will be safe and effective in treating adult patients with Ph Negative ALL.

Related Conditions:
  • B-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
  • T-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: A Novel "Pediatric-Inspired" Regimen With Reduced Myelosuppressive Drugs for Adults (Aged 18-60) With Newly Diagnosed Ph Negative Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
  • Official Title: A Novel "Pediatric-Inspired" Regimen With Reduced Myelosuppressive Drugs for Adults (Aged 18-60) With Newly Diagnosed Ph Negative Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 12-266
  • NCT ID: NCT01920737

Conditions

  • Leukemia

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
DaunorubicinLeukemia Patients
VincristineLeukemia Patients
PrednisoneLeukemia Patients
PEG-AsparaginaseLeukemia Patients
MethotrexateLeukemia Patients
6-MP (6-Mercaptopurine)Leukemia Patients
CyclophosphamideLeukemia Patients
CytarabineLeukemia Patients
LeucovorinLeukemia Patients
DexamethasoneLeukemia Patients

Purpose

The purpose of the study is to find out whether the combination of chemotherapy drugs that are routinely used in children with ALL, will be safe and effective in treating adult patients with ALL. The standard treatment for adults with ALL consists of many chemotherapy drugs that are given in different combinations and in several steps. In adult ALL there is no standard which drugs to give and how to combine them. Some leukemias have a chromosome abnormality called Philadelphia chromosome (also called Ph Positive) and some leukemias do not (called Ph Negative). In this study we want to see whether this combination of chemotherapy drugs will be safe and effective in treating adult patients with Ph Negative ALL.

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Leukemia PatientsExperimentalThe treatment plan has 6 treatment cycles. The cycle names are listed in the following order: Induction Phase I - Induction Phase II - Intensification I - Re-induction I - Intensification II - Re-induction II Each cycle is given over a period of 4-6 weeks and the interval between them can range between 1-3 weeks. Based the patients medical condition, the doctor may decide to change the timing of the drugs, the interval between the drugs in a cycle, or the interval between the cycles. After receiving all cycles you will continue with a 36 months treatment part that is called Maintenance.
  • Daunorubicin
  • Vincristine
  • Prednisone
  • PEG-Asparaginase
  • Methotrexate
  • 6-MP (6-Mercaptopurine)
  • Cyclophosphamide
  • Cytarabine
  • Leucovorin
  • Dexamethasone

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Previously untreated Ph negative precursor B-cell or T-cell ALL confirmed by
             conventional flow cytometry or immunohistochemical stain Patients who have untreated
             B-cell or T-cell ALL confirmed by conventional flow cytometry or immunohistochemical
             stain, but Ph status is unknown, may also enroll.

          -  Patients with T-cell or B cell lymphoblastic lymphoma confirmed by conventional
             immature T- or pre B cell markers even if the bone marrow is not involved are also
             eligible

          -  Age 18 - 60 years

          -  ECOG performance status of 0-2

          -  Adequate renal function as demonstrated by a serum creatinine ≤ 2.0 mg/dl or a
             creatinine clearance of > 60 ml/min.

          -  Adequate hepatic function as demonstrated by a total bilirubin < 2.0 mg/dl (unless
             attributable to Gilbert's disease) and an alkaline phosphatase, AST, and ALT ≤ 4 times
             the upper limit of normal (unless clinically considered to be related to liver
             involvement with leukemia

          -  Normal cardiac function as demonstrated by a left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 50%
             on echocardiogram or MUGA scan

          -  Negative serum pregnancy test in women of childbearing potential

          -  Men and women of childbearing potential must be willing to practice an effective
             method of birth control during treatment and at least 4 months after treatment is
             finished.

          -  Patients with central nervous system involvement by ALL are eligible and may receive
             concomitant treatment with radiation therapy and/or intrathecal chemotherapy in
             accordance with standard medical practice. For patients with CNS disease,
             dexamethasone may be temporarily administered instead of prednisone to reduce CNS
             pressure, at the discretion of the treating physician and after discussion with the
             MSK PI. Once dexamethasone is no longer needed, prednisone should be given as per
             protocol for 28 days.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Previous treatment for ALL, except for prior steroids and/or hydroxyurea

          -  Patients known to have Philadelphia (Ph)+ ALL are not eligible. Leukemia cell samples
             will be obtained from all patients enrolled before starting protocol treatment and
             submitted for Philadelphia chromosome testing by either karyotyping, or for bcr/abl1
             translocation by FISH or by PCR for bcr/abl1. Patients who are later found to have Ph+
             ALL should have treatment on this trial discontinued and will not be considered in the
             evaluation

          -  Lymphoid blastic crisis of chronic myelogenous leukemia

          -  Mature B-cell (Burkitt's) ALL

          -  Active serious infections not controlled by antibiotics

          -  Pregnant women or women who are breast-feeding

          -  Concurrent active malignancy requiring immediate therapy

          -  Clinically significant cardiac disease (NY Heart Association Class III or IV),
             including chronic arrhythmias, or pulmonary disease

          -  Known HIV positive status

          -  Other serious or life-threatening conditions deemed unacceptable by the principal
             investigator
      
Maximum Eligible Age:60 Years
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:rate of molecular remission
Time Frame:1 year
Safety Issue:
Description:i.e. minimal residual disease (MRD) negative status, as assessed by PCR and flow cytometry in the bone marrow after phase I induction.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:complete remission (CR)
Time Frame:1 year
Safety Issue:
Description:All three criteria must be met for clinical complete remission: Peripheral Blood Counts. The absolute neutrophil count should be ≥1,000/μl (sustained without growth factor support), and platelet count should be ≥100,000/μl (without transfusions), and no circulating blasts. After Induction remission assessment, blood counts are considered recovered at ANC ≥ 1,000 and PLT ≥75,000. Bone Marrow Aspirate. Bone marrow cellularity should be approximate normal with evidence of maturation of all cell lineages and should contain <5% blasts. Extramedullary Leukemia, such as CNS or soft tissue involvement, must not be present. If the patient had CNS involvement by ALL at the time of starting the study, the CNS involvement should be re-examined and interval determined by the treating physicians in order to determine if clinical complete remission
Measure:overall survival (OS)
Time Frame:1 year
Safety Issue:
Description:OS will be calculated from the start of induction therapy to death or last follow-up.
Measure:event-free survival (EFS)
Time Frame:1 year
Safety Issue:
Description:EFS survival will be calculated from the start of induction therapy to relapse (molecular or clinical), death, or last follow-up.
Measure:disease free survival (DFS) rates
Time Frame:1 year
Safety Issue:
Description:DFS will be calculated from the time of clinical CR (or better) to relapse (molecular or clinical), death, or last follow-up.
Measure:minimal residual disease (MRD) status
Time Frame:1 year
Safety Issue:
Description:Molecular relapse is defined as the conversion of RT-PCR from MRD negative to MRD positive on two consecutive tests performed on bone marrow at least one week apart, while still meeting criteria for clinical CR.
Measure:safety
Time Frame:1 year
Safety Issue:
Description:Number of participants with adverse events. Frequencies of toxicities based on the NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), version 4.0 will be tabulated.

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Trial Keywords

  • ALL
  • Bone Marrow
  • Ph Negative
  • Daunorubicin
  • Vincristine
  • Prednisone
  • PEG-Asparaginase
  • Methotrexate
  • 16-MP (6-Mercaptopurine)
  • Cyclophosphamide
  • Cytarabine
  • Leucovorin
  • Dexamethasone
  • 12-266

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