Stage III Hypopharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Stage III Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Stage III Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Stage IVA Hypopharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Stage IVA Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Stage IVA Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Stage IVB Hypopharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Stage IVB Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Stage IVB Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
I. To identify the starting dose of ipilimumab, in combination with standard cetuximab-IMRT
in patients with high- or intermediate-risk, locally advanced head and neck squamous cell
carcinoma (HNSCC), for use in a future clinical efficacy trial.
I. To estimate the clinical response of patients with high- or intermediate-risk, locally
advanced HNSCC treated with above regimen using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors
(RECIST) 1.1 criteria.
II. To estimate the 2-year progression-free survival of patients with high- or
intermediate-risk, locally advanced HNSCC treated with the above regimen.
III. To investigate serum, lymphocyte and tissue biomarkers as predictors of
progression-free survival, toxicity and other outcome parameters in patients with high- or
intermediate-risk, locally advanced HNSCC treated with above regimen.
IV. To estimate the association by dose-response modeling between dose of ipilimumab,
clinical response and biomarkers.
OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of ipilimumab.
Patients receive cetuximab intravenously (IV) over 60-120 minutes on days 1, 8, 15, and 22.
Treatment with cetuximab repeats every 4 weeks for 2 courses. Beginning in week 2 of course
1, patients undergo concurrent IMRT 5 days per week for 7 weeks. Beginning in week 4 (day 1
of course 2) patients also receive ipilimumab IV over 90 minutes once every 21 days for 3
courses. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Patients achieving disease progression may undergo surgery after completion of therapy.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 12 weeks for 1 year,
every 6 months for 1 year, and then every 12 months for 3 years.
- American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stage III/IVB, excluding T1N1,
histologically or cytologically confirmed squamous cell carcinoma or undifferentiated
carcinoma of the head and neck; patients should not have distant metastasis; primary
sites include: oropharynx, hypopharynx, larynx
- Patients must have high or intermediate risk disease, defined as follows:
- High risk: non-oropharyngeal subsite including larynx or hypopharynx (p16 status
not required) or human papilloma virus (HPV)/p16- oropharynx subsite
- Intermediate risk: HPV/p16+ oropharyngeal squamous cell cancer with: >= 10 pack
(pk)-year (yr) smoking history and >= N2 nodal disease, or the presence of T4
tumor or N3 nodal disease, irrespective of smoking status
- Patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be
accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded for
non-nodal lesions and short axis for nodal lesions) as >= 20 mm with conventional
techniques or as >= 10 mm with spiral computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic
resonance imaging (MRI), or calipers by clinical exam
- Patients should be newly diagnosed HNSCC, with no prior therapy for this disease
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status typically =< 1
(Karnofsky >= 70%)
- Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL
- Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,200/mcL
- Platelets >= 75,000/mcL
- Total bilirubin =< 2 mg/dL (=< 3 mg/dL in case of Gilbert's syndrome)
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2 times
institutional upper limit of normal (IULN)
- Creatinine clearance >= 40 mL/min/1.73 m^2
- Patients must have the ability to understand and to sign written informed consent
- Patients who have had prior chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or surgery with curative
intent for HNSCC
- Patients with a history of prior treatment with ipilimumab, anti-programmed cell
death 1 (PD 1) antibody, cluster of differentiation 137 (CD137) agonist or other
immune activating therapy such as anti-cluster of differentiation 40 (CD 40) antibody
- Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents
- Autoimmune disease: patients with a history of inflammatory bowel disease, including
ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, are excluded from this study, as are patients
with a history of symptomatic non-gastrointestinal autoimmune disease (e.g.,
rheumatoid arthritis, systemic progressive sclerosis [scleroderma], systemic lupus
erythematosus, autoimmune vasculitis [e.g., Wegener's granulomatosis]); central
nervous system (CNS) or motor neuropathy considered of autoimmune origin (e.g.
Guillain-Barre syndrome and myasthenia gravis, multiple sclerosis)
- Patients with known immunodeficiency disorder, or presumed to be unable to respond to
anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA 4) monoclonal antibody (mAb)
- Patients with distant metastatic disease (stage IVC)
- History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic
composition to cetuximab or ipilimumab
- Patient is < 2 years free from a second primary malignancy unless the other
malignancy is non-melanomatous skin cancer or an in-situ tumor treated with curative
- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active
infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac
arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with
study requirements; patients with chronic hepatitis B or hepatitis C infections are
- Pregnant women are excluded from this study
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients on combination antiretroviral
therapy are ineligible
Minimum Eligible Age: 18 Years
Maximum Eligible Age: N/A
Eligible Gender: Both