The purpose of this study is to determine the maximal tolerated dose (MTD) or recommended
dose (RD) and to assess the safety and tolerability of tucatinib (ONT-380) combined with
ado-trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) in patients with HER2+ breast cancer.
This is a Phase 1b, open-label study of tucatinib (ONT-380) given in combination with
ado-trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) to patients with HER2+ breast cancer.
This study will use a 3+3 dose escalation design to evaluate up to four dose levels of
tucatinib ONT-380 in order to identify the maximal tolerated dose/recommended dose (MTD/RD)
of tucatinib (ONT-380) in combination with T-DM1. T-DM1 will be administered intravenously on
day 1 of each cycle (except cycle 1, when it will be administered on day 2 to allow for PK
assessments of tucatinib (ONT-380) alone).Tucatinib (ONT-380) will be administered orally,
twice per day on days 1-21 of each cycle.
There will be 3-6 evaluable patients enrolled in each cohort in the dose escalation phase,
unless that dose is found to be intolerable prior to completion of enrollment. At least 6
evaluable patients are to be treated at a dose level in order for an MTD/RD to be declared.
Once an MTD/RD is declared, an additional 24 evaluable patients will be in enrolled in a
MTD/RD expansion cohort for a total of 30 evaluable patients to be treated at the MTD/RD.
In addition to the MTD/RD expansion cohort, an optional additional cohort of up to 15
evaluable patients with either untreated, asymptomatic CNS metastases not needing immediate
local therapy or progressive CNS metastasis following local therapy may also be enrolled and
treated at the MTD/RD. Up to 63 evaluable patients may be treated in this study.
- HER2+ metastatic breast cancer, documented as HER2+ by FISH and/or 3+ staining by
- History of prior therapy with trastuzumab and a taxane, separately or in combination.
For patients in dose escalation and MTD expansion cohorts, prior therapy with
trastuzumab and a taxane must have been for metastatic disease. For patients in CNS
disease expansion cohorts, trastuzumab and taxane (together or separately) may have
been given at any time prior to study enrollment as part of neoadjuvant therapy,
adjuvant therapy, or therapy for metastatic disease.
- If female and of child-bearing potential, has negative pregnancy test within 14 days
prior to treatment.
- If a sexually active male or a sexually active female of child-bearing potential,
agrees to use dual (two concurrent) forms of medically accepted contraception from the
time of consent until 6 months after the last dose of either tucatinib (ONT-380) or
T-DM1, whichever is longer.
- Signed an informed consent document that has been approved by an institutional review
board or independent ethics committee (IRB/IEC).
- Must have target or non-target lesions as per RECIST 1.1.
- All toxicity related to prior cancer therapies must have resolved to ≤ Grade 1, with
the following exceptions: alopecia; neuropathy, which must have to resolved to ≤ Grade
2; and congestive heart failure (CHF), which must have been ≤ Grade 1 in severity and
must have resolved completely.
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1 at screening.
- In the opinion of the Investigator, life expectancy > 6 months.
- Adequate hematologic function as defined by:
- Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL
- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1000 cells/µL
- Platelets ≥ 100,000/µL
- Adequate hepatic function as defined by the following:
- Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN)
- Transaminases (aspartate aminotransferase/serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase
[AST/SGOT] and alanine aminotransferase/serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase
[ALT/SGPT]) ≤ 1.5 X ULN (< 2.5 X ULN if liver metastases are present)
- INR and aPTT < 1.5 X ULN unless on medication known to alter INR and aPTT.
- Calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 60 mL/min.
- Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) must be within institutional limits of
normal as assessed by echocardiogram or multigated acquisition scan (MUGA) documented
within 4 weeks prior to first dose of study drug.
- Medical, social, or psychosocial factors that, in the opinion of the Investigator,
could impact safety or compliance with study procedures.
- Patient is breastfeeding.
- Patient was treated with any experimental agent within 14 days or five half-lives of
study treatment, whichever is greater.
- Patient was treated with trastuzumab or other antibody based therapy within three
weeks of starting study treatment or with chemotherapy or hormonal cancer therapy
within two weeks of starting study treatment.
- Patient had prior exposure to a cumulative dose of doxorubicin that exceeded 360 mg/m2
or its equivalent.
- Previous treatment with T-DM1 at any time; or previous treatment with any small
molecule HER2 inhibitors including (but not limited to) lapatinib, neratinib, or
afatinib within the last 4 weeks prior to initiation of study therapy.
- CNS disease:
- Patients with leptomeningeal disease are excluded
- Dose escalation and MTD/RP2D expansion cohort: Patients with symptomatic CNS
metastases are excluded. Patients with treated CNS metastases or untreated
asymptomatic CNS metastases not requiring immediate local therapy may be
eligible. Enrollment of patients with metastases must be approved by the study
- Optional CNS disease expansion cohort: Patients with asymptomatic untreated CNS
metastases not needing immediate local therapy or patients with progressive CNS
disease following local therapy may be eligible with medical monitor approval.
- History of allergic reactions to compounds of similar chemical or biological
composition to T-DM1 or tucatinib (ONT-380), except for a history of Grade 1 or Grade
2 Infusion Related Reaction to trastuzumab which has been successfully managed.
- Patients with uncorrectable electrolyte abnormalities.
- Known to be HIV positive. HIV testing is not required for those patients who are not
known to be positive.
- Known carrier of Hepatitis B and / or Hepatitis C (whether active disease or not).
- Known liver disease, autoimmune hepatitis, or sclerosing cholangitis.
- Inability to swallow pills or any significant gastrointestinal diseases, which would
preclude adequate absorption of oral medications.
- Use of a strong CYP3A4 inhibitor within three elimination half-lives of the inhibitor
prior to the start of study treatment.
- Use of a strong CYP2C8 inducer or inhibitor within three elimination half-lives of the
inducer or inhibitor prior to the start of study treatment.
- Radiotherapy within 14 days of study treatment; patient must have recovered from acute
effects of radiotherapy to baseline.
- Known impaired cardiac function or clinically significant cardiac disease such as
ventricular arrhythmia requiring therapy, congestive heart failure and uncontrolled
hypertension (defined as systolic blood pressure >150 mmHg and/or diastolic blood
pressure > 100 mmHg on antihypertensive medications).
- Myocardial infarction or unstable angina within 6 months prior to the first dose of