Clinical Trials /

A Study Comparing Alectinib With Crizotinib in Treatment-Naive Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase-Positive Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Participants

NCT02075840

Description:

This randomized, active controlled, multicenter phase III open-label study is designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of alectinib compared with crizotinib treatment in participants with treatment-naive anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive (ALK-positive) advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Participants will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive either alectinib, 600 milligrams (mg) orally twice daily (BID), or crizotinib, 250 mg orally BID. Participants will receive treatment until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, consent withdrawal or death. The study is expected to last approximately 42 months.

Related Conditions:
  • Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Active, not recruiting

Phase:

Phase 3

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: A Study Comparing Alectinib With Crizotinib in Treatment-Naive Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase-Positive Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Participants
  • Official Title: Randomized, Multicenter, Phase III, Open-Label Study of Alectinib Versus Crizotinib in Treatment-Naive Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase-Positive Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: BO28984
  • SECONDARY ID: 2013-004133-33
  • NCT ID: NCT02075840

Conditions

  • Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
AlectinibRO5424802Alectinib
CrizotinibCrizotinib

Purpose

This randomized, active controlled, multicenter phase III open-label study is designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of alectinib compared with crizotinib treatment in participants with treatment-naive anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive (ALK-positive) advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Participants will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive either alectinib, 600 milligrams (mg) orally twice daily (BID), or crizotinib, 250 mg orally BID. Participants will receive treatment until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, consent withdrawal or death. The study is expected to last approximately 42 months.

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
AlectinibExperimentalParticipants will receive alectinib from Visit 0 (baseline) until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, withdrawal of consent or death.
  • Alectinib
CrizotinibActive ComparatorParticipants will receive crizotinib from Visit 0 (baseline) until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, withdrawal of consent or death.
  • Crizotinib

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of advanced or recurrent (Stage
             IIIB not amenable for multimodality treatment) or metastatic (Stage IV) NSCLC that is
             ALK-positive as assessed by the Ventana immunohistochemistry (IHC) test

          -  Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks

          -  Eastern cooperative oncology group performance status (ECOG PS) of 0-2

          -  Participants with no prior systemic treatment for advanced or recurrent (Stage IIIB
             not amenable for multimodality treatment) or metastatic (Stage IV) NSCLC

          -  Adequate renal, and hematologic function

          -  Participants must have recovered from effects of any major surgery or significant
             traumatic injury at least 28 days before the first dose of study treatment

          -  Measurable disease by response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (RECIST) version
             1.1 (v1.1) prior to the administration of study treatment

          -  Prior brain or leptomeningeal metastases allowed if asymptomatic (e.g., diagnosed
             incidentally at study baseline)

          -  Negative pregnancy test for all females of child bearing potential

          -  Use of highly effective contraception as defined by the study protocol

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Participants with a previous malignancy within the past 3 years

          -  Any gastrointestinal (GI) disorder or liver disease

          -  National cancer institute common terminology criteria for adverse events (NCI CTCAE)
             (version 4.0) Grade 3 or higher toxicities due to any prior therapy (e.g.,
             radiotherapy) (excluding alopecia)

          -  History of organ transplant

          -  Co-administration of anti-cancer therapies other than those administered in this study

          -  Participants with baseline QTc greater than (>) 470 milliseconds or symptomatic
             bradycardia

          -  Recipient of strong/potent cytochrome P4503A inhibitors or inducers within 14 days
             prior to the first dose until the end of study treatment

          -  Recipient of any drug with potential QT interval prolonging effects within 14 days
             prior to the first dose for all participants and while on treatment through the end of
             the study for crizotinib-treated participants only

          -  History of hypersensitivity to any of the additives in the alectinib and crizotinib
             drug formulation

          -  Pregnancy or lactation

          -  Any clinically significant disease or condition (or history of) that could interfere
             with, or for which the treatment might interfere with, the conduct of the study or the
             absorption of oral medications or that would, in the opinion of the principal
             investigator, pose an unacceptable risk to the participant in this study

          -  Any psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical condition potentially
             hampering compliance with the study protocol requirements and/or follow-up procedures;
             those conditions should be discussed with the participant before trial entry
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Progression-Free Survival (PFS) by Investigator Assessment
Time Frame:Randomization to first documented disease progression or death, whichever occurs first (assessed every 8 weeks up to 33 months)
Safety Issue:
Description:PFS was assessed as time to disease progression or death whichever occurred first by investigator assessment using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) Version 1.1 (v1.1) Criteria. As per RECIST v1.1, disease progression is a 20% increase in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, an increase in size of measurable lesions by at least 5 millimeter (mm) and the appearance of new lesions.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:PFS Independent Review Committee (IRC)-Assessed
Time Frame:Randomization to first documented disease progression or death, whichever occurs first (assessed every 8 weeks up to 33 months)
Safety Issue:
Description:PFS was assessed as time to disease progression or death whichever occurred first by IRC assessment using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) Version 1.1 (v1.1) Criteria. As per RECIST v1.1, disease progression is a 20% increase in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, an increase in size of measurable lesions by at least 5 mm and the appearance of new lesions.
Measure:Percentage of Participants With PFS Event by IRC
Time Frame:Randomization to first documented disease progression or death, whichever occurs first (assessed every 8 weeks up to 33 months)
Safety Issue:
Description:PFS was assessed as percentage of participants with disease progression or death whichever occurred first by IRC assessment using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) Version 1.1 (v1.1) Criteria. As per RECIST v1.1, disease progression is a 20% increase in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, an increase in size of measurable lesions by at least 5 mm and the appearance of new lesions.
Measure:Percentage of Participants With Central Nervous System (CNS) Progression as Determined by IRC Using RECIST V1.1 Criteria
Time Frame:Randomization to CNS PD as first occurrence of disease progression (assessed every 8 weeks up to 33 months)
Safety Issue:
Description:CNS progression was assessed as percentage of participants with an event defined as time from randomization until first radiographic evidence of CNS progression by IRC. The risk for a CNS progression without a prior non-CNS progression with alectinib compared with crizotinib.
Measure:Percentage of Participants With Central Nervous System (CNS) Progression as Determined by IRC Using Revised Assessment in Neuro Oncology (RANO) Criteria
Time Frame:Randomization to the first occurrence of disease progression in the CNS (assessed every 8 weeks up to 33 months)
Safety Issue:
Description:CNS progression was assessed as percentage of participants with event defined as time from randomization until first radiographic evidence of CNS progression by IRC. The risk for a CNS progression without a prior non-CNS progression with alectinib compared with crizotinib.
Measure:Percentage of Participants With Objective Response Rate (ORR) of Complete Response (CR) or Partial Response (PR) as Determined by The Investigators According to RECIST V1.1 Criteria
Time Frame:Randomization to first documented disease progression or death, whichever occurs first (assessed every 8 weeks up to 33 months)
Safety Issue:
Description:ORR was defined as the percentage of participants who attained CR or PR. As per RECIST v1.1, CR: Disappearance of all target lesions and any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to < 10 mm, PR: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum of diameters.
Measure:Duration of Response (DOR) According to RECIST V1.1 Criteria as Assessed by the Investigators
Time Frame:First occurrence of objective response to first documented disease progression or death, whichever occurs first (assessed every 8 weeks up to 33 months)
Safety Issue:
Description:DOR was defined as the time from when response (CR or PR) was first documented to first documented disease progression or death, whichever occurred first. DOR was evaluated for participants who had a best overall response (BOR) of CR or PR.
Measure:Overall Survival (OS)
Time Frame:From randomization until death (up to 43 months)
Safety Issue:
Description:Overall survival (OS) was defined as the time from randomization to death from any cause.
Measure:Percentage of Participants With OS Event
Time Frame:From randomization until death (up to 43 months)
Safety Issue:
Description:Overall survival (OS) was defined as the time from randomization to death from any cause.
Measure:Percentage of Participants With CNS ORR of CR or PR IRC-assessed According to RECIST v1.1 Criteria
Time Frame:Randomization to first documented disease progression or death, whichever occurs first (assessed every 8 weeks up to 33 months)
Safety Issue:
Description:CNS ORR was defined as the percentage of participants who attained CR or PR and had measurable/non-measurable CNS lesions at baseline. As per RECIST v1.1, CR: Disappearance of all target lesions and any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to < 10 mm, PR: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum of diameters.
Measure:CNS DOR IRC-assessed According to RECIST v1.1 Criteria
Time Frame:First occurrence of CNS objective response to first documented disease progression or death, whichever occurs first (assessed every 8 weeks up to 33 months)
Safety Issue:
Description:CNS DOR was defined as the time from when response (CR or PR) was first documented to first documented disease progression or death, whichever occurred first. DOR was evaluated for participants who had a best overall response (BOR) of CR or PR.
Measure:Percentage of Participants With Adverse Events
Time Frame:Baseline up to 28 months in the crizotinib arm and up to 30 months in the alectinib arm
Safety Issue:
Description:An adverse event (AE) is any untoward medical occurrence in a participant, temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product.
Measure:Area Under The Concentration-Time Curve (AUC) of Alectinib
Time Frame:Pre-dose (within 2 hours before alectinib) (baseline), 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 hours post-dose at Visit 0 (first dosing day) and Week 4; Pre-dose (within 2 hours) at Week 8, then every 8 weeks until disease progression or death/withdrawal (up to 33 months)
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:Maximum Concentration (Cmax) of Alectinib
Time Frame:Pre-dose (within 2 hours before alectinib), 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 hours post-dose at baseline and Week 4; Pre-dose (within 2 hours before alectinib) at Week 8, then every 8 weeks until disease progression or death/withdrawal from study (up to 33 months)
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:Time to Reach Cmax (Tmax) of Alectinib
Time Frame:Pre-dose (within 2 hours before alectinib), 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 hours post-dose at baseline and Week 4; Pre-dose (within 2 hours before alectinib) at Week 8, then every 8 weeks until disease progression or death/withdrawal from study (up to 33 months)
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:AUC of Alectinib Metabolite
Time Frame:Pre-dose (within 2 hours before alectinib) (baseline), 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 hours post-dose at Visit 0 (first dosing day) and Week 4; Pre-dose (within 2 hours) at Week 8, then every 8 weeks until disease progression or death/withdrawal (up to 33 months)
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:Cmax of Alectinib Metabolite
Time Frame:Pre-dose (within 2 hours before alectinib), 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 hours post-dose at baseline and Week 4; Pre-dose (within 2 hours before alectinib) at Week 8, then every 8 weeks until disease progression or death/withdrawal from study (up to 33 months)
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:Tmax of Alectinib Metabolite
Time Frame:Pre-dose (within 2 hours before alectinib), 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 hours post-dose at baseline and Week 4; Pre-dose (within 2 hours before alectinib) at Week 8, then every 8 weeks until disease progression or death/withdrawal from study (up to 33 months)
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:Time to Deterioration by European Organization for The Research And Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality Of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (C30)
Time Frame:Baseline, every 4 weeks until disease progression (up to 33 months)
Safety Issue:
Description:The EORTC QLQ-30 module generated one multiple-item scale score assessing dyspnea and a series of single item scores assessing chest pain, arm/shoulder pain, pain in other parts, coughing, sore mouth, dysphagia, peripheral neuropathy, alopecia, and hemoptysis. All the scales and single-item scores were linearly transformed so that each score ranged from 0 to 100. A higher score on the global health and functioning subscales is indicative of better functioning. Confirmed clinically meaningful deterioration in global health status or function is defined as a >or=10-point decrease from baseline in a symptom score that must be held for at least two consecutive assessments or an initial >or=10-point decrease from baseline followed by death within 5 weeks from the last assessment.
Measure:Percentage of Participants With Deterioration by EORTC Quality Of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (C30)
Time Frame:Baseline, every 4 weeks until disease progression (up to 33 months)
Safety Issue:
Description:The EORTC QLQ-30 module generated one multiple-item scale score assessing dyspnea and a series of single item scores assessing chest pain, arm/shoulder pain, pain in other parts, coughing, sore mouth, dysphagia, peripheral neuropathy, alopecia, and hemoptysis. All the scales and single-item scores were linearly transformed so that each score ranged from 0 to 100. A higher score on the global health and functioning subscales is indicative of better functioning. Confirmed clinically meaningful deterioration in global health status or function is defined as a >or=10-point decrease from baseline in a symptom score that must be held for at least two consecutive assessments or an initial >or=10-point decrease from baseline followed by death within 5 weeks from the last assessment.
Measure:Time to Deterioration by EORTC Quality of Life Questionnaire Lung Cancer Module 13 (LC13)
Time Frame:Baseline, every 4 weeks until disease progression (up to 33 months)
Safety Issue:
Description:The EORTC QLQ-LC13 module generated one multiple-item scale score assessing dyspnea and a series of single item scores assessing chest pain, arm/shoulder pain, pain in other parts, coughing, sore mouth, dysphagia, peripheral neuropathy, alopecia, and hemoptysis. All the scales and single-item scores were linearly transformed so that each score ranged from 0 to 100. A higher score on the global health and functioning subscales is indicative of better functioning. Confirmed clinically meaningful deterioration in lung cancer symptoms is defined as a >or=10-point increase from baseline in a symptom score that must be held for at least two consecutive assessments or an initial >or=10-point increase above baseline followed by death within 5 weeks from the last assessment.
Measure:Percentage of Participants With Deterioration by EORTC Quality of Life Questionnaire Lung Cancer Module 13 (LC13)
Time Frame:Baseline, every 4 weeks until disease progression (up to 33 months)
Safety Issue:
Description:The EORTC QLQ-LC13 module generated one multiple-item scale score assessing dyspnea and a series of single item scores assessing chest pain, arm/shoulder pain, pain in other parts, coughing, sore mouth, dysphagia, peripheral neuropathy, alopecia, and hemoptysis. All the scales and single-item scores were linearly transformed so that each score ranged from 0 to 100. A higher score on the global health and functioning subscales is indicative of better functioning. Confirmed clinically meaningful deterioration in lung cancer symptoms is defined as a >or=10-point increase from baseline in a symptom score that must be held for at least two consecutive assessments or an initial >or=10-point increase above baseline followed by death within 5 weeks from the last assessment.
Measure:Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) by EORTC Quality of Life Questionnaire C30 Score
Time Frame:Baseline, every 4 weeks until disease progression (up to 33 months)
Safety Issue:
Description:The EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire consisted of 30 questions generating five functional scores (physical, role, cognitive, emotional, and social); a global health status/global quality of life scale score; three symptom scale scores (fatigue, pain, and nausea and vomiting); and six stand alone one-item scores that capture additional symptoms (dyspnea, appetite loss, sleep disturbance, constipation, and diarrhea) and perceived financial burden. All the scales and single-item scores were linearly transformed so that each score ranged from 0 to 100. A higher score on the global health and functioning subscales is indicative of better functioning.
Measure:HRQoL by EORTC Quality of Life Questionnaire LC13 Score Coughing
Time Frame:Baseline, every 4 weeks until disease progression (up to 33 months)
Safety Issue:
Description:The EORTC QLQ-LC13 module generated one multiple-item scale score assessing dyspnea and a series of single item scores assessing chest pain, arm/shoulder pain, pain in other parts, coughing, sore mouth, dysphagia, peripheral neuropathy, alopecia, and hemoptysis. All the scales and single-item scores were linearly transformed so that each score ranged from 0 to 100. A higher score on the global health and functioning subscales is indicative of better functioning.
Measure:HRQoL by EORTC Quality of Life Questionnaire LC13 Score Dyspnoea
Time Frame:Baseline, every 4 weeks until disease progression (up to 33 months)
Safety Issue:
Description:The EORTC QLQ-LC13 module generated one multiple-item scale score assessing dyspnea and a series of single item scores assessing chest pain, arm/shoulder pain, pain in other parts, coughing, sore mouth, dysphagia, peripheral neuropathy, alopecia, and hemoptysis. All the scales and single-item scores were linearly transformed so that each score ranged from 0 to 100. A higher score on the global health and functioning subscales is indicative of better functioning.
Measure:HRQoL by EORTC Quality of Life Questionnaire LC13 Score Pain in Chest
Time Frame:Baseline, every 4 weeks until disease progression (up to 33 months)
Safety Issue:
Description:The EORTC QLQ-LC13 module generated one multiple-item scale score assessing dyspnea and a series of single item scores assessing chest pain, arm/shoulder pain, pain in other parts, coughing, sore mouth, dysphagia, peripheral neuropathy, alopecia, and hemoptysis. All the scales and single-item scores were linearly transformed so that each score ranged from 0 to 100. A higher score on the global health and functioning subscales is indicative of better functioning.
Measure:HRQoL by EORTC Quality of Life Questionnaire LC13 Score Pain in Arm and Shoulder
Time Frame:Baseline, every 4 weeks until disease progression (up to 33 months)
Safety Issue:
Description:The EORTC QLQ-LC13 module generated one multiple-item scale score assessing dyspnea and a series of single item scores assessing chest pain, arm/shoulder pain, pain in other parts, coughing, sore mouth, dysphagia, peripheral neuropathy, alopecia, and hemoptysis. All the scales and single-item scores were linearly transformed so that each score ranged from 0 to 100. A higher score on the global health and functioning subscales is indicative of better functioning.

Details

Phase:Phase 3
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Active, not recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Hoffmann-La Roche

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