Clinical Trials /

Individualized High Dose Methotrexate to Treat Cancer in Children Who Have a Significant Risk for Side Effects to Methotrexate

NCT02076997

Description:

Pediatric cancer patients are being asked to take part in this study who have a cancer that is treated with high doses of the drug methotrexate (MTX). In addition, these patients have either had significant side effects to methotrexate in the past or their doctor thinks that they are at high risk for side effects from receiving methotrexate. Methotrexate is a cancer-fighting drug that is very important in the treatment of leukemia. In this study, investigators are testing a new method of giving high dose methotrexate to cancer patients which may reduce the chances that the level of methotrexate in the blood is too high. When the levels are too high this is thought to lead to an increase in side effects. Side effects are unintended and unwanted results of treatment. The initial ordered amount of methotrexate and the period over which methotrexate is given will not change from the current standard of care (meaning what is usually done by doctors, and would likely be done if the patient was not on this study). This study is testing a new method of monitoring and potentially adjusting the final amount of methotrexate that the patient will end up receiving based on levels of methotrexate in the blood in the first 24 hours in order to try to prevent side effects in patients with a previous history of side effects from methotrexate or who are at high risk for having side effects. On this study the investigators will check methotrexate levels in the blood 2 hours after the patient starts receiving the drug and the investigators will lower the dose of methotrexate if needed. Investigators will do the same thing again 6-8 hours later. Investigators will also collect an optional blood sample from the patient because the investigators want to study how genetic (DNA) differences are involved in how the body processes methotrexate.

Related Conditions:
  • Cancer
Recruiting Status:

Active, not recruiting

Phase:

N/A

Trial Eligibility

Document

Individualized High Dose <span class="go-doc-concept go-doc-intervention">Methotrexate</span> to Treat Cancer in Children Who Have a Significant Risk for Side Effects to <span class="go-doc-concept go-doc-intervention">Methotrexate</span>

Title

  • Brief Title: Individualized High Dose Methotrexate to Treat Cancer in Children Who Have a Significant Risk for Side Effects to Methotrexate
  • Official Title: Individualized High Dose Methotrexate for the Treatment of Malignancies in Children and Adolescents With a Significant Risk for Methotrexate Toxicities
  • Clinical Trial IDs

    NCT ID: NCT02076997

    ORG ID: H-33119

    Trial Conditions

    Cancer

    Trial Interventions

    Drug Synonyms Arms
    Methotrexate Individualized High Dose Methotrexate

    Trial Purpose

    Pediatric cancer patients are being asked to take part in this study who have a cancer that
    is treated with high doses of the drug methotrexate (MTX). In addition, these patients have
    either had significant side effects to methotrexate in the past or their doctor thinks that
    they are at high risk for side effects from receiving methotrexate. Methotrexate is a
    cancer-fighting drug that is very important in the treatment of leukemia.

    In this study, investigators are testing a new method of giving high dose methotrexate to
    cancer patients which may reduce the chances that the level of methotrexate in the blood is
    too high. When the levels are too high this is thought to lead to an increase in side
    effects. Side effects are unintended and unwanted results of treatment.

    The initial ordered amount of methotrexate and the period over which methotrexate is given
    will not change from the current standard of care (meaning what is usually done by doctors,
    and would likely be done if the patient was not on this study). This study is testing a new
    method of monitoring and potentially adjusting the final amount of methotrexate that the
    patient will end up receiving based on levels of methotrexate in the blood in the first 24
    hours in order to try to prevent side effects in patients with a previous history of side
    effects from methotrexate or who are at high risk for having side effects.

    On this study the investigators will check methotrexate levels in the blood 2 hours after
    the patient starts receiving the drug and the investigators will lower the dose of
    methotrexate if needed. Investigators will do the same thing again 6-8 hours later.

    Investigators will also collect an optional blood sample from the patient because the
    investigators want to study how genetic (DNA) differences are involved in how the body
    processes methotrexate.

    Detailed Description

    The study participant will receive the drug methotrexate as a patient in the hospital. High
    dose methotrexate will be given as a 24-hour infusion as part of the care determined to be
    necessary by their doctor. Infusion means the drug is given using a needle or tubing
    inserted into a vein (also called IV).

    The standard of care in patients receiving high dose methotrexate is to give the entire dose
    of methotrexate, without adjustment, and to then check the concentration of methotrexate in
    the blood at the end of the infusion. Most patients will have a level of methotrexate in
    their blood which is good to treat cancer and keep side effects at a minimum. However, other
    patients have a level of methotrexate at the end of the 24-hour infusion which is very high
    and is thought to lead to an increase in side effects.

    In this study, investigators are testing a method of giving methotrexate which may reduce
    the chances that the level of methotrexate in the blood at the end of the infusion is too
    high. This will be done by checking the methotrexate level in the blood at two times during
    the 24-hour infusion and reducing the dose of methotrexate being given if the levels are not
    thought to be in the correct range (the level is too high). Reducing the dose may result in
    the patient receiving a lower total dose of methotrexate than initially ordered. However, it
    may also result in a more preferred concentration of methotrexate in the blood at the end of
    the infusion.

    It is possible that in the past the patient's doctor may have chosen to reduce the amount of
    methotrexate given because the patient had side effects. In this study, all patients will
    start out receiving the standard dose of methotrexate. Therefore, by participating in this
    study, the amount of methotrexate ordered at the start of the infusion may be higher than
    what the patient received previously.

    Before and after the patient receives high dose methotrexate, the patient will receive IV
    fluids. In order to minimize side effects, methotrexate levels will also be closely
    monitored after the infusion and the patient will receive supportive medicines as needed.
    The patient will receive the drug Leucovorin (administered by mouth every 6 hours for
    minimum of 3 doses). The monitoring and supportive care that the patient will receive at the
    end of the methotrexate infusion, the amount of IV fluids, and the dose or duration of
    Leucovorin received will be done based on standard guidelines and are not part of this
    study.

    After receiving the 24-hour high dose methotrexate, this individualized monitoring plan will
    end and management of the patient's methotrexate levels will continue according to standard
    guidelines.

    High dose methotrexate may be given to the patient multiple times at the discretion of their
    doctor. While on this study, the patient will receive methotrexate using the methods of this
    study (however, they will only have blood drawn one time for optional DNA testing). The
    patient, his/her parent, or the doctor may decide to withdraw the patient from this study at
    any time if they do not think that it is in the patient's best interest to continue to
    receive methotrexate in the manner being investigated in this study.

    STUDY RELATED TESTS AND PROCEDURES

    At study entry, the following will occur:

    - The patient will have a physical exam

    - Collection of blood samples for routine blood tests and research blood tests.
    Approximately 1-2 teaspoons of blood will be taken for research blood tests.

    - Review of the patient's medical and medication history to collect information.

    During treatment and after treatment the following will occur:

    - Collection of blood samples for routine blood tests and research blood tests.
    Approximately teaspoon of blood will be taken at times 2, 6 (or 8), 24, 36, 42, and
    48 hours. The blood collected at 2 and 6 (or 8) hours is for the research blood tests.

    - Review of the patient's medical and medication history to collect information.

    The research blood tests are done to see how much methotrexate is in the body, how the body
    handles the drug, and to do DNA studies. The DNA will be tested to look for small changes
    called Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNP). These small changes sometimes explain why
    different people have different reactions to drugs. The total amount of blood drawn for the
    research studies is approximately 3 teaspoons.

    Trial Arms

    Name Type Description Interventions
    Individualized High Dose Methotrexate Experimental Individualized high dose methotrexate given as a 24-hour infusion. Methotrexate

    Eligibility Criteria

    Inclusion Criteria:

    1. Age: Patients must be greater than or equal to 365 days and less than 23 years of age
    at the time of enrollment.

    2. Diagnosis: Patients with any malignancy who will receive high dose methotrexate
    (HDMTX) given as a 5 g/m2 infusion over 24 hours and a history of 1 of the
    following:

    - Documented decreased renal function, defined as Creatinine greater than 1.5 x
    baseline or glomerular filtration rate (GFR) <65ml/min/1.73m2.

    - History of prior nephrotoxicity with HDMTX as evidence by increased creatinine
    to 1.5 x baseline or need for dialysis or carboxypeptidase

    - History of Grade 3 adverse event (AE) related to HDMTX (mucositis,
    myelosuppression, nephrotoxicity, hepatotoxicity) based on the NIH Common
    Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0

    - Provider concern patient is at risk for MTX toxicity, such as a prior history of
    treatment with nephrotoxic chemotherapy, history of HDMTX-related neurotoxicity,
    or antimicrobial/antifungal therapy

    Exclusion Criteria:

    1. Unable to draw labs for HDMTX serum concentration

    2. Enrollment on a protocol (COG or other) which restricts proposed dose modifications

    3. Patients with Trisomy 21

    4. Patients with greater than grade 1 neurologic toxicity at the time of enrollment that
    is attributed to unresolved prior methotrexate toxicity

    5. Patients with greater than or equal to grade 3 chronic kidney disease at enrollment
    (eGFR or creatine clearance (CrCl) less than 30ml/min/1.73m2)

    Minimum Eligible Age: 1 Year

    Maximum Eligible Age: 22 Years

    Eligible Gender: Both

    Primary Outcome Measures

    Incidence of success (achieving an end infusion peripheral blood methotrexate concentration between 50-80 M)

    Secondary Outcome Measures

    Incidence of nephrotoxicity

    Incidence of neurotoxicity

    Incidence of mucositis

    Incidence of hepatoxicity

    Incidence of myelosuppression

    Trial Keywords

    Cancer

    High Dose Methotrexate