Clinical Trials /

Study to Compare Alisertib With Paclitaxel vs. Paclitaxel Alone in Metastatic or Locally Recurrent Breast Cancer

NCT02187991

Description:

The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if the study drug, alisertib, in combination with chemotherapy (paclitaxel), can shrink or slow tumor growth in women with hormone receptor (HR)-positive, HER2-negative or HR-negative, HER2-negative (triple negative) locally recurrent or metastatic breast cancer. The safety of alisertib in combination with paclitaxel will also be studied. The physical state of the patient, symptoms, changes in the size of the tumor, and laboratory findings obtained while on-study will help the research team decide if alisertib plus paclitaxel is safe and effective in patients with this type of breast cancer. Alisertib belongs to a group of drugs called Aurora kinase inhibitors. Alisertib blocks the activity of Aurora A kinase, a protein that is involved in tumor cell multiplication and survival. Aurora A kinase is expressed at higher than normal levels in many types of cancer, including breast cancer, and preclinical studies suggest that blocking the activity of this protein can lead to the death of cancer cells. Paclitaxel is a chemotherapy drug commonly used to treat many different kinds of cancer, including metastatic breast cancer. The reason to combine alisertib and paclitaxel is that in cancer therapy, combinations of drugs are often more effective as a treatment than either of the same drugs used alone.

Related Conditions:
  • Breast Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Active, not recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Study to Compare Alisertib With Paclitaxel vs. Paclitaxel Alone in Metastatic or Locally Recurrent Breast Cancer
  • Official Title: A Phase II, Multicenter, Randomized, Parallel Group Study to Compare Alisertib in Combination With Paclitaxel vs. Paclitaxel Alone in Patients With Metastatic or Locally Recurrent Breast Cancer

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 13-033
  • NCT ID: NCT02187991

Conditions

  • Breast Cancer
  • Breast Carcinoma
  • Breast Tumors
  • Malignant Neoplasm of Breast

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
PaclitaxelTaxol, AbraxaneER+/HER2- Paclitaxel Alone
AlisertibMLN8237ER+/HER2- Paclitaxel plus Alisertib

Purpose

The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if the study drug, alisertib, in combination with chemotherapy (paclitaxel), can shrink or slow tumor growth in women with hormone receptor (HR)-positive, HER2-negative or HR-negative, HER2-negative (triple negative) locally recurrent or metastatic breast cancer. The safety of alisertib in combination with paclitaxel will also be studied. The physical state of the patient, symptoms, changes in the size of the tumor, and laboratory findings obtained while on-study will help the research team decide if alisertib plus paclitaxel is safe and effective in patients with this type of breast cancer. Alisertib belongs to a group of drugs called Aurora kinase inhibitors. Alisertib blocks the activity of Aurora A kinase, a protein that is involved in tumor cell multiplication and survival. Aurora A kinase is expressed at higher than normal levels in many types of cancer, including breast cancer, and preclinical studies suggest that blocking the activity of this protein can lead to the death of cancer cells. Paclitaxel is a chemotherapy drug commonly used to treat many different kinds of cancer, including metastatic breast cancer. The reason to combine alisertib and paclitaxel is that in cancer therapy, combinations of drugs are often more effective as a treatment than either of the same drugs used alone.

Detailed Description

      The rationale behind assessing the effectiveness of the addition of alisertib to weekly
      paclitaxel therapy in patients with Triple Negative Breast Cancer and highly proliferative
      ER+ and HER2- breast cancer is based on the unmet clinical need for effective strategies to
      prevent or delay resistance to taxane therapy in the metastatic setting. Synergistic or
      additive effects have been observed in breast cancer xenograft models which involved
      alisertib added to either paclitaxel or docetaxel. Alisertib inhibited the Pgp-mediated
      efflux of paclitaxel in a cell culture model. In addition, Aurora Kinase A is frequently
      overexpressed in Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC), and expression levels have been shown
      to be prognostic in both of these breast cancer subtypes. The combination of alisertib with
      paclitaxel has also been investigated in a Phase 1 study in patients with locally advanced or
      metastatic ovarian and breast cancers, with preliminary evidence of activity in both tumor
      types including 6 PRs (partial response) and 3 SD (stable disease) in 11 patients with
      metastatic breast cancer.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
ER+/HER2- Paclitaxel AloneActive ComparatorPaclitaxel 90 mg/m2 IV on days 1, 8 and 15 of a 28-day cycle
  • Paclitaxel
ER+/HER2- Paclitaxel plus AlisertibExperimentalPaclitaxel 60 mg/m2 intravenously (IV) on days 1, 8 and 15 of a 28-day cycle; Alisertib 40 mg BID on days 1-3, 8-10, and 15-17 of a 28-day cycle
  • Paclitaxel
  • Alisertib
Triple Negative Paclitaxel AloneActive ComparatorPaclitaxel 90 mg/m2 IV on days 1, 8 and 15 of a 28-day cycle
  • Paclitaxel
Triple Negative Paclitaxel plus AlisertibExperimentalPaclitaxel 60 mg/m2 intravenously (IV) on days 1, 8 and 15 of a 28-day cycle; Alisertib 40 mg BID on days 1-3, 8-10, and 15-17 of a 28-day cycle
  • Paclitaxel
  • Alisertib

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Voluntary written informed consent before performance of any study-related procedure
             not part of normal medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn
             by the subject at any time without prejudice to future medical care, and signed Health
             Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) form.

          -  Female subject (≥18 years old), who is either:

               -  post-menopausal for at least one year before the screening visit, or

               -  surgically sterilized, or

               -  willing to use an acceptable method of birth control (i.e., a hormonal
                  contraceptive, intra-uterine device, diaphragm with spermicide, or condom with
                  spermicide) for the duration of the study.

          -  Metastatic or locally recurrent breast cancer with histologic confirmation (on either
             primary or metastatic tumor) of one of the following:

               -  ER+, HER2- invasive breast cancer (any progesterone receptor [PgR] status)

               -  Poorly differentiated and/or Grade 3 invasive TNBC, defined as:

               -  HER2 negative status (based on most recently analyzed biopsy) is defined as
                  immunohistochemistry (IHC) status of 0, 1+ or 2+ (if IHC 2+, a negative FISH test
                  is required, i.e., HER2 fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) ratio < 2.0
                  with an average HER2 copy number <4.0 signals/cell); ER-negative and PR-negative
                  status is defined as ER and PgR <1% nuclei positive by IHC

          -  Measurable disease by modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST)
             (v1.1) or non-measurable lytic, bone-only disease (mixed blastic/lytic bone disease is
             allowed); if patient has bone-predominant disease with no measurable disease, there
             must be a lytic component to the bone metastases that is visible on plain X-ray or CT
             scan that can be serially followed

          -  Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 1500/mm³, platelets > 100,000/mm³, Hgb > 9 g/dL.
             Values must be obtained without need for myeloid growth factor or platelet transfusion
             support within 14 days, however, erythrocyte growth factor is allowed as per published
             American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) guidelines (available at:
             http://www.asco.org/quality-guidelines/asco-ash-clinical-practice-guideline-update-use
             -epoetin-and-darbepoetin-adult).

          -  Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN), serum glutamic-oxaloacetic
             transaminase (SGOT) (AST) and serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) (ALT) < 2.5 x
             ULN. AST and/or ALT may be up to 5 x ULN if patient has known liver metastases

          -  Adequate renal function as defined by: Calculated creatinine clearance must be ≥ 30
             mL/minute (see Cockcroft-Gault formula in Appendix 5)

          -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1 (refer to Appendix
             4)

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Previous radiation therapy covering the whole pelvis

          -  Suspected brain metastases, untreated brain metastases or current clinical or
             radiologic progression of known brain metastases or requirement for steroid therapy
             for brain metastases

               -  Patients with treated brain metastases are eligible if they have been stable and
                  off steroids for ≥ 3 weeks

          -  Prior allogeneic bone marrow or organ transplantation

          -  Known GI disease or GI procedures that could interfere with the oral absorption or
             tolerance of alisertib. Examples include, but are not limited to partial gastrectomy,
             history of small intestine surgery, and celiac disease

          -  Known history of uncontrolled sleep apnea syndrome and other conditions that could
             result in excessive daytime sleepiness, such as severe chronic obstructive pulmonary
             disease; requirement for supplemental oxygen.

          -  Requirement for administration of proton pump inhibitor, or for constant
             administration of H2 antagonist, or pancreatic enzymes. Intermittent uses of antacids
             or H2 antagonists are allowed as described in Section 3.4.

          -  Systemic infection requiring IV antibiotic therapy within 14 days preceding the first
             dose of study drug, or other severe infection.

          -  Myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to enrollment or has New York Heart
             Association (NYHA) Class III or IV heart failure (see Appendix 3), uncontrolled
             angina, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, or electrocardiographic evidence
             of acute ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities. Prior to study entry, any
             ECG abnormality at Screening has to be documented by the investigator as not medically
             relevant.

          -  Female subject who is pregnant or breast-feeding. Confirmation that the subject is not
             pregnant must be established by a negative serum B-human chorionic gonadotropin
             (B-hCG) pregnancy test result obtained during screening, within 72 hours prior to
             first dose of study drug(s). Pregnancy testing is not required for post-menopausal or
             surgically sterilized women.

          -  Patient has received an investigational agent within 30 days before enrollment

          -  Serious medical or psychiatric illness likely to interfere with participation in this
             clinical study.

          -  Other severe acute or chronic medical and/or psychiatric condition(s), including but
             not limited to uncontrolled diabetes, malabsorption, resection of the pancreas or
             upper small bowel, requirement for pancreatic enzymes, any condition that would modify
             small bowel absorption of oral medications, or laboratory abnormalities that may
             increase the risk associated with study participation or investigational product
             administration or may interfere with the interpretation of study results and, in the
             judgment of the investigator, would make the patient not eligible for enrollment for
             this study.

          -  Diagnosed or treated for another malignancy within 3 years of enrollment, with the
             exception of complete resection of basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma of
             the skin, or an in situ malignancy, or a stage I cancer with a 5-year Disease Free
             Survival (DFS) of ≥ 90% (survival rates by stage are available for most cancers on the
             American Cancer Society website).

          -  Treatment with clinically significant enzyme inducers, such as the enzyme-inducing
             antiepileptic drugs phenytoin, carbamazepine or phenobarbital, or rifampin, rifabutin,
             rifapentine or St. John's wort within 14 days prior to the first dose of alisertib and
             during the study.

          -  Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, hepatitis B, or
             hepatitis C. Testing is not required in the absence of clinical findings or suspicion.
             For guidance in defining active infection for hepatitis B, please refer to the WHO
             guidelines. (World Health Organization, Global Alert and Response (GAR), Hepatitis B.
             http://who.int/csr/disease/hepatitis/whocdscsrlyo20022/en/index4.html)

          -  Prior administration of an Aurora A kinase-targeted agent, including alisertib

          -  Need for ongoing therapeutic steroid therapy. Intermittent steroid use for the control
             of nausea and vomiting is allowed. Premedication with dexamethasone prior to
             paclitaxel administration is allowed. Topical steroid use is permitted. Inhaled
             steroids are permitted. Replacement doses of hydrocortisone up to 15 mg/day are
             allowed.

          -  Inability to swallow oral medication or inability or unwillingness to comply with the
             administration requirements related to alisertib.

          -  Administration of myeloid growth factors or platelet transfusion within 14 days prior
             to the first dose of study treatment.

          -  More than 1 previous chemotherapy regimen for metastatic disease

               -  No limit on previous endocrine therapy

               -  Previous mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) therapy, e.g., everolimus, is
                  allowed

               -  Prior adjuvant taxane therapy is allowed, provided the disease-free interval from
                  the end of (neo)adjuvant chemotherapy to the development of metastatic disease
                  was ≥ 1 year

               -  No prior taxane for metastatic disease

          -  Peripheral neuropathy > grade 1

          -  Known severe hypersensitivity to paclitaxel
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:Female
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Time to Disease Progression - Tumor Response based on RECIST criteria
Time Frame:12 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Measurement of tumors (sum of longest diameters) every 8 weeks for CT/MRI and photographs, and every 12 weeks for bone scan, if applicable.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Number of Patients with Genetic Biomarker Expression in Tumor Tissue
Time Frame:12 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissue from study patients' primary breast cancers will be retrospectively analyzed for potential biomarkers including, but not limited to expression of forkhead box protein M1 (FOXM1) and Aurora kinase A (AURKA), p53 mutation status, and degree of genomic instability
Measure:Number of Participants with Serious and Non-Serious Adverse Events
Time Frame:12 monrhs
Safety Issue:
Description:Monitoring and recording of all adverse events and serious adverse events; regular monitoring of hematology, blood chemistry, regular measurement of vital signs, physical examination (including weight); and performance status. All patients who receive at least one dose of study drug will be evaluated for safety. Toxicities will be graded and reported according to the NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Version 4.03. Incidence and type of adverse events will be tabulated and summarized using descriptive statistics.

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:US Oncology Research

Trial Keywords

  • metastatic breast cancer
  • Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2-negative (HER2-) breast cancer
  • Estrogen Receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancer
  • Triple Negative breast cancer
  • alisertib
  • paclitaxel

Last Updated

September 15, 2016