Clinical Trials /

Crizotinib in Treating Patients With Stage IB-IIIA Non-small Cell Lung Cancer That Has Been Removed by Surgery and ALK Fusion Mutations (An ALCHEMIST Treatment Trial)

NCT02201992

Description:

This randomized phase III trial studies how well crizotinib works in treating patients with stage IB-IIIA non-small cell lung cancer that has been removed by surgery and has a mutation in a protein called anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK). Mutations, or changes, in ALK can make it very active and important for tumor cell growth and progression. Crizotinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking the ALK protein from working. Crizotinib may be an effective treatment for patients with non-small cell lung cancer and an ALK fusion mutation.

Related Conditions:
  • Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 3

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Crizotinib in Treating Patients With Stage IB-IIIA Non-small Cell Lung Cancer That Has Been Removed by Surgery and ALK Fusion Mutations (An ALCHEMIST Treatment Trial)
  • Official Title: A Randomized Phase III Trial for Surgically Resected Early Stage Non-small Cell Lung Cancer: Crizotinib Versus Observation for Patients With Tumors Harboring the Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase (ALK) Fusion Protein

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: E4512
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2014-01507
  • SECONDARY ID: s16-02072
  • SECONDARY ID: E4512
  • SECONDARY ID: E4512
  • SECONDARY ID: U10CA180820
  • SECONDARY ID: U10CA180830
  • SECONDARY ID: U10CA021115
  • SECONDARY ID: U24CA196172
  • NCT ID: NCT02201992

Conditions

  • ALK Gene Rearrangement
  • ALK Gene Translocation
  • ALK Positive
  • Stage IB Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma AJCC v7
  • Stage II Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer AJCC v7
  • Stage IIA Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma AJCC v7
  • Stage IIB Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma AJCC v7
  • Stage IIIA Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer AJCC v7

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
CrizotinibMET tyrosine kinase inhibitor PF-02341066, PF-02341066, PF-2341066, XalkoriArm A (crizotinib)

Purpose

This randomized phase III trial studies how well crizotinib works in treating patients with stage IB-IIIA non-small cell lung cancer that has been removed by surgery and has a mutation in a protein called anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK). Mutations, or changes, in ALK can make it very active and important for tumor cell growth and progression. Crizotinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking the ALK protein from working. Crizotinib may be an effective treatment for patients with non-small cell lung cancer and an ALK fusion mutation.

Detailed Description

      PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To evaluate whether adjuvant therapy with crizotinib will result in improved overall
      survival (OS) for patients with stage IB >= 4 cm, II and IIIA, ALK-positive non-small cell
      lung cancer (NSCLC) following surgical resection.

      SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To evaluate and compare disease-free survival (DFS) associated with crizotinib.

      II. To evaluate the safety profile of crizotinib when given in the adjuvant therapy setting.

      III. To collect tumor tissue and blood specimens for future research.

      OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

      ARM A: Patients receive crizotinib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-21. Treatment
      repeats every 21 days for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable
      toxicity.

      ARM B: Patients undergo observation.

      After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 6 months if < 4 or 5
      years from study entry, and every 12 months if 5-10 or 6-10 years from study entry.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Arm A (crizotinib)ExperimentalPatients receive crizotinib PO BID on days 1-21. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Crizotinib
Arm B (observation)Active ComparatorPatients undergo observation.

    Eligibility Criteria

            Inclusion Criteria:
    
              -  Patients must have undergone complete surgical resection of their stage IB (>= 4 cm),
                 II, or non-squamous IIIA NSCLC per American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 7th
                 edition and have had negative margins; N3 disease is not allowed
    
              -  Baseline chest computed tomography (CT) with or without contrast must be performed
                 within 6 months (180 days) prior to randomization to ensure no evidence of disease; if
                 clinically indicated additional imaging studies must be performed to rule out
                 metastatic disease
    
              -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1
    
              -  Patients must be registered to the ALCHEMIST-SCREEN (ALLIANCE A151216) trial prior to
                 randomization
    
              -  Positive for translocation or inversion events involving the ALK gene locus (e.g.
                 resulting in echinoderm microtubule associated protein like 4 [EML4]-ALK fusion) as
                 determined by the Vysis Break Point fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assay
                 and defined by an increase in the distance between 5? and 3? ALK probes or the loss of
                 the 5? probe; this must have been performed:
    
                   -  By a local Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) certified
                      laboratory: report must indicate the results as well as the CLIA number of the
                      laboratory which performed the assay; tissue must be available for submission for
                      central, retrospective confirmation of the ALK fusion status via ALCHEMIST-SCREEN
                      (ALLIANCE A151216) OR
    
                   -  Patient registered to and the ALK fusion status performed centrally on the
                      ALCHEMIST-SCREEN (ALLIANCE A151216)
    
              -  Women must not be pregnant or breast-feeding
    
              -  All females of childbearing potential must have a blood or urine pregnancy test within
                 72 hours prior to randomization to rule out pregnancy; a female of childbearing
                 potential is any woman, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have
                 undergone tubal ligation, who meets the following criteria: 1) has not undergone a
                 hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal
                 for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding
                 24 consecutive months)
    
              -  Women of childbearing potential and sexually active males must be strongly advised to
                 practice abstinence or use an accepted and effective method of contraception
    
              -  Patients must NOT have uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited
                 to, serious ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure,
                 unstable angina pectoris, uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric
                 illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
    
              -  No known interstitial fibrosis or interstitial lung disease
    
              -  No prior treatment with crizotinib or another ALK inhibitor
    
              -  No ongoing cardiac dysrhythmias of grade >= 2 National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common
                 Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0, uncontrolled atrial
                 fibrillation (any grade), or corrected QT (QTc) interval > 470 msec
    
              -  No use of medications, herbals, or foods that are known potent cytochrome P450,
                 subfamily 3A, polypeptide 4 (CYP3A4) inhibitors or inducers, included but not limited
                 to those outlined
    
              -  Patients must be adequately recovered from surgery at the time of randomization
    
              -  The minimum time requirement between date of surgery and randomization must be at
                 least 4 weeks (28 days)
    
              -  The maximum time requirement between surgery and randomization must be:
    
                   -  3 months (90 days) if no adjuvant chemotherapy was administered
    
                   -  8 months (240 days) if adjuvant chemotherapy was administered
    
                   -  10 months (300 days) if adjuvant chemotherapy and radiation therapy were
                      administered
    
              -  Patients must have completed any prior adjuvant chemotherapy or radiation therapy 2 or
                 more weeks (6 or more weeks for mitomycin and nitrosoureas) prior to randomization and
                 be adequately recovered at the time of randomization
    
                   -  NOTE: Patients taking low dose methotrexate for non-malignant conditions and
                      other cytotoxic agents for non-malignant conditions are allowed to continue
                      treatment while on study
    
                   -  NOTE: Neo-adjuvant chemotherapy or radiation therapy for the resected lung cancer
                      is not permitted
    
              -  Serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5
                 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
    
              -  Total serum bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN
    
              -  Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm^3
    
              -  Platelets >= 30,000/mm^3
    
              -  Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dL
    
              -  Serum creatinine =< 2 x ULN
    
              -  Prior to randomization patients with any non-hematologic toxicity from surgery,
                 chemotherapy, or radiation must have recovered to grade =< 1 with the exception of
                 alopecia and the criteria outlined
    
              -  Patients must not have any history of locally advanced or metastatic cancer requiring
                 systemic therapy within 5 years from randomization, with the exception of in-situ
                 carcinomas and non-melanoma skin cancer; patients must have no previous primary lung
                 cancer diagnosed concurrently or within the past 2 years
    
              -  Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents while on study
          
    Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
    Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
    Eligible Gender:All
    Healthy Volunteers:No

    Primary Outcome Measures

    Measure:Overall survival (OS)
    Time Frame:The time from randomization to death from any cause, assessed up to 10 years
    Safety Issue:
    Description:Distribution will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and Cox proportional hazards models will be used to estimate the treatment hazard ratios. The primary comparison will use a logrank test stratified on the randomization stratification factors with a one-sided type I error rate of 5%. Other comparisons of groups will be made using the logrank test and Cox modeling. Estimate will be accompanied by the corresponding 90% confidence intervals.

    Secondary Outcome Measures

    Measure:Disease free survival (DFS)
    Time Frame:The time from randomization to the earliest event defined as: disease recurrence confirmed by biopsy, any new lung cancer (even in the opposite lung) confirmed by biopsy, or death from any cause at any known point in time, assessed up to 10 years
    Safety Issue:
    Description:Distribution will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and Cox proportional hazards models will be used to estimate the treatment hazard ratios. Estimate will be accompanied by the corresponding 90% confidence intervals.
    Measure:Toxicity rates, determined using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0
    Time Frame:Up to 10 years
    Safety Issue:
    Description:Toxicity rates will be compared using Fisher?s exact tests with a one-sided type I error rate of 5%; multivariable logistic regression modeling will be used to adjust for the effect of any covariates that are associated with these categorical outcomes.

    Details

    Phase:Phase 3
    Primary Purpose:Interventional
    Overall Status:Recruiting
    Lead Sponsor:ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group

    Last Updated

    December 7, 2017