Clinical Trials /

Physical Conditioning and Decitabine for Newly Diagnosed AML Patients Age ≥ 60

NCT02234037

Description:

STUDY BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) is a common type of blood cancer in adults, and is more common with increasing age. AML is harder to treat in older patients, with typically poor responses to standard chemotherapy. Patients with AML are typically given intensive induction chemotherapy, but many older patients cannot tolerate the side effects of this therapy. Decitabine has been shown to be active and better tolerated in frail patients with AML; however, most patients still relapse. Recent studies suggest that improving the performance status and fitness of older AML patients prior to induction chemotherapy may help to lessen side effects. This study will test the combination of decitabine treatment with physical exercise in elderly patients with AML who are not candidates for standard induction chemotherapy. STUDY DESCRIPTION: This is a pilot study to test the combination of decitabine treatment with an 8-week physical exercise program in AML patients ≥ 60 years of age who are not candidates for standard induction chemotherapy. Patients who are eligible to take part must give their written agreement before they can be enrolled. This study will enroll 20 patients who are not candidates for standard induction chemotherapy. Patients will begin an 8-week program of physical exercise, including 2-3 sessions per week supervised by a physical therapist. During this 8-week period, patients will be given 2 cycles of decitabine therapy (daily infusion for 5 consecutive days of a 28-day cycle). Patients will be followed to assess the safety and tolerability of the program. Patients will also give blood samples that will be used to assess their response to treatment. Patients will be evaluated for their physical fitness before and after the 8-week exercise program and will complete questionnaires to assess their quality of life before and after the program.

Related Conditions:
  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Recruiting Status:

Terminated

Phase:

Phase 1

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Physical Conditioning and Decitabine for Newly Diagnosed AML Patients Age ≥ 60
  • Official Title: A Pilot Study of Physical Conditioning and Decitabine for Newly Diagnosed AML Patients Age ≥ 60 Who Are Not Candidates for Standard Induction Chemotherapy

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: IRB00064866
  • SECONDARY ID: WINSHIP2381-12
  • NCT ID: NCT02234037

Conditions

  • Leukemia

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
DecitabineDacogenDecitabine and Exercise

Purpose

STUDY BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) is a common type of blood cancer in adults, and is more common with increasing age. AML is harder to treat in older patients, with typically poor responses to standard chemotherapy. Patients with AML are typically given intensive induction chemotherapy, but many older patients cannot tolerate the side effects of this therapy. Decitabine has been shown to be active and better tolerated in frail patients with AML; however, most patients still relapse. Recent studies suggest that improving the performance status and fitness of older AML patients prior to induction chemotherapy may help to lessen side effects. This study will test the combination of decitabine treatment with physical exercise in elderly patients with AML who are not candidates for standard induction chemotherapy. STUDY DESCRIPTION: This is a pilot study to test the combination of decitabine treatment with an 8-week physical exercise program in AML patients ≥ 60 years of age who are not candidates for standard induction chemotherapy. Patients who are eligible to take part must give their written agreement before they can be enrolled. This study will enroll 20 patients who are not candidates for standard induction chemotherapy. Patients will begin an 8-week program of physical exercise, including 2-3 sessions per week supervised by a physical therapist. During this 8-week period, patients will be given 2 cycles of decitabine therapy (daily infusion for 5 consecutive days of a 28-day cycle). Patients will be followed to assess the safety and tolerability of the program. Patients will also give blood samples that will be used to assess their response to treatment. Patients will be evaluated for their physical fitness before and after the 8-week exercise program and will complete questionnaires to assess their quality of life before and after the program.

Detailed Description

      Primary Objectives:

      • Number of patients age 60 and older with newly diagnosed AML and who are not candidates for
      standard induction chemotherapy who complete an 8-week program of physical conditioning and
      decitabine treatment. The goal is set at 30% of 20 enrolled patients completing the 8 weeks
      of decitabine and physical conditioning program.

      Secondary Objectives:

        -  Number of patients with adverse events as a measure of safety and tolerability of the
           physical conditioning program during decitabine therapy.

        -  Number of patients with overall response (complete response, disease-free survival
           [DFS], and overall survival [OS]) of the rehabilitated patients after conclusion of the
           8-week program.

        -  Changes in quality of life among study subjects before and after the 8-week exercise
           program.

        -  Changes in cytokine profiles drawn at baseline, 4 weeks and 8 weeks.

      Treatment Plan:

        -  Twenty subjects, age 60 and older with newly diagnosed AML who are deemed by their
           referring physicians not to be candidates for standard induction chemotherapy will be
           recruited from the inpatient and outpatient services at Emory University Hospital and
           the Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University.

        -  After signing the informed consent and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability
           Act (HIPAA) forms, a screening evaluation will be performed. Subjects who are eligible
           will meet with the physical therapist and will enroll on an 8-week program of physical
           conditioning.

        -  Each patient will participate in 2-3 exercise sessions per week supervised by a physical
           therapist and a home exercise program. Evaluations of physical fitness will be performed
           before and after the 8-week exercise program. Each exercise session will be customized
           based on each patient's baseline fitness level. Subjects' heart rate, blood pressure,
           and rate of perceived exertion score will be monitored during the exercise treatment
           session.

        -  Patients' fitness at the conclusion of the physical therapy regimen will be assessed by
           checking for improvement in Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status
           by at least 1 point from baseline and 25% improvement in the Special Forces (SF)-36
           fitness scoring system.

        -  Decitabine will be infused according to standard of care practice with daily infusions
           for 5 consecutive days of a 28-day cycle for 2 cycles (1 cycle = 28 days) during the 8
           week physical-conditioning period.

        -  Patients will be assessed by the hematology provider on a weekly basis, and adverse
           events/toxicities will be recorded on an ongoing basis.

        -  Bone marrow biopsies will be obtained at baseline, at 8 weeks, and as clinically
           indicated to assess for response. A sample of marrow will be collected for correlative
           assays coincident with the standard of care collections.

        -  Peripheral blood (20 mL) will be collected for correlative studies at baseline, 4 weeks
           and 8 weeks.

      Assessment of Disease Response:

        -  Complete blood counts (CBC) with differential will be obtained weekly and bone marrow
           biopsy and aspirates will be obtained as clinically indicated to assess response to
           treatment.

        -  Active participation in the study will end 1 month after completion of the 8-week
           exercise/decitabine program. Thereafter, long term follow-up for survival will be
           performed by record review or telephone interview for patients who no longer follow-up
           at Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University.

      Monitoring:

      The study will be monitored by the Data Safety Monitoring Committee at the study institution.

      Statistical Methods:

        -  Feasibility: Based on data showing that 50% of older fit AML patients tolerated a 4-week
           exercise regimen, feasibility is defined as:

             -  Completion of the 8-week physical conditioning regimen/decitabine program in at
                least 30% of the study subjects.

             -  The proportion of patients with full treatment delivery will be estimated with an
                exact 90% confidence interval.

        -  Assessment for fitness of the study population will be undertaken at 4 weeks from
           enrollment and conclusion of the 8-week physical therapy regimen.

        -  Kaplan-Meier curves will be used to estimate the distribution of time to relapse,
           disease-free survival, and overall survival.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Decitabine and ExerciseExperimental8-week program of physical conditioning and decitabine treatment in newly diagnosed AML patients ≥ 60 years of age who are not candidates for standard induction chemotherapy.
  • Decitabine

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Diagnosis of AML including de novo, secondary, or with an antecedent hematologic
             disorder (AHD) according to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria

          -  Age ≥ 60 years

          -  Patient not eligible for (immediate) standard induction chemotherapy based on the
             opinion of the treating physician and the frailty score

          -  Provide signed written informed consent

          -  Be able to comply with study procedures and follow-up examinations

          -  Adequate heart function with echocardiogram demonstrating ejection fraction ≥ 45% with
             no evidence of systolic dysfunction

          -  Adequate renal and hepatic function:

               -  Total bilirubin ≤ 2x institutional Upper Limit of Normal (ULN); and

               -  Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 3x ULN; and

               -  Serum creatinine ≤ 2 times the upper limit of normal

          -  ECOG performance < 4

          -  Patients with a history of carcinoma in remission (on no therapy or on hormonal
             therapy for the adjuvant treatment of breast carcinoma or prostate carcinoma) are
             included in the study.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Diagnosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL, French-American-British [FAB]
             classification M3 or WHO classification of APL with t(15;17)(q22;q12)), (PML/retinoic
             acid receptor alpha [RARa] and variants)

          -  Prior treatment with decitabine for myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or AML

          -  Relapsed or refractory AML

          -  Rapidly doubling white cell count uncontrolled with hydroxyurea

          -  Coronary artery disease with angina limiting exercise capability

          -  Joint disease limiting exercise capability

          -  Investigational agent received within 30 days prior to the first dose of study drug.
             If received any investigational agent prior to this time point, drug-related
             toxicities must have recovered to Grade 2 or less prior to first dose of study drug

          -  Psychiatric disorders that would interfere with consent, study participation, or
             follow-up

          -  Systemic fungal, bacterial, viral, or other infection not controlled (defined as
             exhibiting ongoing signs/symptoms related to the infection and without improvement,
             despite appropriate antibiotics or other treatment)

          -  Any other severe concurrent disease, or serious organ dysfunction or disease involving
             the heart, kidney, liver, or other organ system that may place the patient at undue
             risk to undergo the proposed therapy

          -  No social support or inability to attend study-related visits

          -  Carcinoma requiring systemic chemotherapy or radiation therapy
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:60 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Performance status
Time Frame:Up to 8 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:ECOG performance status is assessed before, at 4 weeks and 8 weeks from start of the intervention.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Number of patients with adverse events related to the intervention.
Time Frame:8 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:Toxicities will be monitored on an ongoing basis, based on review of symptoms, physical examination, and laboratory tests weekly. Adverse events (AEs) will be monitored and recorded on case report forms on an ongoing basis and will be graded using the NCI Common Toxicity Criteria (CTC) AE V. 4.
Measure:Response to treatment
Time Frame:18 months
Safety Issue:
Description:This outcome will evaluate the response to treatment (complete response, disease-free survival [DFS], and overall survival [OS]) of the rehabilitated patients after conclusion of the 8-week program. Disease status will be assessed by a peripheral blood and bone marrow aspirate and biopsy as clinically indicated.
Measure:Quality of life and depression scores among study subjects before and after the 8-week exercise program
Time Frame:8 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:This outcome will evaluate changes in quality of life among study subjects before and after the 8-week exercise program, from quality of life questionnaires and depression scores.

Details

Phase:Phase 1
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Terminated
Lead Sponsor:Emory University

Trial Keywords

  • AML

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