Clinical Trials /

Efficiency of Imatinib Treatment Maintenance or Interruption After 3 Years of Adjuvant Treatment in Patients With Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumours (GIST)

NCT02260505

Description:

This is a 2 arms study concerning patients with primary GIST who followed an Imatinib adjuvant treatment for 3 years after surgery and who have a high risk of recurrence. In the first arm, patients will continue Imatinib treatment for 3 more years, allowing to determine if the continuation of this treatment is efficient for disease control, in terms of Disease Free Survival improvement. In the second arm, patients will discontinue the Imatinib treatment, as standard practice. This arm will allow to determine if the re-introduction of Imatinib at relapse is still an efficient treatment for the control of disease.

Related Conditions:
  • Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 3

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Efficiency of Imatinib Treatment Maintenance or Interruption After 3 Years of Adjuvant Treatment in Patients With Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumours (GIST)
  • Official Title: A Randomized Multicenter Phase III Trial Evaluating the Interest of Imatinib Treatment Maintenance or Interruption After 3 Years of Adjuvant Treatment in Patients With Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumours (GIST)

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: IMADGIST
  • SECONDARY ID: 2013-001372-37
  • NCT ID: NCT02260505

Conditions

  • Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
  • Resected Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
  • Non-metastatic
  • High Risk of Recurrence
  • KIT Gene Mutation

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
Imatinib maintenanceGlivec, Imatinib mésilateImatinib maintenance

Purpose

This is a 2 arms study concerning patients with primary GIST who followed an Imatinib adjuvant treatment for 3 years after surgery and who have a high risk of recurrence. In the first arm, patients will continue Imatinib treatment for 3 more years, allowing to determine if the continuation of this treatment is efficient for disease control, in terms of Disease Free Survival improvement. In the second arm, patients will discontinue the Imatinib treatment, as standard practice. This arm will allow to determine if the re-introduction of Imatinib at relapse is still an efficient treatment for the control of disease.

Detailed Description

      Gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs) are rare mesenchymal neoplasms, mostly diagnosed
      between 55 and 60 years of age, which account for 5% of all sarcomas. Worldwide annual
      incidence is approximately 12 cases per million people, corresponding to approximately 800
      new cases per year in France.

      A large majority of GISTs harbour activating mutations in the proto-oncogenes KIT and/or
      PDGFRA, both coding cell-surface cytokine receptors with tyrosine-protein kinase activity.

      Imatinib mesilate (Glivec®, Novartis Pharma SAS) is a selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor,
      leading to inhibition of KIT and PDGFRA signalling pathways. The introduction of imatinib has
      revolutionised the therapeutic management of GIST patients and has provided an unprecedented
      demonstration of the clinical benefit of a targeted therapy for patients with
      advanced/metastatic solid tumors. First results from prospective trials conducted with
      imatinib in GIST patients have demonstrated a 300% increase in median overall survival, and a
      likely 100% increase in 5 and 10-year survival as compared to cytotoxic chemotherapy.

      The successful use of imatinib in the treatment of advanced GISTs and the significant risk of
      recurrence of advanced GISTs have prompted the investigation of the clinical benefit of
      imatinib as a post-operative adjuvant therapy. Two prospective randomized Phase III trials
      have demonstrated that adjuvant imatinib treatment significantly prolong overall survival
      (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) when given for 3 years. To date, imatinib is also
      indicated in the adjuvant setting after complete resection of primary, localized,
      KIT-positive GIST at high risk of recurrence. However, the optimal treatment duration remains
      unclear and it should be determined whether

        1. prolonged use of adjuvant imatinib beyond 3 years may enable to reduce the risk of GIST
           recurrence and to improve overall survival, and

        2. imatinib rechallenge is efficient for treating recurrence after completion of 3-year
           adjuvant imatinib therapy.

      This trial is an open-label, randomized, multicenter phase III study aiming to determine the
      clinical impact of maintaining imatinib treatment beyond 3 years in the adjuvant setting for
      patients with resected GISTs at high risk of recurrence according to the National
      Comprehensive Cancer Network Task Force on GIST (NCCN) risk classification.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Imatinib maintenanceExperimentalMaintenance of Imatinib at the last dose routinely taken by the patient in the 3 years period prior to randomization (either 300 or 400 mg/day). Increase dose up to 800 mg/day if relapse according to RECIST 1.1 criteria. Any relapse/progressive disease at 800 mg/day will lead to Imatinib permanent discontinuation and study discontinuation. In case of toxicity, Imatinib dose will be interrupted or adjusted in accordance with Imatinib Specific Product Characteristics (SPC).
  • Imatinib maintenance
Imatinib InterruptionNo InterventionTreatment corresponding to standard practice : interruption of Imatinib from the day of randomization. Reintroduction of Imatinib at 400 mg/day after first relapse according to RECIST 1.1 criteria; Then increase dose to 800 mg/day after 2d relapse. Any relapse/progressive disease at 800 mg/day will lead to Imatinib permanent discontinuation and study discontinuation. In case of toxicity, Imatinib dose will be interrupted or adjusted in accordance with Imatinib SPC.

    Eligibility Criteria

            Inclusion Criteria:
    
              -  Age ≥ 18 years at the day of consenting to the study
    
              -  Patients must have histologically confirmed diagnosis of localized GIST with
                 documented KIT (CD117) positivity (by polyclonal DAKO antibody staining)
    
              -  Documented macroscopically complete surgical R0 or R1 resection of primary GIST lesion
                 with no evidence of residual lesions or metastases on the baseline CT-scan or MRI
                 performed no more than 4 weeks before randomization.
    
              -  Risk of tumor recurrence ≥ 35% according to National Comprehensive Cancer Network Task
                 Force on GIST (NCCN) risk classification (Demetri et al., 2010) (See Appendix 1)
    
              -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0, 1 or 2
    
              -  Patients must be under imatinib treatment (at 300 or 400 mg/day) initiated immediately
                 after resection and maintained for 3 years (i.e. 36 months ± 3 months at the time of
                 randomization) with no more than 3 consecutive months or 6 months in total of
                 interruption during these past 3 years.
    
              -  Patients must have normal organ and bone marrow function at baseline as defined below:
    
                   -  absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 G/L, platelet count ≥ 100 G/L, and
                      haemoglobin of ≥ 9 g/dL).
    
                   -  Serum total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 (upper limit of normal (ULN), aspartate
                      aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 3 x ULN (or 5 x ULN
                      in case of hepatic metastases at time of reintroduction)
    
                   -  Adequate renal function assessed by at least one of the following:
    
                        -  1) Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN or
    
                        -  2) creatinine clearance estimate ≥ 50 mL/min (as calculated according to
                           Cockcroft-Gault formula or MDRD formula for patients > 65 years).
    
              -  Recovered from prior anti-neoplasia treatment-related toxicity (persistent
                 treatment-related toxicity < Grade 2 as per Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse
                 Effects (CTCAE) v4 are accepted)
    
              -  Women of childbearing potential are required to have a negative serum pregnancy test
                 within 72 hours prior to randomization. A positive urine test must be confirmed by a
                 serum pregnancy test
    
              -  Patient must use effective contraception at least 4 weeks prior to study entry, during
                 the study participation and for at least 30 days post-treatment (not applicable for
                 women of non-childbearing potential)
    
              -  Ability to understand and willingness for follow-up visits.
    
              -  Covered by a medical insurance.
    
              -  Signed and dated informed consent document indicating that the patient has been
                 informed of all aspects of the trial prior to enrolment.
    
            Exclusion Criteria:
    
              -  Pregnant or breastfeeding women
    
              -  Patient concurrently using other approved or investigational antineoplastic agents
    
              -  Any contra-indication to imatinib treatment as per Glivec® SPC
    
              -  Patient with GIST harboring the mutation D842V in PDGFRA
    
              -  Major concurrent disease affecting cardiovascular system, liver, kidneys,
                 haematopoietic system or else considered as clinically important by the investigator
                 and that could be incompatible with patient's participation in this trial or would
                 likely interfere with study procedures or results.
    
              -  Prior history of other malignancies other than study disease (except for basal cell or
                 squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix) unless the
                 patient has been free of the disease for at least 3 years.
    
              -  Patient receiving concurrent treatment with warfarin (acceptable alternative:
                 low-molecular weight heparin) or any prohibited concomitant and/or concurrent
                 medications
    
              -  Patient with Grade III/IV cardiac problems as defined by the New York Heart
                 Association Criteria. (i.e., congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction within 6
                 months of study)
    
              -  Patient has a known diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.
    
              -  Major surgery within 2 weeks prior to study entry
          
    Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
    Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
    Eligible Gender:All
    Healthy Volunteers:No

    Primary Outcome Measures

    Measure:Disease Free Survival (DFS)
    Time Frame:6 years (i.e. at the the time of last patient last visit)
    Safety Issue:
    Description:Time from the date of randomisation to the first documented relapse or death due to any cause. Patients with no event at the time of analysis will be censored at the date of the last adequate tumour assessment. The results will be analyzed according to the study arm and randomization strata to wich patients were assigned.

    Secondary Outcome Measures

    Measure:Overall Survival (OS)
    Time Frame:6 years (i.e. at the the time of last patient last visit)
    Safety Issue:
    Description:Time from the date of randomization until the date of death due to any cause and censored at the date of last contact for patients alive at last contact. The results will be analyzed according to the study arm and randomization strata to wich patients were assigned.
    Measure:Time to Secondary Resistance (TSR)
    Time Frame:6 years (i.e. at the the time of last patient last visit)
    Safety Issue:
    Description:Time from the date of randomization until the date of first relapse under Imatinib treatment (i.e first relapse in the "Imatinib maintenance arm" and relapse after reintroduction of Imatinib in the "Interruption of Imatinib arm"). The results will be analyzed according to the study arm and randomization strata to wich patients were assigned.
    Measure:Percentage of patients in Complete Response (%CR) in interruption arm after reintroduction of Imatinib
    Time Frame:6 years (i.e. at the the time of last patient last visit)
    Safety Issue:
    Description:Percentage of patients in Complete Response (CR) after reintroduction of Imatinib treatment for patients assigned to the interruption arm and who experience GIST recurrence. CR is assessed by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 criteria
    Measure:Frequency of Adverse Events (AE)
    Time Frame:6 years (i.e. at the the time of last patient last visit)
    Safety Issue:
    Description:The assessment of safety will be based mainly on the frequency of AE based on the Common Toxicity Criteria version 4 grade. AE will be coded according to the Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities (MedDRA). Descriptive statistics will be provided for characterizing and assessing patient tolerance to treatment. Patients with at least either one serious AE, or one grade 3-4, or one AE requiring the interruption of study treatment, will be described by study arm and compared using a Pearson's Chi2 test or a Fisher's exact test, if adequate. Patients will be analyzed according the duration of exposure to imatinib
    Measure:Patient's Quality of Life (QoL)
    Time Frame:6 years (i.e at the the time of last patient last visit)
    Safety Issue:
    Description:QoL will be assessed using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of life Questionnaire (QLQ-C30). Descriptive statistics (e.g. means and medians) will be used to summarize the scored scales at it scheduled assessment time point of the questionnaire. The distribution of time to definitive health-related QoL deterioration by study arms will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. The time to definitive deterioration is defined as the time from the date of randomization to the date of event, wich is defined as > 10 points decrease from baseline of QLQ-C30 global score (items 29 and 30) or death due to any cause. If patient has not had an event, time to QoL deterioration will be censored at the date of last adequate evaluation.

    Details

    Phase:Phase 3
    Primary Purpose:Interventional
    Overall Status:Recruiting
    Lead Sponsor:Centre Leon Berard

    Trial Keywords

    • Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
    • Non-metastatic
    • KIT +
    • Imatinib
    • Adjuvant treatment
    • High risk of recurrence
    • Tyrosine kinase inhibitor
    • Disease Free Survival
    • Overall survival
    • Time To Secondary Resistance
    • Safety profile
    • Quality of Life during treatment

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