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Lenalidomide in Improving Immune Response to Vaccine Therapy in Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma, or Monoclonal B Cell Lymphocytosis

NCT02309515

Description:

This randomized phase II trial studies how well lenalidomide improves immune response to pneumococcal 13-valent conjugate vaccine in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia, small lymphocytic lymphoma, or monoclonal B cell lymphocytosis. Biological therapies, such as lenalidomide, use substances made from living organisms that may stimulate or suppress the immune system in different ways and stop cancer cells from growing. Lenalidomide may also improve the effectiveness of pneumococcal 13-valent conjugate vaccine that is used to prevent infection.

Related Conditions:
  • Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
  • Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
Recruiting Status:

Active, not recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Lenalidomide in Improving Immune Response to Vaccine Therapy in Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma, or Monoclonal B Cell Lymphocytosis
  • Official Title: Impact of Short Term Lenalidomide on Immune Response to Prevnar 13® in Individuals With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL), Small Lymphocytic Leukemia (SLL), and Monoclonal B Cell Lymphocytosis (MBL)

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: MC138E
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2014-02373
  • SECONDARY ID: RV-CL-CLL-PI-003938
  • SECONDARY ID: MC138E
  • SECONDARY ID: P30CA015083
  • NCT ID: NCT02309515

Conditions

  • Monoclonal B-Cell Lymphocytosis
  • Stage 0 Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
  • Stage I Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
  • Stage I Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
LenalidomideCC-5013, CC5013, CDC 501, RevlimidArm I (lenalidomide, pneumococcal 13-valent conjugate vaccine)

Purpose

This randomized phase II trial studies how well lenalidomide improves immune response to pneumococcal 13-valent conjugate vaccine in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia, small lymphocytic lymphoma, or monoclonal B cell lymphocytosis. Biological therapies, such as lenalidomide, use substances made from living organisms that may stimulate or suppress the immune system in different ways and stop cancer cells from growing. Lenalidomide may also improve the effectiveness of pneumococcal 13-valent conjugate vaccine that is used to prevent infection.

Detailed Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the ability of a 6 week course of low dose lenalidomide to improve the proportion of patients with monoclonal B cell lymphocytosis (MBL) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) who develop an immune response to pneumococcal vaccination as measured by the proportion of patients with >= 4-fold rise from pre-vaccine (day 15) for >= 2 of the 3 serotypes measured at 28 days post-vaccination by opsonophagocytic activity (OPA) of antibodies from sera.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Evaluate disease status by physical exam and complete blood counts in patients participating in each arm of the study at the time of the 6 week assessment of immune response.

II. Evaluate time to treatment for progressive CLL for patients on each study arm.

III. Evaluate the adverse events profile in each study arm.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the immune response to pneumococcal vaccination as measured by fold-change from pre-vaccine (day 15) to 28 days post-vaccination in OPA geometric mean titers (GMT) of antibodies from sera.

II. To assess the immune response to pneumococcal vaccination as measured by fold-change from pre-vaccine (day 15) to 28 days post-vaccination in quantitative Streptococcus pneumoniae immunoglobulin G (IgG) GMT of antibodies from sera.

III. Evaluate the effect of 6 weeks of low dose lenalidomide on global immune function including T-cell repertoire, T-cell immune synapse, serum immunoglobulin levels, and absolute numbers of T-cell and natural killer (NK) cells.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive lenalidomide orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-42 and pneumococcal 13-valent conjugate vaccine intramuscularly (IM) on day 15.

ARM II: Patients receive pneumococcal 13-valent conjugate vaccine IM on day 15.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at day 28, and then every 6 months for up to 2 years.

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Arm I (lenalidomide, pneumococcal 13-valent conjugate vaccine)ExperimentalPatients receive lenalidomide PO QD on days 1-42 and pneumococcal 13-valent conjugate vaccine IM on day 15.
    • Lenalidomide
    Arm II (pneumococcal 13-valent conjugate vaccine)Active ComparatorPatients receive pneumococcal 13-valent conjugate vaccine IM on day 15.

      Eligibility Criteria

      Inclusion Criteria:

      - Diagnosis of:

      1. CLL according to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) criteria

      2. Small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) according to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria

      3. MBL according to the consensus criteria

      - This includes previous documentation of:

      - Biopsy-proven small lymphocytic lymphoma or

      - Diagnosis of CLL or MBL as evidenced by all of the following:

      - Clonal B-cell population in the peripheral blood with immunophenotyping consistent with CLL defined as:

      - The population of lymphocytes share both B-cell antigens (cluster of differentiation [CD]19, CD20 [typically dim expression], or CD23) as well as CD5 in the absence of other pan-T-cell markers (CD3, CD2, etc)

      - Clonality as evidenced by k (kappa) or lambda light chain expression (typically dim immunoglobulin expression) or other genetic method (e.g. immunoglobulin heavy chain variable [IGHV] analysis) NOTE: splenomegaly, hepatomegaly, or lymphadenopathy are not required for the diagnosis of CLL

      - Patients with a peripheral blood B-cell lymphocyte count of < 5 x 10^9/L and no evidence of lymphadenopathy or organomegaly will be classified as MBL; patients with a peripheral blood B-cell lymphocyte count of < 5 x 10^9/L who have evidence of lymphadenopathy will be classified as SLL; patients with a peripheral blood B-cell lymphocyte count >= 5 x 10^9/L will be considered to have CLL

      - Before diagnosing MBL, CLL or SLL, mantle cell lymphoma must be excluded by demonstrating a negative fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis for t(11;14)(IgH/cyclin D 1 [CCND1]) on peripheral blood or tissue biopsy or negative immunohistochemical stains for cyclin D1 on involved tissue biopsy

      - CLL or SLL patients only (does not apply to MBL patients): Rai stage 0-1 (both CLL and SLL patients can be staged using the Rai system)

      - Patients must not previously have received the Prevnar 13 pneumococcal vaccination; NOTE: previous vaccination with Pneumovax (PCV23) is permitted but must have been at least 365 days prior to registration

      - Patients must be previously untreated and must NOT have any of the following indications for chemotherapy:

      - Evidence of progressive marrow failure as manifested by the development of or worsening anemia (=< 11 g/dL) and/or thrombocytopenia (=< 100 x 10^9/L) not due to autoimmune disease

      - Symptomatic or progressive lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly or hepatomegaly

      - One or more of the following disease-related symptoms:

      - Weight loss >= 10% within the previous 6 months

      - Extreme fatigue attributed to CLL

      - Fevers > 100.4 degree Fahrenheit (o^F) for 2 weeks without evidence of infection

      - Drenching night sweats without evidence of infection Note: 1) Prior chemotherapy or monoclonal antibody based therapy for treatment of CLL or SLL will be considered prior therapy; nutraceutical treatments with no established benefit in CLL (such as epigallocatechin gallate or EGCG, found in green tea or other herbal treatments) will not be considered "prior treatment" 2) Prior corticosteroid therapy for an indication other than CLL/SLL will not be considered "prior treatment"; previous use of corticosteroids for treatment of autoimmune complications of CLL/SLL does not constitute prior therapy for CLL/SLL

      - Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0 or 1

      - Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/mm^3

      - Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3

      - Hemoglobin >= 11.0 g/dL

      - Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) unless due to Gilbert's disease; if total bilirubin is > 1.5 x ULN, a direct bilirubin should be performed and must be < 1.5 mg/dL for Gilbert's to be diagnosed

      - Aspartate transaminase (AST) =< 3 x ULN

      - Calculated creatinine clearance must be >= 50 ml/min using the Cockcroft-Gault formula

      - Provide informed written consent

      - Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up (during the active monitoring phase of the study)

      - All study participants must be willing to be registered into the mandatory Revlimid Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS)® program, and be willing and able to comply with the requirements of the REMS® program; NOTE: Actual registration in the Revlimid REMS® program may occur after the patient is randomized since this requirement only applies to patients randomized to Arm A

      - Females of reproductive potential must be willing to adhere to the scheduled pregnancy testing as required in the Revlimid REMS® program; NOTE: This requirement only applies to patients randomized to Arm A

      - Able to take aspirin (81 or 325 mg) daily as prophylactic anticoagulation (patients intolerant to acetylsalicylic acid [ASA] may use warfarin or low molecular weight heparin)

      - Willing to provide blood samples for correlative research purposes

      Exclusion Criteria:

      - Palpable lymph nodes > 3 cm in maximal dimension

      - Any of the following:

      - Pregnant women

      - Nursing women

      - Men or women of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception

      - Any of the following comorbid conditions:

      - New York Heart Association classification III or IV cardiovascular disease

      - Recent myocardial infarction (=< 30 days)

      - Uncontrolled infection

      - Immunocompromised patients and patients known to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive and currently receiving antiretroviral therapy; NOTE: patients known to be HIV positive, but without clinical evidence of an immunocompromised state, are eligible for this trial

      - Other active primary malignancy requiring treatment or limiting survival to =< 2 years prior to registration

      - Any radiation therapy =< 28 days prior to registration

      - Any major surgery =< 28 days prior to registration

      - Current use of corticosteroids; EXCEPTION: low doses of steroids (=< 10 mg of prednisone or equivalent dose of other steroid) used for treatment of nonhematologic medical conditions; NOTE: previous use of corticosteroids is allowed

      - Active hemolytic anemia requiring immunosuppressive therapy or other pharmacologic treatment; NOTE: patients who have a positive Coombs test but no evidence of hemolysis are NOT excluded from participation

      - History of deep venous thromboses or pulmonary embolism =< 365 days prior to registration

      - Co-existent diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (Richter's transformation)

      Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
      Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
      Eligible Gender:All
      Healthy Volunteers:No

      Primary Outcome Measures

      Measure:Rate of response to pneumococcal 13-valent conjugate vaccine defined as a four-fold rise from baseline to 28 days after immunization (day 43) for >= 2 of the 3 serotypes studied by OPA of antibodies from sera
      Time Frame:Day 43
      Safety Issue:
      Description:The proportion of successes will be estimated in each arm by the number of successes divided by the total number of evaluable patients. Ninety-five percent confidence intervals for the true success proportion will be calculated in each arm based on the normal approximation. Comparison of response rates between the two treatment groups will be performed using a one-sided z-test (based on normal approximation with pooled variance of standardized test statistics) at significance level 0.16.

      Secondary Outcome Measures

      Measure:Disease status by physical exam and complete blood counts
      Time Frame:At 6 weeks
      Safety Issue:
      Description:The distribution of disease status will be evaluated in each arm and will be summarized descriptively. Patients will be classified as responders (complete clinical response, incomplete marrow recovery, partial response) vs. non-responders (stable disease, progressive disease [PD]). For MBL, patients will be classified as not PD vs PD. Differences in disease status response will be compared between the two arms using Fisher's exact test.
      Measure:Incidence of adverse events using NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0
      Time Frame:Up to 2 years
      Safety Issue:
      Description:Platelets and hemoglobin will be graded according to the Grading Scale for Hematologic Adverse Events in CLL studies. The maximum grade for each type of adverse event will be recorded for each patient, and frequency tables will be reviewed for each arm to determine patterns. Additionally, the relationship of the adverse event(s) to the study treatment will be taken into consideration.
      Measure:Time to treatment for progressive CLL
      Time Frame:Time from the date of registration to the date of initiation of treatment for progressive CLL assessed up to 2 years
      Safety Issue:
      Description:The distribution of time to treatment will be estimated in each arm using the method of Kaplan-Meier. Time to treatment will be compared between the two arms using log-rank statistics.

      Details

      Phase:Phase 2
      Primary Purpose:Interventional
      Overall Status:Recruiting
      Lead Sponsor:Mayo Clinic

      Trial Keywords

        Last Updated

        June 13, 2016