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Pacritinib and Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia and FLT3 Mutations

NCT02323607

Description:

This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of pacritinib when given together with chemotherapy in treating patients with acute myeloid leukemia that have an abnormal change (mutation) in the fms-related tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) gene. Pacritinib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cytarabine, daunorubicin hydrochloride, and decitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving pacritinib and chemotherapy may be a better treatment for acute myeloid leukemia with FLT3 mutations.

Related Conditions:
  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Recruiting Status:

Completed

Phase:

Phase 1

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Pacritinib and Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia and FLT3 Mutations
  • Official Title: Phase I Study of Pacritinib and Chemotherapy in Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia and FLT3 Mutations

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: OSU-14169
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2014-02436
  • NCT ID: NCT02323607

Conditions

  • Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • Therapy-Related Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • Untreated Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
PacritinibOral JAK2 Inhibitor SB1518, SB1518Cohort A (pacritinib, cytarabine, daunorubicin hydrochloride)
CytarabineCHX-3311, U-19920Cohort A (pacritinib, cytarabine, daunorubicin hydrochloride)
Daunorubicin HydrochlorideDNM, DNR, DRBCohort A (pacritinib, cytarabine, daunorubicin hydrochloride)
Decitabine5AZA, DACCohort B (pacritinib, decitabine)

Purpose

This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of pacritinib when given together with chemotherapy in treating patients with acute myeloid leukemia that have an abnormal change (mutation) in the fms-related tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) gene. Pacritinib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cytarabine, daunorubicin hydrochloride, and decitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving pacritinib and chemotherapy may be a better treatment for acute myeloid leukemia with FLT3 mutations.

Detailed Description

      PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To evaluate the safety and tolerability of pacritinib in combination with 7+3 or
      decitabine (respective cohorts are independent of each other) in patients with newly
      diagnosed or relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with FLT3 mutations.

      II. To define the specific toxicities, maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and the dose limiting
      toxicities (DLT) of these combinations.

      III. To determine the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of these combinations.

      SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To determine the rate and duration of complete remission (CR) +/- hematologic recovery of
      pacritinib and 7+3 or decitabine in AML.

      II. To determine the overall response rate (ORR) and disease free survival at 1 year.

      TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To conduct pharmacokinetic studies of pacritinib in combination with chemotherapy.

      II. To determine the impact of pacritinib on the inhibition of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2), FLT3,
      AXL receptor tyrosine kinase (AXL), signal transducer and activator of transcription 5A
      (STAT5), spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk).

      III. To examine the exosome, cytokine, and chemokine changes of FLT3 down-stream inhibition
      by pacritinib.

      IV. To examine resistance patterns associated with treatment with pacritinib. V. To examine
      baseline cytogenetic, GTP binding protein overexpressed in skeletal muscle (GEM) signature,
      and long non-coding (Lnc) ribonucleic acid (RNA) signature and mutational status of the AML
      tumor cells to better identify subsets of patients with highest likelihood of responding to
      therapy.

      OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of pacritinib. Patients are assigned to 1 of 2
      treatment arms.

      COHORT A:

      INDUCTION: Patients receive pacritinib orally (PO) on days 1-21, cytarabine intravenously
      (IV) every 24 hours on days 5-11, and daunorubicin hydrochloride IV every 24 hours on days
      5-7. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 1-2 courses in the absence of disease progression or
      unacceptable toxicity.

      COHORT B:

      INDUCTION: Patients receive pacritinib PO on days 1-21 and decitabine IV every 24 hours on
      days 5-14. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 2-4 courses in the absence of disease
      progression or unacceptable toxicity.

      MAINTENANCE: Patients achieving CR will proceed with transplant evaluation (if appropriate).
      Transplant-ineligible patients will receive maintenance courses of pacritinib PO on days 1-21
      and decitabine IV over 1 hour daily on days 1-5. Maintenance courses repeat every 28 days in
      the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

      After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for at least 30 days.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Cohort A (pacritinib, cytarabine, daunorubicin hydrochloride)ExperimentalINDUCTION: Patients receive pacritinib PO on days 1-21, cytarabine IV every 24 hours on days 5-11, and daunorubicin hydrochloride IV every 24 hours on days 5-7. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 1-2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Pacritinib
  • Cytarabine
  • Daunorubicin Hydrochloride
Cohort B (pacritinib, decitabine)ExperimentalINDUCTION: Patients receive pacritinib PO on days 1-21 and decitabine IV every 24 hours on days 5-14. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 2-4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. MAINTENANCE: Patients achieving CR will proceed with transplant evaluation (if appropriate). Transplant-ineligible patients will receive maintenance courses of pacritinib PO on days 1-21 and decitabine IV over 1 hour daily on days 1-5. Maintenance courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Pacritinib
  • Decitabine

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Patients with AML and the presence of FLT3 mutation

          -  Patients with secondary AML or therapy related disease (t-AML) are eligible

          -  If the patient has co-morbid medical illness, life expectancy attributed to this must
             be greater than 6 months

          -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2

          -  Total bilirubin < 2.0mg/dL unless due to Gilbert's disease

          -  Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase
             [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT])
             < 2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal

          -  Creatinine (Cr) clearance > 50 mL/min by Cockcroft-Gault calculation

          -  New York Heart Association (NYHA) congestive heart failure (CHF) class II or better

          -  Cardiac ejection fraction >= 50% for Arm A, >= 40% for Arm B

          -  Female patients of child-bearing potential must agree to use dual methods of
             contraception and have a negative serum pregnancy test at screening, and male patients
             must use an effective barrier method of contraception if sexually active with a female
             of child-bearing potential; acceptable methods of contraception are condoms with
             contraceptive foam, oral, implantable or injectable contraceptives, contraceptive
             patch, intrauterine device, diaphragm with spermicidal gel, or a sexual partner who is
             surgically sterilized or post-menopausal; for both male and female patients, effective
             methods of contraception must be used throughout the study and for three months
             following the last dose

          -  Ability to understand and willingness to sign the written informed consent document

          -  Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection without history of acquired immune
             deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and sufficiently high cluster of differentiation (CD)4
             cells (> 400/mm^3) and low HIV viral loads (< 30,000 copies/ml plasma) not requiring
             anti-HIV therapy are eligible

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Patients with core-binding factor AML (inv[16], t[8;21]) or t(15;17)

          -  Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 2 weeks (6 weeks for
             nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study; treatment with hydroxyurea
             is permitted during cycle 1 to maintain white blood cell (WBC) < 40,000/uL

          -  Patients receiving any other investigational agents or patients that have received
             other investigational agents within 14 days of enrollment

          -  Patients with active central nervous system (CNS) malignancy

          -  Major surgery within 2 weeks before day 1

          -  Uncontrolled active infection; patients with infection requiring parenteral
             antibiotics are eligible if the infection is controlled

          -  Patients with significantly diseased or obstructed gastrointestinal tract

          -  Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, symptomatic
             congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association [NYHA] class III or IV), unstable
             angina pectoris, myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to enrollment, severe
             uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, or electrocardiographic evidence of acute
             ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities; prior to study entry, any
             electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormality at screening has to be documented by the
             investigator as not medically relevant

          -  Patients with serious medical or psychiatric illness likely to interfere with
             participation in this clinical study

          -  Pregnant women or women who are breastfeeding are excluded from this study;
             confirmation that the subject is not pregnant must be established by a negative serum
             beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-hCG) pregnancy test result obtained during
             screening; pregnancy testing is not required for post-menopausal or surgically
             sterilized women

          -  Patients with advanced malignant solid tumors

          -  Patients who are not able to swallow capsules or tablets

          -  Patients with baseline corrected QT (QTc) > 500 ms
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:MTD of pacritinib defined as the highest safely tolerated dose where, at most, one patient experiences DLT in 6 evaluable patients, with the next higher dose having at least 2 patients who experience DLT
Time Frame:28 days
Safety Issue:
Description:Assessed using National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.03. Toxicities will be tabulated by type and grade and displayed in summary form. Further, all adverse event data that are graded as 3, 4, or 5 and classified as either unrelated or unlikely to be related to study treatment will be reviewed for completeness.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Clinical response according to International Working Group criteria
Time Frame:Up to at least 30 days post-treatment
Safety Issue:
Description:The degree of response will be summarized within each stratum and at each dose level. ORR will also be presented for those patients treated at the MTD with an exact 95% confidence interval.
Measure:Duration of response
Time Frame:Up to at least 30 days post-treatment
Safety Issue:
Description:For patients who achieve complete remission, duration of response will be reported.

Details

Phase:Phase 1
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Suspended
Lead Sponsor:Bhavana Bhatnagar

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