Clinical Trials /

Pembrolizumab and Afatinib in Patients With Non-small Cell Lung Cancer With Resistance to Erlotinib

NCT02364609

Description:

This phase I/Ib trial studies the side effects and best dose of pembrolizumab when given together with afatinib dimaleate in treating patients with non-small cell lung cancer that has spread to other places in the body and usually cannot be cured or controlled with treatment, or has come back and does not respond to erlotinib hydrochloride. Monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Afatinib dimaleate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving pembrolizumab and afatinib dimaleate together may be an effective treatment for non-small cell lung cancer.

Related Conditions:
  • Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Active, not recruiting

Phase:

Phase 1

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Pembrolizumab and Afatinib in Patients With Non-small Cell Lung Cancer With Resistance to Erlotinib
  • Official Title: A Phase I/Ib Trial of MK-3475 (Pembrolizumab) and Afatinib in EGFR-Mutant Non-small Cell Lung Cancer With Resistance to Erlotinib

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 704874
  • SECONDARY ID: UCDCC#250
  • SECONDARY ID: 1200.237
  • SECONDARY ID: UCDCC#250
  • SECONDARY ID: P30CA093373
  • SECONDARY ID: 51657
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2015-00126
  • NCT ID: NCT02364609

Conditions

  • Recurrent Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
  • Stage IIIA Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
  • Stage IIIB Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
  • Stage IV Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
Afatinib DimaleateBIBW 2992MA2, BIBW2992 MA2, GilotrifArm I (afatinib dimaleate, pembrolizumab)
PembrolizumabKeytruda, Lambrolizumab, MK-3475, SCH 900475Arm I (afatinib dimaleate, pembrolizumab)

Purpose

This phase I/Ib trial studies the side effects and best dose of pembrolizumab when given together with afatinib dimaleate in treating patients with non-small cell lung cancer that has spread to other places in the body and usually cannot be cured or controlled with treatment, or has come back and does not respond to erlotinib hydrochloride. Monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Afatinib dimaleate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving pembrolizumab and afatinib dimaleate together may be an effective treatment for non-small cell lung cancer.

Detailed Description

      PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To evaluate the safety and tolerability of MK-3475 (pembrolizumab) when given in
      combination with afatinib (afatinib dimaleate) in patients with advanced or metastatic
      non-small cell lung cancer with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activating mutations
      who have progressive disease on erlotinib (erlotinib hydrochloride).

      SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To assess in a preliminary manner the efficacy of this combination (response rate, disease
      control rate and progression free survival).

      TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To determine in an exploratory manner changes in programmed death-ligand (PD-L)1
      expression in the tumor microenvironment and other immune correlates in blood and in the
      tumor microenvironment induced by afatinib with concurrent MK-3475 versus MK-3475 preceding
      combination afatinib/MK-3475.

      II. To determine in an exploratory manner changes in EGFR-mutant plasma deoxyribonucleic acid
      (DNA) in response to treatment with MK-3475 and afatinib.

      OUTLINE: This is a dose de-escalation study of pembrolizumab. Patients assigned to 1 of 2
      treatment arms.

      ARM I (DOSE DE-ESCALATION COHORT): Patients receive afatinib dimaleate orally (PO) once daily
      (QD) on days 1-21 and pembrolizumab intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on day 1.

      ARM II (EXPANSION COHORT): Patients receive pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1 for 2
      courses. Beginning course 3, patients receive afatinib dimaleate PO and pembrolizumab IV as
      in Arm I.

      In both Arms, courses repeat every 21 days (for up to 2 years for pembrolizumab) in the
      absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

      After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days and then every 12
      weeks thereafter.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Arm I (afatinib dimaleate, pembrolizumab)ExperimentalDOSE DE-ESCALATION COHORT: Patients receive afatinib dimaleate PO QD on days 1-21 and pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Courses repeat every 21 days (for up to 2 years for pembrolizumab) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Afatinib Dimaleate
  • Pembrolizumab
Arm II (pembrolizumab, afatinib dimaleate)ExperimentalEXPANSION COHORT: Patients receive pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1 for 2 courses. Beginning course 3, patients receive afatinib dimaleate PO and pembrolizumab IV as in Arm I. Courses repeat every 21 days (up to 2 years for pembrolizumab) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Afatinib Dimaleate
  • Pembrolizumab

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Incurable, advanced or metastatic/recurrent non-small cell lung cancer with EGFR
             activating mutations (exon 19 del, exon 21 L858R, L861Q, G718X); who have radiologic
             and/or clinically progressive disease on erlotinib at any point during the patient's
             cancer treatment as determined by the Investigator

          -  Be willing and able to provide written informed consent for the trial

          -  Have a life expectancy of at least 3 months

          -  Have measurable disease based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST)
             1.1

          -  Adequate archival tissue for determination of EGFR-mutation status and PD-L1 status
             with a leftover cell block (or equivalent) for additional immune correlates from a
             tumor lesion biopsied in the last 60 days that has not been previously irradiated
             occurring: 1) after progression on erlotinib and no intervening systemic treatment
             between biopsy and initiation of MK-3475 and afatinib or amenable to repeat biopsy

          -  Have a performance status of 0 or 1 on the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG)
             (Zubrod) performance scale

          -  Be willing to consent for biopsy at baseline (if inadequate archival tissue per
             inclusion criteria above) and an on treatment biopsy; have a tumor in a location that
             in the opinion of the investigator that is amenable to biopsy or have provided tissue
             for PD-L1 and other biomarker analysis from a newly obtained (within 60 days) formalin
             fixed tumor tissue from a recent biopsy of a tumor lesion not previously irradiated;
             no systemic antineoplastic therapy may be administered between the PD- L1 biopsy and
             initiating study medication; fine needle aspirates are not acceptable; needle or
             excisional biopsies, or resected tissue is required; the tissue sample must be
             received by the central vendor (Labcorp) and evaluated for adequacy prior to starting
             therapy

          -  There is no limit to the number of prior treatments for this phase I trial

          -  Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mcL

          -  Platelets >= 100,000/mcL

          -  Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL or >= 5.6 mmol/L

          -  Serum creatinine OR measured or calculated creatinine clearance (glomerular filtration
             rate [GFR] can also be used in place of creatinine or creatinine clearance [CrCl]) =<
             1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) OR >= 60 mL/min for subject with creatinine levels >
             1.5 x institutional ULN

               -  Creatinine clearance should be calculated per institutional standard

          -  Serum total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN

          -  Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and
             alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x
             ULN OR < 5 x ULN for subjects with liver metastases

          -  International normalized ratio (INR) or prothrombin time (PT) =< 1.5 x ULN unless
             subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic
             range of intended use of anticoagulants; activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT)
             =< 1.5 x ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is
             within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants

          -  Female subject of childbearing potential should have a negative urine or serum
             pregnancy within 72 hours prior to receiving the first dose of study medication; if
             the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test
             will be required

          -  Female subjects of childbearing potential should be willing to use 2 methods of birth
             control or be surgically sterile, or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course
             of the study through 120 days after the last dose of study medication; subjects of
             childbearing potential are those who have not been surgically sterilized or have not
             been free from menses for > 1 year

          -  Male subjects should agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting with
             the first dose of study therapy through 120 days after the last dose of study therapy

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Is currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational
             agent or using an investigational device within 4 weeks of the first dose of treatment

          -  Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any
             other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of trial
             treatment

          -  Has had a prior monoclonal antibody within 4 weeks prior to study day 1 or who has not
             recovered (i.e., =< grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to agents
             administered more than 4 weeks earlier; denosumab is allowed as long as not < 1 week
             prior to study day 1 and not administered on day of MK-3475 infusion

          -  Has had prior chemotherapy or targeted small molecule therapy within 2 weeks prior to
             study day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., =< grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse
             events due to a previously administered agent

               -  Note: subjects with =< grade 2 neuropathy are an exception to this criterion and
                  may qualify for the study

               -  Note: if subject received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from
                  the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting therapy

          -  Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment;
             exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the
             skin, or in situ cervical cancer that has undergone potentially curative therapy

          -  Has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous
             meningitis; subjects with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided
             they are stable (without evidence of progression by imaging for at least four weeks
             prior to the first dose of trial treatment and any neurologic symptoms have returned
             to baseline), have no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases, and are not using
             steroids for at least 7 days prior to trial treatment

          -  Has an active autoimmune disease requiring systemic treatment within the past 3 months
             or a documented history of clinically severe autoimmune disease, or a syndrome that
             requires systemic steroids or immunosuppressive agents; subjects with vitiligo or
             resolved childhood asthma/atopy would be an exception to this rule; subjects that
             require intermittent use of bronchodilators or local steroid injections would not be
             excluded from the study; subjects with hypothyroidism stable on hormone replacement or
             Sjorgen's syndrome will not be excluded from the study

          -  Has evidence of interstitial lung disease or active, non-infectious pneumonitis that
             required oral or intravenous glucocorticoids to assist with management; lymphangitic
             spread of the non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is not exclusionary

          -  Has an active infection requiring intravenous systemic therapy

          -  Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality
             that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's
             participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of
             the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator

          -  Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with
             cooperation with the requirements of the trial

          -  History or presence of clinically relevant cardiovascular abnormalities such as
             uncontrolled hypertension, congestive heart failure New York Heart Association (NYHA)
             classification of 3, unstable angina or poorly controlled arrhythmia as determined by
             the investigator; myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to enrollment

          -  Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the
             projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit
             through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment

          -  Has received prior therapy with an anti-programmed cell death (PD)-1, anti-PD-L1,
             anti-PD-L2, anti-cluster of differentiation (CD)137, or anti-cytotoxic
             T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) antibody (including ipilimumab or any other
             antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways)

          -  Known hypersensitivity to afatinib or the excipients of any of the trial drugs

          -  Prior participation in an afatinib clinical study, even if not assigned to afatinib
             treatment

          -  Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies)

          -  Has known active hepatitis B (e.g., hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or
             hepatitis C (e.g., hepatitis C virus [HCV] ribonucleic acid [RNA] [qualitative] is
             detected)

          -  Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment

          -  The presence of poorly controlled gastrointestinal disorders that could affect the
             absorption of the afatinib (e.g. Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, chronic
             diarrhea, malabsorption)

          -  Subjects that require treatment with a strong inhibitor of cytochrome P450, family 3,
             subfamily A, polypeptide 4 (CYP3A4) will be excluded; they may be included if there is
             an alternate treatment available (not a strong CYP3A4 inhibitor) and they are willing
             to switch prior to enrollment; if a subject opts to change from a strong CYP 3A4
             inhibitor to a weaker CYP 3A4 inhibitor, the subject must stop the strong CYP 3A4
             inhibitor 7 days before study drug administration

          -  Receiving drugs known to be strong inducers or inhibitors of permeability
             (P)-glycoprotein that are known to interact with afatinib including, but not limited
             to: ritonavir, cyclosporine A, ketoconazole, itraconazole, erythromycin, verapamil,
             quinidine, tacrolimus, nelfinavir, saquinavir, and amiodarone; as part of the
             enrollment/informed consent procedures, the patient will be counseled on the risk of
             interactions with other agents, and what to do if new medications need to be
             prescribed or if the patient is considering a new over-the-counter medicine or herbal
             product; the subject must stop the strong inducer or inhibitor of P-glycoprotein 7
             days before or 5 half lives before study drug administration (whichever timepoint is
             longer)

          -  Major surgery within 4 weeks before starting study treatment or scheduled for surgery
             during the projected course of the study

          -  Hormonal treatment within 2 weeks prior to start of study treatment

          -  Radiotherapy within 4 weeks prior to enrollment, except as follows:

               -  Palliative radiation to target organs other than chest may be allowed up to 2
                  weeks prior to enrollment, and

               -  Single dose palliative treatment for symptomatic metastasis outside above
                  allowance to be discussed with sponsor-investigator prior to enrolling

          -  Major surgery within 4 weeks before starting study treatment or scheduled for surgery
             during the projected course of study
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) recommended dose of pembrolizumab in combination with lead in pembrolizumab and afatinib dimaleate
Time Frame:Day 21
Safety Issue:
Description:Descriptive summaries will be provided for number and proportion with specific type and grade of toxicities.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Overall response rate per RECIST 1.1
Time Frame:Up to 3 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Descriptive summaries will be provided for numbers and proportion of patients responding.
Measure:Progression free survival
Time Frame:Time from start of treatment to time of progression or death, whichever occurs first, assessed up to 3 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Kaplan-Meier plot and life-table summary will be used.

Details

Phase:Phase 1
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Active, not recruiting
Lead Sponsor:University of California, Davis

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