Clinical Trials /

Fulvestrant as Maintenance Therapy After First-line Chemotherapy in HER2 - Postmenopausal MBC Patients

NCT02383030

Description:

Breast cancer is one of the most prevalent cancers among women, and represents 20 - 25% of all female cancers. Despite earlier diagnosis and improvement in adjuvant therapies, some patients will present metastatic recurrence. Treatment of breast cancer is determined by the extent of the disease. Early or localized breast cancer is treated by a combination of surgery and radiotherapy. Adjuvant systemic therapy, consisting of chemotherapy and/or endocrine therapy, in tumors deemed hormone responsive, can prolong the disease-free interval and improve overall survival. However, approximately 30% to 40% of patients with early breast cancer will ultimately relapse, with either local recurrence or distant metastases, and require further systemic treatment for advanced disease. Since breast cancer that recurs or progresses after initial treatment is considered incurable, the therapy options available for advanced disease are concerned with disease control and palliation of symptoms. Hormonal therapy has become the treatment of choice in postmenopausal women with hormone sensitive breast cancer. Even though the treatment of advanced breast cancer in postmenopausal women has improved with the introduction of agents such as aromatase inhibitors, these agents still have limitations, and disease management continues to be sub-optimal. The use of systemic therapies such as hormonal therapy, chemotherapy or new biological treatment is to reduce tumour masses, improve survival and preserve quality of life. Whatever the initial efficacy of the treatment undertaken in metastatic setting, almost every patient will relapse. The main goal is to improve progression free survival (PFS). To achieve this, the type of chemotherapy, the optimal duration of chemotherapy, the benefit of maintenance chemotherapy, the benefit of maintenance hormonal treatment are debatable.

Related Conditions:
  • Breast Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Unknown status

Phase:

Phase 3

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Fulvestrant as Maintenance Therapy After First-line Chemotherapy in HER2 - Postmenopausal MBC Patients
  • Official Title: Randomized Phase III Study of Fulvestrant as Maintenance Therapy After First-line Chemotherapy in HER2 Negative Postmenopausal Metastatic Breast Cancer Patients

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: GIM18-FUMANCE
  • SECONDARY ID: 2014-003798-41
  • NCT ID: NCT02383030

Conditions

  • Metastatic Breast Cancer

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
FulvestrantFaslodexFulvestrant

Purpose

Breast cancer is one of the most prevalent cancers among women, and represents 20 - 25% of all female cancers. Despite earlier diagnosis and improvement in adjuvant therapies, some patients will present metastatic recurrence. Treatment of breast cancer is determined by the extent of the disease. Early or localized breast cancer is treated by a combination of surgery and radiotherapy. Adjuvant systemic therapy, consisting of chemotherapy and/or endocrine therapy, in tumors deemed hormone responsive, can prolong the disease-free interval and improve overall survival. However, approximately 30% to 40% of patients with early breast cancer will ultimately relapse, with either local recurrence or distant metastases, and require further systemic treatment for advanced disease. Since breast cancer that recurs or progresses after initial treatment is considered incurable, the therapy options available for advanced disease are concerned with disease control and palliation of symptoms. Hormonal therapy has become the treatment of choice in postmenopausal women with hormone sensitive breast cancer. Even though the treatment of advanced breast cancer in postmenopausal women has improved with the introduction of agents such as aromatase inhibitors, these agents still have limitations, and disease management continues to be sub-optimal. The use of systemic therapies such as hormonal therapy, chemotherapy or new biological treatment is to reduce tumour masses, improve survival and preserve quality of life. Whatever the initial efficacy of the treatment undertaken in metastatic setting, almost every patient will relapse. The main goal is to improve progression free survival (PFS). To achieve this, the type of chemotherapy, the optimal duration of chemotherapy, the benefit of maintenance chemotherapy, the benefit of maintenance hormonal treatment are debatable.

Detailed Description

      The search for prognostic and predictive factors that could influence the survival of
      patients treated for metastatic breast cancer has already been the subject of several
      studies. It seems that 2 components in the natural outcome of tumors must be considered. The
      first category is related to the primary characteristics such as initial histological grade,
      hormonal receptor status. The second category is linked to the metastatic characteristics:
      proliferation index reflected by the length of disease-free interval, type and number of
      metastatic sites involved. On the other hand, some prognostic factors are linked to the
      treatments undertaken, stressing their impact on the natural outcome of the disease: type of
      hormonotherapy, type of chemotherapy, type of response achieved by treatment.

      The impact of some factors remains debatable, such the duration of treatment. The optimal
      duration of chemotherapy in patients who respond or have stable disease is not identified.

      Definitively, the major limit to the use of prolonged regimens of chemotherapy is related to
      their toxicity, all the more so as they are cumulative (cardiac toxicity of anthracyclins,
      neurologic toxicity of taxanes, haematological cumulative toxicities with any chemotherapy…).
      The proposition to give hormonal treatment to prolong therapy in hormonal-positive tumors is
      another possible option. In the literature, data focused on this strategy are rare.

      One can object that the choice of patient/tumor characteristics for who would or would not
      receive the maintenance hormonal therapy was not random, or controlled in any way. This may
      have led to a selection of better prognosis patients. Investigators cannot know whether they
      are observing natural history or impacting it in such a trial. Nevertheless the major impact
      obtained by maintenance hormonal treatment after the first line chemotherapy might indicate
      that this strategy should be recommended in patients with an ER or PgR positive tumor. Based
      on the amplitude of the benefit observed, it may be ethically debatable to conduct a
      prospective randomized study. Moreover, randomized trials which assess the benefit of a new
      chemotherapy regimen should allow the possibility to give maintenance hormonal treatment.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
FulvestrantExperimentalIn Arm A maintenance Fulvestrant will be given until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity or refused of patient to the treatment.
  • Fulvestrant
No interventionNo InterventionPatients will be randomized to receive fulvestrant (experimental arm) or no treatment

    Eligibility Criteria

            Inclusion Criteria:
    
              1. Histologically or cytologically diagnosis of breast cancer;
    
              2. Presence of metastatic disease either measureable or non-measureable but evaluable
                 bone disease as defined by the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors;
    
              3. Diagnosis of hormone receptor positive (HR+), HER2 negative breast cancer. To fulfill
                 the requirement for HR+ disease, a breast cancer must express, by immunohistochemistry
                 (IHC), at least one of the hormone receptors (estrogen receptor [ER], progesterone
                 receptor [PR]). To fulfill the requirement for HER2 negative disease, a breast cancer
                 must not demonstrate over-expression of HER2 by either IHC or fluorescence in-situ
                 hybridization (FISH);
    
              4. Post-menopausal status at the time of randomization.
    
              5. Previous treatment with either an antiestrogen or an aromatase inhibitor for adjuvant
                 or metastatic disease is allowed;
    
              6. Age >18;
    
              7. One line chemotherapy for metastatic disease discontinued for 21-28 days. Patient has
                 to have response or stability from the first-line chemotherapy. The patient may have
                 received prior systemic chemotherapy in the neo-adjuvant or adjuvant setting;
    
              8. Patients with measurable or evaluable disease according to Response Evaluation
                 Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria;
    
              9. Performance Status (ECOG) <2;
    
             10. No brain metastases;
    
             11. No clinically serious concurrent illnesses;
    
             12. Adequate organ function
    
             13. Use of bisphosphonates are allowed;
    
             14. Use of antiangiogenetic drugs (bevacizumab associated to paclitaxel) is allowed, but
                 discontinued 21-28 days before start study;
    
             15. Life expectancy > 12 weeks;
    
             16. Are willing to participate for the duration of the study and to follow study
                 procedures;
    
             17. Written informed consent prior to any study-specific procedures Written informed
                 consent;
    
            Exclusion Criteria:
    
              1. Treatment with a drug that has not received regulatory approval for any indication
                 within 21-28 days from the randomization;
    
              2. Drug (chemotherapy or biological drug) after the end of first-line chemotherapy for
                 maintenance phase;
    
              3. Significant known cardiovascular impairment (NYHA CHF > grade 2, unstable angina,
                 myocardial infarction within the previous 6 months prior to randomization, or existing
                 serious cardiac arrhythmia). VECF (Ventricular Ejection Cardiac Fraction) ≤ 50%;
    
              4. Prior malignancy (other than breast cancer) except for non-melanoma skin cancer and
                 carcinoma in situ (of the cervix or bladder), unless diagnosed and definitively
                 treated more than 5 years prior to randomization;
    
              5. Severe/uncontrolled intercurrent illness within the previous 28 days prior to
                 randomization.
    
              6. Any other significant co-morbid conditions that in the opinion of the Investigator
                 would impair study participation or cooperation;
    
              7. Patients with psychiatric illness, social situation or geographical situation that
                 would preclude informed consent or limit compliance with study requirements, as
                 determined by the Investigator;
          
    Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
    Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
    Eligible Gender:Female
    Healthy Volunteers:No

    Primary Outcome Measures

    Measure:Maintenance-progression-free survival (mPFS)
    Time Frame:36 months
    Safety Issue:
    Description:Time between the date of randomization and the date of progression or death, whichever occurs first

    Details

    Phase:Phase 3
    Primary Purpose:Interventional
    Overall Status:Recruiting
    Lead Sponsor:Consorzio Oncotech

    Trial Keywords

    • Breast cancer
    • Metastatic
    • HER2 negative
    • postmenopausal
    • maintenance therapy
    • fulvestrant

    Last Updated

    June 14, 2016