Clinical Trials /

Bortezomib and Vorinostat in Younger Patients With Refractory or Relapsed MLL Rearranged Hematologic Malignancies

NCT02419755

Description:

This study will test the safety and effectiveness of adding bortezomib and vorinostat to other chemotherapy drugs commonly used to treat relapsed or refractory leukemia. Both drugs have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat other cancers in adults, but they have not yet been approved tor treatment younger patients with leukemia. PRIMARY OBJECTIVE - To estimate the overall response rate of patients with MLL rearranged (MLLr) hematologic malignancies receiving bortezomib and vorinostat in combination with a chemotherapy backbone. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES - Estimate event-free and overall-survival. - Describe toxicities experienced by participants during treatment. OTHER PRESPECIFIED OBJECTIVES - To identify all genomic lesions by comprehensive whole genome, exome and transcriptome sequencing on all patients. - To compare minimal residual disease (MRD) results by three modalities: flow cytometry, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and deep sequencing.

Related Conditions:
  • Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Recruiting Status:

Terminated

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Bortezomib and Vorinostat in Younger Patients With Refractory or Relapsed MLL Rearranged Hematologic Malignancies
  • Official Title: A Phase II Study of Bortezomib and Vorinostat in Patients With Refractory or Relapsed MLL Rearranged Hematologic Malignancies

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: RELMLL
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2015-00602
  • NCT ID: NCT02419755

Conditions

  • Mixed Lineage Acute Leukemia
  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • Acute Lymphoid Leukemia

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
BortezomibVelcade, PS-341, MLN341, LDP-341Stratum 1: Myeloid Malignancies
VorinostatZolinza, Suberoylanilide Hydroxamic Acid, SAHAStratum 1: Myeloid Malignancies
MitoxantroneNovantroneStratum 1: Myeloid Malignancies
CytarabineAra-C, CytosarStratum 1: Myeloid Malignancies
MethotrexateITMHA, Intrathecal TriplesStratum 1: Myeloid Malignancies
HydrocortisoneITMHA, Intrathecal TriplesStratum 1: Myeloid Malignancies
Peg-L-AsparaginasePegaspargase, OncasparStratum 2: ALL and MLM
Erwinia L-AsparaginaseErwinaseStratum 2: ALL and MLM
DexamethasoneDecadronStratum 2: ALL and MLM
Mercaptopurine6-MP, PurinetholStratum 2: ALL and MLM
DoxorubicinAdriamycin®Stratum 2: ALL and MLM

Purpose

This study will test the safety and effectiveness of adding bortezomib and vorinostat to other chemotherapy drugs commonly used to treat relapsed or refractory leukemia. Both drugs have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat other cancers in adults, but they have not yet been approved tor treatment younger patients with leukemia. PRIMARY OBJECTIVE - To estimate the overall response rate of patients with MLL rearranged (MLLr) hematologic malignancies receiving bortezomib and vorinostat in combination with a chemotherapy backbone. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES - Estimate event-free and overall-survival. - Describe toxicities experienced by participants during treatment. OTHER PRESPECIFIED OBJECTIVES - To identify all genomic lesions by comprehensive whole genome, exome and transcriptome sequencing on all patients. - To compare minimal residual disease (MRD) results by three modalities: flow cytometry, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and deep sequencing.

Detailed Description

      All participants will undergo diagnostic lumbar puncture and intrathecal (IT) chemotherapy
      [Cytarabine, methotrexate, hydrocortisone (ITMHA)] prior to cycle 1. Throughout all phases of
      therapy, dexrazoxane will be given as supportive care for all participants prior to receiving
      mitoxantrone or doxorubicin.

      STRATUM 1: MYELOID MALIGNANCIES:

      Induction:

        -  Cytarabine, Days 1-5

        -  Bortezomib, Days 1, 4, 8, 11, 15, 18

        -  Vorinostat, Days 1-4, 8-11, 15-18

        -  ITMHA.for those with CNS1, Day 1

        -  ITMHA for those with CNS 2/3, Days 1, 4, 8, 11*, 15*, 18* and 22* (* Twice weekly until
           two negative CSF; CNS3 patients must receive at least 6 doses)

        -  Participants with cumulative anthracycline <460 mg/m2 also receive Mitoxantrone on Day 1

        -  Responders may receive up to 6 courses. ITMHA will be limited to day 1 for subsequent
           courses

      Maintenance (bridge) therapy (1 cycle before stem cell transplant if needed)::

        -  Bortezomib, Days 1, 4, 8, 11, 15, 18

        -  Vorinostat, Days 1-4, 8-11, 15-18

        -  ITMHA, Day 1

      STRATUM 2: Acute Lymphoid Leukemia (ALL) and Mixed Lineage Malignancies (MLL):

      Induction:

        -  Mitoxantrone, Day 1

        -  PEG-L-Asparaginase (or Erwinia L-asparaginase), Day 3

        -  Dexamethasone, Days 1-4, 8-11, 15-18

        -  Bortezomib, Days 1, 4, 8, 11, 15, 18

        -  Vorinostat, Days 1-4, 8-11, 15-18

        -  ITMHA for those with CNS1, Days 1, 8, 15, and 22

        -  ITMHA for those with CNS2/3, Days 1, 4, 8, 11, 15, and 22

        -  Participants with >460 mg/m2 cumulative anthracyclines will not receive mitoxantrone

      Consolidation:

        -  Methotrexate, Days 1 and 15

        -  Bortezomib, Days 8, 11, 22, 25

        -  Vorinostat, Days 8-11, and 22-25

        -  ITMHA, Days 1 and 15

      Interim Maintenance:

        -  Mercaptopurine, Days 1-42

        -  Doxorubicin, Days 1 and 29

        -  PEG-L-asparaginase (or Erwinia L-asparaginase), Days 1, 15, and 29

        -  Dexamethasone, Days 8-11, 22-25, and 36-39

        -  Bortezomib Days 8,11,22,25,36,39

        -  Vorinostat, Days 8-11, 22-25, and 36-39

        -  ITMHA, Day 1

      Reinduction:

        -  Mitoxantrone, Day 1

        -  PEG-L-asparaginase (or Erwinia L-asparaginase), Day 3

        -  Dexamethasone, Days 1-4, 8-11, 15-18

        -  Bortezomib Days 1, 4, 8, 11, 15, 18

        -  Vorinostat Days 1-4, 8-11, 15-18

        -  IT MHA Day 1

      Maintenance (12 cycles):

        -  Mercaptopurine, Days 1-28

        -  Methotrexate, Days 8, 15, and 22

        -  Dexamethasone, Days 1-4

        -  Bortezomib, Days 1 and 4

        -  Vorinostat, Days 1-4

        -  ITMHA, Day 1

      Bridge Therapy (1 cycle before stem cell transplant if needed):

        -  Bortezomib, Days 1, 4, 8, 11, 15, 18

        -  Vorinostat, Days 1-4, 8-11, 15-18

        -  Dexamethasone, Days 1-4, 8-11, 15-18

        -  ITMHA, Day 1
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Stratum 1: Myeloid MalignanciesExperimentalParticipants receive cytarabine, bortezomib, vorinostat, methotrexate, hydrocortisone, mitoxantrone as described in the Detailed Study Description.
  • Bortezomib
  • Vorinostat
  • Mitoxantrone
  • Cytarabine
  • Methotrexate
  • Hydrocortisone
Stratum 2: ALL and MLMExperimentalParticipants in Stratum 2 [Acute Lymphoid Leukemia (ALL) and Mixed Lineage Malignancies (MLM)] receive mitoxantrone, PEG-L-Asparaginase (or Erwinia L-asparaginase), dexamethasone, bortezomib, vorinostat, cytarabine, methotrexate, hydrocortisone, mercaptopurine, and doxorubicin as described in the Detailed Study Description.
  • Bortezomib
  • Vorinostat
  • Mitoxantrone
  • Cytarabine
  • Methotrexate
  • Hydrocortisone
  • Peg-L-Asparaginase
  • Erwinia L-Asparaginase
  • Dexamethasone
  • Mercaptopurine
  • Doxorubicin

Eligibility Criteria

        INCLUSION CRITERIA:

          -  Age: Patient is ≤ 21 years of age (i.e., eligible until 22nd birthday).

          -  Diagnosis: Participant has a hematologic malignancy that is positive for MLLr as
             determined by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) or RT-PCR, and disease meets at
             least one of the following criteria:

               -  Relapsed after or is refractory to chemotherapy

               -  Relapsed after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT)

               -  Relapsed or refractory secondary leukemia (Relapse is defined as reappearance of
                  leukemia cells after the attainment of complete remission and refractory is
                  defined as ≥5% blasts at the end of induction. Patients that achieved MRD
                  negative status followed by reappearance of blasts at less than 5% are eligible.)

          -  Patients must have had verification of the malignancy at relapse, including
             immunophenotyping, to confirm diagnosis.

          -  Performance Level: Karnofsky ≥50% for patients >16 years of age and Lansky ≥50 for
             patients ≤16 years of age (See Appendix III). Patients who are unable to walk because
             of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the
             purpose of assessing the performance score.

          -  Prior therapy:

               -  Patients who relapse while receiving standard ALL maintenance chemotherapy
                  consisting of daily 6MP, weekly methotrexate, monthly vincristine, and monthly
                  steroid pulse will not be required to have a waiting period before entry onto
                  this study.

               -  Patients who relapse on therapy other than standard ALL maintenance therapy must
                  have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior chemotherapy,
                  immunotherapy, or radiotherapy prior to entering this study.

               -  Cytotoxic therapy: At least 14 days since the completion of cytotoxic therapy
                  with the exception of hydroxyurea, low dose cytarabine, and intrathecal
                  chemotherapy which is permitted up to 24 hours prior to the start of protocol
                  therapy. For patients with aggressive disease that is in the peripheral blood and
                  rising, this 14 day washout period may be omitted.

               -  Biologic (anti-neoplastic) agent: At least 7 days since the completion of therapy
                  with a biologic agent or donor lymphocyte infusions (DLI). For agents that have
                  known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period
                  must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur.

               -  Stem cell transplant or rescue: ≥2 months must have elapsed since the time of
                  transplant. Patients with active graft-vs-host disease (GVHD) are not eligible.

          -  Organ function requirements: All patients must have:

               -  Adequate renal function defined as: Creatinine clearance or radioisotope GFR ≥70
                  mL/min/1.73 m^2, OR adequate serum creatinine based on age/gender.

               -  Adequate liver function defined as: Total bilirubin ≤ ULN for age, or if total
                  bilirubin is > ULN, direct bilirubin is ≤ 1.4 mg/dL, AND SGPT (ALT) ≤4 x ULN for
                  age, unless elevation due to leukemic infiltration

               -  Adequate cardiac function defined as: Shortening fraction of ≥27% by
                  echocardiogram OR Ejection fraction of ≥50% by gated radionuclide study

               -  Central nervous system (CNS) function defined as: Patients with seizure disorder
                  may be enrolled if on allowed anti-convulsants and well controlled.
                  Benzodiazepines and gabapentin are acceptable. CNS toxicity ≤ Grade 2.

               -  Adequate pulmonary function defined as FVC>50% predicted OR, if unable to perform
                  pulmonary function testing, must maintain pulse oximetry oxygen saturation >92%
                  on room air.

        EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

          -  Patients requiring anticonvulsants known to activate the cytochrome p450 system, in
             particular anticonvulsants such as phenytoin, carbamazepine, and phenobarbital, are
             not eligible. Benzodiazepines and gabapentin are acceptable. Please see Appendix I for
             a list of drugs known to be potent inducers/inhibitors of the cytochrome p450 system
             and Appendix II for a list of anticonvulsants based on CYP3A4/5 enzyme induction.

          -  ALL patients who cannot receive any asparaginase products (E. Coli, PEG-asparaginase,
             or Erwinia asparaginase) on this study (eg, due to prior severe pancreatitis, stroke
             or other toxicity) are not eligible. Patients with clinically significant prior
             allergies to PEG-asparaginase are eligible if Erwinia L-asparaginase can be
             substituted.

          -  Pregnancy and breast feeding: patients who are pregnant or breast-feeding are not
             eligible for this study as there is as yet no available information regarding human
             fetal or teratogenic toxicities. Negative pregnancy tests must be obtained in girls
             who are post-menarchal. Males or females of reproductive potential may not participate
             unless they have agreed to use an effective birth control method.

          -  Investigational drugs: Patients who are currently receiving another investigational
             drug are not eligible.

          -  Anti-cancer agents: Patients who are currently receiving other anti-cancer agents with
             the exception of those delineated in the eligibility criteria.

          -  Infection: Patients who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible. Infections
             controlled on concurrent anti-microbial agents are acceptable, and anti-microbial
             prophylaxis per institutional guidelines are acceptable.

          -  Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (pre-study testing not required).

          -  Any significant concurrent disease, illness, or psychiatric disorder that would
             compromise patient safety or compliance, study participation, follow up, or
             interpretation of study research.

          -  Patients with Fanconi anemia, Kostmann syndrome, Shwachman syndrome, or other
             inherited bone marrow failure syndromes are not eligible.

          -  Patients who in the opinion of the investigator may not be able to comply with the
             safety monitoring requirements of the study are not eligible.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:21 Years
Minimum Eligible Age:N/A
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Overall Response Rate in All Participants
Time Frame:End of first treatment block (up to 2 months)
Safety Issue:
Description:For the purpose of the statistical analysis of the primary objective, response is assessed at the end of first treatment block at maximum tolerated dose of vorinostat (i.e., Induction Ia or Ib for myeloid and Induction for lymphoid and mixed lineage). Any eligible patient who starts first treatment block is considered evaluable. Response of CR, CRi, PR, or PRi is considered a success; otherwise a failure, which will include the cases of No-response, as well as off- treatment or off-study before response can be assessed, except cases found ineligible after enrollment. A patient found ineligible after enrollment will be taken off study and replaced by enrolling an additional MLLr patient. The rate (probability) of response will be estimated by the sample proportion of patients who responded (CR, CRi, PR, PRi) to Induction, along with the 99% confidence interval and lower confidence bound. Three interim analyses will be performed to monitor the possible lack of efficacy.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Number of Participants With 3 Year Event Free Survival (EFS)
Time Frame:Three years after the last enrollment
Safety Issue:
Description:All eligible patients who started the treatment will be included in this analysis. Patients later found ineligible will be replaced and excluded from the estimation. In addition to death for any reason, no-response (i.e., other than CR, CRi, PR or PRi), off-treatment or off-study (except for the reason of being found ineligible), disease progression, relapse, and second malignancies will be considered as failures. The time to EFS will be set to 0 for patients who fail to respond. Kaplan-Meier estimates of the OS and EFS functions will be computed, along with estimates of standard errors by the method of Peto. Three-year OS and EFS rates, as well as longer term survival rates (5 year and 10 year) will be estimated with 95% confidence intervals.
Measure:Number of Participants With 5- Year Event Free Survival
Time Frame:Five years after the last enrollment
Safety Issue:
Description:All eligible patients who started the treatment will be included in this analysis. Patients later found ineligible will be replaced and excluded from the estimation. In addition to death for any reason, no-response (i.e., other than CR, CRi, PR or PRi), off-treatment or off-study (except for the reason of being found ineligible), disease progression, relapse, and second malignancies will be considered as failures. The time to EFS will be set to 0 for patients who fail to respond. Kaplan-Meier estimates of the OS and EFS functions will be computed, along with estimates of standard errors by the method of Peto. Three-year OS and EFS rates, as well as longer term survival rates (5 year and 10 year) will be estimated with 95% confidence intervals.
Measure:Number of Participant With 10-year Event Free Survival
Time Frame:Ten years after the last enrollment
Safety Issue:
Description:All eligible patients who started the treatment will be included in this analysis. Patients later found ineligible will be replaced and excluded from the estimation. In addition to death for any reason, no-response (i.e., other than CR, CRi, PR or PRi), off-treatment or off-study (except for the reason of being found ineligible), disease progression, relapse, and second malignancies will be considered as failures. The time to EFS will be set to 0 for patients who fail to respond. Kaplan-Meier estimates of the OS and EFS functions will be computed, along with estimates of standard errors by the method of Peto. Three-year OS and EFS rates, as well as longer term survival rates (5 year and 10 year) will be estimated with 95% confidence intervals.
Measure:Number of Participants With 3-year Overall Survival (OS)
Time Frame:Three years after the last enrollment
Safety Issue:
Description:All eligible patients who started the treatment will be included in this analysis. Patients later found ineligible will be replaced and excluded from the estimation. Death for any reason is considered as a failure. Kaplan-Meier estimates of the OS and EFS functions will be computed, along with estimates of standard errors by the method of Peto. Three-year OS and EFS rates, as well as longer term survival rates (5 year and 10 year) will be estimated with 95% confidence intervals.
Measure:Number of Participants With 5-year Overall Survival
Time Frame:Five years after the last enrollment
Safety Issue:
Description:All eligible patients who started the treatment will be included in this analysis. Patients later found ineligible will be replaced and excluded from the estimation. Death for any reason is considered as a failure. Kaplan-Meier estimates of the OS and EFS functions will be computed, along with estimates of standard errors by the method of Peto. Three-year OS and EFS rates, as well as longer term survival rates (5 year and 10 year) will be estimated with 95% confidence intervals.
Measure:Number of Participants With 10-year Overall Survival
Time Frame:Ten years after the last enrollment
Safety Issue:
Description:All eligible patients who started the treatment will be included in this analysis. Patients later found ineligible will be replaced and excluded from the estimation. Death for any reason is considered as a failure. Kaplan-Meier estimates of the OS and EFS functions will be computed, along with estimates of standard errors by the method of Peto. Three-year OS and EFS rates, as well as longer term survival rates (5 year and 10 year) will be estimated with 95% confidence intervals.
Measure:Number of Relevant Toxicities Related to Therapy
Time Frame:From on-therapy date up to 18 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Events were graded using CTCAE v. 4.0. All toxicities will be monitored until the completion of therapy (up to 500 days) for patients that do not go on to bone marrow transplant. If a patient goes on to receive a bone marrow transplant, at that point, they will no longer be monitored for toxicity, as any further toxicities may be secondary to the transplant and not the study regimen. This outcome reports those toxicities that are that were possibly, probably or definitely related to therapy. Participants were separately monitored for frequency of grade 5 events, grade 4 sepsis, grade 4 hemorrhage, and grade 4 hepatic toxicity across all patients in the stratum. Grade 4 and 5 events that are clearly and incontrovertibly due to extraneous causes or disease progression will be excluded. Higher grade events are considered more severe than lower grade.

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Terminated
Lead Sponsor:St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Trial Keywords

  • Infant leukemia
  • ALL
  • AML
  • Biphenotypic leukemia
  • Pediatric

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