Clinical Trials /

A Neoadjuvant Study of Abemaciclib (LY2835219) in Postmenopausal Women With Hormone Receptor Positive, HER2 Negative Breast Cancer

NCT02441946

Description:

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the biological effects of abemaciclib in combination with anastrozole and compare those to the effects of abemaciclib alone and anastrozole alone in the tumors of postmenopausal women with hormone receptor positive (HR+), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) negative breast cancer.

Related Conditions:
  • Breast Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Completed

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: A Neoadjuvant Study of Abemaciclib (LY2835219) in Postmenopausal Women With Hormone Receptor Positive, HER2 Negative Breast Cancer
  • Official Title: neoMONARCH: A Phase 2 Neoadjuvant Trial Comparing the Biological Effects of 2 Weeks of Abemaciclib (LY2835219) in Combination With Anastrozole to Those of Abemaciclib Monotherapy and Anastrozole Monotherapy and Evaluating the Clinical Activity and Safety of a Subsequent 14 Weeks of Therapy With Abemaciclib in Combination With Anastrozole in Postmenopausal Women With Hormone Receptor Positive, HER2 Negative Breast Cancer

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 15805
  • SECONDARY ID: I3Y-MC-JPBY
  • SECONDARY ID: 2014-005486-75
  • NCT ID: NCT02441946

Conditions

  • Breast Cancer
  • Hormone Receptor Positive Tumor
  • Early-Stage Breast Carcinoma

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
AbemaciclibLY2835219Abemaciclib + Anastrozole
LoperamideAbemaciclib + Anastrozole
AnastrozoleAbemaciclib + Anastrozole

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the biological effects of abemaciclib in combination with anastrozole and compare those to the effects of abemaciclib alone and anastrozole alone in the tumors of postmenopausal women with hormone receptor positive (HR+), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) negative breast cancer.

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Abemaciclib + AnastrozoleExperimentalAbemaciclib was given orally every 12 hours (Q12H) plus anastrozole orally once daily (QD) for 2 weeks. Loperamide was given as a prophylaxis for 4 weeks and then at physician discretion. All participants received abemaciclib orally Q12H plus anastrozole QD for an additional 14 weeks. Total treatment duration was 16 weeks.
  • Abemaciclib
  • Loperamide
  • Anastrozole
AbemaciclibExperimentalAbemaciclib was given orally Q12H for 2 weeks. Loperamide was given as a prophylaxis for 4 weeks and then at physician discretion. All participants received abemaciclib orally Q12H plus anastrozole QD for an additional 14 weeks. Total treatment duration was 16 weeks.
  • Abemaciclib
  • Loperamide
  • Anastrozole
AnastrozoleActive ComparatorAnastrozole is given orally QD for 2 weeks. All participants received abemaciclib orally Q12H plus anastrozole QD for an additional 14 weeks. Loperamide was given as a prophylaxis for the first 2 weeks of the combination treatment and then at physician discretion. Total treatment duration was 16 weeks.
  • Abemaciclib
  • Loperamide
  • Anastrozole

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Have postmenopausal status.

          -  Adenocarcinoma of the breast.

          -  Breast tumor ≥1 centimeter (cm) in diameter, HR+, HER2-.

          -  Neoadjuvant endocrine monotherapy is deemed to be a suitable therapy.

          -  Primary breast cancer that is suitable for baseline core biopsy.

          -  Have adequate organ function.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Bilateral invasive breast cancer.

          -  Metastatic breast cancer (local spread to axillary lymph nodes is permitted).

          -  Inflammatory breast cancer.

          -  Prior systemic therapy or radiotherapy for invasive or non-invasive breast cancer in
             the same breast as currently being treated.

          -  Prior radiotherapy to the ipsilateral chest wall for any malignancy.

          -  Prior anti-estrogen therapy.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:Female
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Percent Change From Baseline to 2 Weeks in Ki67 Expression
Time Frame:Baseline, 2 Weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:Tumor tissue collected through a core biopsy at baseline and at the end of cycle 1 was used to determine Ki67 expression. Ki67 expression is defined as the percent of cells staining positive by validated central assay.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Percentage of Participants With Pathologic Complete Response (pCR)
Time Frame:From Start of Treatment Up to 16 Weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:pCR is defined as absence of invasive cancer in the breast and sampled regional lymph nodes.
Measure:Percentage of Participants With Complete Response (CR) or Partial Response (PR): Clinical Objective Response
Time Frame:From Start of Treatment to Objective Progression or Start of New Anticancer Therapy (Up to 16 Weeks)
Safety Issue:
Description:Clinical objective response is defined as the percentage of participants with the best overall response rate (ORR) with a best OR of CR or PR, according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST) v1.1. ORR is recorded from the start of the study treatment until the earliest of objective progression or start of new anticancer therapy. A responder depends on target and non-target disease and the appearance of new lesions. CR is defined as the disappearance of all non-target lesions. PR is at least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameter of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters. All lymph nodes are non-pathological or normal in size (<10mm short axis). Progressive disease (PD) is a 20% increase in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study, a relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of 5 mm.
Measure:Percentage of Participants With Complete Radiologic Response or Partial Radiological Response: Radiological Response
Time Frame:From Start of Treatment to Objective Progression or Start of New Anticancer Therapy (Up to 16 Weeks)
Safety Issue:
Description:Radiological response is the percentage of participants with CR, PR and SD according to RECIST v.1.1. A responder is defined as any participant who exhibits a CR or PR. CR is the disappearance of all target lesions. PR is a 30% decrease in the sum of diameter of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters. PD is 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions taking as reference the smallest sum and the appearance of 1 or more new lesions.
Measure:Change From Baseline to Week 2 in Toxicity Burden on the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30)
Time Frame:Baseline, 2 Weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:Pharmacokinetics (PK): Clearance of Abemaciclib and Anastrozole
Time Frame:Post dose Cycle 1 Day 1 through Cycle 5 Day 28 (16 Weeks)
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:PK: Volume of Distribution of Abemaciclib and Anastrozole
Time Frame:Post dose Cycle 1 Day 1 through Cycle 5 Day 28 (16 Weeks)
Safety Issue:
Description:

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Active, not recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Eli Lilly and Company

Trial Keywords

  • cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitor
  • CDK 4 and 6 inhibitor

Last Updated

January 2, 2018