Clinical Trials /

Study of Regorafenib for Urothelial Cancer Following Chemotherapy (UAB 1477)



This study will test how well Regorafenib controls disease progression in urothelial cancer (cancer occurring in the urinary bladder, ureters, or renal pelvis) following previous therapy with chemotherapy.

Related Conditions:
  • Urothelial Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:



Phase 2

Trial Eligibility



  • Brief Title: Study of Regorafenib for Urothelial Cancer Following Chemotherapy (UAB 1477)
  • Official Title: A Multicenter, Non-Randomized, Phase II Study of Regorafenib for Advanced Urothelial Cancer Following Prior Chemotherapy

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: F150302002 (UAB 1477)
  • NCT ID: NCT02459119


  • Urothelial Cancer (Urinary Bladder, Ureters, or Renal Pelvis Cancer)




This study will test how well Regorafenib controls disease progression in urothelial cancer (cancer occurring in the urinary bladder, ureters, or renal pelvis) following previous therapy with chemotherapy.

Detailed Description

      Advanced urothelial carcinoma (UC) has a poor long-term prognosis. The disease has not seen
      improved outcomes despite research efforts in over two decades. Novel therapeutic options are
      needed. Regorafenib is a novel oral multikinase inhibitor but is more potent than a similar
      multikinase inhibitor drug that treats advanced renal cell carcinoma and hepatocellular
      carcinoma. Regorafenib has been shown to have a broader capacity to inhibit blood supply to
      tumor sources.

      This trial evaluates a proof-of-concept using Regorafenib in patients with metastatic
      progressive urothelial carcinoma following chemotherapy but still have a high level of
      activity performance in their daily living. The initial dose of Regorafenib will be 120 mg
      daily and then be escalated to 160 mg daily before gradually tapering.

Trial Arms

RegorafenibExperimentalRegorafenib will be administered orally to all patients on study. The drug will be taken once a day for 3 of every 4 week cycle (3 weeks on/1 week off). The dose is 120 mg once daily for the first cycle, then 160 mg once daily from the second cycle if no significant Regorafenib-associated toxicities occur during the first cycle. Drug dosage may be modified if toxicities occur. Patients will undergo up to 4 cycles of treatment and may continue on additional at the discretion of the investigator.
  • Regorafenib

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Patients must have pathologically or cytologically proven transitional cell carcinoma
             of the urothelium.

          -  Progressive disease after 1-3 prior chemotherapy regimens (perioperative chemotherapy
             within 12 months will be considered one regimen).

          -  Prior regimen must be within 6 months of registration

          -  Measurable disease by RECIST 1.1

          -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance status 0-1

          -  Patients with metastatic (lymph node or distant metastasis, i.e. N+ or M1) or locally
             advanced unresectable (T4b) transitional cell carcinoma.

          -  Age ≥19 years

          -  Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks (3 months)

          -  Subjects must be able to understand and be willing to sign the written informed
             consent form.

          -  Adequate bone marrow, liver and renal function as assessed by the following laboratory

               -  Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x the upper limits of normal (ULN)

               -  Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) less than or
                  equal to 2.5 x ULN (≤ 5 x ULN for subjects with liver involvement of their

               -  Alkaline phosphatase limit ≤ 2.5 x ULN (≤ 5 x ULN for subjects with liver
                  involvement of their cancer)

               -  Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x the ULN

               -  International normalized ratio (INR) less than or equal to 1.5 x ULN. (Subjects
                  who are prophylactically treated with an agent such as warfarin or heparin will
                  be allowed to participate provided that no prior evidence of underlying
                  abnormality in coagulation parameters exists.Close monitoring of at least weekly
                  evaluations will be performed until INR/PTT is stable based on a measurement that
                  is pre-dose as defined by the local standard of care.

               -  Platelet count >100,000/mm3, hemoglobin (Hb) >8 g/dL, absolute neutrophil count
                  (ANC) 1500/mm3. The patient cannot be transfused in order to meet study entry

          -  Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test performed
             within 7 days prior to the start of study drug. Post- menopausal women (defined as no
             menses for at least 1 year) and surgically sterilized women are not required to
             undergo a pregnancy test. The definition of adequate contraception will be based on
             the judgment of the investigator.

          -  Subjects (men and women) of childbearing potential must agree to use adequate
             contraception beginning at the signing of the informed consent form until at least 3
             months after the last dose of study drug. The definition of adequate contraception
             will be based on the judgment of the principal investigator or a designated associate.

          -  Subject must be able to swallow and retain oral medication.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Component of small-cell cancer or sarcomatoid cancer

          -  Prior therapy with any systemic therapy (chemotherapy or biologic therapy) within
             twenty-eight days prior to study entry

          -  Patients must have recovered from toxicities from prior systemic anticancer treatment
             or local therapies.

          -  Patients who have undergone major surgery <4 weeks or minor surgery <2 weeks prior to
             registration. Wounds must be completely healed prior to study entry and patients
             recovered from all toxicities from surgery. Placement of a vascular access device is
             not considered major or minor surgery in this regard.

          -  Prior radiation therapy is allowed as long as the irradiated area was not the sole
             source of measurable disease and radiotherapy was completed with recovery from
             toxicity, at least three weeks prior to enrollment. If the irradiated area is the only
             site of disease, there must be evidence of progressive disease.

          -  Uncontrolled central nervous system (CNS) metastases (previously treated with
             radiation and off steroids is acceptable).

          -  Patient with active or uncontrolled infection.

          -  Recent or active bleeding diathesis or arterial vascular event within 4 weeks.

          -  Pregnant or nursing (Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for
             up to 3 months after completion of study treatment.)

          -  Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents.

          -  Previous assignment to treatment during this study. Subjects permanently withdrawn
             from study participation will not be allowed to re-enter study.

          -  Uncontrolled hypertension (systolic pressure >140 mm Hg or diastolic pressure >90 mm
             Hg on repeated measurement) despite optimal medical management.

          -  Active or clinically significant cardiac disease including:

               -  Congestive heart failure - New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class II.

               -  Active coronary artery disease.

               -  Cardiac arrhythmias requiring anti-arrhythmic therapy other than beta blockers or

               -  Unstable angina (angina symptoms at rest), new-onset angina within 3 months
                  before randomization, or myocardial infarction within 6 months before

          -  Evidence or history of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy.

          -  Any hemorrhage or bleeding event ≥ NCI CTCAE Grade 3 within 4 weeks prior to start of
             study medication.

          -  Subjects with thrombotic, embolic, venous, or arterial events, such as cerebrovascular
             accident (including transient ischemic attacks) deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary
             embolism within 6 months of start of study treatment within 6 months of informed

          -  Subjects with any previously untreated or concurrent cancer that is distinct in
             primary site or histology from breast cancer except cervical cancer in-situ, treated
             localized basal cell carcinoma, Gleason score 6 prostate cancer or superficial bladder
             tumor. Subjects surviving a cancer that was curatively treated and without evidence of
             disease for more than 3 years before randomization are allowed. All cancer treatments
             for another malignancy must be completed at least 3 years prior to study entry (i.e.,
             signature date of the informed consent form).

          -  Patients with pheochromocytoma.

          -  Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or current chronic or
             active hepatitis B or C infection requiring treatment with antiviral therapy.

          -  Ongoing infection >Grade 2 NCI-CTCAE v4.0.

          -  Symptomatic metastatic brain or meningeal tumors.

          -  Presence of a non-healing wound, non-healing ulcer, or bone fracture.

          -  Renal failure requiring hemo-or peritoneal dialysis.

          -  Dehydration Grade >1 NCI-CTCAE v4.0.

          -  Patients with seizure disorder requiring medication.

          -  Persistent proteinuria greater than or equal to Grade 3 NCI-CTCAE v4.0 (> 3.5 g/24
             hrs, measured by urine protein:creatinine ratio on a random urine sample).

          -  Interstitial lung disease with ongoing signs and symptoms at the time of informed

          -  Pleural effusion or ascites that causes respiratory compromise (≥ NCI- CTCAE version
             4.0 Grade 2 dyspnea).

          -  History of organ allograft (including corneal transplant).

          -  Known or suspected allergy or hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs, study drug
             classes, or excipients of the formulations given during the course of this trial.

          -  Any malabsorption condition.

          -  Women who are pregnant or breast-feeding.

          -  Any condition which, in the investigator's opinion, makes the subject unsuitable for
             trial participation.

          -  Substance abuse, medical, psychological or social conditions that may interfere with
             the subject's participation in the study or evaluation of the study results.
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:19 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Progression-free survival
Time Frame:Baseline to 6 months following end of study
Safety Issue:
Description:Progression-free survival is defined as the duration of time from start of treatment to time of progression or death, whichever comes first.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Disease response rate
Time Frame:Every 8 weeks until the time of disease progression
Safety Issue:
Description:Tumor measurements will be documented through CT scans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and x-rays using the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST).
Measure:Overall survival
Time Frame:Baseline to 3 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Length of subject survival after starting study treatment
Measure:Rate of progression-free survival at 6 months (PFS6)
Time Frame:6 months following the last cycle of treatment
Safety Issue:
Measure:Number of Participants with Adverse Events
Time Frame:At the end of first treatment until 6 months following last treatment, an expected average of 10 months
Safety Issue:
Description:The Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE) version 4.0 will be used for assessment of toxicities.


Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:University of Alabama at Birmingham

Trial Keywords

  • urothelial cancer
  • Regorafenib

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