- Signed Informed Consent Form (ICF)
- Ability and willingness to comply with the requirements of the study protocol
- Age ≥18 years old
- ECOG (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group) performance status (PS) of 0 or 1 (scores
run from 0 to 5 where 0 denotes perfect health and 5 death).
- Patients with ECOG PS of 2, secondary to the underlying disease, may be enrolled.
- Patients with Stage IIIB (not eligible for definitive chemo-radiotherapy), Stage IV,
or recurrent non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); patients with Stage IV NSCLC should
have previously received platinum based doublet chemotherapy. Patients with a new
diagnosis of Stage IV NSCLC are eligible if they have an initial requirement for
palliative XRT for symptomatic lesion (example: painful bone lesion or obstructive
- Patients must be candidates for palliative radiation.
- Measurable disease per mRECIST v1.1 Patients must have at least 1 distinct site of
measurable disease, ≥ 1 cm in its largest diameter, in addition to the site that is
- Patients may have additional measurable and/or non-measurable but radiographically
visible metastatic lesions (e.g. bone metastases).
- Patients with treated brain metastasis as long as neurologically stable and not on
steroids for at least 12 weeks (see Exclusion criteria below for details).
- Patients must be candidates for PD-L1 Ab as determined by the treating physician
- At least 3 weeks must have elapsed from any prior chemotherapy, and the patient must
have recovered from side effects to ≤ grade 1 toxicities.
- Adequate hematologic and end organ function, defined by the following laboratory
results obtained within 14 days prior to the first study treatment (Cycle 1, Day 1):
- ANC (Absolute Neutrophil Count) ≥ 1500 cells/µL
- WBC (White Blood Cell) counts > 2500/µL
- Lymphocyte count ≥ 500/µL
- Platelet count ≥ 100,000/µL; for patients with hematologic malignancies, platelet
count ≥ 75,000/µL
- Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL
- Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN with the following exception:
- Patients with known Gilbert disease who have serum bilirubin level ≤ 3 x ULN may
- AST (Aspartate Aminotransferase) and ALT (Alanine Aminotransferase) ≤ 3.0 x ULN
with the following exception: Patients with liver involvement: AST and/or ALT ≤ 5
- Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 x ULN with the following exception: Patients with
documented liver involvement or bone metastases: alkaline phosphatase ≤ 5 x ULN
- Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN or creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min on the basis of
the Cockcroft-Gault glomerular filtration rate estimation: (140 - age) x (weight
in kg) x (0.85 if female) 72 x (serum creatinine in mg/dL)
- INR (International Normalized Ratio) and aPTT ≤1.5 x ULN
- This applies only to patients who do not receive therapeutic anticoagulation;
patients receiving therapeutic anticoagulation (such as low molecular weight
heparin or warfarin) should be on a stable dose.
- For female patients of childbearing potential and male patients with partners of
childbearing potential, agreement (by patient and/or partner) to use highly effective
form(s) of contraception (i.e., one that results in a low failure rate [<1% per year]
when used consistently and correctly) and to continue its use for 6 months after the
last dose of MPDL3280A
- Representative tumor specimens in paraffin blocks (preferred) or at least 15 unstained
slides, with an associated pathology report, requested at any time prior to study
entry. Only tissue from core needle, punch, or excisional biopsy sample collection
will be accepted. Fine-needle aspiration, brushing, and lavage samples are not
acceptable. For all biopsy types, submitted blocks should have sufficient tissue to
generate at least 15 sections, and tissue for which the pathology report specifies
that the overall tumor content is low (e.g., "sparse" or "scant") is not acceptable.
Tissue from separate time points (such as time of initial diagnosis and time of
metastatic diagnosis) or from the multiple metastatic tumors may also be collected for
a given patient, on the basis of availability.
- If archival tissue is either insufficient or unavailable, the patient may still be
eligible if the patient can provide at least five unstained, serial slides or is
willing to consent to and undergo a pre-treatment core or excisional biopsy sample
collection of the tumor. Fine-needle aspiration, brushing, and lavage samples are not
- Any approved anticancer therapy, including chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, or
radiotherapy, within 3 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment; however, the
following are allowed:
- Hormone-replacement therapy or oral contraceptives.
- Herbal therapy > 1 week prior to Cycle 1, Day 1 (herbal therapy intended as anticancer
therapy must be discontinued at least 1 week prior to Cycle 1, Day 1).
- Palliative radiotherapy for bone metastases < 2 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1
- AEs from prior anticancer therapy that have not resolved to Grade ≤ 1 except for
- Bisphosphonate therapy for symptomatic hypercalcemia.
- Use of bisphosphonate therapy for other reasons (e.g., bone metastasis or
osteoporosis) is allowed.
- Known clinically significant liver disease, including active viral, alcoholic, or
other hepatitis, cirrhosis, fatty liver, and inherited liver disease.
- Patients with acute leukemias, accelerated/blast-phase chronic myelogenous leukemia,
chronic lymphocytic leukemia (except Rai-stage I), Burkitt lymphoma, plasma cell
leukemia, or non-secretory myeloma
- Known primary CNS (Central Nervous System) malignancy or symptomatic CNS metastases
- Patients with asymptomatic untreated CNS disease may be enrolled after consultation,
provided all of the following criteria are met:
- Evaluable or measurable disease outside the CNS
- No metastases to brain stem, midbrain, pons, medulla, cerebellum, or within 10 mm of
the optic apparatus (optic nerves and chiasm)
- No history of intracranial hemorrhage or spinal cord hemorrhage
- No ongoing requirement for dexamethasone for CNS disease; patients on a stable dose of
anticonvulsants are permitted
- No neurosurgical resection or brain biopsy within 28 days prior to Cycle 1, Day 1
- Patients with asymptomatic treated CNS metastases may be enrolled after consultation,
provided all the criteria listed above are met as well as the following:
- Radiographic demonstration of improvement upon the completion of CNS-directed therapy
and no evidence of interim progression between the completion of CNS-directed therapy
and the screening radiographic study
- No stereotactic radiation or whole-brain radiation within 28 days prior to Cycle 1,
- Screening CNS radiographic study ≥ 4 weeks from completion of radiotherapy and ≥ 2
weeks from discontinuation of corticosteroids
- Pregnancy, lactation, or breastfeeding
- Known hypersensitivity to Chinese hamster ovary cell products or other recombinant
- Inability to comply with study and follow-up procedures
- History or risk of autoimmune disease, including but not limited to systemic lupus
erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, vascular thrombosis
associated with antiphospholipid syndrome, Wegener's granulomatosis, Sjögren's
syndrome, Bell's palsy, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, autoimmune
thyroid disease, vasculitis, or glomerulonephritis
- Patients with a history of autoimmune hypothyroidism on a stable dose of thyroid
replacement hormone may be eligible.
- Patients with controlled Type 1 diabetes mellitus on a stable insulin regimen may be
- Patients with eczema, psoriasis, lichen simplex chronicus of vitiligo with
dermatologic manifestations only (e.g., patients with psoriatic arthritis would be
excluded) are permitted provided that they meet the following conditions:
- Patients with psoriasis must have a baseline ophthalmologic exam to rule out ocular
- Rash must cover less than 10% of body surface area (BSA)
- Disease is well controlled at baseline and only requiring low potency topical steroids
(e.g., hydrocortisone 2.5%, hydrocortisone butyrate 0.1%, fluocinolone 0.01%, desonide
0.05%, alclometasone dipropionate 0.05%)
- No acute exacerbations of underlying condition within the last 12 months (not
requiring PUVA [Psoralen Plus Ultraviolet A Radiation], methotrexate, retinoids,
biologic agents, oral calcineurin inhibitors, high potency or oral steroids)
- History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, pneumonitis (including drug induced),
organizing pneumonia (i.e., bronchiolitis obliterans, cryptogenic organizing
pneumonia, etc.), or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest CT scan
- History of radiation pneumonitis in the radiation field (fibrosis) is permitted.
- Any other diseases, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical
laboratory finding giving reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that
contraindicates the use of an investigational drug or that may affect the
interpretation of the results or render the patient at high risk from treatment
- History of HIV infection or active hepatitis B (chronic or acute) or hepatitis C
- Patients with past or resolved hepatitis B infection (defined as having a negative
hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] test and a positive anti-HBc [Antibody to
Hepatitis B Core Antigen] antibody test) are eligible.
- Patients positive for HCV antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction
(PCR) is negative for HCV RNA.
- Active tuberculosis
- Severe infections within 4 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1 including but not limited to
hospitalization for complications of infection, bacteremia, or severe pneumonia
- Signs or symptoms of infection within 2 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1
- Received oral or IV antibiotics within 2 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1
- Patients receiving prophylactic antibiotics (e.g., for prevention of a urinary tract
infection or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) are eligible.
- Major surgical procedure within 28 days prior to Cycle 1, Day 1 or anticipation of
need for a major surgical procedure during the course of the study
- Administration of a live, attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks before Cycle 1, Day 1 or
anticipation that such a live attenuated vaccine will be required during the study
- Influenza vaccination should be given during influenza season only (approximately
October to March). Patients must not receive live, attenuated influenza vaccine (e.g.,
FluMist) within 4 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1 or at any time during the study.
- Malignancies other than disease under study within 5 years prior to Cycle 1, Day 1,
with the exception of those with a negligible risk of metastasis or death and with
expected curative outcome (such as adequately treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix,
basal or squamous cell skin cancer, localized prostate cancer treated surgically with
curative intent, or ductal carcinoma in situ treated surgically with curative intent)
or undergoing active surveillance per standard-of-care management (e.g., CLL Rai Stage
0, prostate cancer with Gleason score ≤ 6, and PSA ≤10 mg/mL, etc.)
Medication-Related Exclusion Criteria:
- Prior treatment with anti-PD-1, or anti-PD-L1 therapeutic antibody or pathway
- Patients who have received prior treatment with anti-CTLA-4 may be enrolled, provided
the following requirements are met:
- Minimum of 12 weeks from the first dose of anti-CTLA-4 and > 6 weeks from the last
- No history of severe immune-related adverse effects from anti-CTLA-4 (CTCAE Grade 3
- Treatment with systemic immunostimulatory agents (including but not limited to IFN,
IL-2) within 6 weeks or five half-lives of the drug (whichever is shorter) prior to
Cycle 1, Day 1
- Treatment with investigational agent within 4 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1 (or within
five half-lives of the investigational product, whichever is longer)
- Treatment with systemic immunosuppressive medications (including but not limited to
prednisone, cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, methotrexate, thalidomide, and anti-tumor
necrosis factor [TNF] agents) within 2 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1
- Patients who have received acute, low-dose, systemic immunosuppressant medications
(e.g., a one-time dose of dexamethasone for nausea) may be enrolled.
- The use of inhaled corticosteroids and mineralocorticoids (e.g., fludrocortisone) for
patients with orthostatic hypotension or adrenocortical insufficiency is allowed.
- History of severe allergic, anaphylactic, or other hypersensitivity reactions to
chimeric or humanized antibodies or fusion proteins
- Patients with prior allogeneic bone marrow transplantation or prior solid organ
Specific Exclusion Criteria:
- Patients having no distinct measurable lesions outside of the field of radiation.
- Previous radiotherapy to the lesion(s) of interest.
- Concurrent treatment with any other anti-neoplastic drug or concurrent participation
in another therapeutic clinical trial
- Patients with EGFR/ALK/ROS-1+ lung adenocarcinoma.
- Uncontrolled tumor-related pain.
- Uncontrolled hypercalcemia