Encouraging clinical data emerging in the field of tumor immunotherapy have demonstrated that
therapies focused on enhancing T cell responses against cancer can result in a significant
survival benefit in patients with Stage IV cancer. PD-L1 is an extracellular protein that
downregulates immune responses primarily in peripheral tissues through binding to its two
receptors PD-1 and B7-1. Interruption of the PD L1/PD-1 pathway by the PD-L1 targeting
antibody MPDL3280A, represents an attractive strategy to reinvigorate tumor-specific T cell
immunity. For PD1/PD-L1 pathway inhibition PD-L1 tumor surface expression was proposed as a
potential biomarker. In early clinical trials, PD-L1 expression has been associated with
response to PD1/PD-L1 inhibition. However, other clinical trials reported response to
PD1/PD-L1 checkpoint inhibitors in a big patient groups who were PD-L1-negative assessed by a
single biopsy. Another obstacle to using PD-L1 expression as predictive biomarker might be
its potential heterogeneous expression and fast dynamics PD-L1 tumor expression and whole
body distribution, as well as baseline activation status of the immune system are being
assessed in three investigational imaging trials MPDL3280A-img-042015, 89Zr-CD8 imaging or
To be able to evaluate the investigational imaging - 89Zr-MPDL3280A-PET, 89Zr-CD8 imaging and
18F-FB-IL2-PET - as complementary tools for selection of patients to be treated with
MPDL3280A, within this treatment trial we will assess safety, tolerability and anti-tumor
activity of MPDL3280A in cancer patients, who have undergone investigational imaging.
Acquired data could lead to improved, more patient friendly, more easily accessible and
possibly less expensive procedures for patient selection. Subsequently, the efficacy of
(combinations of) checkpoint inhibition could also be improved, thus preventing unnecessary
toxicity and reducing health care costs.
1. Histologically or cytologically documented locally advanced or metastatic solid tumor,
whom in the opinion of the investigator, based on available clinical data, may benefit
from treatment with anti PD-L1 immunotherapy .
2. Participation within the 18F-IL2 imaging trial (IL2-img-UMCG-2015) or 89Zr-MPDL3280A
antibody imaging trial (MPDL3280A-img-042015) or CD8 imaging trial
(ZED88082-img-UMCG-2018) before participation in the MPDL3280A treatment trial.
3. Subject must have undergone a fresh tumor biopsy for PD-L1 assessment performed as
part of one of the investigational imaging trials.
4. Subjects are eligible if disease progression during or following first-line
chemotherapy or any subsequent treatment lines for locally advanced or metastatic
solid tumor whom, in the opinion of the investigator, based on available clinical
data, may benefit from treatment with anti PD-L1 immunotherapy .
● Additional criteria for cancer of the urinary tract:
- Subjects with disease progression during or following platinum-based
adjuvant/neoadjuvant chemotherapy are eligible if ≤ 12 months have elapsed
between the last treatment administration and the date of recurrence.
● Additional criteria for NSCLC:
- Subjects with disease progression during or following platinum-based
adjuvant/neoadjuvant chemotherapy or concurrent chemoradiation for NSCLC are
eligible if ≤ 6 months have elapsed between the last treatment administration and
the date of recurrence.
- Subjects with a known sensitizing mutation in the epidermal growth factor
receptor (EGFR) gene must also have experienced disease progression (during or
after treatment) or intolerance to treatment with erlotinib, gefitinib, or
another EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI).
- Subjects with a known Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase (ALK) fusion oncogene must also
have experienced disease progression (during or after treatment) or intolerance
to treatment with crizotinib or another ALK inhibitor.
5. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1.
6. Life expectancy ≥12 weeks.
7. Signed Informed Consent Form.
8. Ability to comply with protocol.
9. Age ≥18 years.
10. Measurable disease, as defined by standard RECIST v1.1. Previously irradiated lesions
should not be counted as target lesions.
11. Adequate hematologic and end organ function, defined by the following laboratory
results obtained within ≤28 days prior to the first full dose of MPDL3280A:
- ANC ≥1500 cells/μL (without granulocyte colony-stimulating factor support within
2 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1).
- WBC counts >2500/μL.
- Lymphocyte count ≥500/μL.
- Platelet count ≥100,000/μL (without transfusion within 2 weeks prior to Cycle 1,
- Hemoglobin ≥9.0 g/dL. Subjects may be transfused or receive erythropoietic
treatment to meet this criterion.
- AST, ALT, and alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5× the upper limit of normal (ULN), with
the following exceptions:
- Subjects with documented liver metastases: AST and/or ALT ≤ 5 × ULN.
- Subjects with documented liver or bone metastases: alkaline phosphatase ≤ 5
- Serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 × ULN. Subjects with known Gilbert disease who have serum
bilirubin level ≤ 3 × ULN may be enrolled.
- INR and aPTT ≤ 1.5 × ULN. This applies only to subjects who are not receiving
therapeutic anticoagulation; subjects receiving therapeutic anticoagulation
should be on a stable dose.
- Creatinine clearance ≥ 30 mL/min
12. For female subjects of childbearing potential and male subjects with partners of
childbearing potential, agreement (by subject and/or partner) to use a highly
effective form(s) of contraception (i.e., one that results in a low failure rate [< 1%
per year] when used consistently and correctly) and to continue its use for 6 months
after the last dose of MPDL3280A.
1. Any approved anti-cancer therapy, including chemotherapy or hormonal therapy within
≤21 days prior to the first full dose of MPDL3280A; the following exceptions are
- Hormone-replacement therapy or oral contraceptives.
- TKIs approved for treatment of NSCLC discontinued >7 days prior to the first full
dose of MPDL3280A. The baseline scan must be obtained after discontinuation of
2. Treatment with any other investigational agent, other than the investigational tracer
89Zr-MPDL3280A, 18F-FB-IL2 or 89Zr-CD8-imaging, or participation in another clinical
trial with therapeutic intent within 28 days prior to the first full dose of
3. Unstable brain metastases.
4. Unstable leptomeningeal disease.
5. Uncontrolled tumor-related pain.
- Subjects requiring pain medication must be on a stable regimen at study entry.
- Symptomatic lesions amenable to palliative radiotherapy (e.g., bone metastases or
metastases causing nerve impingement) should be treated prior to enrollment.
Subjects should be recovered from the effects of radiation. There is no required
minimum recovery period.
- Asymptomatic metastatic lesions whose further growth would likely cause
functional deficits or intractable pain (e.g., epidural metastasis that is not
currently associated with spinal cord compression) should be considered for
loco-regional therapy if appropriate prior to enrollment.
6. Uncontrolled pleural effusion, pericardial effusion, or ascites requiring recurrent
drainage procedures (once monthly or more frequently). Subjects with indwelling
catheters (e.g., PleurX) are allowed.
7. Uncontrolled hypercalcemia (> 1.5 mmol/L ionized calcium or calcium >12 mg/dL or
corrected serum calcium >ULN) or symptomatic hypercalcemia requiring continued use of
bisphosphonate therapy or denosumab.
8. Subjects, who are receiving bisphosphonate therapy or denosumab specifically to
prevent skeletal events and who do not have a history of clinically significant
hypercalcemia are eligible.A second malignancy within 5 years prior to Cycle 1 Day 1,
with the exception of those with a negligible risk of metastasis or death treated with
expected curative outcome (such as adequately treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix,
basal or squamous cell skin cancer, localized prostate cancer treated with curative
intent, ductal carcinoma in situ treated surgically with curative intent).
9. Pregnant and lactating women.
10. History of severe allergic, anaphylactic, or other hypersensitivity reactions to
chimeric or humanized antibodies or fusion proteins.
11. Known hypersensitivity or allergy to biopharmaceuticals produced in Chinese hamster
ovary cell products or any component of the MPDL3280A formulation.
12. History of autoimmune disease, including but not limited to myasthenia gravis,
myositis, autoimmune hepatitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis,
inflammatory bowel disease, vascular thrombosis associated with antiphospholipid
syndrome, Wegener's granulomatosis, Sjögren's syndrome, Guillain-Barré syndrome,
multiple sclerosis, vasculitis, or glomerulonephritis.
- Subjects with a history of autoimmune-related hypothyroidism on a stable dose of
thyroid replacement hormone may be eligible for this study.
- Subjects with controlled Type I diabetes mellitus on a stable dose of insulin
regimen may be eligible for this study.
- Patients with eczema, psoriasis, lichen simplex chronicus, or vitiligo with
dermatologic manifestations only (e.g., patients with psoriatic arthritis would
be excluded) are permitted provided that they meet the following conditions:
- Rash must cover less than 10% of body surface area (BSA).
- Disease is well controlled at baseline and only requiring low potency
- No acute exacerbation of underlying condition within the previous 12 months
(not requiring PUVA [psoralen plus ultraviolet A radiation], methotrexate,
retinoids, biologic agents, oral calcineurin inhibitors, high potency or
13. History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, organizing pneumonia (e.g., bronchiolitis
obliterans), drug-induced pneumonitis, idiopathic pneumonitis, or evidence of active
pneumonitis on screening chest CT scan.
- History of radiation pneumonitis in the radiation field (fibrosis) is permitted.
14. Serum albumin < 2.5 g/dL.
15. Positive test for HIV.
16. Subjects with active hepatitis B (chronic or acute; defined as having a positive
hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] test at screening) or hepatitis C.
- Subjects with past hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection or resolved HBV infection
(defined as the presence of hepatitis B core antibody [HBcAb] and absence of
HBsAg) are eligible. HBV DNA test must be performed in these subjects prior to
Cycle 1, Day 1.
- Subjects positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody are eligible only if
polymerase chain reaction is negative for HCV RNA.
17. Active tuberculosis.
18. Severe infections within 4 weeks prior to the first full dose of MPDL3280A, including
but not limited to hospitalization for complications of infection, bacteremia, or
19. Signs or symptoms of infection within 2 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1.
20. Received therapeutic oral or IV antibiotics within 2 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1.
● Subjects receiving prophylactic antibiotics (e.g., for prevention of a urinary tract
infection or to prevent chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation) are
21. Significant cardiovascular disease, such as New York Heart Association cardiac disease
(Class II or greater), myocardial infarction within the previous 3 months, unstable
arrhythmias, or unstable angina.
● Subjects with known coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure not meeting
the above criteria, or left ventricular ejection fraction <50% must be on a stable
medical regimen that is optimized in the opinion of the treating physician, in
consultation with a cardiologist if appropriate.
22. Major surgical procedure other than for diagnosis within 28 days prior to Cycle 1, Day
1 or anticipation of need for a major surgical procedure during the course of the
23. Prior allogeneic bone marrow transplantation or solid organ transplant.
24. Administration of a live, attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks before Cycle 1, Day 1 or
anticipation that such a live attenuated vaccine will be required during the study.
● Influenza vaccination should be given during influenza season only (example:
approximately October to March in the Northern Hemisphere). Subjects must not receive
live, attenuated influenza vaccine (e.g. FluMist®) within 4 weeks prior to Cycle 1,
Day 1 or at any time during the study treatment of within 5 months after the last dose
25. Any other diseases, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical
laboratory finding giving reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that
contraindicates the use of an investigational drug or that may affect the
interpretation of the results or render the subject at high risk from treatment
26. Prior treatment with CD137 agonists or immune checkpoint blockade therapies,
anti-PD-1, and anti-PD-L1 therapeutic antibodies.
● Subjects who have had prior anti-CTLA-4 treatment may be enrolled, provided the
following requirements are met:
- Minimum of 6 weeks from the last dose of anti-CTLA-4
- No history of severe immune related adverse effects from anti-CTLA-4 (CTCAE Grade
3 and 4)
27. Treatment with systemic immunostimulatory agents (including but not limited to IFNs,
IL-2) within 6 weeks or five half-lives of the drug, whichever is shorter, prior to
the first full dose of MPDL3280A.
28. Treatment with systemic immunosuppressive medications (including but not limited to
prednisone, cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, methotrexate, thalidomide, and anti-tumor
necrosis factor agents) within 2 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1.
- Subjects who have received acute, low-dose, systemic immunosuppressant
medications (e.g. a one-time dose of dexamethasone for nausea) may be enrolled in
the study after discussion with and approval by the sponsor.
- The use of inhaled corticosteroids for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,
mineralocorticoids (e.g. fludrocortisone) for subjects with orthostatic
hypotension, and low-dose supplemental corticosteroids for adrenocortical
insufficiency are allowed.