Clinical Trials /

Trial of Afatinib With Paclitaxel for Neoadjuvant Therapy of TNBC and Research of Biomarkers of Afatinib

NCT02511847

Description:

[Background]: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is defined by a lack of expression of both estrogen and progesterone receptor as well as human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2). TNBC is characterized by distinct molecular, histological and unfavorable clinical features despite the high rates of response to chemotherapy. Based on the above reasons, it is important to emergently develop novel therapies and/or treatment strategies to increase treatment efficacies and the survival rate of TNBC. [Rationale]: Overexpression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR/ErbB1) and EGFR mutation have been reported in TNBC and may therefore be a valid target for anti-tumor therapy in TNBC. Afatinib (BIBW 2992) is an ErbB-family blocker that irreversibly inhibits signaling from all relevant ErbB-family dimers. Afatinib has demonstrated preclinical activity in triple-negative breast cancer cell lines and xenograft models of breast cancer, and clinical activity in phase I studies. Based on the assumption that uncontrolled ErbB-signaling is directly related to an increased oncogenic potential in TNBC, the studying afatinib in the neoadjuvant treatment of TNBC patients is important and provides a novel therapy. [Aims] The primary endpoint is to evaluate the pathologic complete response of the combination of afatinib and weekly paclitaxel in TNBC patients receiving neoadjuvant treatment. The secondary endpoints are to evaluate the clinical response and safety of afatinib with and without paclitaxel, and to explore the different afatinib-affecting downstream molecular pathways as well as potential biomarkers predicting the response of afatinib with and without paclitaxel. [Patients and methods]: Patients with TNBC (clinical T2-T3, N0-N1, M0; clinical T1-3, N1-2, M0; or any T4a tumor) and received neoadjuvant treatment will included in this open, label, multi-center phase II study. Our schema is as follows: (1) Afatinib 40 mg per day for 14 days, then evaluation, every subject will go into the following phase no matter whether she had response or not (2) the following phase (the combination with afatinib and paclitaxel): Afatinib 40 mg per day, day 1 to day 21, in combination with paclitaxel 80 mg/m² on days 1, 8, 15 in a 3-weekly course. In addition to the clinical assessment, we will evaluate the potential predictive biological markers of activity of Afatinib with and without paclitaxel and dynamic changes of molecular makers ([serum and tissue samples: before treatment, 2 weeks after treatment, and operation timing]; potential molecules, such as EGFR, EGFR-signaling, FGFR, FGFR-signaling, ERK, p53, NF-κB, and etc. were evaluated through the immunohistochemical stains, mutation analysis, mRNA [RT-PCR], single nucleotide polymorphism analysis, and FISH analysis). In addition, the genetic expression profiles will be compared between afatinib-responsive and afatinib-unresponsive samples. [Expected Results]: The promising clinical activity, tolerable toxicity, and potential biomarkers of afatinib with and without paclitaxel in TNBC patients receiving neoadjuvant setting will be demonstrated. The results from this study can be used to conduct a larger trial that would allow us to confirm or validate the hypotheses generated.

Related Conditions:
  • Breast Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Unknown status

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Trial of Afatinib With Paclitaxel for Neoadjuvant Therapy of TNBC and Research of Biomarkers of Afatinib
  • Official Title: An Open Label, Phase II Trial of Afatinib With Paclitaxel for the Neoadjuvant Treatment of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer and Research of Biomarkers of Activity and Efficacy of Afatinib

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 201408024MIPC
  • NCT ID: NCT02511847

Conditions

  • Triple Negative Breast Cancer

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
Afatinibsingle-arm

Purpose

[Background]: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is defined by a lack of expression of both estrogen and progesterone receptor as well as human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2). TNBC is characterized by distinct molecular, histological and unfavorable clinical features despite the high rates of response to chemotherapy. Based on the above reasons, it is important to emergently develop novel therapies and/or treatment strategies to increase treatment efficacies and the survival rate of TNBC. [Rationale]: Overexpression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR/ErbB1) and EGFR mutation have been reported in TNBC and may therefore be a valid target for anti-tumor therapy in TNBC. Afatinib (BIBW 2992) is an ErbB-family blocker that irreversibly inhibits signaling from all relevant ErbB-family dimers. Afatinib has demonstrated preclinical activity in triple-negative breast cancer cell lines and xenograft models of breast cancer, and clinical activity in phase I studies. Based on the assumption that uncontrolled ErbB-signaling is directly related to an increased oncogenic potential in TNBC, the studying afatinib in the neoadjuvant treatment of TNBC patients is important and provides a novel therapy. [Aims] The primary endpoint is to evaluate the pathologic complete response of the combination of afatinib and weekly paclitaxel in TNBC patients receiving neoadjuvant treatment. The secondary endpoints are to evaluate the clinical response and safety of afatinib with and without paclitaxel, and to explore the different afatinib-affecting downstream molecular pathways as well as potential biomarkers predicting the response of afatinib with and without paclitaxel. [Patients and methods]: Patients with TNBC (clinical T2-T3, N0-N1, M0; clinical T1-3, N1-2, M0; or any T4a tumor) and received neoadjuvant treatment will included in this open, label, multi-center phase II study. Our schema is as follows: (1) Afatinib 40 mg per day for 14 days, then evaluation, every subject will go into the following phase no matter whether she had response or not (2) the following phase (the combination with afatinib and paclitaxel): Afatinib 40 mg per day, day 1 to day 21, in combination with paclitaxel 80 mg/m² on days 1, 8, 15 in a 3-weekly course. In addition to the clinical assessment, we will evaluate the potential predictive biological markers of activity of Afatinib with and without paclitaxel and dynamic changes of molecular makers ([serum and tissue samples: before treatment, 2 weeks after treatment, and operation timing]; potential molecules, such as EGFR, EGFR-signaling, FGFR, FGFR-signaling, ERK, p53, NF-κB, and etc. were evaluated through the immunohistochemical stains, mutation analysis, mRNA [RT-PCR], single nucleotide polymorphism analysis, and FISH analysis). In addition, the genetic expression profiles will be compared between afatinib-responsive and afatinib-unresponsive samples. [Expected Results]: The promising clinical activity, tolerable toxicity, and potential biomarkers of afatinib with and without paclitaxel in TNBC patients receiving neoadjuvant setting will be demonstrated. The results from this study can be used to conduct a larger trial that would allow us to confirm or validate the hypotheses generated.

Detailed Description

      Objects: Phase II study

      Primary Objective :

      To evaluate the efficacy of combination of afatinib and weekly paclitaxel as assessed by
      pathologicalresponse in the residual tumor.

      Secondary Objectives:

        1. Efficacy of afatinib as assessed by the ultrasound of the breast.

        2. Adverse effect of afatinib monotherapy and the combination of afatinib and weekly
           paclitaxel.

        3. Correlation between baseline potential biomarkers and radiological response of afatinib
           monotherapy.

        4. Correlation between down- or up-regulation of potential biomarkers (in pre-treatment
           biopsy and surgical specimen) and radiological response to afatinib and paclitaxel.

        5. To identify the pharmacodynamic biomarkers, the following translational researches will
           be carried out on initial tumor biopsy and surgical specimen.

        6. To evaluate the dynamic changes of circulating tumor cells and cell-free DNA after
           afatinib monotherapy and after the combination of afatinib and weekly paclitaxel.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
single-armOtherDrug: Afatinib (single group assignment) First phase: Afatinib montherapy The following phases: combination with oral afatinib and weekly paclitaxel in a 3-weekly course for total of four courses.
  • Afatinib

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          1. Female patients, age ≥20 years

          2. Histologically confirmed invasive ER-, PR-, and HER2-negative (triple-negative)
             adenocarcinoma of the breast

          3. Triple-negative tumors are defined as:

             i. For HER2-negative: Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)-negative (defined by
             ratio <2.0) or Immunohistochemical (IHC) 0, IHC 1+, or IHC 2+ or IHC 3+and
             FISH-negative (defined by ratio <2.0) ii. For ER- and PR-negative: < 5% tumor staining
             by immunohistochemistry (IHC)

          4. The first TNBC 20 patients with or without EGFR expression or mutation are eligible.
             Interim analysis of response rate will be calculated to determine the criteria of 21
             to 40 patients.

          5. All of the newly diagnosed TNBC patients should be met the following criteria:
             clinical node-positive with any T stage patents or clinical node-negative patients
             with cT2-4. cT1N0M0 lesions are excluded. Patients with metastatic disease are
             excluded. The measurement method of tumor size can be by physical exam and/or image
             study.

          6. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS) 0-1.

          7. Within 2 weeks prior randomization:

             i. Adequate bone marrow function, hepatic function, and renal function. ii. Controlled
             blood pressure with or without antihypertensive treatment iii. Normal prothrombin time
             (PT) and partial thromboplastin time (PTT) iv. Adequate cardiac function assessed by
             12-lead ECG and if clinically indicated echocardiography to document LVEF

          8. Bilateral, synchronous breast cancer is allowed if one primary tumor meets the
             inclusion criteria.

          9. Adequate bone marrow function defined as WBC ≥3.5 x 109/L, ANC ≥1.5 x 109/L, platelets
             ≥LLN, and hemoglobin ≥10 g/dL.

         10. Adequate liver function defined as total serum bilirubin ≤1.5X ULN and serum
             transaminases ≤2.5X ULN

         11. Adequate renal function defined as creatinine ≤1.5X ULN

         12. Able and willing to give informed consent and comply with the protocol

         13. Written informed consent obtained prior to any Screening/baseline procedures

         14. Knowledge of the investigational nature of the study and ability to provide consent
             for study participation; and ability and willingness to comply with study visits,
             treatment, testing, and other study procedures

        Exclusion Criteria:

          1. ER+ (>5%) or PR+ (>5%) or Her-2 overexpression

          2. Active second malignancy during the last five years except non melanomatous skin
             cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix.

          3. Prior chemotherapy, radiotherapy or targeted therapy including afatinib or Her-2 or
             EGFR inhibitors.

          4. Participation in another interventional clinical trial in the preceding 30 days prior
             to trial.

          5. Patients with other concurrent severe and/or uncontrolled medical disease or infection
             which could compromise participation in the study

          6. Prior hypersensitivity reactions to a taxane or to Cremophor® EL (polyoxyethylated
             castor oil)

          7. Pregnant or breast feeding (lactating) women, where pregnancy is defined as the state
             of a female after conception and until the termination of gestation, confirmed by
             positive β-HCG laboratory test (serum > 5 mIU/mL)

          8. Women of child-bearing potential, defined as all women physiologically capable of
             becoming pregnant, unless they are using highly effective methods of contraception
             during dosing and for at least 180 days after study treatment. Highly effective
             contraception methods include:

               -  True abstinence in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject

               -  Female subject or male partner sterilization or

               -  Combination of any two of the following (a+b or a+c, or b+c):

                    1. Use of oral, injected or implanted hormonal methods of contraception

                    2. Placement of an intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS)

                    3. Barrier methods of contraception: condom for male partner or occlusive cap

                    4. (diaphragm or cervical/vault caps) with spermicidal
                       foam/gel/film/cream/vaginal suppository

          9. Patients with any psychological, familial, sociological or geographical condition
             potentially hampering compliance with the study protocol and follow-up schedule; those
             conditions should be discussed with the patient before registration in the trial.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:20 Years
Eligible Gender:Female
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Efficacy of pathologic response of the combination of afatinib and weekly paclitaxel
Time Frame:2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Evaluation of the pathologic complete response of the combination of afatinib and weekly paclitaxel in TNBC patients with neoadjuvant treatment.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Efficacy of afatinib
Time Frame:2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:The radiologic response will be assessed on ultrasound of the breast.
Measure:Adverse effect of afatinib monotherapy and the combination of afatinib and weekly paclitaxel
Time Frame:2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:Correlation between potential biomarkers and radiological response of afatinib montherapy
Time Frame:2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:Correlation between down- or up-regulation of potential biomarkers and radiological response to afatinib and paclitaxel
Time Frame:2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:Identification of the pharmacodynamic biomarkers by initial tumor biopsy and surgical specimen
Time Frame:2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:Evaluation of the dynamic changes of circulating tumor cells and cell-free DNA after afatinib monotherapy and after the combination of afatinib and weekly paclitaxel
Time Frame:2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:circulating tumor cells is a new technigue compatible with cell search.

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:National Taiwan University Hospital

Trial Keywords

  • Breast Cancer
  • EGFR
  • Afatinib
  • Paclitaxel
  • Pathologic complete remission

Last Updated

April 14, 2016