1. Females or males, aged >=18 years at the time of signing the informed consent form
2. mTNBC (confirmed from most recent tissue sample) meeting the following criteria:
1. Estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor negative (a tumor is ER and/or
progesterone receptor positive if at least 1 percent (%) of the cells examined
have estrogen and/or progesterone receptors) and human epidermal growth factor
receptor 2 (HER2) negative (defined as immunohistochemistry [IHC] less than (<)
2+ or fluorescence in situ hybridization [FISH] negative).
2. Previously treated with 0 to 2 lines of systemic anticancer therapy (cytotoxic or
targeted anticancer agents) in the metastatic setting. Hormonal therapy and bone
metastases treatment (example, bisphosphonates, denosumab, etc) are not
considered forms of systemic anticancer therapy.
3. Presence of measurable disease meeting the following criteria:
1. At least 1 lesion of >=10 millimeter (mm) in long axis diameter for nonlymph
nodes or >=15 mm in short axis diameter for lymph nodes that is serially
measurable according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1
(RECIST 1.1) using computerized tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging
(MRI) or panoramic and close-up color photography.
2. Lesions that have had radiotherapy must show subsequent radiographic evidence of
increased size to be deemed a target lesion.
4. Life expectancy of >=3 months.
5. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) of 0 or 1.
6. Adequate renal function as evidenced by serum creatinine less than or equal to (<=)
1.5 milligram per deciliter (mg/dL) or calculated creatinine clearance >=50 millimeter
per minute (mL/min) according to the Cockcroft and Gault formula.
7. Adequate bone marrow function, defined as:
1. Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >=1.5*10^9/L.
2. Hemoglobin (Hb) >=10.0 gram per deciliter (g/dL) (can be corrected by growth
factor or transfusion).
3. Platelet count >=100*10^9/L.
8. Adequate liver function, defined as:
1. Total bilirubin <=1.5*upper limit of normal (ULN).
2. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and aspartate
aminotransferase (AST) <=3*ULN unless there are bone metastases, in which case
liver specific alkaline phosphatase must be separated from the total and used to
assess the liver function instead of the total alkaline phosphatase. ALT and AST
<= 5*ULN if participant has liver metastases.
9. Resolution of all chemotherapy-related or radiation-related toxicities to Grade 1
severity or lower, except for stable sensory neuropathy (<= Grade 2) and alopecia.
10. Archived tissue sample or new biopsy sample.
11. Females must not be lactating or pregnant at Screening or Baseline (as documented by a
negative beta-human chorionic gonadotropin [B-hCG] (or human chorionic gonadotropin
[hCG]) test with a minimum sensitivity of 25 International units per litre (IU/L) or
equivalent units of B-hCG [or hCG]). A separate baseline assessment is required if a
negative screening pregnancy test was obtained more than 72 hours before the first
dose of study drug.
12. All females will be considered to be of childbearing potential unless they are
postmenopausal (amenorrheic for at least 12 consecutive months, in the appropriate age
group, and without other known or suspected cause) or have been sterilized surgically
(that is, bilateral tubal ligation, total hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy, all
with surgery at least 1 month before dosing).
13. Females of childbearing potential must not have had unprotected sexual intercourse
within 30 days before study entry and must agree to use a highly effective method of
contraception (example, total abstinence, an intrauterine device, a double-barrier
method [such as condom plus diaphragm with spermicide], a contraceptive implant, a
combination oral contraceptive (estrogen/progesterone), or have a vasectomized partner
with confirmed azoospermia) throughout the entire study period and for 120 days after
study drug discontinuation. If currently abstinent, the participant must agree to use
a double barrier method as described above if she becomes sexually active during the
study period or for 120 days after study drug discontinuation. Females who are using
hormonal contraceptives must have been on a stable dose of the same hormonal
contraceptive product for at least 28 days before dosing and must continue to use the
same contraceptive during the study and for 120 days after study drug discontinuation.
14. Males who have had a successful vasectomy (confirmed azoospermia) or they and their
female partners meet the criteria above (that is, not of childbearing potential or
practicing highly effective contraception throughout the study period or for 120 days
after study drug discontinuation). No sperm donation is allowed during the study
period or for 120 days after study drug discontinuation.
15. Willing and able to comply with all aspects of the treatment protocol.
16. Provide written informed consent.
1. Previous treatment with eribulin mesylate or any anti-programmed death receptor-1
(anti-PD-1), programmed death receptor ligand-1 (PD-L1), or PD-L2 agent.
2. Active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years
(that is, with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids, or immunosuppresive
drugs). Replacement therapy (example, thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic
corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc) is not
considered a form of systemic treatment.
3. Less than 6 months since prior adjuvant chemotherapy.
4. Current enrollment in another interventional clinical study or used any
investigational drug or device within the past 28 days preceding informed consent.
5. Treatment with chemotherapy or biological therapy within the previous 3 weeks,
radiation or small molecule targeted therapy within the previous 2 weeks.
6. Known central nervous system (CNS) disease, except for those participants with treated
brain metastasis who are stable for at least 1 month, having no evidence of
progression or hemorrhage after treatment and no ongoing requirement for
corticosteroids, as ascertained by clinical examination and brain imaging (MRI or CT)
during the screening period.
7. Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive.
8. Known active hepatitis B (example, HBsAg reactive) or hepatitis C (example, hepatitis
C virus ribonucleic acid (HCV RNA) detected).
9. Existing anticancer treatment-related toxicities of Grades >= 2 (except for alopecia
and Grade 2 sensory neuropathy) according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse
Events (CTCAE v4.03).
10. Any other malignancy that required treatment or has shown evidence of recurrence
(except for nonmelanoma skin cancer, or histologically confirmed complete excision of
carcinoma in situ) during the 5 years prior to enrollment in this study.
11. History of significant cardiovascular disease, defined as:
1. congestive heart failure greater than New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class II
according to the NYHA Functional Classification.
2. unstable angina or myocardial infarction within 6 months of enrollment.
3. serious cardiac arrhythmia.
12. Clinically significant electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormality, including a marked
Baseline prolonged QT interval/corrected QT interval ([QT/QTc], example, a repeated
demonstration of a QTc interval >500 millisecond [ms]).
13. History of concomitant medical conditions or infectious diseases that, in the opinion
of the investigator, would compromise the participant's ability to safely complete the
14. Hypersensitivity to the active substance or any other excipients of the eribulin
mesylate drug product, or severe hypersensitivity (>=Grade 3) to pembrolizumab and/or
any of its excipients.
15. Scheduled for major surgery during the study.
16. Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy
(in dosing exceeding 10 mg daily of prednisone equivalent) or any other form of
immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment.
The use of physiologic doses of corticosteroids may be approved after consultation
with the sponsor.
17. Has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or current
18. Has a history of interstitial lung disease.
19. Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.
20. Has received a live-virus vaccination within 30 days of planned start of study
therapy. Seasonal flu vaccines that do not contain live virus are permitted.
21. The investigator's belief that the participant is medically unfit to receive eribulin
mesylate and pembrolizumab or unsuitable for any other reason.