Therapeutic antibodies have significantly improved the prognosis of patients with a range of
cancers. Currently available therapeutic antibodies belong to the IgG class. This study is
looking at a new drug called MOv18 which belongs to a different class of antibody, the IgE
class. IgE antibodies may trigger a more powerful immune response to tumour cells than these
available IgG antibodies and so be more effective in treating certain types of cancer. This
is the first time an IgE antibody therapy will be given to patients with cancer.
MOv18 IgE antibodies are designed to recognise and attach to a particular protein called the
folate receptor alpha. Scientists have found more of this protein on the surface of certain
cancer cells than on the surface of normal cells, most commonly ovarian cancer and to a
lesser extent cancers of the kidney, pleura, endometrium, lung, breast, bladder, colon and
pancreas. Once attached, the MOv18 IgE antibody should trigger the body's own immune system
to attack and kill the cancer cells.
Patients will be selected based on the presence of folate receptor protein on their tumour
in a previous biopsy. The study is the first study of this new antibody treatment to be
given to humans and will focus primarily on the assessment of safety confirming the findings
of preclinical studies that exposure to MOv18 IgE will not trigger anaphylaxis. This is in
addition to extensive PK, biodistribution of the antibody and immunological response. The
study will follow a dose escalation design where small groups of patients are treated at a
set dose, starting with a very low dose followed by exponential increasing doses, to find a
safe dose at which the drug has a good chance of effectively treating the cancer. Patients
will receive a short course of treatment. The majority of patients treated at the higher
dose levels will be asked to provide a pre and post treatment biopsy to explore the effect
of the treatment on the tumour.
1. Histologically or cytologically-proven advanced, unresectable solid tumour of a type
known to express FR in a percentage of cases
2. Archival tumour tissue expressing FR (1+, 2+ or 3+ membrane staining on at least 5%
of tumour cells by immunohistochemistry using the BN3.2 antibody, based on the
technique described by Lawson & Scorer, 2010). For patients who undergo a
pre-treatment tumour biopsy, FR expression in the pre-treatment sample takes
precedence over results from any previous archival specimen.
3. Advanced disease for which no alternative therapy is felt to be appropriate.
4. Measurable disease or disease evaluable by tumour marker. Measurable disease is
preferred for patients entering higher cohorts to facilitate efficacy assessments.
5. World Health Organisation (WHO) performance status of 0 or 1 and a life expectancy of
at least 12 weeks.
6. Haematological and biochemical indices within the ranges shown below. These
measurements should be performed within 7 days before the first dose of MOv18 IgE
(Day -7 to Pre-dose on Day 1). Measurements performed before Day -7 may be accepted
by the CDD to demonstrate eligibility if repeat testing is logistically difficult for
the patient and is not considered necessary medically in the opinion of the
Investigator or CDD.
Laboratory Test Value required Haemoglobin (Hb) 9.0 g/dL Absolute neutrophil count
1.5 x 10^9/L Platelet count 100 x 10^9/L Serum bilirubin 1.5 x upper limit of
normal (ULN) Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST)
2.5 x ULN unless raised due to liver metastases in which case up to 5 x ULN is
permissible Serum creatinine 1.5 x ULN
7. Aged 16 years or over at the time consent is given.
8. Written (signed and dated) informed consent and capable of co-operating with
treatment and follow-up.
1. Radiotherapy (except for palliative reasons), endocrine therapy, immunotherapy or
chemotherapy during the previous four weeks (six weeks for nitrosoureas and
mitomycin-C) and investigational medicinal products during the previous 4 weeks, or 5
product half-lives before treatment.
2. Patients on beta-blockers and unable to interrupt beta-blockade (which may counteract
the therapeutic effects of adrenaline), or tricyclic anti-depressants/MAOIs (which
can dangerously augment the effects of adrenaline). These agents should be
discontinued at least 4 half-lives before administration of the first dose of MOv18
IgE and for the duration of MOv18 IgE therapy.
3. Patients on bisphosphonates or treated with bisphosphonates in the last 18 months.
4. Ongoing toxic manifestations of previous treatments that have not resolved to Grade 1
or lower (other than alopecia of any grade or Grade 2 peripheral neuropathy).
5. Known brain metastases that have not been previously treated and been stable for at
least 2 months.
6. Female patients who are able to become pregnant (or already pregnant or lactating).
However, those female patients who have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test
before enrolment and agree to use two highly effective forms of contraception (oral,
injected or implanted hormonal contraception and condom; have an intra-uterine device
and condom; diaphragm with spermicidal gel and condom) effective at the first
administration of IMP, throughout the study and for six months afterwards are
7. Male patients with partners of child-bearing potential (unless they agree to take
measures not to father children by using one form of highly effective contraception
at the first administration if IMP, throughout the study and for six months
afterwards). Men with pregnant or lactating partners should be advised to use barrier
method contraception (for example, condom plus spermicidal gel) to prevent exposure
to the foetus or neonate.
8. Major thoracic or abdominal surgery from which the patient has not yet recovered.
9. At high risk from the effects of anaphylaxis because of non-malignant systemic
disease including active uncontrolled infection, cardiac failure, peripheral vascular
disease, previous cerebrovascular accident (CVA), dyspnoea due to heart failure,
extensive lung metastases, significant pleural effusions or other conditions.
10. History of laryngeal oedema, uncontrolled or high risk asthma (according to Global
Initiative for Asthma (GINA) guidelines), or anaphylaxis.
11. Patients with any congenital or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or receiving
immunosuppressive therapy (including any dose of systemic corticosteroids), or who
are immunosuppressed post organ transplant. However, patients receiving inhaled
corticosteroids and patients with a history of allergy (other than anaphylaxis) are
eligible, as are patients with a history of auto-immune disease.
12. Known to be serologically positive for hepatitis B, hepatitis C or human
immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
13. Patients with baseline elevation in -tryptase (indicating possible mastocytosis).
14. Participating or planning to participate in another interventional clinical trial,
whilst taking part in this study. Participation in an observational study or in the
follow-up phase of a previous interventional trial is acceptable.
15. Any other condition which in the Investigator's opinion would not make the patient a
good candidate for the clinical study.
Minimum Eligible Age: 16 Years
Maximum Eligible Age: N/A
Eligible Gender: Both