Clinical Trials /

Ibrutinib and Azacitidine for Treatment of Higher Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome

NCT02553941

Description:

This phase Ib trial studies the side effects and best dose of ibrutinib when given together with azacitidine in treating patients with myelodysplastic syndrome that is likely to occur or spread (higher risk) and who were previously treated or untreated and unfit for or refused intense therapy. Ibrutinib and azacitidine may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

Related Conditions:
  • Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 1

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Ibrutinib and Azacitidine for Treatment of Higher Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome
  • Official Title: Phase 1b Trial of the Combination of Ibrutinib and Azacitidine for the Treatment of Higher Risk Myelodysplastic Syndromes in Previously Treated Patients or in Untreated Patients Unfit for or Who Refuse Intense Therapy

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 755461
  • SECONDARY ID: UCDCC#256
  • SECONDARY ID: PCI-32765
  • SECONDARY ID: UCDCC#256
  • NCT ID: NCT02553941

Conditions

  • Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia
  • de Novo Myelodysplastic Syndrome
  • Previously Treated Myelodysplastic Syndrome
  • Refractory Anemia With Excess Blasts in Transformation
  • Secondary Myelodysplastic Syndrome

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
AzacitidineVidazaazacitidine, ibrutinib
IbrutinibBTK Inhibitorazacitidine, ibrutinib

Purpose

This phase Ib trial studies the side effects and best dose of ibrutinib when given together with azacitidine in treating patients with myelodysplastic syndrome that is likely to occur or spread (higher risk) and who were previously treated or untreated and unfit for or refused intense therapy. Ibrutinib and azacitidine may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

Detailed Description

      PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To evaluate the safety and tolerability of ibrutinib in combination with azacitidine in
      patients with higher risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and to determine the maximum
      tolerated dose (MTD) or recommended Phase 2 dose of ibrutinib combined with azacitidine.

      SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To do an early assessment of the efficacy of the combination of ibrutinib and azacitidine
      in higher risk MDS. Specific secondary endpoints include: disease response per modified
      International Working Group (IWG) 2006 response criteria for MDS, hematologic normalization
      rate (HNR = complete remission [CR] + partial remission [PR] + hematologic improvement [HI]),
      overall survival (OS), progression free survival (PFS), disease free survival (DFS), and time
      to response (TTR).

      TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To evaluate the pharmacodynamic and biological effects and impact of quality of life (QoL)
      of the combination of ibrutinib and azacitidine in patients with higher risk MDS is the
      exploratory objective of this study. Exploratory endpoints include: laboratory biomarker
      analysis and effect on QoL assessments.

      OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of ibrutinib.

      Patients receive azacitidine intravenously (IV) over 10-40 minutes or subcutaneously (SC)
      once daily (QD) on days 1-7 or 1-5 and 8-9, and ibrutinib orally (PO) QD on days 1-28.
      Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 24 courses in the absence of disease progression or
      unacceptable toxicity.

      After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 6 months.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
azacitidine, ibrutinibExperimentalPatients receive azacitidine intravenous infusion over 10-40 minutes or subcutaneous on days 1-7 or 1-5 and 8-9, and ibrutinib by mouth one daily on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 24 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Azacitidine
  • Ibrutinib

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Pathologically confirmed diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndrome

          -  Revised international prognostic scoring system (IPSS-R) intermediate, high or very
             high

          -  For the dose escalation cohorts, any prior number of MDS therapies, including
             hypomethylating agents, are permitted; for the dose expansion cohort, subjects must be
             azacitidine naïve, but otherwise any prior number of MDS therapies are permitted;
             treatment naïve patients are eligible for both the dose escalation and expansion
             cohorts if they are unfit for or refuse intense therapy

          -  No specific hematologic parameters for study entry are required; transfusion-dependent
             patients are eligible and platelet counts should be maintained greater than
             10,000/mm^3

          -  Serum aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) =< 3.0 x upper limit
             of normal (ULN)

          -  Estimated creatinine clearance >= 30 ml/min (Cockcroft-Gault)

          -  Bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN (unless bilirubin rise is due to Gilbert's syndrome or of
             non-hepatic origin)

          -  Prothrombin time (PT)/international normalized ratio (INR) < 1.5 x ULN and partial
             thromboplastin time (PTT) (activated [a]PTT) < 1.5 x ULN

          -  Karnofsky performance status (KPS) performance status of 60% or greater

          -  Female subjects who are of non-reproductive potential (ie, post-menopausal by history
             - no menses for >= 1 year; OR history of hysterectomy; OR history of bilateral tubal
             ligation; OR history of bilateral oophorectomy); or, female subjects of childbearing
             potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test upon study entry

          -  Male and female subjects who agree to use highly effective methods of birth control
             during the period of therapy and for 30 days after the last dose of study drug

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Known bleeding disorders, active bleeding disorders or clinical signs of bleeding
             (grade >= 2)

          -  Prior bone marrow transplant within 3 months or with acute graft versus host disease
             (GVHD)

          -  Prior treatment with a Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor

          -  Anticancer therapy including chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiotherapy, hormonal or
             any investigational therapy within 14 days or 5 half-lives prior to first dose of
             study drug

          -  Unresolved toxicities from prior anti-cancer therapy, defined as having not resolved
             to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Event (CTCAE, version 4.03), grade =< 1, or
             to the levels dictated in the inclusion/exclusion criteria with the exception of
             alopecia

          -  History of other malignancies, except:

               -  Malignancy treated with curative intent and with no known active disease present
                  for >= 1 years before the first dose of study drug and felt to be at low risk for
                  recurrence by treating physician

               -  Adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or lentigo maligna without evidence
                  of disease

               -  Adequately treated carcinoma in situ without evidence of disease

               -  Low-risk prostate cancer after curative surgery

          -  Concurrent systemic immunosuppressant therapy

          -  Vaccinated with live, attenuated vaccines within 4 weeks of first dose of study drug

          -  Recent infection requiring intravenous systemic treatment

          -  History of stroke or intracranial hemorrhage within 6 months prior to enrollment

          -  Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or active with hepatitis C virus
             (HCV) or hepatitis B virus (HBV); subjects who are positive for hepatitis B core
             antibody or hepatitis B surface antigen must have a negative polymerase chain reaction
             (PCR) result before enrollment; those who are PCR positive will be excluded

          -  Major surgery within 4 weeks of first dose of study drug

          -  Any life-threatening illness, medical condition, or organ system dysfunction that, in
             the investigator's opinion, could compromise the subject's safety or put the study
             outcomes at undue risk

          -  Currently active, clinically significant cardiovascular disease, such as uncontrolled
             arrhythmia or class 3 or 4 congestive heart failure as defined by the New York Heart
             Association Functional Classification; or a history of myocardial infarction, unstable
             angina, or acute coronary syndrome within 6 months prior to enrollment

          -  Unable to swallow capsules or malabsorption syndrome, disease significantly affecting
             gastrointestinal function, or resection of the stomach or small bowel, symptomatic
             inflammatory bowel disease or ulcerative colitis, or partial or complete bowel
             obstruction

          -  Concomitant use of warfarin or other vitamin K antagonists

          -  Requires treatment with a strong cytochrome P450 (CYP) family 3, subfamily A,
             polypeptide 4/5 (3A4/5) inhibitor

          -  Lactating or pregnant

          -  Unwilling or unable to participate in all required study evaluations and procedures

          -  Unable to understand informed consent form (ICF)
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Incidence of toxicity of ibrutinib and azacitidine, graded according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events
Time Frame:Within 30 days following the last dose of study drug or the first date starting new anticancer therapy
Safety Issue:
Description:For each adverse event, the percentage of subjects who experience at least 1 occurrence of the given event will be summarized.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Disease Free Survival
Time Frame:From the time of first documented Complete Response until relapse or the date of death from any cause, assessed up to 6 months post-treatment
Safety Issue:
Description:For subjects achieving a Complete Response, Disease Free Survival will be calculated to determine durability of response. Descriptive statistics will be used, including mean, standard deviation, median, and minimum and maximum values for continuous variables and frequencies and percentages for categorical variables. Time-to-event data will be summarized descriptively by life-table statistics (median time to event; Kaplan-Meier plots).
Measure:Disease response per modified International Working Group (IWG) 2006 response criteria for MDS
Time Frame:Up to 96 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:Descriptive statistics will be used, including mean, standard deviation, median, and minimum and maximum values for continuous variables and frequencies and percentages for categorical variables.
Measure:HNR, defined as the proportion of treated subjects who achieve a CR, PR or HI as best response as assessed by the investigator and as defined by the modified IWG 2006 response criteria for MDS
Time Frame:Up to 96 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:Descriptive statistics will be used, including mean, standard deviation, median, and minimum and maximum values for continuous variables and frequencies and percentages for categorical variables.
Measure:Overall survival
Time Frame:From the time of first study drug administration until the date of death from any cause, assessed up to 6 months post-treatment
Safety Issue:
Description:Descriptive statistics will be used, including mean, standard deviation, median, and minimum and maximum values for continuous variables and frequencies and percentages for categorical variables. Time-to-event data will be summarized descriptively by life-table statistics (median time to event; Kaplan-Meier plots).
Measure:Progression Free Survival
Time Frame:From the time of first study drug administration until the date of progression or death from any cause, assessed up to 6 months post-treatment
Safety Issue:
Description:Descriptive statistics will be used, including mean, standard deviation, median, and minimum and maximum values for continuous variables and frequencies and percentages for categorical variables. Time-to-event data will be summarized descriptively by life-table statistics (median time to event; Kaplan-Meier plots).

Details

Phase:Phase 1
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Brian Jonas

Last Updated

September 26, 2019