Clinical Trials /

A Study of Palbociclib With Exemestane Plus GnRH Versus Capecitabine in Premenopausal Women With HR+ MBC

NCT02592746

Description:

Despite recent advances for the treatment of post-menopausal hormone receptor-positive BC, in the last decade there was no major improvement of hormonal therapy specifically for premenopausal metastatic breast cancer. The median age of breast cancer is much younger, and the proportion of young breast cancer (YBC) patients (less than 40) including premenopausal women is much higher, in Asia, including Korea. Capecitabine, the comparator in this trial, is an orally-administered fluoropyrimidine derivative and has shown high efficacy and low toxicity in metastatic breast cancer patients. Palbociclib is a CDK4/6 inhibitors, in combination with endocrine therapy showed marked advance in hormone receptor-positive MBC in the post-menopausal setting. After a median follow-up of 16.5 months, preliminary results from Part 1 of this Phase 2 trial suggest that the combination of PD-0332991 with letrozole is superior to letrozole alone, and improved objective response and disease control rates (52% vs 32% and 76% vs 47%, respectively) in patients treated with the combination. These remarkable results may contribute to have much benefit with endocrine therapy for premenopausal women. Most importantly, recent PALOMA-3 trial revealed superior results of adding palbociclib to fulvestrant (median PFS 9.2 vs 3.8 months, P<0.001). Based on these rational backgrounds, the purpose of this phase II study is to assess the safety and the clinical anti-tumor activity of exemestane plus goserelin acetate in combination with palbociclib vs capecitabine in premenopausal hormone receptor-positive advanced breast cancer patients

Related Conditions:
  • Breast Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Active, not recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: A Study of Palbociclib With Exemestane Plus GnRH Versus Capecitabine in Premenopausal Women With HR+ MBC
  • Official Title: A Phase II Randomized Study of Palbociclib in Combination With Exemestane Plus GnRH Versus Capecitabine in Premenopausal Women With Hormone Receptor-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 2015-08-042
  • NCT ID: NCT02592746

Conditions

  • Metastatic Breast Cancer

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
PalbociclibPD-0332991Palbociclib + Exemestane + GnRH agonist
ExemestaneFCE-24304Palbociclib + Exemestane + GnRH agonist
Leuprolide AcetateGnRH agonistPalbociclib + Exemestane + GnRH agonist
CapecitabineXelodaCapecitabine

Purpose

Despite recent advances for the treatment of post-menopausal hormone receptor-positive BC, in the last decade there was no major improvement of hormonal therapy specifically for premenopausal metastatic breast cancer. The median age of breast cancer is much younger, and the proportion of young breast cancer (YBC) patients (less than 40) including premenopausal women is much higher, in Asia, including Korea. Capecitabine, the comparator in this trial, is an orally-administered fluoropyrimidine derivative and has shown high efficacy and low toxicity in metastatic breast cancer patients. Palbociclib is a CDK4/6 inhibitors, in combination with endocrine therapy showed marked advance in hormone receptor-positive MBC in the post-menopausal setting. After a median follow-up of 16.5 months, preliminary results from Part 1 of this Phase 2 trial suggest that the combination of PD-0332991 with letrozole is superior to letrozole alone, and improved objective response and disease control rates (52% vs 32% and 76% vs 47%, respectively) in patients treated with the combination. These remarkable results may contribute to have much benefit with endocrine therapy for premenopausal women. Most importantly, recent PALOMA-3 trial revealed superior results of adding palbociclib to fulvestrant (median PFS 9.2 vs 3.8 months, P<0.001). Based on these rational backgrounds, the purpose of this phase II study is to assess the safety and the clinical anti-tumor activity of exemestane plus goserelin acetate in combination with palbociclib vs capecitabine in premenopausal hormone receptor-positive advanced breast cancer patients

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Palbociclib + Exemestane + GnRH agonistExperimental
  • Palbociclib
  • Exemestane
  • Leuprolide Acetate
CapecitabineActive Comparator
  • Capecitabine

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          1. Histologically confirmed metastatic breast cancer with measurable or evaluable
             disease: Patients who have progressed on distant metastatic sites after curative
             surgery or have stage IV breast cancer at diagnosis

          2. Age > 19 years

          3. ECOG performance status 0 - 2

          4. Patient has HER2-negative breast cancer with IHC and/or FISH (or SISH, CISH) Patient
             has ER positive and/or PgR positive breast cancer by local laboratory testing

          5. Patient is premenopausal. Premenopausal status is defined as either:

             A. Patient had last menstrual period within the last 12 months B. If within three
             months of tamoxifen (tamoxifen) taking, C. In case of chemotherapy induced amenorrhea,
             the serum FSH ≤40IU/l

          6. A. Patient who have stage IV breast cancer at diagnosis, allow disease that progressed
             after 1st line chemotherapy. B. Patient who have stage IV breast cancer at diagnosis,
             allow disease that progressed after tamoxifen or goserelin. C. In case of
             recur/metastatic breast cancer, allow disease that progressed after 12 month of
             completion of neo/adjuvant chemotherapy .

          7. Urine or serum HCG test must be negative.

          8. Adequate bone marrow function (≥ ANC 1,500/ul, ≥ platelet 100,000/ul, ≥ Hemoglobin 9.0
             g/dl)

          9. Adequate renal function (≤ serum creatinine 1.5 mg/dl or CCr ≥ 50 ml/min)

         10. Adequate liver function (≤ serum bilirubin 1.5 mg/dl, ≤ AST/ALT x 3 upper normal
             limit)

         11. Patients who were already established on bisphosphonate therapy may continue on
             bisphosphonates.

         12. Patients agreed to use effective contraception or not of childbearing potential

         13. Written informed consent

         14. Consent to biomarker analysis.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          1. Postmenopausal women

          2. Serious uncontrolled intercurrent infections

          3. Serious intercurrent medical or psychiatric illness, including active cardiac disease

          4. Pregnancy or breast feeding

          5. Second primary malignancy(except in situ carcinoma of the cervix or adequately treated
             nonmelanomatous carcinoma of the skin or resected thyroid papillary carcinoma or other
             malignancy treated at least 5 years previously with no evidence of recurrence)

          6. Patients has received previous endocrine treatments such as, aromatase inhibitor,
             exemestane in the metastatic setting

          7. Patients has received previous treatment with CDK 4/6 inhibitors, mTOR inhibitors,
             PIK3CA inhibitors or capecitabine

          8. No symptomatic visceral metastasis

          9. Known brain metastases unless treated and stable

         10. Clinically significant uncontrolled conditions including, known active hepatitis B or
             hepatitis C.

         11. QTc interval > 480 msec, family or personal history of long or short QT syndrome, or
             known history of QTc prolongation or Torsade de Pointes.

         12. Known positive testing for human immunodeficiency virus or acquired immune deficiency
             syndrome.

         13. Unable to swallow and retain oral medication.

         14. Treatment radiotherapy within 4 weeks of the study

         15. Use of any investigational drug within 4 weeks of the study

         16. Treatment with chemotherapy within 3 weeks or hormone therapy within 2 weeks of the
             study
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:19 Years
Eligible Gender:Female
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Progression free survival (PFS) in patients with metastatic breast cancer who received palbociclib plus exemestane with goserelin versus capecitabine
Time Frame:1year
Safety Issue:
Description:

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Samsung Medical Center

Last Updated

January 15, 2018