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Intermittent High-Dose Lapatinib in Tandem With Capecitabine for HER2 Overexpressed/Amplified Metastatic Breast Cancer With Central Nervous System (CNS) Metastases



The purpose of this study is to see if capecitabine can be taken safely with different doses of lapatinib in patients with HER-2 positive breast cancer involving brain (brain metastases) and/or in spinal fluid (leptomeningeal disease).

Related Conditions:
  • Breast Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:



Phase 1

Trial Eligibility



  • Brief Title: Intermittent High-Dose Lapatinib in Tandem With Capecitabine for HER2 Overexpressed/Amplified Metastatic Breast Cancer With Central Nervous System (CNS) Metastases
  • Official Title: Phase I Study of Intermittent High-Dose Lapatinib in Tandem With Capecitabine for HER2 Overexpressed/Amplified Metastatic Breast Cancer With Central Nervous System (CNS) Metastases

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 15-278
  • NCT ID: NCT02650752


  • Metastatic Breast Cancer
  • Central Nervous System (CNS) Metastases


Lapatinib in Tandem With CapecitabineLapatinib in Tandem With Capecitabine


The purpose of this study is to see if capecitabine can be taken safely with different doses of lapatinib in patients with HER-2 positive breast cancer involving brain (brain metastases) and/or in spinal fluid (leptomeningeal disease).

Trial Arms

Lapatinib in Tandem With CapecitabineExperimentalA minimum of one patient at each dose level will be enrolled. Patients will receive a 4 week treatment cycle consisting of lapatinib 3 day on/11 day off in tandem with capecitabine 7 day on/7 day off with lapatinib. Both drugs will be administered orally as outpatient. Safety, toxicity, and DLT will be assessed weekly during the cycle 1 (first 4 weeks). Each patient will be monitored during cycle 1 prior to enrolling the next patient to the next higher dose level. Dose escalation will take place if no DLT or less than two occurrences of grade 2 toxicity (except those listed below) is observed within a given patient. In the event that a second instance of separate grade 2 toxicity (except those listed below) is noted, the cohort will be expanded to 3 patients at the same dose level and the study will revert to the standard 3+3 design with 3 patients per cohort. There will be no intra-patient dose escalation.
  • Lapatinib in Tandem With Capecitabine

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Age ≥18 years

          -  Histologically-confirmed metastatic adenocarcinoma of the breast with either invasive
             primary tumor or metastatic tissue confirmation of HER2+ status as defined by
             immunohistochemistry (IHC) with score of 3+, or, if 2+ with confirmatory fluorescence
             in situ hybridization (FISH) ratio of ≥ 2.0

          -  Received prior trastuzumab or chemotherapy for metastatic breast cancer except if
             patient has CNS as only site of metastatic disease.

          -  Radiologic evidence of new and/or progressive parenchymal brain metastasis, spinal
             cord metastases ( intramedullary) or leptomeningeal disease (LMD) by magnetic
             resonance (MR) imaging of the brain and/or spine, or CSF cytology evidence of new LMD.

          -  Life expectancy of >12 weeks.

          -  ECOG Performance of 0 to 2

          -  Non-escalating corticosteroid dose (not exceeding more than 16 mg daily of
             dexamethasone oral) for ≥ 5 days.

          -  Prior therapy:

               -  No limit to prior therapies with last anti-cancer treatment ≥ 2 weeks from
                  initiation of protocol-based therapy provided all toxicities (other than
                  alopecia) have resolved to ≤Grade 1 or baseline. For lapatinib and IV trastuzumab
                  and/or pertuzumab, no washout is required.

               -  Patients with prior whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT) or stereotactic
                  radiosurgery (SRS) are eligible, provided that there are new lesions not
                  previously treated by SRS and ≥4 weeks have passed since radiation

               -  Patients with prior cranial surgery are eligible, provided that there is evidence
                  of residual disease and/or progression of disease and ≥4 weeks have passed since

               -  Prior hormonal therapy for locally advanced or metastatic disease is allowed and
                  can be continued. If everolimus is used in a combination with hormonal therapy,
                  then, everolimus must be discontinued but hormonal therapy can be continued.

               -  Continuation of intravenous (IV) trastuzumab is allowed for those patients
                  already on IV trastuzumab therapy. Patients previously treated with intrathecal
                  (IT) trastuzumab are allowed if there is evidence of progression as determined by
                  treating physician and last dose administered is ≥ 4 weeks.

               -  Prior capecitabine therapy is allowed, provided ≥6 months have passed since the
                  last dose of capecitabine.

          -  Cardiac ejection fraction at or above the lower limit of normal as measured by
             multigated radionuclide angiography (MUGA) scans or echocardiogram documented ≤ 3
             months prior to registration.

          -  Adequate bone marrow, liver, and renal function as assessed by the following:

               -  Granulocyte count ≥ 1,000/μL for lapatinib and > 1,500/uL for capecitabine ,
                  platelet count ≥ 100,000/μL, and hemoglobin ≥ 8 g/dL

               -  Serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 mg/dL; AST, ALT, and alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 × ULN
                  except for: Patients with hepatic metastases: ALT and AST ≤ 5 × ULN; patients
                  with hepatic and/or bone metastases: alkaline phosphatase ≤ 5 × ULN and patients
                  with Gilbert's disease: serum bilirubin < 5 mg/dL

               -  Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 mg/dL or creatinine clearance of ≥ 60 mL/min based on a
                  24-hour urine collection

          -  Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test performed
             within 14 days prior to enrollment. Women of childbearing potential and men must agree
             to use adequate contraception prior to enrollment and for the duration of study

          -  Patients must be able to swallow and retain oral medication.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Contraindications or history of allergic reaction to lapatinib or to capecitabine,
             known dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency, or known hypersensitivity of

          -  Craniotomy or any other major surgery, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury
             within 4 weeks of enrollment.

          -  Serious, non-healing wound, infection, ulcer, bone fracture, or uncontrolled seizures

          -  Significant gastrointestinal disorder with diarrhea as a major symptom (example
             Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis) or Grade ≥ 2 diarrhea of any etiology at
             baseline. Active hepatobiliary disease with the exception of patients with Gilbert's
             syndrome, asymptomatic gallstones, liver metastases, or stable chronic liver disease
             as determined by investigator's assessment.

          -  Significant medical co-morbidities as described below:

               -  Cardiac disease:

               -  Congestive heart failure >class II New York Heart Association (NYHA) or

               -  Unstable angina (anginal symptoms at rest), or new-onset angina (begun within the
                  last 3 months), or myocardial infarction within the 6 months prior to enrollment,

               -  Cardiac ventricular arrhythmias requiring anti-arrhythmic therapy.

               -  Known history of QTc prolongation or Torsades de Pointes

          -  Grade 3 hypertension (SBP ≥ 160 mm Hg and/or DBP ≥ 100 mm Hg despite maximal medical

          -  Thrombotic, embolic, venous, or arterial events such as a cerebrovascular accident
             including transient ischemic attacks within the past 6 months.

          -  Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or chronic hepatitis B or C

          -  Previous or concurrent cancer that is distinct in primary site or histology from
             breast cancer within 5 years prior to enrollment EXCEPT cervical cancer in situ,
             treated non-melanoma skin cancers, superficial bladder tumors [Ta and Tis].

          -  Concurrent medication:

               -  Rivaroxaban and vitamin-K antagonists (e.g., warfarin), but enoxaparin is

               -  No concurrent use of strong CYP3A4 inhibitor (e.g., ketoconazole, voriconazole,
                  grapefruit) or inducers (e.g., phenytoin, carbamazepine, phenobarbital, St.
                  John's Wort [Hypericum perforatum], dexamethasone at a dose of greater than 16 mg
                  daily, or rifampin [rifampicin], and/or rifabutin). 2 week washout period before
                  enrollment required if any of strong inducer or inhibitors used (except for
                  dexamethasone, dose needs to be 16mg or less daily). (Appendix H)

               -  Use of concurrent cytochrome P450 enzyme-inducing anti-epileptic drugs (such as
                  phenytoin, carbamazepine, or phenobarbital) is not allowed. (Anti-epileptic
                  levetiracetam is allowed).

          -  Concurrent anti-cancer therapy (chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, radiation therapy,
             surgery, immunotherapy, tumor embolization, or biologic therapy including pertuzumab,
             but except IV trastuzumab or hormonal therapy, if patient is already being treated
             with either of the two agents.)

          -  Use of any investigational drug within 28 days or 5 half-lives, whichever is longer,
             preceding enrollment.

          -  Women who are pregnant or breast-feeding.

          -  Inability to comply with protocol and /or not willing or not available for follow-up
             assessments or any condition which in the investigator's opinion makes the patient
             unsuitable for the study participation.
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:Female
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:maximum tolerated dose (MTD)
Time Frame:first 28-day cycle
Safety Issue:
Description:During the standard 3+3, the probability that dose escalation will occur at any stage during MTD determination is a function of the underlying DLT rate at the current dose level. This probability can be calculated as the sum of the binomial probabilities of the following two outcomes that would permit escalation to occur: No DLT observed in the first three patients. One DLT is observed in the first three patients followed by no DLT observed in three additional patients at the same dose level.


Phase:Phase 1
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Completed
Lead Sponsor:Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Trial Keywords

  • Lapatinib
  • Capecitabine
  • HER2
  • 15-278

Last Updated

January 26, 2021