Clinical Trials /

A Study Using Regorafenib as Second or Third Line Therapy in Metastatic Medullary Thyroid Cancer

NCT02657551

Description:

This research study is studying a targeted therapy as a possible treatment for thyroid cancer. A targeted therapy is a type of treatment that uses drugs or other substances to identify and attack specific types of cancer cells with less harm to normal cells. - The name of the study intervention involved in this study is regorafenib.

Related Conditions:
  • Thyroid Gland Medullary Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: A Study Using Regorafenib as Second or Third Line Therapy in Metastatic Medullary Thyroid Cancer
  • Official Title: A Phase II Study Using Regorafenib as Second or Third Line Therapy in Metastatic Medullary Thyroid Cancer

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 15-350
  • NCT ID: NCT02657551

Conditions

  • Thyroid Cancer

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
RegorafenibStivargaRegorafenib

Purpose

This research study is studying a targeted therapy as a possible treatment for thyroid cancer. A targeted therapy is a type of treatment that uses drugs or other substances to identify and attack specific types of cancer cells with less harm to normal cells. - The name of the study intervention involved in this study is regorafenib.

Detailed Description

      This is a phase II clinical trial. Phase II clinical trials test the safety and effectiveness
      of an investigational intervention to learn whether the intervention works in treating a
      specific disease. "Investigational" means that the intervention is being studied.

      The FDA (the U.S. Food and Drug Administration) has approved regorafenib as a treatment for
      metastatic colorectal cancer and locally advanced, unresectable or metastatic
      gastrointestinal stromal tumor. Regorafenib has not been approved for treatment against
      thyroid cancer.

      Regorafenib is an oral anti-tumor agent that blocks activity of a specific kind of protein
      involved in normal cellular functions and in pathologic processes such as tumor formation and
      maintenance.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
RegorafenibExperimentalRegorafenib tablets orally, once daily at predetermined dosage for 21 days per cycle
  • Regorafenib

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Subjects must be able to understand and be willing to sign the written informed
             consent form. A signed informed consent form must be appropriately obtained prior to
             the conduct of any trial-specific procedure.

          -  Age ≥ 18 years.

          -  Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks (3 months).

          -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of ≤1.

          -  Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of metastatic medullary thyroid
             cancer.

          -  Documented disease progression within 6 months prior to study registration, as defined
             by RECIST criteria.

          -  Must have at least 1 site of measurable disease by RECIST criteria, by version 1.1.

          -  Archival tissue block or unstained slides (from primary or metastatic site) must be
             available, otherwise fresh tissue biopsy sample will be collected.

          -  Any number of prior chemotherapies and targeted therapies are allowed.

          -  Patients must have received at least one prior line of targeted therapy.

          -  Adequate bone marrow, liver and renal function as assessed by the following laboratory
             requirements within 3 weeks prior to study registration:

               -  Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x the upper limits of normal (ULN)

               -  Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate amino-transferease (AST) ≤ 2.5 x ULN
                  (≤ 5 x ULN for subjects with liver involvement of their cancer)

               -  Alkaline phosphastase limit ≤ 2.5 x ULN (≤ 5 x ULN for subjects with liver
                  involvement of their cancer)

               -  Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x the ULN

               -  International normalized ratio (INR)/ Partial thromboplastin time (PTT) ≤ 1.5 x
                  ULN. (Subjects who are prophylactically treated with an agent such as warfarin or
                  heparin will be allowed to participate provided that no prior evidence of
                  underlying abnormality in coagulation parameters exists. Close monitoring of at
                  least weekly evaluations will be performed until INR/PTT is stable based on a
                  measurement that is pre-dose as defined by the local standard of care. (See
                  Section 3.3)

               -  Platelet count > 100000 /mm3, hemoglobin (Hb) > 9 g/dL, absolute neutrophil count
                  (ANC) 1500/mm3. Blood transfusion to meet the inclusion criteria will not be
                  allowed.

          -  Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test performed
             within 7 days prior to study registration. Post-menopausal women (defined as no menses
             for at least 1 year) and surgically sterilized women are not required to undergo a
             pregnancy test. The definition of adequate contraception will be based on the judgment
             of the investigator.

          -  Subjects (men and women) of childbearing potential must agree to use adequate
             contraception beginning at the signing of the ICF until at least 2 months after the
             last dose of study drug. The definition of adequate contraception will be based on the
             judgment of the principal investigator or a designated associate.

          -  Subject must be able to swallow and retain oral medication.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Prior treatment with regorafenib.

          -  Previous assignment to treatment during this study. Subjects permanently withdrawn
             from study participation will not be allowed to re-enter study.

          -  Uncontrolled hypertension (systolic pressure >140 mm Hg or diastolic pressure > 90 mm
             Hg [NCI-CTCAE v4.0] on repeated measurement) despite optimal medical management.

          -  Active or clinically significant cardiac disease including:

               -  Congestive heart failure - New York Heart Association (NYHA) > Class II.

               -  Active coronary artery disease.

               -  Cardiac arrhythmias requiring anti-arrhythmic therapy other than beta blockers or
                  digoxin.

               -  Unstable angina (anginal symptoms at rest), new-onset angina within 3 months
                  before randomization, or myocardial infarction within 6 months before
                  randomization.

          -  Evidence or history of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy.

          -  Any hemorrhage or bleeding event ≥ NCI CTCAE Grade 3 within 4 weeks prior to start of
             study medication.

          -  Subjects with thrombotic, embolic, venous, or arterial events, such as cerebrovascular
             accident (including transient ischemic attacks) deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary
             embolism within 6 months of start of study treatment.

          -  Subjects with any previously untreated or concurrent cancer that is distinct in
             primary site or histology except cervical cancer in-situ, treated basal cell
             carcinoma, or superficial bladder tumor. Subjects surviving a cancer that was
             curatively treated and without evidence of disease for more than 3 years before
             registration are allowed. All cancer treatments must be completed at least 3 years
             prior to study entry (i.e., signature date of the informed consent form).

          -  Patients with pheochromocytoma.

          -  Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or current chronic or
             active hepatitis B or C infection requiring treatment with antiviral therapy.

          -  Ongoing infection > Grade 2 NCI-CTCAE v4.0.

          -  Symptomatic metastatic brain or meningeal tumors.

          -  Presence of a non-healing wound, or non-healing ulcer, (that is not tumor related) or
             bone fracture.

          -  Major surgical procedure or significant traumatic injury within 28 days before start
             of study medication.

          -  Other investigational treatment during or within 30 days before starting study
             treatment.

          -  Use of any approved tyrosine kinase inhibitors within 2 weeks or 6 half-lives of the
             agen, whichever is shorter, prior to receiving study drug.

          -  Prior radiation within 14 days before start of study medication.Renal failure
             requiring hemo-or peritoneal dialysis.

          -  Dehydration Grade ≥1 NCI-CTCAE v4.0.

          -  Patients with seizure disorder requiring medication.

          -  Persistent proteinuria ≥ Grade 3 NCI-CTCAE v4.0 (> 3.5 g/24 hrs, measured by urine
             protein: creatinine ratio on a random urine sample).

          -  Interstitial lung disease with ongoing signs and symptoms at the time of informed
             consent.

          -  Pleural effusion or ascites that causes respiratory compromise (≥ NCI-CTCAE version
             4.0 Grade 2 dyspnea).

          -  History of organ allograft (including corneal transplant).

          -  Known or suspected allergy or hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs, study drug
             classes, or excipients of the formulations given during the course of this trial.

          -  Any malabsorption condition.

          -  Women who are pregnant or breast-feeding.

          -  Any condition which, in the investigator's opinion, makes the subject unsuitable for
             trial participation.

          -  Substance abuse, medical, psychological or social conditions that may interfere with
             the subject's participation in the study or evaluation of the study results.

          -  Excluded therapies and medications, previous and concomitant

               -  Concurrent anti-cancer therapy (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery,
                  immunotherapy, biologic therapy, or tumor embolization) other than study
                  treatment (regorafenib, other agents being investigated in combination with
                  regorafenib).

               -  Prior use of regorafenib.

               -  Concurrent use of another investigational drug or device therapy (i.e., outside
                  of study treatment) during, or within 4 weeks of trial entry (signing of the
                  informed consent form).

               -  Major surgical procedure, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury within 28
                  days before start of study medication.

               -  Therapeutic anticoagulation with Vitamin-K antagonists (e.g., warfarin) or with
                  heparins and heparinoids.

                  --- However, prophylactic anticoagulation as described below is allowed:

                    -  Low dose warfarin (1 mg orally, once daily) with PT-INR ≤ 1.5 x ULN is
                       permitted. Infrequent bleeding or elevations in PT-INR have been reported in
                       some subjects taking warfarin while on regorafenib therapy. Therefore,
                       subjects taking concomitant warfarin should be monitored regularly for
                       changes in PT, PT-INR or clinical bleeding episodes.

                    -  Low dose aspirin (≤ 100 mg daily).

                    -  Prophylactic doses of heparin.

               -  Use of any herbal remedy (e.g. St. John's Wort [Hypericum perforatum])
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Response and Progression-free survival
Time Frame:10 Months
Safety Issue:
Description:Response and progression will be evaluated in this study using the new international criteria proposed by the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) guideline (version 1.1).

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Safety variables - AEs, laboratory changes, changes in vital signs and ECG and, changes in chest x-ray images, at the investigator's discretion (e.g., for evaluation for pneumonia).
Time Frame:2 Years
Safety Issue:
Description:Safety variables include the following: AEs, laboratory changes, changes in vital signs and ECG and, in some instances, changes in chest x-ray images, as produced at the investigator's discretion
Measure:Radiographic response
Time Frame:2 Years
Safety Issue:
Description:Changes in the largest diameter (unidimensional measurement) of the tumor lesions and the shortest diameter in the case of malignant lymph nodes will be used per the RECIST 1.1 criteria.
Measure:Biomarkers associated with response
Time Frame:2 Years
Safety Issue:
Description:Whole exome sequencing will be performed on tumor and normal genomic DNA on all responders.

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Trial Keywords

  • Thyroid Cancer

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