Clinical Trials /

Phase II Trial of Sequential Consolidation With Pembrolizumab Followed by Nab-paclitaxel

NCT02684461

Description:

The purpose of this research study is to test the effectiveness of three treatment arms that are designed to improve survival in patients with non-small cell lung cancer. Eligible subjects could be randomized to four (4) cycles of chemotherapy followed by immunotherapy, or immunotherapy followed by chemotherapy, or four cycles of chemotherapy plus immunotherapy.

Related Conditions:
  • Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Active, not recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Phase II Trial of Sequential Consolidation With Pembrolizumab Followed by Nab-paclitaxel
  • Official Title: Phase II Trial of Sequential Consolidation With Pembrolizumab Followed by Nab-paclitaxel After Standard First-Line Induction Chemotherapy in Advanced NSCLC

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: LCCC 1516
  • NCT ID: NCT02684461

Conditions

  • Non Small Cell Lung Cancer

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
PembrolizumabKeytruda, nab-paclitaxelArm A: Sequential Consolidation

Purpose

The purpose of this research study is to test the effectiveness of three treatment arms that are designed to improve survival in patients with non-small cell lung cancer. Eligible subjects could be randomized to four (4) cycles of chemotherapy followed by immunotherapy, or immunotherapy followed by chemotherapy, or four cycles of chemotherapy plus immunotherapy.

Detailed Description

      This open-label, three-arm, non-comparative randomized phase II study is designed to evaluate
      three different sequences of double-consolidation with the humanized monoclonal antibody
      targeted against cell surface receptor programmed cell death-1 (PD-1), pembrolizumab, and
      nab-paclitaxel in patients with advanced Non small cell lung cancer post induction
      chemotherapy. While the goal of each arm is to guarantee exposure to each of these two agents
      to patients who have not progressed post induction chemotherapy, they do so with different
      sequence. In ARMs A and B, consolidation is sequential, with either pembrolizumab followed by
      nab-paclitaxel (ARM A), or nab-paclitaxel followed by pembrolizumab (ARM B). In ARM C,
      consolidation is concurrent, with the two agents administered concurrently. As of July 24,
      ARMs B and C are closed, and no patients will be enrolled on this study. ARM A remains open
      to enrollment.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Arm A: Sequential ConsolidationActive ComparatorCompletion of four cycles of Sequential Consolidation of Pembrolizumab 200mg every 21 days and then four cycles Nab-paclitaxel 100 mg/mg2 on day 1 and day 8 every 21 days
  • Pembrolizumab
Arm B: Sequential ConsolidationActive ComparatorCompletion of 4 cycles of Sequential Consolidation of Nab-paclitexel 100 mg/m2 on day 1 and day 8 every 21 days and then Pembrolizumab 200 mg every 21
  • Pembrolizumab
Arm C: Concurrent ConsolidationActive ComparatorConcurrent Consolidation of Nab paclitaxel 100 mg/m2 on day 1 and day 8 plus Pembrolizumab 200 m5 on day 1 every 21 days for four cycles
  • Pembrolizumab

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Be willing and able to provide written informed consent for this trial

          -  Be greater than or equal to 18 years of age on day of signing consent

          -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status less than or equal to 1

          -  Histologically or cytologically confirmed confirmed stage IV (metastatic) non small
             cell lung cancer as defined by American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC). Recurrent
             but not metastatic disease is allowed if deemed incurable.

          -  Has completed or scheduled to begin 4-6 cycles of platinum based induction
             chemotherapy that does not include a taxane

          -  Induction may contain, but is not require to contain bevacizumab or cetuximab.

          -  Induction with a platinum doublet plus another biologic agent will be allowed
             following review by the University of North Carolina principal investigator that thee
             is no additional risk to the subject

        NOTE: Evaluable disease is not required for study entry (patients with complete response or
        response sufficient to preclude measurable lesions are not excluded; such patients will be
        evaluated for progression free survival and overall survival, but not response)

          -  Demonstrate adequate organ function (defined in protocol). All screening labs should
             be performed within 14 days of treatment initiation.

          -  Recovered from all reversible toxicities related to their previous treatment (other
             than alopecia) less than or equal to grade 1 or baseline; exceptions to this criteria
             may be allowed at the discretion of the overall principal investigator for toxicities
             that are not expected to be exacerbated by pembrolizumab or nab paclitaxel

          -  Patients with brain metastases may participate if they have undergone appropriate
             treatment for the lesion)s), are at least two weeks post treatment without evidence
             for post-treatment progression, have no significant neurologic symptoms, and no longer
             require steroids for the reason of brain metastases

          -  Female subject of childbearing potential should have a negative urine or serum
             pregnancy within 72 hours prior to receiving the first dose of study medication. If
             the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test
             will be required

          -  Female subjects of childbearing potential should be willing to use 2 methods of birth
             control or be surgically sterile, or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course
             of the study through 120 days after the last dose of study medication. Subjects of
             childbearing potential are those who have not been surgically sterilized or have not
             been free from menses for greater than 1 year. The two birth control methods can be
             two barrier methods or a barrier method plus a hormonal method to prevent pregnancy.
             Subjects should start using birth control from study Visit 1 throughout the study
             period up to 120 days after the last dose of study therapy.

          -  Male subjects should agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting with
             the first dose of study therapy through 120 days after the last dose of study therapy.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations expected to be
             sensitive to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors and patients with
             Echinoderm Microtubule-Associated Protein like 4 anaplastic lymphoma kinase (EML4/ALK)
             translocations are excluded, unless all available FDA approved targeted therapy
             options have been utilized. NOTE: In contrast to the above a patient with an EGFR
             mutation who has been treated with a first-generation and third generation TKIs and
             then with four cycles of carboplatin plus pemetrexed would be eligible

          -  Is currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational
             agent or using an investigational device within 4 weeks of the first dose treatment

          -  Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any
             other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of trial
             treatment

          -  Has had prior chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy, or radiation therapy
             within 2 weeks prior to study Day 1. Note: if subject received major surgery, they
             must have recovered adequately from the toxicity and/or complications from the
             intervention prior to starting therapy

          -  Has had a prior monoclonal antibody within 4 weeks prior to study day 1 or who has not
             recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier.
             Exceptions to these criteria may be allowed at the discretion overall principal for
             toxicities that are not expected to be exacerbated by pembrolizumab or nab-paclitaxel

          -  Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment.
             Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the
             skin, or in situ cervical cancer that has undergone potentially curative therapy

          -  Has an active autoimmune disease requiring systemic treatment within the past 3 months
             or a documented history of clinically severe autoimmune disease, or a syndrome that
             requires systemic steroids or immunosuppressive agents; subjects that require
             intermittent use of bronchodilators or local steroid injections would not be excluded
             from the study. Subjects with hypothyroidism stable on hormone replacement or
             Sjorgen's syndrome will not be excluded from the study

          -  Has evidence of interstitial lung disease or active, non-infectious pneumonitis

          -  Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy

          -  Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy or laboratory abnormality
             that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's
             participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of
             the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator

          -  Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with
             cooperation with the requirements of the trial

          -  Has inadequate home environment or social support to safely complete the trial
             procedures

          -  Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the
             projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit
             through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment

          -  Has received prior therapy with an anti-programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) , anti-PD-L1,
             anti-PD-L2, anti-CD137, or anti-Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4)
             antibody (including ipilimumab or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting
             T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways

          -  Known hypersensitivity to protein bound paclitaxel

          -  Has received prior therapy with any taxane chemotherapy

          -  Has a known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies)

          -  Has known active Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C

          -  Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment

          -  Has a history of non-infectious pneumonitis that required steroids or evidence of
             interstitial lung disease or current active, non-infectious pneumonitis
      
Maximum Eligible Age:99 Years
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Overall survival
Time Frame:15 months
Safety Issue:
Description:Overall survival is defined as the time from day 1 of treatment to death from any cause

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center

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