Lung cancer is the most common cancer in both men and women worldwide, accounting for 13% of
incident cancers. In 2015, it was estimated there would be 221,200 new lung cancers diagnosed
in the United States, with 158,040 lung cancer deaths. Approximately 85% of all lung cancers
are characterized as non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
Repeated studies have shown neoadjuvant cytotoxic chemotherapy to be safe prior to surgical
resection of NSCLC with no difference in extent of surgical procedures performed, operative
morbidity and mortality. The debate remains as to whether neoadjuvant or adjuvant
chemotherapy is the best approach, with advantages and disadvantages to each.
The investigators propose that new therapies such as immune checkpoint inhibitors that
demonstrate promising clinical activity in the advanced disease setting must be incorporated
into the neoadjuvant setting, in order to maximize benefit early in a patient's treatment
course, and with a suitable surrogate endpoint that can be used to establish a preliminary
efficacy signal, prior to initiation of a large confirmatory study.
- Patients must have pathologically confirmed non-small cell lung cancer, of either
squamous or non-squamous histology.
- Stage 1B-3A
- Deemed surgically resectable by a thoracic surgeon
- Age ≥ 18 years
- Radiologically measurable disease, as defined by response evaluation criteria in solid
tumours (RECIST) v1.1
- Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
- Females of child-bearing potential must:
- Either commit to true abstinence from heterosexual contact, or agree to use, and
be able to comply with, effective contraception (</=1% failure rate annually)
without interruption, 28 days prior to starting therapy (including dose
interruptions), and while on study medication or for a period of 90 days
following treatment completion.
- Have a negative serum pregnancy test (β -hCG) result at screening and agree to
ongoing pregnancy testing during the course of the study, and after the end of
- Male subjects must practice true abstinence or agree to use a condom during sexual
contact with a pregnant female or a female of childbearing potential while
participating in the study, during dose interruptions and for 6 months following
treatment discontinuation, even if he has undergone a successful vasectomy.
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0 or 1
- Representative formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor specimens in paraffin
blocks (blocks are preferred) or at least 10 unstained slides, with an associated
pathology report, for central testing of tumor PD-L1 expression
- Tumor tissue should be of good quality based on total and viable tumor content.
- Patients who do not have tissue specimens meeting eligibility requirements may
undergo a biopsy during the screening period.
- Adequate organ and marrow function as defined below:
- Lymphocyte count ≥300/microliter (mcL)
- Neutrophil count ≥1,500/mcL
- Hemoglobin ≥9.0g/dl
- Platelets ≥100,000/mcL
- Total bilirubin ≤1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (*Patients with
Gilbert's disease: ≤3 x ULN)
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)(SGOT)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT)(SGPT) ≤2.5
- Alkaline phosphatase ≤2.5 x ULN
- International normalized ratio (INR) and activated partial thromboplastin time
(aPTT) ≤ 1.5 x ULN (*Unless the patient is on therapeutic anticoagulation)
- Serum creatinine ≤1.5 x ULN or
- Creatinine clearance ≥50 mL/min/1.73 m2 by Cockcroft-Gault estimation
- Any approved anticancer therapy, including chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, or
radiotherapy, within 5 years prior to initiation of study treatment; however, the
following are allowed:
- Hormone-replacement therapy or oral contraceptives
- Herbal therapy > 1 week prior to Cycle 1, Day 1 (herbal therapy intended as
anticancer therapy must be discontinued at least 1 week prior to Cycle 1, Day 1)
- Malignancies other than the disease under study within 5 years prior to Cycle 1, Day
1, with the exception of those with a negligible risk of metastasis or death and with
expected curative outcome or undergoing active surveillance per standard-of-care
management (e.g., chronic lymphocytic leukemia Rai Stage 0, prostate cancer with
Gleason score ≤ 6, and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) ≤ 10 mg/mL, etc.)
- Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents concurrently.
- Patients with no smoking history
- History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic
composition to MPDL3280A, carboplatin, or paclitaxel.
- Patients with active hepatitis B or C infections or a history of HIV infection.
- Patients with past or resolved hepatitis B infection (defined as having a
negative hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) test and a positive for the antibody
test to detect antibodies to hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc) are eligible.
- Patients positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody are eligible only if
polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is negative for HCV RNA.
- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active
infection including tuberculosis (TB), symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable
angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that
would limit compliance with study requirements.
- Known clinically significant liver disease, including active viral, alcoholic, or
other hepatitis; cirrhosis; fatty liver; and inherited liver disease
- Known hypersensitivity to Chinese hamster ovary cell products or other recombinant
- History or risk of autoimmune disease, including but not limited to systemic lupus
erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, vascular thrombosis
associated with antiphospholipid syndrome, Wegener's granulomatosis, Sjögren's
syndrome, Bell's palsy, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, autoimmune
thyroid disease, vasculitis, or glomerulonephritis
- Patients with a history of autoimmune hypothyroidism on a stable dose of thyroid
replacement hormone may be eligible.
- Patients with controlled Type 1 diabetes mellitus on a stable insulin regimen may
- Patients with eczema, psoriasis, lichen simplex chronicus of vitiligo with
dermatologic manifestations only are permitted provided that they meet the
- Patients with psoriasis must have a baseline ophthalmologic exam to rule out
- Rash must cover less than 10% of body surface area (BSA)
- Disease is well controlled at baseline and only requiring low potency
- No acute exacerbations of underlying condition within the last 12 months
(not requiring psoralen plus ultraviolet A radiation (PUVA), methotrexate,
retinoids, biologic agents, oral calcineurin inhibitors; high potency or
- Severe infections within 4 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1, including but not limited to
hospitalization for complications of infection, bacteremia, or severe pneumonia
- Signs or symptoms of infection within 2 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1 Received oral or
IV antibiotics within 2 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1. Patients receiving prophylactic
antibiotics (e.g., for prevention of a urinary tract infection or chronic obstructive
pulmonary disease) are eligible
- Major surgical procedure within 28 days prior to Cycle 1, Day 1 or anticipation of
need for a major surgical procedure during the course of the study
- Patients must not have >/= Grade 2 pre-existing peripheral neuropathy (per CTCAE)
- Administration of a live, attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks before Cycle 1, Day 1 or
anticipation that such a live, attenuated vaccine will be required during the study
- Pregnant women
- History of interstitial lung disease or pneumonitis of any cause
Immunotherapy-Related Exclusion Criteria:
- Prior treatment with anti-PD-1, anti-CTLA-4 (cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen
(CTLA-4)), or anti-PD-L1 therapeutic antibody or pathway-targeting agents
- Treatment with systemic immunosuppressive medications (including but not limited to
prednisone, cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, methotrexate, thalidomide, and anti-tumor
necrosis factor (anti-TNF) agents) within 2 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1
- Patients who have received acute, low-dose, systemic immunosuppressant
medications (e.g., a one-time dose of dexamethasone for nausea) may be enrolled.
- The use of inhaled corticosteroids and mineralocorticoids (e.g., fludrocortisone)
for patients with orthostatic hypotension or adrenocortical insufficiency is
- History of severe allergic, anaphylactic, or other hypersensitivity reactions to
chimeric or humanized antibodies or fusion proteins.
- Patients with prior allogeneic bone marrow transplantation or prior solid organ