Clinical Trials /

Pembrolizumab and Ipilimumab After Prior Immunotherapy for Melanoma

NCT02743819

Description:

Phase II study evaluating the benefit of the combination of anti-PD1 (pembrolizumab) and anti-CTLA4 (ipilimumab) antibodies in advanced melanoma. The study will determine the response rate of the combination and evaluate other clinical parameters such as progression-free survival and safety of the combination following anti-PD1/L1 antibody. The study will also provide the opportunity to investigate blood or tumor based factors that may predict response to anti-PD1 antibody in combination with anti-CTLA4.

Related Conditions:
  • Melanoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Pembrolizumab and Ipilimumab After Prior Immunotherapy for Melanoma
  • Official Title: Phase II Study of Pembrolizumab and Ipilimumab Following Initial Anti-PD1/L1 Antibody

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: IRB17-0686
  • SECONDARY ID: IRB15-1788
  • NCT ID: NCT02743819

Conditions

  • Melanoma

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
Pembrolizumab and Ipilimumab combinationInitial progression

Purpose

Phase II study evaluating the benefit of the combination of anti-PD1 (pembrolizumab) and anti-CTLA4 (ipilimumab) antibodies in advanced melanoma. The study will determine the response rate of the combination and evaluate other clinical parameters such as progression-free survival and safety of the combination following anti-PD1/L1 antibody. The study will also provide the opportunity to investigate blood or tumor based factors that may predict response to anti-PD1 antibody in combination with anti-CTLA4.

Detailed Description

      Primary Objective:

      To determine the irRECIST* response rate of pembrolizumab with ipilimumab following initial
      progression or stable disease to anti-PD1/L1 antibody (or combination not containing
      anti-CTLA4) in subjects with advanced melanoma.

      Secondary Objective

        1. To summarize the progression-free survival (RECIST v1.1 and irRC) of the combination
           following prior treatment with anti-PD1/L1 antibody.

        2. To assess the safety of the combination following prior treatment with anti-PD1/L1
           antibody.

      Exploratory Objective:

      To evaluate changes in the tumor microenvironment and other biospecimens before and after
      adding ipilimumab to pembrolizumab.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Initial progressionOtherProgression on anti-PD1/L1 antibody (or combination not containing anti-CTLA4),
  • Pembrolizumab and Ipilimumab combination
Stable diseaseOtherStable disease more than 24 weeks or initial response on anti-PD1/L1 antibody (or combination not containing anti-CTLA4)
  • Pembrolizumab and Ipilimumab combination

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

        In order to be eligible for participation in this trial, the subject must:

          1. Be willing and able to provide written informed consent for the trial.

          2. Be 18 years of age on day of signing informed consent.

          3. Have experienced disease progression or stable disease lasting at least 24 weeks
             during treatment with an anti-PD1/L1 antibody as the treatment regimen immediately
             prior to accrual to this study or disease progression within 6 months of adjuvant
             anti-PD1 antibody.

          4. Have measurable disease based on irRECIST 1.1.

          5. Have a performance status of 0 or 1 on the ECOG Performance Scale.

          6. Demonstrate adequate organ function as defined below, all screening labs should be
             performed within 10 days of treatment initiation.

             Hematological Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1,500 /mcL Platelets ≥100,000 / mcL
             Hemoglobin ≥8 g/dL or ≥4.96 mmol/L

             Renal Serum creatinine OR Measured or calculated creatinine clearance ≤1.5 X upper
             limit of normal (ULN) OR ≥60 mL/min for subject with creatinine levels > 1.5 X
             institutional ULN (GFR can also be used in place of creatinine or CrCl)

             Hepatic Serum total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 X ULN OR Direct bilirubin ≤ ULN for subjects with
             total bilirubin levels > 1.5 ULN AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) ≤ 2.5 X ULN OR ≤ 5 X ULN
             for subjects with liver metastases Albumin >2.5 mg/dL

             Coagulation International Normalized Ratio (INR) or Prothrombin Time (PT) ≤1.5 X ULN
             unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within
             therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants

             Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (aPTT) ≤1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving
             anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use
             of anticoagulants

          7. Female subject of childbearing potential should have a negative urine or serum
             pregnancy within 72 hours prior to receiving the first dose of study medication. If
             the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test
             will be required.

          8. Female subjects of childbearing potential should be willing to use 2 methods of birth
             control or be surgically sterile, or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course
             of the study through 120 days after the last dose of study medication. Subjects of
             childbearing potential are those who have not been surgically sterilized or have not
             been free from menses for > 1 year.

          9. Male subjects should agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting with
             the first dose of study therapy through 120 days after the last dose of study therapy.

        Exclusion Criteria:

        The subject must be excluded from participating in the trial if the subject:

          1. Has received study therapy (including investigational device) as part of a clinical
             trial within 4 weeks of the first dose of treatment, with the exclusion of an
             anti-PD1/L1 antibody given as either a single agent or non-CTLA-4 antibody containing
             combination.

          2. Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any
             other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of trial
             treatment.

          3. Has a known history of active TB (Bacillus Tuberculosis)

          4. Hypersensitivity to pembrolizumab or any of its excipients.

          5. Has had a prior anti-cancer monoclonal antibody (mAb) within 4 weeks prior to study
             Day 1 (excluding commercial or investigational anti-PD1 or anti-PD-L1 antibodies as
             single agents) or who has not recovered (i.e., ≤ Grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse
             events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier.

          6. Has had prior chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy, or radiation therapy
             within 2 weeks prior to study Day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., ≤ Grade 1 or at
             baseline) from adverse events due to a previously administered agent.

               -  Note: Subjects with ≤ Grade 2 neuropathy are an exception to this criterion and
                  may qualify for the study.

               -  Note: If subject received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from
                  the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting
                  therapy.

          7. Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment.
             Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin or squamous cell carcinoma of the
             skin that has undergone potentially curative therapy or in situ cervical cancer.

          8. Has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous
             meningitis. Subjects with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided
             they are stable (without evidence of progression by imaging for at least four weeks
             prior to the first dose of trial treatment and any neurologic symptoms have returned
             to baseline), have no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases, and are not using
             steroids for at least 7 days prior to trial treatment. This exception does not include
             carcinomatous meningitis which is excluded regardless of clinical stability.

          9. Has active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years
             (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive
             drugs). Replacement therapy (eg., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid
             replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a
             form of systemic treatment.

         10. Patients with uveal/ocular melanoma are excluded.

         11. Has known history of, or any evidence of active, non-infectious pneumonitis.

         12. Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.

         13. Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality
             that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's
             participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of
             the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.

         14. Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with
             cooperation with the requirements of the trial.

         15. Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the
             projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit
             through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment.

         16. Has received prior therapy with an anti-CTLA4 agent.

         17. Has a known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies).

         18. Has known active Hepatitis B (e.g., HBsAg reactive) or Hepatitis C (e.g., HCV RNA
             [qualitative] is detected).

         19. Has received a live vaccine within 30 days of planned start of study therapy.

        Note: Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally inactivated flu vaccines and
        are allowed; however intranasal influenza vaccines are live attenuated vaccines, and are
        not allowed.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Response rate per irRECIST
Time Frame:16 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Progression free survival using the Kaplan Meier method
Time Frame:24 months
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:Safety measured by number and grade of adverse events using the CTCAE v4.0
Time Frame:30 days after the end of treatment
Safety Issue:
Description:

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:University of Chicago

Trial Keywords

  • Melanoma
  • Pembrolizumab
  • Ipilimumab

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