- Greater than or equal to 24 months to 21 years of age
- Relapsed, refractory, or recurrent malignancy. All solid tumor diagnoses will be
- Pathologic confirmation of the diagnosis either at original diagnosis or recurrence.
- Known non-synonymous mutation in the following genes: Raf, PDGFR, VEGFR, Flt-3, KIT,
JAK, STAT, RAS, MEK, or ERK. Genomic sample preferably from relapse, but may be from
other stage of treatment if relapse sample is not reasonably obtainable. Genetic
analysis for determination of eligibility occurs as part of routine care and is not
being performed specifically for the purposes of this study.
- Measurable disease defined as lesions that can be accurately measured in at least one
dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) as ≥ 10 mm with CT or MRI scan, as ≥ 20 mm
by chest x-ray, or ≥ 10 mm with calipers by clinical exam.
- Prior Therapy
- Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior
chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy prior to entering this study.
- Myelosuppressive chemotherapy: Patients must not have received myelosuppressive
chemotherapy within 2 weeks of enrollment onto this study (6 weeks if prior
- Hematopoietic growth factors: At least 14 days must have elapsed after receiving
pegfilgrastim and least 7 days must have elapsed since the completion of therapy
with a non-pegylated growth factor.
- Biologic (anti-neoplastic agent): At least 7 days must have elapsed since
completion of therapy with a biologic agent. For agents that have known adverse
events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period prior to
enrollment must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known
- Monoclonal antibodies: At least 3 half-lives must have elapsed since prior
therapy that included a monoclonal antibody. (See posting of half-lives for
commonly used monoclonal antibodies on the DVL homepage;
- Radiotherapy: ≥ 2 weeks must have elapsed since local palliative XRT (small
port); ≥ 6 weeks must have elapsed since treatment with therapeutic doses of
MIBG; ≥ 3 months must have elapsed if prior craniospinal XRT was received, if ≥
50% of the pelvis was irradiated, or if TBI was received; ≥ 6 weeks must have
elapsed if other substantial bone marrow irradiation was given.
- Stem Cell Transplant or Rescue without TBI: No evidence of active graft vs. host
disease and ≥ 2 months must have elapsed since transplant.
- Patients must have a performance status corresponding to Karnofsky or Lansky greater
than or equal to 50%. Use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for
patients ≤ 16 years of age. Patients who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but
who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing
the performance score.
- Normal bone marrow and organ function as defined below:
- Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,000/mcl
- Platelets ≥ 75,000/mcl (transfusion independent, defined as not receiving
platelet transfusions within a 7 day period prior to enrollment)
- Total bilirubin ≤ IULN
- AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) ≤ 3.0 x IULN Note: For the purposes of this trial the ULN for
ALT is defined as 45 U/L.
- Adequate Renal Function Defined As: Creatinine clearance or radioisotope GFR > 70
mL/min/1.73 m2 or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows: 2 to < 6
years (male=0.8, female=0.8), 6 to <10 years (male=1, female=1), 10 to < 13 years
(male=1.2, female=1.2), 13 to < 16 years (male=1.5, female=1.4), and ≥ 16 years
- PTT < IULN
- INR < IULN or PT < IULN
- Normal serum lipase and amylase (per institutional normal values).
- Adequate Pulmonary Function Defined As: No evidence of dyspnea at rest, no
exercise intolerance, and a pulse oximetry > 94%.
- Adequate cardiovascular functioning for sorafenib, including:
- Shortening fraction ≥ 28% or ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥ 55%, as well as
- A blood pressure (BP) ≤ the 95th percentile for age, height, and gender and not
receiving medication for treatment of hypertension.
- Normal electrocardiogram with QTc < 450.
- Women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception
(hormonal or barrier method of birth control, abstinence) prior to study entry and for
the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is
pregnant while participating in this study, she must inform her treating physician
- Ability to understand and willingness to sign an IRB approved written informed consent
document (or that of legally authorized representative, if applicable).
- Patients who have received a cumulative doxorubicin equivalent of > 375mg/m^2 total
- Surgery Criteria: Patients who have had or are planning to have the following invasive
procedures are not eligible:
- Major surgical procedure, laparoscopic procedure, open biopsy or significant
traumatic injury within 14 days prior to initiation of protocol therapy. There
should be no anticipation of need for major surgical procedures during the course
of the study.
- Central line placement or subcutaneous port placement is not considered major
surgery. External central lines must be placed at least 3 days prior to
initiation of protocol therapy and subcutaneous ports must be placed at least 7
prior to initiation of protocol therapy
- Patients must not be on therapeutic anti-coagulation. Prophylactic anticoagulation
(i.e. low dose warfarin) of venous or arterial devices is allowed provided that the
requirements for PT, INR, and PTT are met.
- Patients with evidence of bleeding diathesis are not eligible.
- Patients with known Gilbert syndrome are not eligible.
- A history of other malignancy ≤ 5 years previous with the exception of basal cell or
squamous cell carcinoma of the skin which were treated with local resection only or
carcinoma in situ of the cervix.
- Currently receiving any other investigational agents.
- A history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or
biologic composition to sorafenib or irinotecan.
- Currently on the following concomitant medications or substances that have the
potential to affect the activity or pharmacokinetics of the study drug(s). The use of
the following medications should be discontinued prior to initiation of protocol
therapy and should be avoided during protocol therapy if reasonable alternatives
- Corticosteroids: Patients requiring corticosteroids that have not been on a
stable or decreasing dose of corticosteroid for 7 days prior to enrollment are
- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active
infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, cardiac dysfunction, unstable angina
pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, prolonged QTc, interstitial lung disease,
gastrointestinal perforation, hepatic impairment/failure, or renal impairment/failure.
- Pregnant and/or breastfeeding. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative
serum or urine pregnancy test within 7 days of study entry.
- Known HIV-positivity on combination antiretroviral therapy because of the potential
for pharmacokinetic interactions with sorafenib or irinotecan. In addition, these
patients are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with
marrow-suppressive therapy. Appropriate studies will be undertaken in patients
receiving combination antiretroviral therapy when indicated.