Clinical Trials /

Nivolumab Plus Radiotherapy in Advanced Melanoma

NCT02799901

Description:

Combining nivolumab with conventional multisite high dose radiotherapy seems to be an interesting approach that could increase the antitumoral effect of nivolumab by increasing the diversity and quantity of tumoral antigen presentation thanks to radiotherapy. Multifractionated high dose radiotherapy (HR) targeting various tumor sites could also increase occurrence of tumor mutations and the diversity of the T-cell receptor repertoire of intratumoral T cells. The purpose of this study is to combine nivolumab with 3 fractions of HR of one metastasis for each tumor site (defined as skin/muscle, thoracic, abdomen, bone, other). The investigators hypothesize that combining nivolumab with multisite, multifractionated HR increases the overall survival rate at 1 year compared to published data with nivolumab alone.

Related Conditions:
  • Melanoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Nivolumab Plus Radiotherapy in Advanced Melanoma
  • Official Title: Nivolumab in Combination With High Dose Radiotherapy at Varied Tumor Sites in Advanced Melanoma and no Prior Antitumoral Treatment

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 16-PP-02
  • NCT ID: NCT02799901

Conditions

  • Melanoma

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
NivolumabPatient

Purpose

Combining nivolumab with conventional multisite high dose radiotherapy seems to be an interesting approach that could increase the antitumoral effect of nivolumab by increasing the diversity and quantity of tumoral antigen presentation thanks to radiotherapy. Multifractionated high dose radiotherapy (HR) targeting various tumor sites could also increase occurrence of tumor mutations and the diversity of the T-cell receptor repertoire of intratumoral T cells. The purpose of this study is to combine nivolumab with 3 fractions of HR of one metastasis for each tumor site (defined as skin/muscle, thoracic, abdomen, bone, other). The investigators hypothesize that combining nivolumab with multisite, multifractionated HR increases the overall survival rate at 1 year compared to published data with nivolumab alone.

Detailed Description

      Recent progress has been made in advanced melanoma with drug targeting immune system such as
      ipilimumab targeting CTLA-4 and nivolumab targeting PD-1. Some case reports and preclinical
      data suggested that the antitumoral immune response of these immune check point inhibitors
      (ipilimumab and nivolumab as well) could be enhanced if associated with massive tumoral
      antigen release in the blood stream, due to local treatment such as high dose radiotherapy
      (HR). The first rigorous scientific demonstration of this phenomenon was done by Demaria et
      al. They showed that irradiation of xenograft tumor could induce decrease of tumoral growth
      of a non-irradiated other xenograt tumor. This effect was due to immune response to
      irradiation but it only occured when immune system was modulated by CTLA-4 inhibition. In
      that experiences CTLA4 and radiation actions were synergistic.

      Dovedi et al. also reported that targeting PD-1/PD-L1 pathway have greater anti-tumor
      efficacy if concomitant radiotherapy was given and especially if radiotherapy was
      multifractionated.

      Very interestingly the fractionated radiotherapy also induced huge increase of tumoral PD-L1
      expression by three times 5 days after beginning of radiotherapy. This could explain the
      synergistic impact of this strategy.

      At least eight clinical studies are ongoing, testing the combination of CTLA-4 blockade with
      radiotherapy in metastatic melanoma or other tumors, with various treatment schedules either
      for ipilimumab (3 or 10 mg/kg) or radiotherapy (before or after ipilimumab, fractions of 6 to
      8 Gy; total body irradiation or treatment of only one metastasis).

      One study (NCT01565837) is a phase II study that analyses the efficacy of 10mg/kg ipilimumab
      (every 3 weeks) associated with HR for all metastatic sites but only for oligometastatic
      patients (< 6 metastasis), which reflects only a minority of metastatic melanoma patients.

      Such strategy is of high interest because it takes into account the putative tumoral
      heterogeneity which could lead to failure of the association of nivolumab with the
      irradiation of only one tumor site.

      The investigators propose to combine nivolumab with 3 fractions of HR of one metastasis for
      each tumor site (defined as skin/muscle, thoracic, abdomen, bone, other).They have chosen 3
      fractions instead of only 1 for each tumor site because of preclinical data in mice showing
      that one fraction is less efficient than several fractions to stimulate the immune system and
      kill tumoral cells. The increase of the number of fractions could also lead to an increase of
      the diversity of tumoral antigens released in the blood stream which could also favors
      diversity of the T-cell receptor repertoire of intratumoral T cells.

      In our protocol dose constraint for each tissue type can be easily achieved with the 3 X 6 Gy
      schedule without excess of toxicity.

      In conclusion the present protocol aims to increase the quantity and diversity of released
      tumoral antigens by providing multisite, multifractionated HR during nivolumab treatment in
      advanced untreated melanoma patients.

      The investigators hypothesize that combining nivolumab with multisite, multifractionated HR
      increases the overall survival rate at 1 year compared to published data with nivolumab
      alone.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
PatientExperimentalpatient with Advanced melanoma
  • Nivolumab

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          1. Willing and able to give written informed consent

          2. Men and women, ≥ 18 years of age

          3. Histologically confirmed Stage III (unresectable) or Stage IV melanoma. Unknown
             primary melanoma will be accepted.

          4. Measurable disease by CT per RECIST 1.1 criteria

          5. Indication of radiotherapy

          6. Patient MUST be untreated for his/her Stage III (unresectable) or Stage IV melanoma

          7. Prior treatment with INTERFERON in the adjuvant setting is authorized.

          8. BRAF status must be determinate but patient will be eligible regardless the status
             (BRAF wildtype and BRAF V600 mutation positive patients could be included)

          9. A pre-treatment recent core, excision or punch biopsy must be provided for PD-L1
             status determination prior to start the treatment and for exploratory biomarker
             analyses. The biopsy must be from an unresectable or metastatic site, and the subject
             must have had no intervening systemic therapy between the time of biopsy and the start
             of inclusion

         10. Patient must consent to allow the acquisition of existing formalin-fixed
             paraffin-embedded (FFPE) material (" archival ") (block or a minimum of 10 unstained
             slides) if available, for performance of correlatives studies

         11. Subjects must consent to allow the acquisition of blood samples: one during the week
             before the first nivolumab injection; the second 15 days +- 2 days after the first
             injection of nivolumab; the third between 15 and 30 days after the first radiotherapy
             session and the fourth at relapse, for performance of correlative studies,

         12. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status ≤1

         13. Within the last 2 weeks prior to study day 1 the following laboratory parameters,
             which should be within the ranges specified:

         14. Subjects affiliated to an appropriate social security system NB: Patients will be
             included regardless of the level of LDH.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          1. The patient requires concomitant chronic treatment with systemic corticosteroids or
             any other immunosuppressive agents 7 days prior to inclusion,

          2. Patient with brain(s) metastase(s), symptomatic(s) or not,

          3. Ocular or mucosal melanoma (unknown primary melanoma will be accepted),

          4. The patient has concurrent severe medical problems, unrelated to the malignancy, that
             would significantly limit full compliance with the study or expose the patient to
             unacceptable risk such as but not limited to: Cardiac insufficiency (III or IV as per
             NYHA classification), Renal insufficiency, ongoing infection,

          5. Subjects with previous malignancies (except non-melanoma skin cancers, in situ bladder
             cancer, gastric or colon cancers, cervical cancers/dysplasia or breast carcinoma in
             situ) are excluded unless a complete remission was achieved at least 2 years prior to
             study entry and no additional therapy is required or anticipated to be required during
             the study period,

          6. Uncontrolled infectious diseases - requires negative tests for clinically suspected
             HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV). If positive results are not
             indicative of true active or chronic infection, the subject may enter the study after
             discussion and agreement between the Investigator and the Medical Monitor,

          7. Active Autoimmune disease: subjects with a documented history of inflammatory bowel
             disease, including ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease are excluded from this study
             as are subjects with a history of symptomatic disease (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis,
             systemic progressive sclerosis [scleroderma], Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, autoimmune
             vasculitis [e.g., Wegener's Granulomatosis]); subjects with vitiligo, type I diabetes
             mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone
             replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to
             recur in the absence of an external trigger are permitted to enroll,

          8. Subjects with motor neuropathy considered of autoimmune origin (e.g., Guillain Barré
             Syndrome) are excluded from this study,

          9. Previous treatment with, chemotherapy, a CTLA-4 or PD-1/PD-L1 antagonist agent,
             including treatment in adjuvant setting for immunotherapy,

         10. The patient has psychiatric or addictive disorders that may compromise his/her ability
             to give informed consent or to comply with the trial procedures,

         11. Lack of availability for clinical follow-up assessments,

         12. Pregnant or lactating women (a blood pregnancy test will be conducted) and effective
             contraception will be used throughout the treatment for women of childbearing age,

         13. Participation in another clinical trial protocol within 30 days prior to enrolment,

         14. Persons protected by a legal regime (guardianship, trusteeship),

         15. Vulnerable patients, patients kept in detention
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:overall survival
Time Frame:1 year
Safety Issue:
Description:to increase the overall survival rate at 1 year with the combination of nivolumab and radiotherapy compared to nivolumab alone for patients with advanced melanoma

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:the rate of progression-free survival
Time Frame:at 6 months
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:the rate of progression-free survival
Time Frame:at 1 year
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:the rate of progression-free survival
Time Frame:at 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:Global progression free survival (PFS) rate
Time Frame:at 6 months
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:Global progression free survival (PFS) rate
Time Frame:at 1 year
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:Global progression free survival (PFS) rate
Time Frame:at 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:global PFS rate
Time Frame:at 6 months
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:global PFS rate
Time Frame:at 1 year
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:global PFS rate
Time Frame:at 2 year
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:overall survival
Time Frame:at 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:disease control rate (DCR)
Time Frame:at 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:
Measure:predictive factors for response
Time Frame:at 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice

Trial Keywords

  • advanced melanoma
  • high dose radiotherapy
  • Nivolumab

Last Updated

August 22, 2017