Clinical Trials /

NBTXR3 Nanoparticles and EBRT or EBRT With Brachytherapy in the Treatment of Prostate Adenocarcinoma

NCT02805894

Description:

This study is a Phase 1/2 open-label involving 2 groups of patients newly diagnosed with either unfavorable intermediate risk or high risk prostate adenocarcinoma. One group will receive only EBRT and the other group will receive a Brachytherapy boost and EBRT.Both groups will receive treatment with androgen deprivation. There will be 2 consecutive steps, a dose escalation and a subsequent dose expansion part.

Related Conditions:
  • Prostate Adenocarcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 1/Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: NBTXR3 Nanoparticles and EBRT or EBRT With Brachytherapy in the Treatment of Prostate Adenocarcinoma
  • Official Title: A Phase I-II Dose-escalation Study of NBTXR3 Activated by EBRT or EBRT With Brachytherapy in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Unfavorable Intermediate or High Risk Prostate Adenocarcinoma Treated With Androgen Deprivation

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: NBTXR3-104
  • NCT ID: NCT02805894

Conditions

  • Prostate Cancer

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
NBTXR3 activated by IMRT onlyHafnium Oxide nanoparticlesNBTXR3 activated by IMRT only
NBTXR3 activated by Brachytherapy & IMRTHafnium Oxide nanoparticlesNBTXR3 activated by Brachytherapy & IMRT

Purpose

This study is a Phase 1/2 open-label involving 2 groups of patients newly diagnosed with either unfavorable intermediate risk or high risk prostate adenocarcinoma. One group will receive only EBRT and the other group will receive a Brachytherapy boost and EBRT.Both groups will receive treatment with androgen deprivation. There will be 2 consecutive steps, a dose escalation and a subsequent dose expansion part.

Detailed Description

      This is a Phase 1/2 prospective, open-label, two cohorts, non-randomized trial consisting of
      two consecutive steps, a dose escalation and a subsequent dose expansion part.

      PART 1 DOSE ESCALATION: subjects with newly diagnosed Unfavorable Intermediate

      Risk (UIR) or High Risk (HR) prostate adenocarcinoma, will participate in a dose escalation
      of NBTXR3 activated by two different radiation schedules. NBTXR3 will be administered by
      intra-prostate injection and then activated 10 days later either by:

        -  EBRT delivered as 45 Gy in 25 fractions of 1.8 Gy each; to the prostate and seminal
           vesicles, followed by 34.2 Gy in 19 fractions to the prostate and proximal seminal
           vesicles , over 9-10 weeks, utilizing intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with daily
           image guidance aligned to implanted fiducial markers (COHORT A) or,

        -  Brachytherapy Boost and EBRT delivered as a single fraction of 15 Gy in one day to the
           prostate by High Dose Rate Brachytherapy followed by EBRT (initiated within 2-4 weeks
           after completion of Brachytherapy), delivered as 45 Gy in 25 fractions of 1.8 Gy to the
           prostate and seminal vesicles utilizing intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with
           daily image guidance aligned to implanted fiducial markers (COHORT B)

      PART 2 DOSE EXPANSION: Two parallel cohorts of subjects, A and B, 20 subjects per cohort,
      will be treated at either the RD1 (Recommended Dose of NBTXR3 given as intraprostate
      injection and activated by EBRT) or RD2 (Recommended Dose of NBTXR3 given as intra-prostate
      injection and activated by Brachytherapy Boost and EBRT), as determined in the Phase I dose
      escalation of the trial.

      All subjects will receive androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) LHRH / GnRH agonist beginning 8
      weeks before the NBTXR3 administration and for 24 months in subjects with (HR) prostate
      adenocarcinoma. The duration of ADT in subjects with (UIR) disease will be of 6 months.

      Subjects will receive a single intra-prostate injection of NBTXR3 which will be delivered to
      the prostate via transperineal injection under TRUS guidance injection. NBTXR3 injection will
      be performed on Day 1 and will be assessed for safety, intra-prostate availability and
      presence of NBTXR3 in the peripheral circulation.

      COHORT A: External beam radiation therapy will be delivered to the prostate starting within 9
      days after the NBTXR3 injection (Day 10). Total dose of 79.2 Gy, delivered as 25 fractions of
      1.8 Gy to the prostate and seminal vesicles (45 Gy), followed by 34.2 Gy in 19 fractions to
      the prostate and proximal seminal vesicles, delivered over 9-10 weeks, utilizing intensity
      modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with daily image guidance aligned to implanted fiducial markers
      COHORT B: HDR Brachytherapy implantation will be performed within 9 days after NBTXR3
      injection (Day 10). Brachytherapy Boost delivered as a single fraction of 15 Gy in one day to
      the prostate by High Dose Rate Brachytherapy followed by EBRT (initiated within 2-4 weeks
      after completion of Brachytherapy) delivered as 45 Gy in 25 fractions of 1.8 Gy to the
      prostate and seminal vesicles utilizing intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with daily
      image guidance aligned to implanted fiducial markers.

      Subjects will be followed for safety assessment until the end of the study. Before the onset
      of study treatment, subjects must have a histologic diagnosis of either Unfavorable
      Intermediate Risk (UIR) or High Risk (HR) prostate adenocarcinoma.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
NBTXR3 activated by IMRT onlyExperimentalPart I Dose Escalation NBTXR3 will be administered by intra-prostate injection and then activated 10 days later by: - EBRT delivered as 45 Gy in 25 fractions of 1.8 Gy each; to the prostate and seminal vesicles, followed by 34.2 Gy in 19 fractions to the prostate and proximal seminal vesicles , over 9-10 weeks, utilizing intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with daily image guidance aligned to implanted fiducial markers (COHORT A)
  • NBTXR3 activated by IMRT only
NBTXR3 activated by Brachytherapy & IMRTExperimentalPart I Dose Escalation NBTXR3 will be administered by intra-prostate injection and then activated 10 days later by: - Brachytherapy Boost and EBRT delivered as a single fraction of 15 Gy in one day to the prostate by High Dose Rate Brachytherapy followed by EBRT (initiated within 2-4 weeks after completion of Brachytherapy), delivered as 45 Gy in 25 fractions of 1.8 Gy to the prostate and seminal vesicles utilizing intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with daily image guidance aligned to implanted fiducial markers (COHORT B)
  • NBTXR3 activated by Brachytherapy & IMRT

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Age ≥ 18

          -  Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate gland by needle core samples
             with assigned Gleason score

          -  Subjects ADT naive or subjects who are already on ADT treatment and scheduled to
             receive radiation therapy for their adenocarcinoma of prostate are eligible. An 8-week
             course of ADT is required to be completed prior to NBTXR3 administration and
             initiation of radiation therapy .

          -  Pelvic and para-aortic lymph nodes must be negative on CT-scan or MRI of the abdomen
             and pelvis performed within 12 weeks prior to enrollment into the study

          -  Prostate adenocarcinoma with High Risk (HR) and Unfavorable Intermediate Risk (UIR)
             for recurrence classification as determined by one of the following combinations:

             o High risk (HR): subjects with one or more of the following risk factors:

          -  Clinical stage: T3/T4

          -  Gleason score (GS): 8-10

          -  PSA > 20

          -  N0

             o Unfavorable Intermediate Risk (UIR): subjects with no HR features but with one or
             more of the following adverse risk factors:

          -  At least 2 of the following 3 factors: Gleason score(GS) 3+4=7 and/or PSA 10-20 and/or
             T2b/c

          -  Gleason score (GS) 4+3=7

          -  Greater than 50% of biopsy cores positive and at least one other risk factor: Gleason
             score (GS) 7 and/or PSA 10-20 and/or T2b/c

          -  No evidence of bone metastases (M0) on bone scan within 120 days prior to registration
             (PET/CT is an acceptable substitute). Equivocal bone scan findings are allowed if bone
             CT or MRI of hot spots are negative for metastasis

          -  Baseline serum PSA value performed with an FDA-approved assay within 120 days prior to
             registration. Study entry PSA should not be obtained within 10-day period following
             prostate biopsy or following initiation of hormonal therapy

          -  ECOG performance status must be 0 or 1

          -  Adequate function of bone marrow:

          -  Hemoglobin > 100 g/L

          -  Absolute Neutrophils > 1.5 x 109/L

          -  Platelets > 100 x 109/L,

          -  Adequate function of kidney:

          -  Serum creatinine < 1.5 x ULN

          -  Adequate function of liver:

          -  AST ≤ 3.0 x ULN

          -  ALT ≤ 3.0 x ULN

          -  Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN

          -  Non-Childbearing Potential: Male subjects and their partners must meet one of the
             following criteria to be considered of non-childbearing potential:

               -  Males have undergone sterilization with appropriately confirmed absence of sperm
                  in the post-vasectomy ejaculate, or

               -  Heterosexually active males and their partners of childbearing potential must
                  agree or use at least 2 forms of highly effective methods of contraception,
                  including at least 1 barrier method. Highly effective methods of contraception
                  are those that, alone or in combination, result in a failure rate of <1% per year
                  when used consistently and correctly (i.e., perfect use). Contraception must
                  include male condom or female condom used with a spermicide (i.e., foam, gel,
                  film, cream, suppository) as well as established use of oral, injected or
                  implanted hormonal methods of contraception, correctly placed intrauterine device
                  or intrauterine system.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Written Informed Consent not obtained, signed and dated

          -  History of colorectal surgery, or repeated endoscopic examinations/interventions
             related to anorectal diseases or proximal urethral stricture requiring dilatation

          -  Prostate size volume ≥90 cc

          -  Brachytherapy with EBRT in subjects whose prostate volume is >60cc

          -  Severe, active co-morbidity, defined as follows:

          -  Inflammatory bowel disease, active rectal diverticulitis, Crohn's disease affecting
             the rectum, anal stenosis or ulcerative colitis. (Nonactive diverticulitis and Crohn's
             disease not affecting the rectum are allowed)

          -  Unstable angina and/or congestive heart failure requiring hospitalization within the
             last 6 months

          -  Myocardial infarction within the last 6 months

          -  Acute bacterial or fungal infection requiring intravenous antibiotics at the time of
             randomization

          -  Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) based upon current CDC (Centers for Disease
             Control) definition

          -  Prior invasive malignancy, except non-melanoma skin cancer, carcinoma in-situ of the
             bladder or head and neck region, unless disease free for a minimum of 2 years

          -  Subjects with congenital long QT syndrome or subjects taking Class IA, Class III or
             Class IC anti-arrhythmic medications will require a cardiologist's evaluation prior to
             eligibility assessment. subjects with cardiovascular diseases can be included as long
             as the benefits of androgen deprivation therapy outweigh the potential risk of
             cardiovascular events

          -  Uncontrolled lung disease

          -  Subjects with any evidence of distant metastases

          -  subjects with any contraindication to pelvic radiotherapy including, but not limited
             to, previous pelvic radiotherapy or brachytherapy

          -  Presence of bilateral hip replacement prostheses

          -  Hormonal therapy (luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone [LHRH] agonist or oral
             anti-androgen) exceeding 4 months prior to registration

          -  Declared high-risk for anesthesia by attending anesthesiologist, cardiologist, or
             other physician

          -  Complete initial work up earlier than 12 weeks prior to subject registration

          -  Subjects unable to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plans, laboratory tests,
             and other study procedures

          -  Subjects participating in another clinical investigation at the time of signature of
             the informed consent.
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:Male
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Maximum Tolerated Dose and early Dose Limiting Toxicities (DLT) of NBTXR3
Time Frame:24 months
Safety Issue:
Description:

Details

Phase:Phase 1/Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Nanobiotix

Last Updated

June 1, 2018