Clinical Trials /

Nivolumab and Yttrium Y 90 Glass Microspheres in Treating Patients With Advanced Liver Cancer

NCT02837029

Description:

The purpose of this study is to identify maximum tolerated dose (MTD), that is, the highest dose of the study drug nivolumab that does not cause unacceptable side effects, for combination treatment of nivolumab and yttrium Y 90 glass microspheres (Y-90). Also, to evaluate the efficacy (the effect of drug on your tumor) and the tolerability (the effect of the drug on your body) of nivolumab, when given with standard of care Y-90 (Therasphere). Nivolumab is currently Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved for other cancers, but has not yet been investigated in advanced or refractory hepatocellular carcinoma. Nivolumab is an antibody (a human protein that sticks to a part of the tumor and/or immune cells) designed to allow the body's immune system to work against tumor cells. Y-90 is currently FDA approved for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinomas, but has not yet been investigated in combination with nivolumab for this disease.

Related Conditions:
  • Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 1

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Nivolumab and Yttrium Y 90 Glass Microspheres in Treating Patients With Advanced Liver Cancer
  • Official Title: Phase I/Ib Study of Nivolumab in Combination With Therasphere (Yttrium-90) in Patients With Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: NU 16I01
  • SECONDARY ID: STU00203003
  • SECONDARY ID: NU 16I01
  • SECONDARY ID: P30CA060553
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2016-01001
  • NCT ID: NCT02837029

Conditions

  • Stage IIIA Hepatocellular Carcinoma
  • Stage IIIB Hepatocellular Carcinoma
  • Stage IIIC Hepatocellular Carcinoma
  • Stage IVA Hepatocellular Carcinoma
  • Stage IVB Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
NivolumabBMS-936558, MDX-1106, NIVO, ONO-4538, OpdivoTreatment (yttrium Y 90 glass microspheres, nivolumab)

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to identify maximum tolerated dose (MTD), that is, the highest dose of the study drug nivolumab that does not cause unacceptable side effects, for combination treatment of nivolumab and yttrium Y 90 glass microspheres (Y-90). Also, to evaluate the efficacy (the effect of drug on your tumor) and the tolerability (the effect of the drug on your body) of nivolumab, when given with standard of care Y-90 (Therasphere). Nivolumab is currently Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved for other cancers, but has not yet been investigated in advanced or refractory hepatocellular carcinoma. Nivolumab is an antibody (a human protein that sticks to a part of the tumor and/or immune cells) designed to allow the body's immune system to work against tumor cells. Y-90 is currently FDA approved for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinomas, but has not yet been investigated in combination with nivolumab for this disease.

Detailed Description

      PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To identify MTD of nivolumab for combination treatment of nivolumab and Y-90 in this
      population.

      SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To evaluate the proportion of patients with objective response rate (ORR) (according to
      Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST] criteria) to the combination treatment
      of nivolumab with Y-90.

      II. To evaluate the proportion of patients alive and progression free at 24 weeks in the
      described population.

      III. To evaluate the toxicities (according to the National Comprehensive Cancer Network
      [NCCN] Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] version (v)4.03) and
      tolerability of nivolumab and Y-90 in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma IV. To
      determine the disease control rate (DCR) to the combination of nivolumab and Y-90 at 24
      months from the start of nivolumab treatment.

      TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. Programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1) protein on tumor cells and the expression levels
      of other markers of inflammatory/immune signature that may include but not be limited to
      programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1), tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily, member 4
      (OX40), cluster of differentiation (CD) 73, CD39, T cell immunoglobulin and T-cell
      immunoglobulin and mucin-domain containing-3 (TIM3), glucocorticoid-induced tumour necrosis
      factor receptor (GITRL), cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4), CD3, CD4, CD8,
      CD45RO, forkhead box P3 (FOXP3), and granzyme by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and/or flow
      cytometry will be evaluated.

      II. Whole exome sequencing and computational analyses will be performed to assess mutanome
      and immunome (subpopulations of immune cells).

      III. Change in clonal burden landscape of various mutanome and immunome will be analyzed to
      investigate its correlation with treatment response or development of resistance to
      treatment.

      OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose-escalation study of nivolumab followed by a phase Ib study.

      Patients receive yttrium Y 90 glass microspheres intraarterially (IA). Approximately 7-14
      days after Y-90 administration. A delay of 4 weeks will be permitted in case of toxicity.
      After yttrium Y 90 glass microspheres treatment, nivolumab will be administered intravenously
      (IV) over approximately 60 minutes every 2 weeks until disease progression, unacceptable
      toxicity, or withdrawal of consent.

      After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up 30 days after the last dose of
      nivolumab and again at 100 days after discontinuing study drug.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Treatment (yttrium Y 90 glass microspheres, nivolumab)ExperimentalPatients receive yttrium Y 90 glass microspheres IA. Approximately 4 weeks after yttrium Y 90 glass microspheres treatment, patients receive nivolumab IV over 30-60 minutes on days 1 and 15. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Nivolumab

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Patients must have a diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) confirmed by American
             Association for Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD) guidelines with a Childs-Pugh score of
             A or B (but, =< Childs score B8)

               -  NOTE: If the patient does not have histological confirmation of disease by
                  biopsy, diagnosis of HCC must be documented with approval by a tumor board or
                  other multidisciplinary conference

          -  Patients must have at least 1 lesion that is measurable using RECIST guidelines.

        NOTE: A previously irradiated lesion can be considered a target lesion if the lesion is
        well defined, measurable per RECIST, and has clearly progressed.

        NOTE: For patients with infiltrative disease, evaluable disease needs to be confirmed by
        pathology if RECIST measurements cannot be made.

          -  Patients must have advanced disease that is not amenable to transplant or resection

          -  Patients may be treatment naive or have received any number of prior therapies

               -  NOTE: Prior immunotherapy is contraindicated and not permitted

          -  Patients with chronic hepatitis B are eligible as long as they have evidence of
             ongoing viral replication (detectable hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg], hepatitis B
             envelope antigen [HBeAg], or hepatitis B virus [HBV] deoxyribonucleic acid [DNA]);
             they must have HBV DNA viral load < 100 IU/mL at screening; in addition, they must be
             on antiviral therapy per regional standard of care guidelines prior to initiation of
             study therapy; if not on antiviral therapy at screening, then the subject must
             initiate treatment per regional standard of care guidelines at the time of consent;
             both HBeAg positive and negative patients will be included

          -  Patients positive for hepatitis C are permitted if controlled with medication, in the
             opinion of the investigator

          -  Patients must exhibit an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status
             of 0, 1, or 2

          -  Patients must have adequate organ function within 14 days prior to registration as
             determined by:

               -  Hematological (without growth factor support)

               -  Hemoglobin >= 8.5 g/dL (without the use of growth factors)

               -  Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000

               -  Platelet count >= 50 x 10^9/L (without use of growth factors [ie., interleukin 11
                  (oprelvekin)])

               -  Prothrombin time (PT)/international normalized ratio (INR) =< 2.3 or PT =< 6
                  seconds above control

               -  NOTE: Abnormal PT/INR may be considered, with documented principal investigator
                  (PI) approval, if it is due to the use of anticoagulants; for such patients, a
                  normal PT/INR must be available from before the start of anticoagulation
                  treatment

          -  Renal

               -  Calculated creatinine clearance (CrCl) or 24-hour urine CrCl > 50 mL/min
                  (Cockcroft-Gault formula will be used to calculate CrCl)

          -  Hepatic

               -  Serum bilirubin =< 3 times the upper limit of normal (ULN)

               -  Aspartate aminotransaminase (AST) and alanine aminotransaminase (ALT) =< 5 times
                  ULN

          -  Serum electrolytes

               -  Lipase =< 1.5 times ULN

               -  Amylase =< 1.5 times ULN

          -  Potassium, sodium, magnesium, and calcium (corrected for serum albumin) =< grade 1 or
             within the institutional ranges of normal; if clinically appropriate, electrolytes may
             be corrected and values reassessed prior to enrollment

          -  Females of childbearing potential (FOCBP), and non-sterilized males who are sexually
             active must agree to the use of two methods of contraception, with one method being
             highly effective and the other method being either highly effective or less effective;
             they must also refrain from egg and/or sperm cell donation and breastfeeding for 90
             days after the final dose of investigational product(s)

               -  FOCBP are defined as those who are not surgically sterile (ie, bilateral tubal
                  ligation, bilateral oophorectomy, or complete hysterectomy) or postmenopausal
                  (defined as 12 months with no menses without an alternative medical cause)

               -  Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must agree to follow instructions for
                  method(s) of contraception for the duration of treatment with nivolumab plus 5
                  half-lives of nivolumab (19 weeks) plus 30 days (duration of ovulatory cycle) for
                  a total of 23 weeks post-treatment completion.

               -  Men who are sexually active with WOCBP must agree to follow instructions for
                  method(s) of contraception for the duration of treatment with nivolumab plus 5
                  half-lives of the study drug (19 weeks) plus 90 days (duration of sperm turnover)
                  for a total of 31 weeks post-treatment completion

          -  FOCBP must have a negative pregnancy test within 7 days prior to registration

               -  Note: FOCBP will have to have repeat pregnancy test within 24 hours of starting
                  nivolumab, scheduled for cycle 1 day 1

          -  Subjects must provide archived tumor specimens for correlative biomarker studies if
             sufficient tissue is available; a fresh biopsy is not required

          -  Patients must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written
             informed consent prior to registration on study

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Patients must not have had prior treatment with nivolumab or any other PDL1 or PD-1
             antagonists

          -  Patients must not have a history of severe allergic reactions (i.e., grade 4 allergy,
             anaphylactic reaction from which the subject did not recover within 6 hours of
             institution of supportive care) to any unknown allergens or any components of the
             nivolumab formulations

          -  Patients diagnosed or treated for malignancy other than HCC are not eligible unless
             they meet one of the following exceptions:

               -  Malignancy treated with curative intent and with no known active disease present
                  for >= 3 years before registration and felt to be at low risk for recurrence by
                  the treating physician.

               -  Adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or lentigo maligna without evidence
                  of disease.

               -  Adequately treated cervical carcinoma in situ without evidence of disease

          -  Patients with active autoimmune disease or history of autoimmune disease that might
             recur, which may affect vital organ function or require immune suppressive treatment
             including chronic prolonged systemic corticosteroids (defined as corticosteroid use of
             duration one month or greater), should be excluded; these include but are not limited
             to patients with a history of:

               -  Immune related neurologic disease

               -  Multiple sclerosis

               -  Autoimmune (demyelinating) neuropathy

               -  Guillain-Barre syndrome

               -  Myasthenia gravis

               -  Systemic autoimmune disease such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)

               -  Connective tissue diseases

               -  Scleroderma

               -  Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

               -  Crohn's

               -  Ulcerative colitis

               -  Patients with a history of toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN)

               -  Stevens-Johnson syndrome

               -  Anti-phospholipid syndrome

               -  NOTE: Subjects with vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism
                  due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not
                  requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence
                  of an external trigger are permitted to enroll

          -  Patients with renal failure currently requiring dialysis of any kind are not eligible

          -  Patients with untreated central nervous system (CNS) metastatic disease (including
             spinal cord and leptomeningeal disease) are excluded

               -  Note: Subjects with previously treated CNS metastases that are radiographically
                  and neurologically stable for at least 6 weeks and do not require corticosteroids
                  (of any dose) for symptomatic management are permitted to enroll

          -  Concurrent enrollment in another clinical study, unless it is an observational
             (non-interventional) clinical study or the follow-up period of an interventional
             study, is excluded

          -  Receipt of any investigational therapy is not permitted within 28 days prior to the
             first dose of nivolumab

          -  Any concurrent chemotherapy, biologic or hormonal therapy for cancer treatment is not
             permitted within 28 days of registration

               -  Note: Prior immunotherapy is not permitted

               -  Note: Concurrent use of hormones for non-cancer-related conditions (e.g., insulin
                  for diabetes and hormone replacement therapy) is acceptable

          -  Patients with exposure to prior immunotherapy are not eligible

          -  Patients are ineligible if they have unresolved toxicities from prior anticancer
             therapy, defined as having not resolved to National Cancer Institute (NCI) CTCAE
             version 4.03 grade 0 or 1 with the exception of alopecia and laboratory values listed
             per the inclusion criteria

               -  Note: Subjects with irreversible toxicity that is not reasonably expected to be
                  exacerbated by any of the investigational products may be included (eg, hearing
                  loss) after consultation with the PI and Northwestern University (NU) Quality
                  Assurance Monitor (QAM)

          -  Radiation therapy is not permitted within 14 days of registration

          -  Live vaccines are not permitted within 28 days of study registration

          -  No systemic glucocorticoids will be permitted within 48 hours prior to study
             registration

               -  Note: Topical steroids, bronchodilators and local steroid injections are
                  permitted if clinically required

          -  Patients with cardiac disease defined as one of the following are not eligible:

               -  Congestive heart failure > class II New York Heart Association (NYHA)

               -  Unstable angina (anginal symptoms at rest) or new onset angina (began within the
                  last 3 months)

               -  Myocardial infarction within the past 6 months

          -  Patients with cardiac ventricular arrhythmias requiring anti-arrhythmic therapy are
             not eligible

          -  Patients with known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are not eligible

          -  Patients must not have elevated lung shunting precluding treatment with Y-90

          -  Patients who have had major surgery within 4 weeks prior to registration are not
             eligible

          -  Patients who have active clinically serious infection > CTCAE grade 2 are not eligible

          -  Patients with a history of gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) within 6 weeks prior to
             registration are not eligible

          -  Patients with prior transplant of any kind are not eligible

          -  Known or suspected allergy to nivolumab or any agent given in the course of this trial
             is not permitted

          -  Patients may not be pregnant or lactating at study registration

          -  Patients who have an uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to
             any of the following, are not eligible:

               -  Hypertension (defined as > 150/90) that is not controlled on medication

               -  Ongoing or active infection requiring systemic treatment

               -  Cardiac arrhythmia

               -  Psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study
                  requirements

               -  Any other illness or condition that the treating investigator feels would
                  interfere with study compliance or would compromise the patient's safety or study
                  endpoints

               -  Active alcohol use, drug use, or a psychiatric disease that would, in the opinion
                  of the PI or a sub-investigator (sub-I), prevent the subject from complying with
                  the study protocol and/or endanger the subject during their participation in the
                  study
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD)
Time Frame:Up to 28 days after start of nivolumab
Safety Issue:
Description:The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of nivolumab for combination treatment of nivolumab and Y-90 in this population will be defined as the highest dose that causes dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) in <2 of 6 patients.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Objective Response Rate (ORR)
Time Frame:At baseline and every 8 weeks for the first 13 months and then every 12 weeks up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Evaluate tumor response by assessing the proportion of patients with ORR (according to RECIST criteria) to the combination treatment of nivolumab with Y-90 by examining imaging scans.
Measure:Incidence of Adverse Events
Time Frame:Up to 100 days following the last administration of study drug
Safety Issue:
Description:Evaluate the toxicities (according to the NCCN CTCAE v4.03) and tolerability of nivolumab and y-90 in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma.
Measure:Progression Free Survival (PFS)
Time Frame:Up to 24 weeks
Safety Issue:
Description:Evaluate the proportion of patients alive and progression free at 24 weeks.
Measure:Disease Control Rate (DCR)
Time Frame:At 24 months
Safety Issue:
Description:DCR will be determined at 24 months from the start of nivolumab treatment by the sum of complete response, partial response and stable response according to measurement of target and non-target lesions.

Details

Phase:Phase 1
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Northwestern University

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