Anetumab ravtansine is a new drug. It kills cancer cells that carry mesothelin. That is a protein on the surface of tumor cells in many types of tumors, including most lung cancers. Researchers want to find a safe dose for the study drug for lung cancer. They want to see if it can shrink tumors in mesothelin-positive lung cancer.
To test the safety and effectiveness of anetumab ravtansine for lung cancer.
Adults 18 years and older who have lung cancer that has gotten worse on other therapy
Participants will be screened with:
Tumor tissue sample. This can be from a previous procedure.
Blood and urine tests
Scans. For one scan, a small amount of radioactive substance is injected into the blood.
The study will have 21-day cycles.
On day 1 of each cycle, participants will get the study drug through a tube inserted in a vein.
Participants will repeat a heart test in cycles 1 and 2.
They will have blood tests weekly in cycle 1, twice in all other cycles.
They will have scans every 6 weeks for the first 6 months, every 9 weeks until the end of year 2, then every 12 weeks.
Participants will have samples of tumor tissue taken twice.
About 30 days after stopping the study drug, participants will have a follow-up visit. This will include medical history, physical exam, blood and pregnancy tests, and heart and eye tests.
Some will be called a few times a year to discuss their health and treatment.
- Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, accounting for more than one million deaths every year.
- Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) constitutes approximately 85% of lung cancers and about 40% of patients with newly diagnosed NSCLC have advanced disease. The median year overall survival for advanced NSCLC is at least 1 year.
- In recent years, identification of oncogenic alterations such as mutations in EGFR and ALK translocations and therapies targeting tumor immune escape mechanisms have led to a substantial improvement in the prognosis of patients with advanced lung cancer;
however, such alterations have been detected in less than half of all advanced NSCLC patients in only a small subset of patients respond to immunotherapeutic interventions available today.
- Anetumab ravtansine (BAY 94-9343) is an antibody-drug conjugate targeting mesothelin, a protein normally present on mesothelial cells. A Phase I trial showed the overall acceptable and manageable safety profile. It is being developed for patients with mesothelin expressing cancers; clinical development is furthest along in mesothelioma where it is in a registration phase II clinical trial.
- NCI researchers have demonstrated that mesothelin mRNA and protein are present in a substantial number of lung adenocarcinoma cell lines; mesothelin expression has been observed in over 50% of advanced lung adenocarcinomas by immunohistochemical
-To evaluate safety and tolerability of anetumab ravtansine in patients with previously treated unresectable mesothelin expressing advanced lung adenocarcinoma (stage IIIB or IV).
-To determine the efficacy (objective response rate) of anetumab ravtansine in patients with advanced (Stage IIIb) or metastatic (Stage IV) mesothelin expressing lung adenocarcinoma.
- Age >18 years.
- Histologically or cytologically confirmed previously treated unresectable mesothelin expressing advanced lung adenocarcinoma (stage IIIB or IV)
- Positive mesothelin expression in the archival tumor tissue, defined as the mesothelin membrane intensity score of 2+ or 3+ (on the 0-3 scale) expressed on the membrane of greater than or equal to 10% of tumor cells.
- Should have received at least one prior platinum based chemotherapy and an immune checkpoint targeted agent. In addition, subjects with epidermal growth factor receptor [EGFR]-mutated and anaplastic lymphoma kinase [ALK]-translocated NSCLC should have received FDA-approved targeted therapies as appropriate.
- Normal organ function
- This is an open label, single center, phase I/II study of anetumab ravtansine in subjects with mesothelin positive lung adenocarcinoma.
- During the safety run-in portion of the study, de-escalating doses will be assessed to determine a recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D).
- During the phase 2 portion of the study, the (RP2D) will be assessed for objective response rate.
- During both portions of the study, anetumab ravtansine will be administered intravenously every 3 weeks until disease progression in the absence of clinical benefit, patient withdrawal or the occurrence of intolerable toxicities.
- Response assessments (imaging) will occur every 6 weeks for the first 6 months, then every 9 weeks until the end of year 2, then every 12 weeks thereafter.
- Up to 12 evaluable patients will be enrolled in the safety run-in portion of the study. Approximately twenty patients, including 6 from the safety run-in portion of the study, will be evaluated in the phase 2 portion of the study. The accrual ceiling will be set at 55 to accommodate screen failures (a 50% failure rate with regard to mesothelin expression) and inevaluable subjects.
- INCLUISION CRITERIA:
Subjects must have histologically or cytologically confirmed previously treated unresectable mesothelin expressing advanced lung adenocarcinoma (stage IIIB or IV) as confirmed by the Laboratory of Pathology, NCI
Subjects must have positive mesothelin expression in the archival tumor tissue, defined as the mesothelin membrane intensity score of 2+ or 3+ (on the 0-3 scale) expressed on the membrane of greater than or equal to 10% of tumor cells.
Subjects must provide sample of archival tumor tissue (tissue block preferred, at least 5 formalin-fixated, paraffin-embedded [FFPE] slides acceptable) collected any time before the general screening. A fresh biopsy will be collected if archival sample is
unavailable or insufficient.
Subjects must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded for nonnodal lesions and short axis for nodal lesions) as >20 mm with conventional techniques or as >10 mm with spiral CT scan. See Section 6.3 for the evaluation of measurable disease.
Subjects with resected primary tumors who have documented metastases are eligible.
Subjects should have received at least one prior platinum based chemotherapy and an immune checkpoint targeted agent. In addition, subjects with epidermal growth factor receptor [EGFR]-mutated and anaplastic lymphoma kinase [ALK]-translocated NSCLC
should have received FDA-approved targeted therapies as appropriate.
Age >18 years. Because no dosing or adverse event data are currently available on the use of anetumab ravtansine in subjects <18 years of age, children are excluded from this study.
ECOG performance status <2
Subjects must have adequate bone marrow function as assessed by the following laboratory test results:
- Hemoglobin greater than or equal to 9.0 g/dL or greater than or equal to 5.6 mmol/L
- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) greater than or equal to 1,500/mm3 or greater than or equal to 1.5 x 109/L
- Platelet count greater than or equal to 100,000/mm3 or greater than or equal to 100 x 109/L
Subjects must have adequate kidney function, with serum creatinine <1.5 x ULN or calculated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) of > 45/mL/min/1.73 m2
Subjects must have adequate liver function as assessed by the following laboratory test results:
- Total bilirubin less than or equal to 1.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN)
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) 3.0 times ULN in subjects without liver metastases or 5.0 times ULN in subjects with liver metastases
Subjects must have adequate coagulation, as assessed by the following laboratory test results:
- INR or PT less than or equal to 1.5 x ULN
- PTT less than or equal to 1.5 x ULN
Due to the lack of adequate reproductive toxicity data on anetumab ravtansine, subjects must use 2 forms of highly effective contraception concomitantly from the initiation of study therapy until 4 months after the last dose of study therapy. Additionally, the use
of condoms is required. It should also be noted that, where 2 forms of effective contraception are required, a subject may choose to use a double-barrier method consisting of condom and cervical occlusive cap / diaphragm with spermicide
Ability of subject to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
Subjects must provide a signed informed consent before any screening procedures.
Subjects who have a previous or concurrent cancer that is distinct in primary site or histology from lung adenocarcinoma, except cervical carcinoma in situ, treated basal cell carcinoma, superficial noninvasive bladder tumors or any previous cancer curatively treated <2 years before the start of study treatment.
Subjects who have a history or current evidence of bleeding disorder, i.e. any hemorrhage/bleeding event of CTCAE Grade greater than or equal to 2 within 4 weeks before the start of study treatment.
History of symptomatic metastatic brain or meningeal tumors unless the subject is > 3 months from definitive therapy and has no evidence of tumor growth on an imaging study within 2 weeks prior to study entry. Subjects with brain metastases must not be
undergoing acute corticosteroid therapy or steroid taper. Chronic steroid therapy is acceptable provided that the dose is stable for one month prior to screening.
Subjects who have a history or current evidence of uncontrolled cardiovascular disease including but not limited to the following conditions:
- Congestive heart failure of New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV
- Unstable angina (symptoms of angina at rest) or new-onset angina within <3 months before the start of study treatment.
- Arterial thrombosis, deep vein thrombosis, or pulmonary embolism within <3 months before the start of study treatment.
- Myocardial infarction or stroke within <3 months before the start of study treatment.
- Pericarditis (any CTCAE grade), pericardial effusion (CTCAE Grade greater than or equal to 2) or pleural effusion (CTCAE Grade greater than or equal to 2)
- Cardiac arrhythmia requiring anti-arrhythmic therapy. Subjects receiving digoxin, calcium channel blockers except verapamil, or beta-adrenergic blockers except propranolol are eligible at the investigator s discretion if the dose has been stable for at least 2 weeks before the start of study treatment. Subjects with sinus arrhythmia and infrequent premature ventricular contractions are eligible at the investigator s discretion.
Subjects who have a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <50%, as assessed by echocardiogram performed at screening.
Subjects who have a corrected QT (QTcF) interval >480 ms (CTCAE Grade >1) determined by the electrocardiogram (ECG) recorder s algorithm on the screening ECG.
Subjects who have a history or current evidence of uncontrolled hypertension defined as systolic blood pressure >150 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure >95 mmHg at screening despite optimal medical management. Subjects with a history of mild to moderate
hypertension are eligible at the investigator s discretion if the hypertension is adequately controlled by antihypertensive treatment used at a stable dose for at least 2 weeks before the start of study treatment.
Subjects who have a heart rate greater than or equal to 100 beats per minute (bpm) or less than or equal to 45 bpm determined by the ECG recorder s algorithm on the screening ECG.
Women who are pregnant or breast-feeding. Women of reproductive potential must have a negative serum beta human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-HCG) pregnancy test obtained within 7 days before the start of study treatment.
Subjects who have had a major surgery or significant trauma within 4 weeks before the start of study treatment.
Subjects who have had solid organ or bone marrow transplantation.
Subjects who have a history of hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs or their excipients, or a history of severe hypersensitivity to any other antigen.
Subjects who have a history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or subjects who have an active hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection requiring treatment due to a theoretical concern that the degree of immune suppression associated with the treatment may result in progression of HIV infection. Subjects with chronic HBV or HCV infection are eligible at the investigator s discretion if the subject is considered non-infectious based on serological markers.
Subjects who have an active clinically serious infection of CTCAE Grade greater than or equal to 2.
Subjects with a non-healing serious wound, ulcer, or bone fracture unrelated to the primary tumor.
Subjects with corneal epitheliopathy or any eye disorder that may predispose the subjects to drug-induced corneal epitheliopathy, or may interfere with diagnosis of treatment-emergent corneal epitheliopathy at the discretion of the investigator in
consultation with the ophthalmologist/optometrist. Low grades of superficial punctate keratitis, within the range seen in the normal population, should not lead to the exclusion of the patient
Subjects experiencing unresolved toxicity of previous antitumor therapy which is CTCAE Grade >1 before the start of study treatment, except for alopecia or hemoglobin greater than or equal to 9.0 g/dL or greater than or equal to 5.6 mmol/L.
Subjects with any clinical condition that is considered unstable or might jeopardize the safety of the subject and/or influence the subject s compliance in the study.
Subjects who have received systemic anticancer therapy within 3 weeks before the start of study treatment. Mitomycin C or nitrosoureas must be excluded within 6 weeks before the start of study treatment.
Subjects who have received radiotherapy to tumor lesions that would be chosen as target lesions (measurable disease) within 4 weeks before the start of treatment, except if there is objective evidence of progression of the lesion by RECIST 1.1 between the
prior radiotherapy and the screening CT or MRI scan. Palliative radiotherapy to nontarget lesions is allowed at the investigator s discretion..
Use of drugs that inhibit renal tubular secretion (e.g. probenecid and cimetidine) within 2 weeks before the start of study treatment.
Use of strong cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) inhibitors or strong CYP3A4 inducers within 2 weeks before the start of study treatment.
Subjects who have previously received anetumab ravtansine.
Subjects who are concurrently receiving any other investigational agents.
|Maximum Eligible Age:||100 Years|
|Minimum Eligible Age:||18 Years|