This is a Phase I/II clinical trial. The Phase I portion of this clinical trial tests the
safety of an investigational intervention and also tries to define the appropriate dose of
the investigational intervention to use for further studies. The Phase II portion of the
study tests the safety and effectiveness of an investigational intervention to learn whether
the intervention works in treating a specific disease. "Investigational" means that the
intervention is being studied.
The FDA (the U.S. Food and Drug Administration) has not approved the combination of
Palbociclib, Everolimus, and Exemestane as a treatment for any disease.
This is the first time that the combination of Palbociclib, Everolimus, and Exemestane will
be given to humans.
Palbociclib is a drug that may stop cancer cells from growing. Palbociclib blocks activity of
two closely related enzymes (proteins that help chemical reactions occur in the body), called
Cyclin D Kinases 4 and 6 (CDK 4/6). These proteins are part of a pathway, or a sequence of
steps, which is known to regulate cell growth. Laboratory testing has suggested Palbociclib
may stop the growth of HR+ breast cancer.
Everolimus is a type of drug called an mTORinhibitor that treats breast cancer by preventing
the cells from multiplying by inhibiting the pathway, or a sequence of steps, known to
regulate cell reproduction. Everolimus also may stop the growth of cancer cells by decreasing
blood supply to the cancer cells.
Exemestane is an anti-hormone therapy that prevents breast cancer cell growth by blocking
estrogen receptor stimulation. Premenopausal women will also receive an injection drug called
an LHRH (luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone) agonist to shut down ovary function. It is
standard of care for people with breast cancer, specifically with HR+ breast cancer, to take
The combination of everolimus and exemestane is FDA approved to treat this type of breast
The purpose of the Phase I portion of this research study is to determine a safe and
tolerable dose of the combination of Palbociclib, Everolimus, and Exemestane for participants
with ER-positive, HER2-negative advanced breast cancer.
The purpose of the Phase II portion of this research study is to determine whether the
combination of Palbociclib, Everolimus, and Exemestane is an effective treatment for
participants with ER-positive, HER2-negative advanced breast cancer.
- Participants must meet the following criteria on screening examination to be eligible
to participate in the study. Laboratory tests required for eligibility must be
completed within 14 days prior to the date of registration. Diagnostic tests, such as
MRIs and CT scans, must be performed within 30 days of registration and baseline
measurements must be documented within 14 days of the date of registration.
- Participants with histologically or cytologically confirmed hormone receptor
(HR)-positive, Her2-negative metastatic breast cancer. Central confirmation of HR
positivity is not required
- Postmenopausal women as defined as:
- Age >60 years
- Age >45 with intact uterus and amenorrhea for ≥ 12 consecutive months or Follicle
stimulating hormone (FSH) levels within postmenopausal range according to the
ranges established by the testing facility
- Premenopausal women who have been on a GnRH agonist for at least 6 weeks prior to
study entry. Women in this group MUST remain on the GnRH agonist for the duration
of protocol treatment
- Status post bilateral oophorectomy, after adequate healing post surgery;
- Men are eligible, as long as on a GnRH agonist for at least 6 weeks prior to study
entry. Men MUST remain on the GnRH agonist for the duration of protocol treatment.
- Participants must have measurable disease as per RECIST 1.1.
- Prior Treatment Specifics:
- Participants must have radiological or objective evidence of progression to a
CDK4/6 inhibitor regimen in the metastatic setting AND relapse/progression on an
NSAI (defined as either relapsed ≤ 12 months after completing adjuvant NSAI or
progressed through an NSAI for metastatic or locally advanced breast cancer)
- Participants may have received any number of previous endocrine/hormonal lines of
therapy in the metastatic setting, as long none of them were exemestane-based and
the last dose is ≥ 14 days prior to registration;
- Participants may have received up to one prior chemotherapy line for advanced
breast cancer as long as the last dose is ≥ 21 days prior to registration;
- Participants may have received prior biologic treatments or investigational drugs
as long as the last dose is ≥ 21 days prior to registration;
- Participants may have received radiotherapy for palliative purposes but must not
be experiencing > grade 1 treatment related toxicities and have completed
treatment ≥ 14 days prior to registration
- Age ≥18 years. Age restriction applies given that no dosing or adverse event data are
currently available on the use of palbociclib or exemestane in participants <18 years
- ECOG performance status ≤2 (Karnofsky ≥60%, see Appendix A)
- For participants enrolling the phase IIa part of the study, accessible tumor lesion(s)
for the purpose of research biopsy and willingness to undergo a research biopsy before
treatment initiation and at the time of disease progression, as well as a single
research blood sample before initiation of therapy. Participants who undergo an
attempted on-treatment research biopsy and in whom inadequate tissue is obtained are
still eligible to receive protocol therapy. They will not be required to undergo a
repeat research biopsy attempt.
- For participants enrolling the phase IIa part of the study, willingness to provide
archival tumor samples when available.
- Participants must have normal organ and marrow function, as defined below:
- absolute neutrophil count ≥1,5x109/L
- platelets ≥100 x109/L
- total hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL (which may be post transfusion)
- total bilirubin ≤1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal
- AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) ≤2.5 × institutional upper limit of normal or ≤5 ×
institutional upper limit of normal for participants with liver metastization
- creatinine ≤1.5 x above institutional normal or ≥ 60 ml/min/1.73m2 for subjects
with creatinine levels above institutional normal.
- baseline QTc < 500 ms
- fasting plasma glucose <140 mg/dL / 7.8 mmol/L
- The effects of the combination of palbociclib, everolimus and exemestane on the
developing human fetus are unknown. Given that women in this study will be
post-menopausal by eligibility criteria (de facto or pharmacologically induced), it is
expected that there will be no women of child-bearing potential in this study. If, for
any reason, a woman should become pregnant or suspect that she is pregnant while
participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. Of
note, premenopausal women and men are only eligible if they have been on a GnRH
agonist for at least 6 weeks prior to study entry. These participants MUST remain on
the GnRH agonist for the duration of protocol treatment. Such participants should be
counseled prior to study entry that GnRH agonists alone may not be adequate
contraception and that adequate contraception (barrier method of birth control;
abstinence) should be employed for the duration of study participation.
- Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
- Participants who have demonstrated intolerance to 125mg of Palbociclib are ineligible
for the Phase I portion.
- Participants who are receiving any other investigational agents.
- Participants who have received previous treatment with an mTOR inhibitor or
- Participants with a history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar
chemical or biologic composition to palbociclib, everolimus or exemestane.
- Participants with known brain metastases may be enrolled in this study if radiation
therapy and/or surgery have been completed with a minimum of 3 months of stable
disease demonstrated on serial evaluation by CT (with contrast enhancement) or MRI.
Such participants must no longer require treatment with corticosteroids or enzyme
inducing anti-epileptic medications for their CNS disease.
- Participants with bilateral diffuse lymphangitic carcinomatosis.
- Participants with significant symptomatic deterioration of lung function. If
clinically indicated, pulmonary function tests including measures of predicted lung
volumes, DLco, O2 saturation at rest on room air should be considered to exclude
restrictive pulmonary disease, pneumonitis or pulmonary infiltrates.
- Evidence of current pneumonitis
- Subjects with organ allograft requiring immunosuppression.
- Participants with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to:
- Ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable
angina pectoris, symptomatic cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social
situations that would limit compliance with study requirements. Ability to comply
with study requirements is to be assessed by each investigator at the time of
screening for study participation;
- Impairment of gastrointestinal function or who have gastrointestinal disease that
may significantly alter the absorption of study drugs (e.g., ulcerative disease,
uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or malabsorption syndrome).
- Participants receiving any medications or substances that are moderate or strong
inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A within 7 days of registration. Lists including
medications and substances known or with the potential to interact with the CYP3A
isoenzymes are provided in Appendix B, and can also be found within Sections 18.104.22.168
and 5.8. Because the lists of these agents are constantly changing, it is important to
regularly consult a frequently-updated list such as:
http://medicine.iupui.edu/clinpharm/ddis/table.aspx; medical reference texts such as
the Physicians' Desk Reference may also provide this information. As part of the
enrollment/informed consent procedures, the participant will be counseled on the risk
of interactions with other agents, and what to do if new medications need to be
prescribed or if the participant is considering a new over-the-counter medicine or
- Proton pump inhibitors(PPI) may be taken while on study, however it is recommended
that the PPI is taken 12 hours from the time of palbociclib administration. If needed,
alternative antacid therapies may be used including H2-receptor antagonists and
locally acting antacids. H2-receptor antagonists should be administered with a
staggered dosing regimen (twice daily). The dosing of palbociclib should occur at
least 10 hours after H2-receptor antagonist evening dose and 2 hours before the
H2-receptor antagonist morning dose.
- Pregnant women are excluded.
- Individuals with a history of a different malignancy are ineligible except for the
following circumstances: a) if they have been disease-free for at least 5 years and
are deemed by the investigator to be at low risk for recurrence of that malignancy; b)
if diagnosed with the following cancers and treated within the past 5 years: ductal
carcinoma in situ of the breast, cervical cancer in situ, and basal cell or squamous
cell carcinoma of the skin.
- Participants known to be HIV-positive on combination antiretroviral therapy are
ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with palbociclib
and everolimus. In addition, these individuals are at increased risk of lethal
infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy. Appropriate studies will be
undertaken in participants receiving combination antiretroviral therapy when
indicated. Screening for HIV infection at baseline is not required.