Clinical Trials /

Pembrolizumab in Treating Patients With EGFR Mutant, Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Naive Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

NCT02879994

Description:

This phase II trial studies how well pembrolizumab works in treating patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutant non-small cell lung cancer that have not received prior tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy and has spread to other places in the body. Monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may block growth in different ways by targeting certain cells.

Related Conditions:
  • Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Active, not recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title:Pembrolizumab in Treating Patients With EGFR Mutant, Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Naive Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
  • Official Title:A Phase II Study of Pembrolizumab in EGFR Mutant, Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Naïve Treatment Patients With Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: 15-001818
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2016-00861
  • SECONDARY ID: Garon Pembrolizumab IST NSCLC
  • SECONDARY ID: 15-001818
  • SECONDARY ID: P30CA016042
  • NCT ID: NCT02879994

Trial Conditions

  • Stage IIIA Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
  • Stage IIIB Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
  • Stage IV Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Trial Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms

Trial Purpose

This phase II trial studies how well pembrolizumab works in treating patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutant non-small cell lung cancer that have not received prior tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy and has spread to other places in the body. Monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may block growth in different ways by targeting certain cells.

Detailed Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine efficacy (objective response rate [ORR]) of front-line pembrolizumab for metastatic EGFR mutation positive programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1)+ (> 1% by immunohistochemistry [IHC]) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine safety (adverse event tabulation and grading) of front-line pembrolizumab for metastatic EGFR mutation positive PD-L1+ (> 1% by IHC) NSCLC.

II. Determine efficacy (progression free survival [PFS], overall survival [OS]) of front-line pembrolizumab for metastatic EGFR mutation positive PD-L1+ (>1% by IHC) NSCLC.

III. Determine ORR, PFS and OS of subsequent EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy in patients with EGFR-sensitizing mutation after pembrolizumab.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVE:

I. Analyze tumor tissue biomarkers for potential correlation with response.

OUTLINE:

Patients receive pembrolizumab intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for up to 35 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for up at 3 and 6 months, and then every 9 weeks thereafter.

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Treatment (pembrolizumab)ExperimentalPatients receive pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for up to 35 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

    Eligibility Criteria

    Inclusion Criteria:

    - Ability to understand the purpose and risks of the study and provide signed and dated informed consent and authorization to use protected health information (PHI)

    - Have a life expectancy of at least 3 months

    - Have a histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and have at least one measurable lesion as defined by modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1; the target lesion(s) should also have bi-dimensional measurability for RECIST 1.1 evaluation on study

    - Have an EGFR mutation (sensitizing or non-sensitizing)

    - Have a performance status of 0 or 1 on the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance scale

    - Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500 /mcL

    - Platelets >= 100,000 / mcL

    - Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL or >= 5.6 mmol/L without transfusion or erythropoietin (EPO) dependency (within 7 days of assessment)

    - Serum creatinine =< 1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN) OR measured or calculated creatinine clearance (glomerular filtration rate [GFR] can also be used in place of creatinine or creatinine clearance [CrCl]) >= 60 mL/min for subject with creatinine levels > 1.5 x institutional ULN

    - Serum total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN OR direct bilirubin =< ULN for subjects with total bilirubin levels > 1.5 ULN

    - Aspartate transaminase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine transferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 X ULN OR =< 5 X ULN for subjects with liver metastases

    - Albumin >= 2.5 mg/dL

    - International Normalized Ratio (INR) or Prothrombin Time (PT) =< 1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or partial thromboplastin time (PTT) is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants

    - Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) =< 1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants

    - Have provided tissue for PD-L1 biomarker analysis from a newly obtained formalin fixed tumor tissue from a biopsy of a tumor lesion not previously irradiated; the tissue sample must be received and evaluated by the study site prior to start of treatment; fine needle aspirates are not acceptable; needle or excisional biopsies, or resected tissue is required

    - Have a PD-L1 positive (either strongly or weakly) tumor as determined by the IHC 22C3 pharmDx test at the study site; if a patient's initial tumor specimen is not classified as PD-L1 positive by the central laboratory, a newly obtained specimen (different from the sample previously submitted) may be submitted for testing; if the newer specimen is classified as PD-L1 positive by the study site, the patient meets this eligibility criterion

    - Have resolution of toxic effect(s) of the most recent prior chemotherapy to grade 1 or less (except alopecia); if subject received major surgery or radiation therapy of > 30 Gy, they must have recovered from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention

    - Female subject of childbearing potential has a negative urine or serum pregnancy test; if the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required; the serum pregnancy test must be negative for the subject to be eligible

    - Female subjects may be enrolled in the trial if they are:

    - of non-childbearing potential which is defined as:

    - of childbearing potential who are willing to use either 2 adequate barrier methods or a barrier method plus a hormonal method of contraception to prevent pregnancy, or to abstain from heterosexual activity throughout the trial, starting with the screening visit (visit 1) through 120 days after the last dose of MK-3475 (pembrolizumab)

    - Male subjects should agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting with the first dose of study therapy through 120 days after the last dose of study therapy

    Exclusion Criteria:

    - Has received prior therapy with an EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (such as erlotinib, gefitinib, afatinib, rociletinib, or AZD9291) for NSCLC

    - Is currently participating or has participated in a study of an investigational agent or using an investigational device within 30 days of the first dose of trial treatment; the 30 day window should be applied to the last dose of an antineoplastic investigational agent or last use of an investigational device with antineoplastic intent

    - Is receiving systemic steroid therapy within three days prior to the first dose of trial treatment or receiving any other form of immunosuppressive medication (corticosteroid use on study for management of early combined immunosuppression [ECIs] is allowed)

    - Is expected to require any other form of systemic or localized antineoplastic therapy while on trial (including maintenance therapy with another agent for NSCLC or radiation therapy)

    - Has received prior systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy, antineoplastic biological therapy (e.g., cetuximab), major surgery within 3 weeks of the first dose of trial treatment; received thoracic radiation therapy of > 30 Gy within 6 months of the first dose of trial treatment

    - Has received prior therapy with an anti-programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1), anti-PD-L1, anti-programmed cell death 1 ligand 2 (PD-L2), anti-cluster of differentiation 137 (CD137), or anti-cytotoxic t-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) antibody (including ipilimumab or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways); has participated in another MK-3475 clinical trial

    - Has a known history of prior malignancy except if the patient has undergone potentially curative therapy with no evidence of that disease recurrence for 3 years since initiation of that therapy; Note: the time requirement for no evidence of disease for 3 years does not apply to the NSCLC tumor for which a subject is enrolled in this trial; the time requirement also does not apply to subjects who underwent successful definitive resection of basal cell carcinoma of the skin, superficial bladder cancer, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or in situ cervical cancer

    - Has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis; subjects with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are stable (without evidence of progression by magnetic resonance imaging [MRI] for at least two weeks prior to the first dose of trial treatment and any neurologic symptoms have returned to baseline), have no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases, and are using no steroids for at least three days prior to study medication

    - Has an active autoimmune disease, or a documented history of autoimmune disease that required systemic steroids or immunosuppressive agents; subjects with vitiligo or resolved childhood asthma/atopy would be exception to this rule; subjects that require inhaled steroid or local steroid injections will not be excluded from the study; subjects with hypothyroidism not from autoimmune disease and stable on hormone replacement will not be excluded from the study

    - Has had an allogeneic tissue/solid organ transplant

    - Has interstitial lung disease or a history of pneumonitis that required oral or intravenous glucocorticoids to assist with management; lymphangitic spread of the NSCLC is not exclusionary

    - Has received or will receive a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first administration of study medication; seasonal flu vaccines that do not contain live virus are permitted

    - Has an active infection requiring intravenous systemic therapy

    - Has known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies)

    - Has known active hepatitis B or C; active hepatitis B is defined as a known positive hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) result; active hepatitis C is defined by a known positive hepatitis (Hep) C antibody (Ab) result and known quantitative hepatitis C virus (HCV) ribonucleic acid (RNA) results greater than the lower limits of detection of the assay

    - Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator

    - Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial

    - Is, at the time of signing informed consent, a regular user (including "recreational use") of any illicit drugs or had a recent history (within the last year) of substance abuse (including alcohol)

    - Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the trial, starting with the screening visit (visit 1) through 120 days after the last dose of MK-3475

    Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
    Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
    Eligible Gender:Both
    Healthy Volunteers:No

    Primary Outcome Measures

    Measure:ORR determined as the proportion of patients achieving complete response or partial response as respectively defined in RECIST 1.1
    Time Frame:Up to 3 years
    Safety Issue:No
    Description:An exact binomial test to evaluate the response rate to the null hypothesis value of 0.10 will be used. A 95% confidence interval will be provided for the objective response rate of the population.

    Secondary Outcome Measures

    Measure:Incidence of adverse events according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0
    Time Frame:Up to 3 years
    Safety Issue:Yes
    Description:Will be tabulated and graded.
    Measure:OS assessed by RECIST 1.1
    Time Frame:Time from randomization to death by any cause, assessed for up to 3 years
    Safety Issue:No
    Description:Will evaluate the relationship between PD-L1 expression at baseline with OS using Cox-proportional hazards regression.
    Measure:PFS assessed by RECIST 1.1
    Time Frame:Time from randomization to first documented progression, assessed for up to 3 years
    Safety Issue:No
    Description:Will evaluate the relationship between PD-L1 expression at baseline with PFS using Cox-proportional hazards regression.

    Trial Keywords