Clinical Trials /

Phase I Trial of Universal Donor NK Cell Therapy in Combination With ALT803

NCT02890758

Description:

The purpose of this study is to find the number of natural killer (NK) cells from non-HLA matched donors that can be safely infused into patients with cancer. NK cells are a form of lymphocytes that defend against cancer cells. NK cells in cancer patients do not work well to fight cancer. In this study, the NK cells are being donated by healthy individuals without cancer who are not "matched" by human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes to patients. After receiving these NK cells, patients may also be given a drug called ALT803. ALT803 is a protein that keeps NK cells alive, helps them grow in number and supports their cancer-fighting characteristics. HLA-unmatched NK cell infusion is investigational (experimental) because the process has not approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Related Conditions:
  • Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
  • Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
  • Colorectal Carcinoma
  • Hodgkin Lymphoma
  • Multiple Myeloma
  • Myelodysplastic Syndromes
  • Myeloproliferative Neoplasm
  • Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
  • Soft Tissue Sarcoma
Recruiting Status:

Recruiting

Phase:

Phase 1

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Phase I Trial of Universal Donor NK Cell Therapy in Combination With ALT803
  • Official Title: Phase I Trial of Universal Donor NK Cell Therapy in Combination With ALT-803

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: CASE2Z16
  • NCT ID: NCT02890758

Conditions

  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • Myelodysplastic Syndrome
  • Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
  • Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
  • Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
  • Non Hodgkin Lymphoma
  • Hodgkin Lymphoma
  • Myeloproliferative Syndromes
  • Plasma Cell Myeloma
  • Colon Carcinoma
  • Adenocarcinoma of Rectum
  • Soft Tissue Sarcoma
  • Ewing's Sarcoma
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
Natural Killer (NK) CellsCytokine Arm
ALT803CytokineCytokine Arm

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to find the number of natural killer (NK) cells from non-HLA matched donors that can be safely infused into patients with cancer. NK cells are a form of lymphocytes that defend against cancer cells. NK cells in cancer patients do not work well to fight cancer. In this study, the NK cells are being donated by healthy individuals without cancer who are not "matched" by human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes to patients. After receiving these NK cells, patients may also be given a drug called ALT803. ALT803 is a protein that keeps NK cells alive, helps them grow in number and supports their cancer-fighting characteristics. HLA-unmatched NK cell infusion is investigational (experimental) because the process has not approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Detailed Description

      Primary Objective:

      To determine the maximum tolerated dose of ex vivo expanded non-HLA matched donor NK cells in
      combination with ALT-803

      Secondary Objectives:

        -  Describe safety profile / toxicity of combining ALT-803 with NK cell adoptive therapy.

        -  Determine antitumor activity of allogeneic NK cells with ALT-803 support.

        -  Determine if a lymphocyte depleting regimen is adequate for preventing early elimination
           of HLA-mismatched donor NK cells by host T-cells.

      Study Design:

      This is a phase I study with "3+3" design with three planned dose levels of NK cells and a
      fixed dose of ALT-803. Three patients will be enrolled sequentially to each dose level,
      starting with dose level 1. Patients will be segregated to either receive ALT803 as cytokine
      support after NK cell infusion (starting with same dose level as Level 1) or no cytokine
      administration. Patients in the arm receiving ALT803 will be either hematologic malignancy
      patients (Cohort A) or Colon/Soft tissue sarcoma patients (Cohort B). Absence of dose
      limiting toxicity (DLT) in the DLT assessment period of 28 days must be documented for all
      patients enrolled a cell dose without ALT803 before the next cohort of patients to receive
      cytokines at that dose level can be enrolled. Patients can also be enrolled in parallel to
      the next cell dose level without cytokines.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Cytokine ArmExperimentalTwo infusions of Natural Killer (NK) cells and ALT803
  • Natural Killer (NK) Cells
  • ALT803
No Cytokine ArmActive ComparatorTwo infusions of Natural Killer (NK) Cells
  • Natural Killer (NK) Cells

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Patients must have histologic confirmation of relapsed and or refractory hematologic
             malignancy, locally advanced or metastatic colon/rectal carcinoma, or refractory
             and/or relapsed soft tissue sarcomas and have failed at least one standard line of
             therapy.

          -  Patients will be eligible if they have either declined standard treatment regimens or
             if there is no standard approach to curative salvage therapy per National
             Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines in the setting of relapsed/refractory
             disease.

          -  In addition, patients for whom a potential 29-day delay in treatment will not
             interfere with the subject's potential therapeutic options can be eligible per the
             treating physician's discretion.

        Malignancies can include:

          -  Acute myeloid leukemia

          -  Myelodysplastic syndrome

          -  Acute lymphoblastic leukemia

          -  Chronic myeloid leukemia

          -  Chronic lymphocytic leukemia

          -  Non Hodgkin Lymphoma

          -  Hodgkin Lymphoma

          -  Myeloproliferative syndromes

          -  Plasma cell myeloma

          -  Colon/rectal carcinoma

          -  Soft tissue sarcomas including but not limited to Ewing's sarcoma and Rhabdomyosarcoma

               -  Patients must have recovered from acute toxicities of prior chemotherapy or stem
                  cell transplant. Any prior non-hematologic vital organ toxicity (cardiac,
                  pulmonary, hepatic, renal) of previous therapy must have resolved to grade 1 or
                  less.

               -  All previous chemotherapy or radiation must be completed at least 3 weeks prior
                  to study entry. Immunologic therapy must be completed at least 3 weeks prior to
                  study entry. Patients with prior stem cell transplant must be greater than 365
                  days post-transplant.

               -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤2

               -  Organ function criteria (There is no exclusion for the presence of cytopenias),

                    -  Serum total bilirubin <2 mg/dl (except if known Gilbert syndrome and normal
                       transaminases)

                    -  Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (SGOT) < 2.5 X institutional upper limit of
                       normal

                    -  Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (SGPT) < 2.5 X institutional upper limit of
                       normal

                    -  Pulmonary function (DLCO) >40% of the expected value corrected for alveolar
                       volume and hemoglobin

                    -  Serum Creatinine ≤ 1.5 X institutional upper limit of normal

               -  Subjects must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a
                  written informed consent document.

               -  Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception
                  (double barrier method of birth control or abstinence) 4 weeks prior to study
                  entry and for the duration of study participation. Women of child-bearing age
                  must have documented negative pregnancy test prior to start of lympho-depleting
                  regimen.

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Subjects receiving any other investigational agents.

          -  Subjects for whom a potential 29-day delay in treatment will interfere with the
             subject's potential therapeutic options.

          -  Patients with untreated malignant involvement of the central nervous system (CNS)
             should be excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis and
             because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the
             evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events. Head imaging will be necessary to
             document absence of CNS involvement in patients with colon/rectal cancer and soft
             tissue sarcomas. Patients with hematologic malignancies who have undergone treatment
             for malignant involvement of the CNS must have no evidence of residual disease by
             imaging or CSF sampling prior to study enrollment.

          -  History of allergic reactions to chemotherapy agents used in this protocol as part of
             lymphodepletion regimen (Fludarabine and Cyclophosphamide)

          -  Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to ongoing
             active uncontrolled infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina
             pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would
             limit compliance with study requirements.

          -  Pregnant or breastfeeding women are excluded from this study.

          -  HIV-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because of
             the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with chemotherapeutic agents. In
             addition, these patients are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with
             marrow suppressive therapy. Appropriate studies will be undertaken in patients
             receiving combination antiretroviral therapy when indicated.

          -  Chronic active untreated hepatitis B or C infection.

          -  Recipients of previous allogeneic transplants who have rash involving more than 10%
             body surface area attributed to graft versus host disease (GVHD) (> Grade 1 GVHD of
             skin). Stem cell transplant recipients will be excluded if they are still receiving
             immunosuppression including steroids for GVHD or have active GVHD in any organ (except
             for Grade 1 only of skin, not requiring treatment).
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Number of patients without Graft Versus Host Disease (GVHD)
Time Frame:up to 28 days after beginning treatment
Safety Issue:
Description:Measure of safety of natural killer (NK) cells in the absence of HLA matching

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Number of patients with hematological response
Time Frame:Up to 12 months after beginning treatment
Safety Issue:
Description:Complete Remission (CR): Bone marrow blasts <5%; absence of blasts with Auer rods; absence of extramedullary disease; absolute neutrophil count >1.0x10^9/L; platelet count >100x10^9/L. CR with incomplete recovery (CRi): All CR criteria except residual neutropenia or thrombocytopenia. Partial Remission (PR):Hematologic criteria of CR; decrease of bone marrow blast percentage to 5-25%; and decrease of pretreatment bone marrow blast percentage by ≥50%. Cytogenetic CR (CRc): Reversion to normal karyotype at the time of morphologic CR. Resistant disease (RD): Failure to achieve CR, CRi, or PR. Death in aplasia: Deaths occurring ≥7 days after initial treatment. Death from indeterminate cause: Deaths before completing therapy, or <7 days following completion; or deaths occurring ≥7 days after therapy with no blasts in the blood Relapse: Bone marrow blasts ≥ 5%; or reappearance of blasts in the blood; or development of extramedullary disease
Measure:Patients response for radiographically measurable lesions
Time Frame:Up to 12 months after beginning treatment
Safety Issue:
Description:Measurable disease: at least one measurable lesion. Measurable lesions: those that can be measured in at least one dimension as >20 mm with conventional techniques or as >10 mm with spiral CT scan. Non-measurable lesions: all other lesions, including small lesions that are not confirmed and followed by imaging techniques. Baseline documentation of "Target" lesions: all measurable lesions up to a maximum of five lesions per organ and 10 lesions in total. Target lesions should be selected on the basis of their size and their suitability for accurate repeated measurements. Non-target lesions: all other lesions should be identified as non-target lesions. Non-target lesions include measurable lesions that exceed the maximum numbers per organ or total of all involved organs as well as non-measurable lesions.
Measure:Patients with malignant lymphoma response
Time Frame:Up to 12 months after beginning treatment
Safety Issue:
Description:Lymphoma response of Complete remission, partial remission, relapsed disease, stable disease, progressive disease and best response based on the Journal of Clinical Oncology criteria defined by Cheson in 2014
Measure:Patients response for Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia (WM)
Time Frame:Up to 12 months after beginning treatment
Safety Issue:
Description:Complete response (CR): complete disappearance of disease at and negative serum immunofixation. Partial response (PR): >50% reduction of serum monoclonal protein concentration with >50% reduction of tumor infiltrate and resolution of symptoms attributable to WM. Minor response (MR): > 25% but l<50% reduction of serum monoclonal immunoglobulin M (IgM) determined by protein electrophoresis and no new symptoms or signs of active disease. Stable disease: < 25% reduction and <25% increase of serum monoclonal IgM without progression of adenopathy, organomegaly, cytopenias, or clinically significant symptoms caused by disease and/or signs of WM. Progressive disease: fails to meet criteria for response or stable disease. Progression also requires at least a 25% increase of serum monoclonal protein from the lowest value or worsening of cytopenias, lymphadenopathy, or organomegaly, or appearance of disease-related complications.
Measure:Patients response for cutaneous lymphomas
Time Frame:Up to 12 months after beginning treatment
Safety Issue:
Description:CR/CCR Complete resolution of skin patches, plaques and tumors (or erythroderma) No evidence of abnormal lymph nodes Absence of circulating Sézary cells No evidence of new tumor (CCR) plus confirmation by skin biopsy (CR) PR ≥50% improvement in the summation of (∆ Skin + ∆ Lymph Node + ∆ Peripheral Blood) with at least ≥30% improvement in ∆ Skin No worsening in Lymph Node or Sézary cells No evidence of new tumors (cutaneous or non-cutaneous) Stable Disease at 90 Days (SD90) • Fails to meet criteria for PR or CR but absence of new cutaneous or non-cutaneous disease over 90 days Progressive Disease (PD) ≥ 50% increase from nadir or baseline in styrylpyridine derivative (SPD) or any node or lesion ≥ 50% increase from nadir in gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) of any node previously >1cm in shortest diameter Appearance of any new cutaneous or non-cutaneous lesion during or at the end of therapy.
Measure:Patients response for multiple myeloma
Time Frame:Up to 12 months after beginning treatment
Safety Issue:
Description:Stringent Complete Response (sCR) CR as defined below plus: • Normal FLC ratio and Absence of clonal cells in bone marrow CR Negative immunofixation on the serum and urine and: Disappearance of any soft tissue plasmacytomas ≤5% plasma cells in bone marrow Very good partial response (VGPR) Serum and urine M-protein detectable by immunofixation but not on electrophoresis or 90% or greater reduction in serum M-protein plus urine M-protein level <100mg per 24h PR ≥ 50% reduction of serum M-protein and reduction in 24-h urinary M-protein by ≥ 90% or to <200 mg per 24h If the serum and urine protein are unmeasurable, ≥ 50% decrease in the difference between involved and uninvolved FLC levels is required If the serum and urine protein are unmeasurable, and serum free light assay is also unmeasurable, ≥ 50% decrease in plasmacells is required SD Not meeting criteria for CR, VGPR, PR, or progressive disease
Measure:Patients response for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML)
Time Frame:Up to 12 months after beginning treatment
Safety Issue:
Description:Complete hematologic response • White blood cell count <10,000/microL with no immature granulocytes and <5 percent basophils on differential, platelet count <450,000/microL, and spleen not palpable. Cytogenetic responses Complete cytogenetic response: No Philadelphia chromosome positive cells present. Partial cytogenetic response: 1 to 35 percent Philadelphia chromosome positive cells present. Major cytogenetic response includes patients with complete and partial cytogenetic response (ie, 0 to 35 percent Philadelphia chromosome positive cells present). Minor-minimal cytogenetic response: 36 to 95 percent Philadelphia chromosome positive cells present. Molecular response: Complete molecular response: break cluster region - Abelson family kinases (BCR-ABL) transcript nondetectable and nonquantifiable in an assay that has at least 4 to 5 log range. Major molecular response: An at least three log reduction in BCR-ABL transcript levels from baseline.
Measure:Patients response for metastatic colon/rectal carcinoma and soft tissue sarcomas
Time Frame:Up to 12 months after beginning treatment
Safety Issue:
Description:Complete Response: Disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to < 10 mm (the sum may not be "0" if there are target nodes). Partial Response: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters. Progressive Disease: At least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (this includes the baseline sum if that is the smallest on study). In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. The appearance of one or more new lesions may be considered progression). Stable Disease: Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD, taking as reference the smallest sum of diameters while on study.
Measure:Average duration of response
Time Frame:Up to 12 months after beginning treatment
Safety Issue:
Description:The duration of overall response is measured from the time of NK Cell infusion until the first date that recurrent or progressive disease is objectively documented (taking as reference for progressive disease the smallest measurements recorded since the treatment started).
Measure:Average duration of Overall Survival
Time Frame:Up to 12 months after beginning treatment
Safety Issue:
Description:Overall survival is measured from the date of first infusion of NK cells to the date of death from any cause; patients not known to have died at last follow up are censored on the date they were last known to be alive.
Measure:Average duration of relapse free survival
Time Frame:Up to 12 months after beginning treatment
Safety Issue:
Description:Only those patients achieving complete response (CR) or complete response with incomplete recovery (CRI). It is measured from the date of infusion of NK cells until the date of relapse or death from any cause; patients not known to have relapsed or died at last follow up are censored on the date they were last examined.
Measure:in vivo Natural Killer (NK) levels
Time Frame:up to 28 days after beginning treatment
Safety Issue:
Description:Measurement of in vivo NK cell levels following cell product infusion will be done on peripheral blood by flow cytometry (CD3- CD56+ positive cells). This will be done on peripheral blood samples of patients. Measurement of successful donor NK cell persistence (absence of cell product rejection) will be defined as measurement of >100 NK cell/µL

Details

Phase:Phase 1
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:David Wald

Trial Keywords

  • Natural Killer Cell
  • ALT-803

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