Clinical Trials /

Ipilimumab and Nivolumab in Treating Patients With Recurrent Stage IV HER2 Negative Inflammatory Breast Cancer

NCT02892734

Description:

The purpose of this research study is to look at the efficacy (the effect on tumor) and the safety (the effect on body) of the study drugs when given as a combination in patients with metastatic recurrent epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) negative inflammatory breast cancer. This is a phase II study of 2 drugs used in combination: nivolumab and ipilimumab. The combination of these drugs is already approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat advanced melanoma (a type of skin cancer). Nivolumab and ipilimumab are not approved by the FDA for patients with metastatic recurrent HER2 negative inflammatory breast cancer, hence the treatment is considered experimental or investigational.

Related Conditions:
  • Breast Carcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Terminated

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title:Ipilimumab and Nivolumab in Treating Patients With Recurrent Stage IV HER2 Negative Inflammatory Breast Cancer
  • Official Title:A Phase II Window of Opportunity Trial of Ipilimumab and Nivolumab in Metastatic Recurrent HER2- Inflammatory Breast Cancer (IBC) The Win Trial

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: NU 16B07
  • SECONDARY ID: STU00203191
  • SECONDARY ID: NU 16B07
  • SECONDARY ID: P30CA060553
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2016-01038
  • NCT ID: NCT02892734

Trial Conditions

  • HER2/Neu Negative
  • Recurrent Inflammatory Breast Carcinoma
  • Stage IV Breast Cancer
  • Stage IV Inflammatory Breast Carcinoma

Trial Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms

Trial Purpose

The purpose of this research study is to look at the efficacy (the effect on tumor) and the safety (the effect on body) of the study drugs when given as a combination in patients with metastatic recurrent epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) negative inflammatory breast cancer. This is a phase II study of 2 drugs used in combination: nivolumab and ipilimumab. The combination of these drugs is already approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat advanced melanoma (a type of skin cancer). Nivolumab and ipilimumab are not approved by the FDA for patients with metastatic recurrent HER2 negative inflammatory breast cancer, hence the treatment is considered experimental or investigational.

Detailed Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine progression free survival (PFS) in patients with newly recurrent HER2 negative inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) treated with nivolumab and ipilimumab according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version (v) 1.1.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the overall response rate (ORR) and clinical benefit rate (CBR) according to RECIST criteria v1.1, in patients with recurrent IBC treated with nivolumab and ipilimumab.

II. To assess overall survival in patients with recurrent HER2 negative IBC treated with nivolumab and ipilimumab.

III. To assess the safety and tolerability of nivolumab and ipilimumab in patients with recurrent IBC according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v 4.03.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the predictive value of baseline iSCORE and programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PDL-1) expression using archival tissue samples as well as any standard of care tissue obtained during study treatment.

II. To assess the predictive value of circulating cell-free tumor DNA (ctDNA) and immune signature by exosome analysis using blood samples at baseline.

OUTLINE:

Patients receive nivolumab intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes every 2 weeks (Q2W) and ipilimumab IV over 90 minutes every 6 weeks (Q6W) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 4 weeks for 12 weeks, and then every 3 months for up to 2 years.

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Treatment (nivolumab, ipilimumab)ExperimentalPatients receive nivolumab IV over 30 minutes Q2W and ipilimumab IV over 90 minutes Q6W in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

    Eligibility Criteria

    Inclusion Criteria:

    - Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed stage IV breast carcinoma with a previous clinical diagnosis of IBC based on the presence of inflammatory changes in the involved breast, such as diffuse erythema and edema (peau d'orange), with or without an underlying palpable mass involving the majority of the skin of the breast; pathological evidence of dermal lymphatic invasion should be noted but is not required for diagnosis

    - Patients must have local or metastatic recurrence of IBC after prior surgery

    - Patients must have a metastatic tumor negative for HER2; the lack of HER2 overexpression by immunohistochemistry (IHC), is defined as 0 or 1+ where as hyperexpression is defined as 3+; if equivocal IHC, 2+, the tumor must be non-gene amplified by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) performed upon the primary tumor or metastatic lesion (ratio < 2 and HER2 copy number < 4)

    - Patients may have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension in accordance with RECIST criteria v. 1.1 OR non-measurable tumors; NOTE: Non-measurable tumors are small lesions (longest diameter < 10mm or pathological lymph nodes with >= 10 to < 15 mm short axis); bone lesions, leptomeningeal disease, ascites, pleural/pericardial effusions, lymphangitis cutis/pulmonitis, inflammatory breast disease, and abdominal masses (not followed by computed tomography [CT] or magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]) are considered as non-measurable

    - Patients must be in consideration for 1st line systemic therapy for recurrent IBC; NOTE: Patients must not have received chemotherapy in the metastatic setting, but adjuvant treatment after surgery is acceptable

    - Patients must have confirmed availability of archival or freshly biopsied tumor tissue meeting protocol-defined specifications prior to study enrollment

    - Patients must exhibit an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) status of 0-1; ECOG performance status 2 and 3 will be allowed only if decline in performance status is thought to be directly secondary to breast cancer disease burden by treating physician

    - Patients must have adequate organ and bone marrow function within 14 days prior to registration, as defined below:

    - Leukocytes >= 2,000/mcL

    - Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL, regardless of transfusion or growth factor support

    - Platelets >= 100,000/mcl, regardless of transfusion or growth factor support

    - Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (except patients with Gilbert syndrome or liver metastasis who can have total bilirubin < 3.0 x ULN)

    - Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT)/ alanine aminotransferase (ALT) serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) =< 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (or =< 5 times ULN in case of liver metastasis)

    - Serum creatinine of < 3.0 x ULN (upper limit of normal)

    - Patients with history of central nervous system (CNS) metastases are eligible if CNS disease has been stable for at least 6 weeks prior to study registration in the opinion of the investigator and do not require corticosteroids (of any dose) for symptomatic management; NOTE: Patients are not required to have CNS imaging prior to study entry

    - Females of childbearing potential (FOCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of human chorionic gonadotropin [HCG]) within 72 hours of registration

    NOTE: A FOCBP is any woman (regardless of sexual orientation, having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice) who meets the following criteria:

    - Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy

    - Has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months (and therefore has not been naturally postmenopausal for > 12 months)

    - FOCBP and men who are sexually active with FOCBP must agree to follow instructions for method(s) of contraception for the duration of treatment and the designated post-treatment period

    - Patients must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent prior to registration on study

    Exclusion Criteria:

    - Patients must not have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks prior to study registration

    - Patients who already received chemotherapy for recurrent metastatic IBC are not eligible

    - Patients who have not recovered to =< grade 1 from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier are not eligible

    - Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents

    - Patients who have had prior exposure to immune checkpoint inhibitors are not eligible; please contact principal investigator, Ricardo Costaat 312-472-1234 for specific questions on potential interactions

    - Programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) monoclonal antibody: pembrolizumab, pidilizumab, MEDI-0680, anti-PD-1 fusion protein AMP-224 (AMP-224), anti-PD-1 checkpoint inhibitor PF-06801591 (PF-06801591), anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody BGB-A317 (BGB-A317), anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody PDR001 (PDR001), anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody REGN2810 (REGN2810), anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody SHR-1210 (SHR-1210)

    - PD-L1 monoclonal antibody: durvalumab, avelumab, anti-PD-L1 monoclonal antibody MDX-1105 (MDX-1105), atezolizumab, zirconium Zr 89-labeled anti-PD-L1 monoclonal antibody MPDL3280A (MPDL3280A)

    - Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte protein 4 (CTLA4) monoclonal antibody: tremelimumab, abatacept

    - Tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 4 (OX40): agonistic anti-OX40 monoclonal antibody MEDI6383 (MEDI6383), agonistic anti-OX40 monoclonal antibody MEDI6469 (MEDI6469), anti-OX40 monoclonal antibody MEDI0562 (MEDI0562), oxelumab, anti-OX40 antibody PF-04518600 (PF-04518600)

    - Patients with active autoimmune disease or history of autoimmune disease that might recur, which may affect vital organ function or require immune suppressive treatment including chronic prolonged systemic corticosteroids (defined as corticosteroid use of duration one month or greater), should be excluded; these include but are not limited to patients with a history of:

    - Immune related neurologic disease

    - Multiple sclerosis

    - Autoimmune (demyelinating) neuropathy

    - Guillain-Barre syndrome

    - Myasthenia gravis

    - Systemic autoimmune disease such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)

    - Connective tissue diseases

    - Scleroderma

    - Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

    - Crohn's

    - Ulcerative colitis

    - Patients with a history of toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN)

    - Stevens-Johnson syndrome

    - Anti-phospholipid syndrome

    - NOTE: Subjects with vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger are permitted to enroll

    - Patients who have an uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to any of the following, are not eligible:

    - Ongoing or active infection (including minor localized infections) requiring oral or IV treatment

    - Symptomatic congestive heart failure, defined as a clinical syndrome resulting from any structural or functional cardiac disorder that impairs the ability of the ventricle to fill with or eject blood

    - Unstable angina pectoris

    - Cardiac arrhythmia

    - Psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements

    - Any other illness or condition that the treating investigator feels would interfere with study compliance or would compromise the patient's safety or study endpoints

    - Patients should not have any condition requiring systemic treatment with corticosteroids (< 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days prior to first dose of study drug; NOTE: Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement steroid doses < 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease; a brief (less than 3 weeks) course of corticosteroids for prophylaxis (eg, contrast dye allergy) or for treatment of non-autoimmune conditions (eg, delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction caused by a contact allergen) is permitted

    - Female patients who are pregnant or nursing are not eligible

    - No other prior malignancy is allowed except for the following:

    - Adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer

    - In situ cervical cancer

    - Or any other cancer from which the patient has been disease free for at least three years

    - Known history of testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is not permitted

    - Any known positive test for hepatitis B or hepatitis C virus indicating acute or chronic infection is not permitted

    - Patients who have received a live attenuated vaccine within 30 days are not eligible

    Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
    Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
    Eligible Gender:Female
    Healthy Volunteers:No

    Primary Outcome Measures

    Measure:Progression Free Survival (PFS)
    Time Frame:Up to 2 years
    Safety Issue:No
    Description:PFS in patients with newly recurrent HER2 negative IBC treated with nivolumab and ipilimumab as evaluated by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v 1.1 assessed from the date of first study treatment to the date of disease progression or death from any cause, assessed up to 2 years.

    Secondary Outcome Measures

    Measure:Overall Response Rate (ORR)
    Time Frame:Up to 2 years
    Safety Issue:No
    Description:Evaluate the ORR according to RECIST criteria v1.1 in patients with recurrent IBC treated with nivolumab and ipilimumab. Patients will have imaging scans every 8 weeks for the first 13 months and every 12 weeks thereafter, assessed up to 2 years.
    Measure:Clinical Benefit Rate (CBR)
    Time Frame:Up to 2 years
    Safety Issue:No
    Description:Evaluate the CBR according to RECIST criteria v1.1 in patients with recurrent IBC treated with nivolumab and ipilimumab. Patients will have imaging scans every 8 weeks for the first 13 months and every 12 weeks thereafter, assessed up to 2 years.
    Measure:Overall survival
    Time Frame:Up to 2 years
    Safety Issue:No
    Description:To assess overall survival in patients with recurrent HER2 negative IBC treated with nivolumab and ipilimumab, patients will be followed from the start of treatment until 2 years post-treatment or death, whichever occurs first, and average survival time will be measured.
    Measure:Incidence of Adverse Events
    Time Frame:Up to 12 weeks after study treatment
    Safety Issue:Yes
    Description:Assess the safety and tolerability of nivolumab and ipilimumab in patients with recurrent IBC by measuring the number, frequency, and severity of adverse events according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria Adverse events (CTCAE) v 4.03.

    Trial Keywords