Clinical Trials /

Olaparib With or Without Cediranib in Treating Patients With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

NCT02893917

Description:

This randomized phase II trial studies how well olaparib with or without cediranib works in treating patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic). PARPs are proteins that help repair DNA mutations. PARP inhibitors, such as olaparib, can keep PARP from working, so tumor cells can't repair themselves, and they may stop growing. Cediranib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving olaparib and cediranib may help treat patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer.

Related Conditions:
  • Prostate Adenocarcinoma
Recruiting Status:

Active, not recruiting

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Olaparib With or Without Cediranib in Treating Patients With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer
  • Official Title: A Randomized Phase 2 Study of Cediranib in Combination With Olaparib Versus Olaparib Alone in Men With Metastatic Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: NCI-2016-01346
  • SECONDARY ID: NCI-2016-01346
  • SECONDARY ID: 2000020461
  • SECONDARY ID: 9984
  • SECONDARY ID: 9984
  • SECONDARY ID: UM1CA186689
  • NCT ID: NCT02893917

Conditions

  • Castration-Resistant Prostate Carcinoma
  • Metastatic Malignant Neoplasm in the Bone
  • Metastatic Prostate Carcinoma
  • Prostate Adenocarcinoma With Neuroendocrine Differentiation
  • Prostate Small Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma
  • Stage IV Prostate Adenocarcinoma AJCC v7

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
CediranibAZD2171Arm A (olaparib, cediranib)
OlaparibAZD 2281, AZD-2281, AZD2281, KU-0059436, Lynparza, PARP Inhibitor AZD2281Arm A (olaparib, cediranib)

Purpose

This randomized phase II trial studies how well olaparib with or without cediranib works in treating patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic). PARPs are proteins that help repair DNA mutations. PARP inhibitors, such as olaparib, can keep PARP from working, so tumor cells can't repair themselves, and they may stop growing. Cediranib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving olaparib and cediranib may help treat patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer.

Detailed Description

      PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

      I. To assess the clinical activity of the combination of cediranib and olaparib, as measured
      by radiographic progression free survival (rPFS), as compared to olaparib monotherapy in
      patients with metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC).

      SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To assess the clinical activity of the combination of cediranib and olaparib, as measured
      by prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response rate, radiographic response rate by Response
      Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version (v)1.1, and overall survival (OS), as
      compared to olaparib monotherapy in patients with mCRPC.

      II. To evaluate association of homologous recombination deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) repair
      deficiency (HRD) with the clinical activity of the combination of cediranib and olaparib or
      olaparib monotherapy, as measured by rPFS, in mCRPC patients.

      III. To evaluate the safety the combination of cediranib and olaparib and olaparib
      monotherapy in patients with metastatic prostate cancer.

      EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

      I. To characterize genomic alterations by whole exome sequencing in mCRPC patients and
      correlate that with clinical activity or resistance to olaparib with or without cediranib.

      II. To characterize changes in ribonucleic acid (RNA) expression of DNA repair genes,
      angiogenesis markers, and immune markers, by whole transcriptome sequencing and correlate
      with clinical activity or resistance to olaparib with or without cediranib.

      III. To characterize changes in immune tumor microenvironment in mCRPC patients by profiling
      expression of co-stimulatory and co-inhibitory molecules and tumor infiltrating lymphocytes,
      and correlate with clinical activity or resistance to olaparib with or without cediranib.

      IV. To identify baseline predictive biomarkers for rPFS or response and to identify
      on-treatment markers of acquired resistance in men with mCRPC receiving either olaparib plus
      cediranib or olaparib alone.

      V. To explore biomarker signatures that correlate with the clinical activity or resistance to
      olaparib with or without cediranib, including changes in gene expression or acquired
      mutations in tumor biopsies.

      OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

      ARM A: Patients receive olaparib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) and cediranib PO once daily
      (QD) on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or
      unacceptable toxicity.

      ARM B: Patients receive olaparib PO BID on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the
      absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

      After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 6 months.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
Arm A (olaparib, cediranib)ExperimentalPatients receive olaparib PO BID and cediranib PO QD on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Cediranib
  • Olaparib
Arm B (olaparib)Active ComparatorPatients receive olaparib PO BID on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Olaparib

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria:

          -  Patients must have histologically confirmed progressive, metastatic castration
             resistant prostate adenocarcinoma by meeting ALL the following:

               -  Pathology of prostate gland or metastatic disease must confirm the diagnosis of
                  prostate adenocarcinoma; mixed histology with other variants including but not
                  limited to small cell or neuroendocrine differentiation must be discussed with
                  the study principal investigator (PI)

               -  Metastasis must be documented by radiographic evidence

               -  Castration resistance must be documented with surgical or medical castration with
                  serum testosterone < 50 ng/dL (< 2.0 nM); if the patient is being treated with
                  luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists (patient who has not
                  undergone orchiectomy), this therapy must have been initiated at least 4 weeks
                  prior to cycle 1, day 1 and must be continued throughout the study

               -  Progression must be evidenced and documented by any of the following parameters

                    -  Two consecutively rising PSA values, above the baseline, at a minimum of
                       1-week intervals; the minimal value to enter the study is 1.0 ng/ml or
                       greater; the reference value (#1) is the last PSA measured before increases
                       are documented, with subsequent values obtained a minimum of 1 week apart;
                       if the PSA at time point 3 (value #3A) is greater than that at point 2, then
                       eligibility has been met; if the PSA is not greater than point 2 (value
                       #3B), but value #4 is, the patient is eligible assuming that other criteria
                       are met, if values 3A or #4 are 1 ng/mL or higher (Prostate Cancer Working
                       Group 3)

                    -  Appearance of one or more new lesions on bone scan

                    -  Progressive disease by RECIST 1.1

          -  Must have a tumor lesion safely accessible for biopsy per the investigator's
             discretion; while a soft tissue metastasis is preferred for a biopsy, a bone
             metastasis is allowed for biopsy as long as enough cores can be obtained; a biopsied
             lesion cannot be used for target lesion for response assessment

          -  Must be agreeable to the mandatory research tumor biopsies (pre-treatment and
             on-treatment); tumor biopsies are mandatory at pre-treatment and at on-treatment;
             there is an optional biopsy at post-progression

          -  Must have received at least two one prior line of therapy for mCRPC; a taxane
             chemotherapy administered for metastatic castration sensitive disease will not count,
             unless patient develops disease progression within 12 months from the last dose
             chemotherapy

          -  Must have a life expectancy greater than or equal to 16 weeks

          -  If patient is currently on prednisone or other corticosteroids for palliation, the
             dose must be less than or equal to 10 mg a day or its equivalent dose and it must have
             been started at least 4 weeks prior to cycle 1 day 1

          -  Patients must have measurable disease by RECIST v1.1, or evaluable disease with bone
             metastases demonstrated by Tc99 bone scan; patients with bone metastases only are
             allowed (NOTE: nodes >= 1.5 cm (not >= 2 cm) in the short axis are considered
             measurable, per The Prostate Cancer Working Group 3 [PCWG3])

          -  Toxicities of prior therapy (except alopecia) should be resolved to =< grade 1 as per
             National Cancer Institute-Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE)
             v5.0; patients with long-standing stable grade 2 neuropathy or others (e.g., adrenal
             insufficiency or hypothyroidism on stable doses of replacement therapy) may be allowed
             after discussion with the study principal investigator (PI)

          -  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1 (Karnofsky >= 70%)

          -  White blood count (WBC) > 3 x 10^9/L (within 28 days prior to administration of study
             treatment)

          -  Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL (within 28 days prior to administration of
             study treatment)

          -  Platelets >= 100,000/mcL (within 28 days prior to administration of study treatment)

          -  Hemoglobin >= 10 g/dL with no pack red blood cell transfusion in the past 28 days
             (within 28 days prior to administration of study treatment)

          -  Creatinine clearance >= 51 mL/min, calculated using Cockcroft-Gault formula (within 28
             days prior to administration of study treatment)

          -  Urine protein: creatinine ratio (UPC) of =< 1 (within 28 days prior to administration
             of study treatment)

          -  Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x the institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (within 28 days
             prior to administration of study treatment)

          -  Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and
             alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase [SGPT]) < 3 times
             institutional ULN unless liver metastases are present in which case they must be < 5 x
             ULN (within 28 days prior to administration of study treatment)

          -  Coagulation parameters (international normalized ratio [INR] and activated partial
             thromboplastin time [aPTT]) within 1.25 x ULN institutional limits, except where a
             lupus anti-coagulant has been confirmed, or except patients on anticoagulation (within
             28 days prior to administration of study treatment)

          -  Patients must be able to swallow oral medications and not have gastrointestinal
             illnesses that would preclude absorption of cediranib or olaparib

          -  Adequately controlled thyroid function, with no symptoms of thyroid dysfunction;
             patients can be on thyroid hormone replacement medication; asymptomatic patients with
             elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) with normal T4/T3 are allowed to enroll,
             and recommended to follow with routine thyroid function test especially if they are
             randomized to cediranib/olaparib arm

          -  Adequately controlled blood pressure (BP) < 140 mmHg (systolic) and < 90 mmHg
             (diastolic) taken in the clinic setting by a medical professional within 2 weeks prior
             to starting study; patients with hypertension may be managed with up to a maximum of 3
             antihypertensive medications; patients who are on 3 antihypertensive medications are
             highly recommended to be followed by a cardiologist or blood pressure specialist for
             management of BP while on protocol

          -  Patients must be willing and able to check and record daily blood pressure readings
             when randomized to cediranib containing arm

          -  Patients must have documented left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) by
             echocardiogram greater than institution's lower limit of normal (or 55% if threshold
             for normal not otherwise specified by institutional guidelines) obtained within 3
             months prior to registration if they have any of the following risk factors for
             cardiac toxicities:

               -  A New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification of II controlled with
                  treatment

               -  Prior central thoracic radiation therapy (RT), including RT to the heart

               -  History of myocardial infarction within 12 months prior to registration

               -  Prior treatment with anthracyclines

               -  Prior treatment with trastuzumab

               -  Prior history of other significant impaired cardiac function

          -  Male participants and their female partners, who are sexually active and of
             childbearing potential, must agree to the use of two highly effective forms of
             contraception in combination (see below for acceptable methods), and not to donate
             sperm, throughout the period of taking study treatment and for 3 months after last
             dose of study drug(s) to prevent pregnancy in a partner; acceptable methods of
             contraception to be used in this study include:

               -  Condom with spermicide and one of the following:

                    -  Oral contraceptive or hormonal therapy (e.g. hormone implants)

                    -  Placement of an intra-uterine device

               -  Acceptable non-hormonal birth control methods include:

                    -  Total sexual abstinence; abstinence must be for the total duration of the
                       study and the drug washout period

                    -  Vasectomized sexual partner plus male condom; with participant assurance
                       that partner received post-vasectomy confirmation of azoospermia

                    -  Tubal occlusion plus male condom with spermicide

                    -  Intrauterine device (IUD) plus male condom+spermicide; provided coils are
                       copper-banded

               -  Acceptable hormonal methods:

                    -  Etonogestrel implants (e.g., Implanon, Norplan) + male condom with
                       spermicide

                    -  Normal and low dose combined oral pills + male condom with spermicide

                    -  Norelgestromin/ethinyl estradiol (EE) transdermal system + male condom with
                       spermicide

                    -  Intravaginal device + male condom with spermicide (e.g., EE and
                       etonogestrel)

                    -  Cerazette (desogestrel) + male condom with spermicide; cerazette is
                       currently the only highly efficacious progesterone based pill

          -  Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

        Exclusion Criteria:

          -  Patients who have had chemotherapy, hormonal therapy (except LHRH agonist or
             antagonist), immunotherapy, radioisotope therapy, or RT within 21 days prior to start
             of the study agents

          -  Initiating bisphosphonate, or RANKL antibody therapy or adjusting the dose/regimen
             within 30 days prior to cycle 1 day 1 is prohibited; patients on a stable
             bisphosphonate regimen are eligible and may continue

          -  Patients who have received any other investigational agents within the past 28 days
             prior to cycle 1 day 1

          -  Patients with untreated brain metastases, spinal cord compression, or evidence of
             symptomatic brain metastases or leptomeningeal disease as noted on computed tomography
             (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans are excluded from this clinical trial;
             while screening brain MRI is not required, it should be performed if clinically
             indicated at the discretion of the treating investigator; should patient found to have
             brain metastasis, treatment of brain metastasis must precede the participation in this
             study

          -  For patients with known and treated brain metastases is allowed in this study if they
             fulfill ALL of the following criteria:

               -  The lesions have remained radiologically stable for at least six weeks after
                  completion of brain irradiation or stereotactic brain radiosurgery, and must
                  remain stable at the time of study entry

               -  There is no mass effect present radiologically and no steroids requirement for
                  symptom control for more than 4 weeks

          -  Patients who have received a prior inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor
             (VEGF) signaling inhibitor, or a poly adenosine diphosphate-ribose polymerase (PARP)
             inhibitor administered

          -  History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic
             composition to cediranib or olaparib

          -  Concomitant use of known strong CYP3A inhibitors (e.g. itraconazole, telithromycin,
             clarithromycin, protease inhibitors boosted with ritonavir or cobicistat, indinavir,
             saquinavir, nelfinavir, boceprevir, telaprevir), moderate CYP3A inhibitors (e.g.
             ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, diltiazem, fluconazole, verapamil), strong CYP3A inducers
             (e.g. phenobarbital, enzalutamide, phenytoin, rifampicin, rifabutin, rifapentine,
             carbamazepine, nevirapine and St John's wort) or moderate CYP3A inducers (e.g.
             bosentan, efavirenz, modafinil); a minimum washout period of 2 weeks prior to cycle 1
             day 1 is required for strong inhibitors, and at least one week for moderate
             inhibitors; a minimum washout period of 4 weeks prior to cycle 1 day 1 is required for
             CYP3A inducers; a minimum washout period of 5 weeks prior to cycle 1 day 1 is required
             for enzalutamide or phenobarbital; dihydropyridine calcium-channel blockers are
             permitted for management of hypertension

          -  Current use of natural herbal products or other "folk remedies"; if using previously,
             patients must stop using natural herbal products while participating in this study;
             multivitamin, calcium (Ca)/vitamin D (Vit D) and other vitamin complex supplements are
             allowed

          -  Patients with concomitant or prior invasive malignancies within the past 5 years;
             subjects with limited stage basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin,
             carcinoma in situ of the breast, or non-muscle invasive bladder cancer, are eligible
             as long as they received curative intent therapy

          -  Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, uncontrolled seizures
             ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina
             pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would
             limit compliance with study requirements

          -  Resting ECG with corrected QT (QTc) > 470 msec on two or more time points within a 24
             hour period, noted within 14 days of treatment, or family history of long QT syndrome

          -  History of myocardial infarction within 6 months of the randomization

          -  History of stroke or transient ischemic attack within 6 months of the randomization

          -  NYHA classification of III or IV

          -  Current cardiac arrhythmic condition requiring concurrent use of anti-arrhythmic drug;
             rate controlled atrial fibrillation is allows

          -  History of hypertensive crisis or hypertensive encephalopathy within 3 years of the
             randomization

          -  Clinically significant peripheral vascular disease or known abdominal aortic aneurysm
             ( > 5 cm in diameter) or history of aortic dissection; patients with known history of
             abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) with >= 4 cm in diameter, a repeat ultrasound (US)
             within the last 6 months prior to randomization will be required to document that it
             is =< 5 cm, and patient must be asymptomatic from the aneurysm, and the blood pressure
             must be well controlled as required in this protocol

          -  A major surgical procedure, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury within 3
             months prior to cycle 1 day 1 (percutaneous/endobronchial/endoscopic biopsies are
             allowed)

          -  History of bowel obstruction within 1 month prior to starting study drugs

          -  History of hemoptysis within the last 1 month prior to randomization

          -  Presence of cavitation of central pulmonary lesion, or radiographic evidence of
             pneumonitis or other extensive bilateral lung disease such as interstitial lung
             disease

          -  Any history of gastrointestinal (GI) perforation, history of intra-abdominal abscess
             within 3 months prior to starting treatment, or history of abdominal fistula unless
             the fistula history meets all the following: (a) the fistula was surgically repaired,
             (b) there has been no evidence of fistula for at least 6 months prior to starting
             treatment, (c) patient is deemed to be at low risk of recurrent fistula, and (d) the
             case must be discussed with the study PI

          -  Current dependency on intravenous (IV) hydration or total parenteral nutrition (TPN)

          -  Known coagulopathy or bleeding diathesis; those on therapeutic anticoagulation or
             anti-platelet agent are permitted only after discussing with the study PI

          -  Patients with history of intra-abdominal bleeding or retroperitoneal bleeding within
             the last 3 years are excluded

          -  Patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), or
             features suggestive of MDS/AML

          -  Patients with known active human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B or
             hepatitis C infection; it is because of the potential requirement for anti-viral
             therapies that are prohibited on the study; patients with a history
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:Male
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Radiographic progression free survival
Time Frame:Time interval from random assignment to the date when the first site of disease is found to progress, or death, whichever occurs first, assessed up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:The two study arms will be compared for radiographic progression free survival with Kaplan-Meier estimates and log-rank tests. The Rothman confidence interval, which is based on Greenwood's variance, Thomas and Grunkemeier confidence interval, and the simultaneous confidence bands by Nair and Hall and Wellner, will be reported. In addition, the possible risk factors will be compared for survival with log-rank test.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Overall survival
Time Frame:Time between randomization and death due to any cause (or last contact for surviving patients and those lost to follow-up), assessed up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Will use the rank preserving structure failure time model for the overall survival analysis.
Measure:Objective response rate
Time Frame:Up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Will be assessed by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1. The exact 95% confidence interval of objective response rate will be reported based on the binomial distribution. The multivariate data analysis will be completed using the logistic regression model. The adjusted p-value and adjusted 95% confidence interval will also be reported.
Measure:Prostate-specific antigen response rate
Time Frame:Up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Prostate-specific antigen response will be defined by prostate-specific antigen decline from baseline > 50%, confirmed by a second value at 3-4 weeks later. Prostate-specific antigen response rate analysis will be based on a subset of patients who had prostate-specific antigen progression prior to enrollment. The multivariate data analysis will be completed using the logistic regression model.
Measure:Correlation between homologous recombination deficiency status and radiographic progression free survival
Time Frame:Up to 2 weeks prior to start of therapy
Safety Issue:
Description:Homologous recombination deficiency positive status is defined by presence of homozygous deletion or deleterious mutations in key homologous recombination genes of deoxyribonucleic acid repair genes as analyzed by BROCA-homologous recombination test. The data analysis will be completed using Fisher's exact test. The multivariate data analysis will be completed using the generalized non-linear model.
Measure:Incidence of genomic alterations
Time Frame:Up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Will be assessed by whole exome sequencing and transcriptome sequencing. The biomarker data analysis will be completed using Lasso-based elastic net method.
Measure:incidence of adverse events
Time Frame:Up to 2 years
Safety Issue:
Description:Will be assessed by National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0 (CTCAE version 5.0 will be effective by April 1, 2018). Descriptive statistics, including means, standard deviations, and ranges for continuous parameters, as well as percentages and frequencies for categorical parameters, will be presented. Adverse medical events will be tabulated. NCI toxicity grade 3 and grade 4 laboratory abnormalities will be listed and tabled.

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Active, not recruiting
Lead Sponsor:National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Last Updated

January 5, 2021