To determine the maximum tolerated dose and toxicity of the combination of oral ixazomib and
lenalidomide plus rituximab in patients with previously untreated low-grade B cell lymphoma
having high tumor burden by GELF criteria or FLIPI 3-5
- To determine overall response rate in an expanded cohort at the MTD for follicular
lymphoma and for non-follicular low-grade B cell lymphoma
- Duration of response, time to progression, progression free survival, time to treatment
failure and overall survival
- Create tissue microarray from paraffin embedded tissue for future studies.
- Assessment of baseline lymphocyte subsets as prognostic markers.
Overview of Study Design:
This study combines three classes of agents that have non-overlapping mechanisms of action
and toxicity profiles, with each pair having demonstrated clinical evidence of benefit
without unexpected toxicity. We use the lenalidomide-rituximab backbone, feasible and active
in lymphoma, and add a novel oral proteasome inhibitor to potentially enhance efficacy,
minimize toxicity and limit patient visits for treatment.
Patients with previously untreated low-grade B cell lymphoma having high tumor burden by GELF
criteria or FLIPI 3-5 will be treated with the combination of oral ixazomib + lenalidomide +
The primary objective is to determine the maximum tolerated dose and toxicity of this
regimen. The study will use a standard 3 + 3 design for determination of MTD during cycle 1.
There will be three dose levels for escalation, followed by two expansion cohorts of 12
patients each at the MTD, one cohort with follicular lymphoma and one cohort with
non-follicular low-grade lymphoma (SLL, marginal zone, lymphoplasmacytic).
- Patients must have histologically confirmed, low-grade B-lymphocyte Non-Hodgkin's
Lymphoma (NHL) by the World Health Organization Classification:
- Follicular lymphoma grades 1, 2, and 3a
- Marginal zone B-cell lymphoma, including extranodal (MALT), nodal and splenic.
Excluding: Small lymphocytic lymphoma Lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma/Waldenström's
- Lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (including Waldenström's macroglobulinemia (WM))
- Must have stage 2, 3 or 4 disease, with either high tumor burden by Groupe d'Etude des
Lymphomes Folliculaires (GELF) criteria and/or Follicular Lymphoma International
Prognostic Index (FLIPI) 3-5
- To meet GELF criteria, patient must have at least one criterion:
- Nodal or extranodal mass > 7 cm
- At least 3 nodal masses: each > 3.0 cm in longest dimension
- Systemic symptoms due to lymphoma or B symptoms
- Splenomegaly with spleen > 16 cm by Computed Tomography (CT) scan
- Evidence of compression syndrome (e.g., ureteral, orbital, gastrointestinal)
or pleural or peritoneal serous effusion due to lymphoma (irrespective of
- Leukemic presentation (> 5.0 x 10^9/L malignant circulating follicular or
- Cytopenias (absolute neutrophil count < 1.0 X 10^9/L, hemoglobin < 10 gm/dL,
and/or platelets <100 x 10^9/L).
- AND/OR To meet FLIPI criteria, patient must have at least 3 out of the following
- Age > 60 years
- Ann Arbor stage III-IV
- Hemoglobin level < 12 mg/dL
- ≥ 5 nodal areas
- Serum Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) level above normal
- Must have previously untreated lymphoma. A short (< 2 week) course of steroids for
symptom palliation is permitted. Prior involved field radiotherapy for symptom
palliation is permitted as long as there is measurable disease outside the radiation
port. If radiotherapy has been given, there should be at least 7 days between last
treatment and beginning of protocol therapy.
- Patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be
accurately measured in at least one dimension
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0, 1, or 2.
- Patients must have adequate hematologic, hepatic, and renal function as defined below:
- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,000/mcL
- Platelet count ≥ 75,000/mcL
- Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x the upper limit of the normal range (ULN)
- Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) (SGOT) ≤ 3 x institutional upper limit of normal
- Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) (SGPT) ≤ 3 x institutional upper limit of normal
- Calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 30 mL/min/1.73 m^2
- Participants must agree to ongoing anticoagulation as prophylaxis against deep vein
thrombosis (DVT) using aspirin (81 or 325 mg) daily, warfarin or low molecular weight
heparin, or a patient already taking another oral anticoagulant (e.g. direct thrombin
inhibitors for atrial fibrillation) may continue that agent.
- All study participants must be willing to register with the mandatory RevAssist
program and be willing to comply with its requirements.
- All study participants must be registered into the mandatory Revlimid REMS® program,
and be willing and able to comply with the requirements of the REMS® program.
- A woman of childbearing potential must agree to practice:
- 2 effective methods of contraception, at the same time, from the time of signing
the informed consent form through 90 days after the last dose of study drug, OR
- True abstinence when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of
- A woman of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy
test with a sensitivity of at least 50 mIU/mL within 10-14 days prior to and
again within 24 hours of starting therapy with Revlimid®. Females of reproductive
potential must adhere to the scheduled pregnancy testing as required in the
Revlimid REMS® program.
- Male patients, even if surgically sterilized (i.e., status post-vasectomy), must agree
to one of the following:
- Agree to practice effective barrier contraception during the entire study
treatment period and through 90 days after the last dose of study drug, OR
- Agree to practice true abstinence when this is in line with the preferred and
usual lifestyle of the subject.
- Subjects must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written
informed consent document and HIPAA consent document. Voluntary written consent must
be given before performance of any study related procedure not part of standard
medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the patient at
any time without prejudice to future medical care.
- Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents.
- Female patients who are lactating or have a positive serum pregnancy test during the
- Major surgery within 14 days before enrollment.
- Radiotherapy within 14 days before enrollment. If the involved field is small (single
nodal area), 7 days will be considered a sufficient interval between treatment and
beginning of protocol therapy.
- Known central nervous system involvement.
- Infection requiring systemic antibiotic therapy or other serious infection within 14
days before study enrollment.
- Evidence of current uncontrolled cardiovascular conditions, including uncontrolled
cardiac arrhythmias, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina, or
myocardial infarction within the past 6 months.
- Systemic treatment, within 14 days before the beginning of protocol therapy, with
CYP3A inducers (rifampin, rifapentine, rifabutin, carbamazepine, phenytoin,
phenobarbital), or use of St. John's wort.
- Known allergy to any of the study medications, their analogues, or excipients in the
various formulations of any agent. Specifically, prior desquamating rash or erythema
nodosum during prior thalidomide or other similar agents.
- Known gastrointestinal (GI) disease or GI procedure that could interfere with the oral
absorption or tolerance of ixazomib or lenalidomide including difficulty swallowing.
- Diagnosed or treated for another malignancy within 2 years before study enrollment or
previously diagnosed with another malignancy and have any evidence of residual
disease. Patients with non-melanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of any type are
not excluded if they have undergone complete resection.
- Patient has ≥ Grade 2 peripheral neuropathy on clinical examination during the
- Participation in other clinical trials, including those with other investigational
agents not included in this trial, within 30 days of the start of this trial and
throughout the duration of this trial.
- Any prior use of Revlimid® or Velcade®.
- Known seropositivity for, or active viral infection with, Human Immunodeficiency Virus
(HIV), Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) (unless due to vaccination), or Hepatitis C Virus
(HCV). HIV-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible
because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with lenalidomide and
ixazomib. In addition, these patients are at increased risk of lethal infections when
treated with marrow suppressive therapy. Appropriate studies will be undertaken in
patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy when indicated.
- Pregnant or breastfeeding women are excluded from this study because lenalidomide has
known teratogenic effects. Because there is an unknown, but potential risk for adverse
events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with lenalidomide,
breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with lenalidomide. These
potential risks may also apply to other agents used in this study.