The primary objectives of this trial are to establish the progression free survival (PFS) of
ASCT followed by consolidative therapy with pembrolizumab plus lenalidomide and dexamethasone
and to evaluate the safety of pembrolizumab plus lenalidomide and dexamethasone following
ASCT. The immunological analysis of cells and cytokines pre and post-therapy will be
determined from patient bone marrow aspirate and peripheral blood samples as exploratory
objectives. The overall composition of the gut microbiome will also be determined in patient
Patients will be followed by response, EFS/PFS/OS and safety endpoints on an every 3 week
basis. Bone marrow aspirate specimens will be obtained at screening and at completing of the
study and peripheral blood specimens will be obtained on a monthly basis to evaluate in
- Be willing and able to provide written informed consent/assent for the trial.
- Be 18 years of age on day of signing informed consent.
- Has a confirmed diagnosis of MM based on standard criteria. (See Appendix 2 for MM
- Is between 60 and 180 days from peripheral blood autologous stem cell transplant.
- At diagnosis, had MM with measurable disease, defined as:
- A monoclonal immunoglobulin spike on serum electrophoresis of at least 0.5 g/dL and/or
- Urine monoclonal levels of at least 200 mg/24 hours
- For subjects without measurable serum and urine M-protein levels, an abnormal free
light chain (FLC) ratio (normal value 0.26 - 1.65) with involved FLC ≥10 mg/dL
- Radiographic evidence of disease for those without measurable M-spike or free light
- Has high-risk MM, which must be present at the time of diagnosis, and defined by:
- International Staging System (ISS) stage 3 (See Appendix 3 for ISS Staging),
- Deletion 13q by cytogenetics, and/or
- 1q amplification, 1p deletion, p53 deletions (17p deletions), t(4;14), t(14;16),
t(14;20), hypodiploidy, and/or
- High-risk gene expression profile (GEP) scores
- Be able to provide a newly obtained bone marrow aspirate/biopsy material for biomarker
analysis and disease assessment.
- Have a performance status of ≤2 on the ECOG Performance Scale (See Appendix 4).
- Demonstrate adequate organ function as defined in Table 1, all screening labs should
be performed within 28 days of treatment initiation.
- All subjects must agree to follow the regional requirements for lenalidomide
counseling, pregnancy testing, and birth control; and be willing and able to comply
with the regional requirements (for example, periodic pregnancy tests, safety labs,
- Female subjects of childbearing potential should have a negative urine or serum
pregnancy test within 10-14 days prior to and again within 24 hours prior to receiving
the first dose of pembrolizumab (MK-3475), lenalidomide and dexamethasone or
pembrolizumab (MK-3475) and lenalidomide. If the urine test is positive or cannot be
confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required. Female subjects of
childbearing potential should agree to ongoing pregnancy testing.
- Female subjects of childbearing potential must be willing to use 2 methods of birth
control or be surgically sterile, or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course
of the study through 120 days after the last dose of study medication (Reference
Section 4.7.2). Subjects of childbearing potential are those who have not been
surgically sterilized or have not been free from menses for > 2 years.
- Male subjects must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with females of
childbearing potential even if they have had a successful vasectomy starting with the
first dose of study therapy through 120 days after the last dose of study therapy.
- Subject is able to swallow capsules and is able to take or tolerate oral medications
on a continuous basis.
- Male subjects should agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting with
the first dose of study therapy through 120 days after the last dose of study therapy.
- Is currently participating and receiving study therapy or has participated in a study
of an investigational agent and received study therapy or used an investigational
device within 4 weeks of the first dose of treatment.
- Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any
other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of trial
treatment. The use of physiologic doses of corticosteroids may be used at the
- Has received an allogeneic stem cell transplant.
- Has received any myeloma-directed therapy after ASCT.
- Has a known history of active TB (Bacillus Tuberculosis)
- Hypersensitivity to pembrolizumab or any of its excipients.
- Progressive disease from autologous transplantation at the time of screening
- Has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous
meningitis. Subjects with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided
they are stable (without evidence of progression by imaging for at least four weeks
prior to the first dose of trial treatment and any neurologic symptoms have returned
to baseline), have no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases, and are not using
steroids for at least 7 days prior to trial treatment. This exception does not include
carcinomatous meningitis which is excluded regardless of clinical stability.
- Has active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years
(i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive
drugs). Replacement therapy (eg., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid
replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a
form of systemic treatment.
- Has known history of, or any evidence of active, non-infectious pneumonitis.
- Has an active infection requiring intravenous systemic therapy.
- Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality
that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's
participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of
the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.
- Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with
cooperation with the requirements of the trial.
- Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the
projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit
through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment.
- Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 agent.
- Has a known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies).
- Has known active Hepatitis B (e.g., HBsAg reactive) or Hepatitis C (e.g., HCV RNA
[qualitative] is detected).
- Has received a live vaccine within 30 days of planned start of study therapy.