Clinical Trials /

Study on the Effect of Ibrutinib on High Risk Smoldering Multiple Myeloma Patients

NCT02943473

Description:

The purpose of this research study is to test whether the drug ibrutinib (trademark name: IMBRUVICA®) is effective at preventing the development of multiple myeloma in people who currently have smoldering myeloma. The researchers conducting this trial) have reason to believe that ibrutinib can delay the development of multiple myeloma, thus giving people who currently have smoldering myeloma a longer period of time when they feel healthy and well. Smoldering myeloma is an abnormal condition that is considered to be an early phase of the disease multiple myeloma. In this disorder, there is an abnormal growth of plasma cells, which is a type of blood cell found in the bone marrow. This growth is not as severe in people with smoldering myeloma as it is in multiple myeloma, so people with smoldering myeloma do not have any symptoms and tend to feel well. However, they have a higher risk of developing multiple myeloma than people in the general population. Some people with smoldering myeloma are at an especially high risk of developing myeloma - 50% of these people will develop multiple myeloma 2 years after they are diagnosed with smoldering myeloma. The investigators identify these people by looking at the amount of myeloma in the bone marrow (called "bone marrow plasma cell percentage") and the amount of myeloma protein (called "serum protein electrophoresis" and "serum free light chain assay") in the blood. To be considered high risk, individuals must have highly abnormal levels for these tests. Based upon current guidelines, people with smoldering myeloma do not require any treatment. However, known is that many of these people will develop multiple myeloma in the near future. Currently there have been no proven and effective way of preventing these people from developing multiple myeloma, which remains an incurable disease.

Related Conditions:
  • Smoldering Plasma Cell Myeloma
Recruiting Status:

Terminated

Phase:

Phase 2

Trial Eligibility

Document

Title

  • Brief Title: Study on the Effect of Ibrutinib on High Risk Smoldering Multiple Myeloma Patients
  • Official Title: A Phase 2 Study of the Effect of the Bruton's Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Ibrutinib on Disease Response in Patients With High Risk Smoldering Multiple Myeloma

Clinical Trial IDs

  • ORG STUDY ID: GCO 16-1867
  • NCT ID: NCT02943473

Conditions

  • High Risk Smoldering Multiple Myeloma

Interventions

DrugSynonymsArms
IbrutinibIMBRUVICAIbrutinib

Purpose

The purpose of this research study is to test whether the drug ibrutinib (trademark name: IMBRUVICA®) is effective at preventing the development of multiple myeloma in people who currently have smoldering myeloma. The researchers conducting this trial) have reason to believe that ibrutinib can delay the development of multiple myeloma, thus giving people who currently have smoldering myeloma a longer period of time when they feel healthy and well. Smoldering myeloma is an abnormal condition that is considered to be an early phase of the disease multiple myeloma. In this disorder, there is an abnormal growth of plasma cells, which is a type of blood cell found in the bone marrow. This growth is not as severe in people with smoldering myeloma as it is in multiple myeloma, so people with smoldering myeloma do not have any symptoms and tend to feel well. However, they have a higher risk of developing multiple myeloma than people in the general population. Some people with smoldering myeloma are at an especially high risk of developing myeloma - 50% of these people will develop multiple myeloma 2 years after they are diagnosed with smoldering myeloma. The investigators identify these people by looking at the amount of myeloma in the bone marrow (called "bone marrow plasma cell percentage") and the amount of myeloma protein (called "serum protein electrophoresis" and "serum free light chain assay") in the blood. To be considered high risk, individuals must have highly abnormal levels for these tests. Based upon current guidelines, people with smoldering myeloma do not require any treatment. However, known is that many of these people will develop multiple myeloma in the near future. Currently there have been no proven and effective way of preventing these people from developing multiple myeloma, which remains an incurable disease.

Detailed Description

      This is a phase 2, open-label, single center, prospective pilot study designed to assess the
      efficacy of ibrutinib in subjects with high risk smoldering multiple myeloma.

      All enrolled subjects will be treated with ibrutinib 560 mg (4 capsules, each containing 140
      mg) taken PO daily for 12 cycles (28 days each). If a subject demonstrates benefit from
      ibrutinib, therapy may be extended beyond 12 cycles to a maximum of 2 years. Subjects who
      progress and meet criteria for symptomatic multiple myeloma will be withdrawn from study.

      An initial cohort of 15 subjects will be accrued. If 4 or more patients progress to
      symptomatic myeloma in one year, then the study will be reviewed with the FDA to determine
      whether to employ a higher dose of ibrutinib, or to stop for futility. Otherwise, 21
      additional patients will be accrued for a total sample size of 36.
    

Trial Arms

NameTypeDescriptionInterventions
IbrutinibExperimentalIbrutinib (trademark name is IMBRUVICA®). 560 mg dose administered on a continuous basis
  • Ibrutinib

Eligibility Criteria

        Inclusion Criteria Disease Related

          1. High risk SMM, defined as follows by Mayo Clinic criteria:

               1. Bone marrow plasma cells between 10% and 60%

               2. Serum M-protein ≥ 3 g/dL [except IgA ≥ 2 g/dL] or urine M-protein > 500 mg per 24
                  hours

               3. Serum free light chain ratio < 0.126 or > 8; an involved to uninvolved ratio of ≥
                  100 is permitted

               4. Measurable disease, defined as: M-protein ≥ 1 g/dL OR Bence-Jones protein (BJP) >
                  200 mg/24 hr OR involved free light chain > 100 mg/dL

          2. Diagnosed with SMM within the last 4 years

        Laboratory

          1. Adequate hematologic function independent of transfusion and growth factor support for
             at least 7 days prior to screening, with the exception of pegylated G-CSF
             (pegfilgrastim) and darbopoetin which require at least 14 days prior to screening
             defined as:

               -  Absolute neutrophil count > 750 cells/mm3 (1.0 x 109/L).

               -  Platelet count > 75,000 cells/mm3 (75 x 109/L).

          2. Adequate hepatic and renal function defined as:

               -  Serum aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) ≤ 3.0 x upper
                  limit of normal (ULN).

               -  Estimated creatinine clearance ≥ 30 ml/min (Cockcroft-Gault)

               -  Bilirubin ≤1.5 x ULN (unless bilirubin rise is due to Gilbert's syndrome or of
                  non-hepatic origin, in which case the total bilirubin should be < 3 x ULN)

          3. PT/INR < 1.5 x ULN and PTT (aPTT) < 1.5 x ULN

             Demographic

          4. Men and women ≥ 18 years of age

          5. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of < 2

        Exclusion Criteria Disease-Related

          1. No end organ damage attributable to a plasma cell disorder, defined as having ANY of
             the following:

               1. Hypercalcemia: Serum calcium > 1 mg/dL above the upper limit of normal or > 11
                  mg/dL

               2. Renal insufficiency: Serum creatinine > 2 mg/dL or creatinine clearance < 30 mL
                  per min

               3. Anemia: Hemoglobin value > 2 g/dL below the upper limit of normal or a hemoglobin
                  value < 10 g/dL

               4. Bone lesions: One or more lytic lesions on skeletal radiography, CT, MRI, PET-CT,
                  or PET-MRI

          2. Bone marrow plasma cells < 10% or > 60%

          3. Has received prior anti-myeloma therapy of any type

          4. Has received prior bisphosphonate therapy

          5. Has received an investigational drug, investigational vaccine, or has used an
             investigational medical device within 4 weeks or 4 half-lives, whichever is longer,
             before Cycle 1, Day 1 of study therapy

          6. Osteoporosis, defined as having a T-score on DEXA of ≤ -2.5

        Concurrent Conditions

          1. History of other malignancies, except:

               -  Malignancy treated with curative intent and with no known active disease present
                  for ≥ 3 years before the first dose of study drug and felt to be at low risk for
                  recurrence by treating physician

               -  Adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or lentigo maligna without evidence
                  of disease

               -  Adequately treated carcinoma in situ without evidence of disease

          2. Concurrent systemic immunosuppressant therapy (eg, cyclosporine A, tacrolimus, etc).
             Any use of corticosteroids EITHER for > 14 days OR at dosages > 20 mg/day of
             prednisone or equivalent is prohibited.

          3. Vaccinated with live, attenuated vaccines within 4 weeks of first dose of study drug

          4. Recent infection requiring systemic treatment that was completed ≤ 14 days before the
             first dose of study drug

          5. Known bleeding disorders (eg, von Willebrand's disease) or hemophilia

          6. History of stroke or intracranial hemorrhage within 6 months prior to enrollment

          7. Known HIV, HCV or HBV infection. Subjects who are positive for hepatitis B core
             antibody or hepatitis B surface antigen must have a negative polymerase chain reaction
             (PCR) result before enrollment. Those who are PCR positive will be excluded.

          8. Any uncontrolled active systemic infection

          9. Major surgery within 4 weeks of first dose of study drug

         10. Any life-threatening illness, medical condition, or organ system dysfunction that, in
             the investigators' opinion, could compromise the subject's safety or put the study
             outcomes at undue risk
      
Maximum Eligible Age:N/A
Minimum Eligible Age:18 Years
Eligible Gender:All
Healthy Volunteers:No

Primary Outcome Measures

Measure:Number of patients without symptomatic myeloma
Time Frame:up to 1 year
Safety Issue:
Description:Disease response - the proportion of patients with high risk smoldering multiple myeloma who do not progress to symptomatic myeloma as defined by the IMWG.

Secondary Outcome Measures

Measure:Overall Response Rate
Time Frame:up to 1 year
Safety Issue:
Description:Overall response rate, defined as partial response or better per IMWG criteria. (IMWG response criteria are - Complete Response, Very good partial response, partial response, Minimal response, stable disease, and progressive disease)
Measure:Bone Density Changes
Time Frame:baseline and one year
Safety Issue:
Description:Changes in bone density, particularly in patients with osteopenia (defined as T-score on bone densitometry testing (DEXA) of -1 to -2.5).
Measure:PET-MRI Changes
Time Frame:baseline and one year
Safety Issue:
Description:Changes in PET-MRI, particularly in patients with osteopenia
Measure:Change in Serum interleukin-6 (IL-6)
Time Frame:baseline and up to one year
Safety Issue:
Description:Bone Related Biomarker Changes
Measure:Change in Serum stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1)
Time Frame:baseline and up to one year
Safety Issue:
Description:Bone Related Biomarker Changes
Measure:Change in Serum receptor activator of nuclear-factor kappa B ligand (RANKL)
Time Frame:baseline and up to one year
Safety Issue:
Description:Bone Related Biomarker Changes
Measure:Change in Serum macrophage inflammatory protein-1α (MIP-1α)
Time Frame:baseline and up to one year
Safety Issue:
Description:Bone Related Biomarker Changes
Measure:Change in Serum Dickkopf-1 (DKK-1)
Time Frame:baseline and up to one year
Safety Issue:
Description:Bone Related Biomarker Changes
Measure:Change in Serum C-terminal telopeptide (CTX)
Time Frame:baseline and up to one year
Safety Issue:
Description:Bone Related Biomarker Changes
Measure:Change in Urine N-terminal telopeptide (NTx)
Time Frame:baseline and up to one year
Safety Issue:
Description:Bone Related Biomarker Changes

Details

Phase:Phase 2
Primary Purpose:Interventional
Overall Status:Recruiting
Lead Sponsor:Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Trial Keywords

  • Smoldering multiple myeloma
  • myeloma
  • smoldering
  • ibrutinib

Last Updated

March 20, 2019